An Alternative Method Of Specifying Shock Test Criteria-PDF Free Download

An Alternative Method of Specifying Shock Test Criteria
06 Mar 2020 | 26 views | 0 downloads | 48 Pages | 1.55 MB

Share Pdf : An Alternative Method Of Specifying Shock Test Criteria

Export An Alternative Method Of Specifying Shock Test Criteria File to :

Download and Preview : An Alternative Method Of Specifying Shock Test Criteria

Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : An Alternative Method Of Specifying Shock Test Criteria



Transcription

The NASA STI Program in Profile, Since its founding NASA has been dedicated CONFERENCE PUBLICATION Collected. to the advancement of aeronautics and space papers from scientific and technical conferences. science The NASA Scientific and Technical symposia seminars or other meetings sponsored. Information STI Program Office plays a key or cosponsored by NASA. part in helping NASA maintain this important role, SPECIAL PUBLICATION Scientific technical. The NASA STI program operates under the or historical information from NASA programs. auspices of the Agency Chief Information Officer projects and missions often concerned with. It collects organizes provides for archiving and subjects having substantial public interest. disseminates NASA s STI The NASA STI program, provides access to the NASA Aeronautics and TECHNICAL TRANSLATION English. Space Database and its public interface the NASA language translations of foreign scientific and. Technical Report Server thus providing one of the technical material pertinent to NASA s mission. largest collections of aeronautical and space science. STI in the world Results are published in both non Specialized services also include creating. NASA channels and by NASA in the NASA STI custom thesauri building customized databases. Report Series which includes the following report and organizing and publishing research results. For more information about the NASA STI, TECHNICAL PUBLICATION Reports of program see the following. completed research or a major significant, phase of research that present the results of Access the NASA STI program home page at.
NASA programs and include extensive data http www sti nasa gov. or theoretical analysis Includes compilations, of significant scientific and technical data E mail your question via the Internet to. and information deemed to be of continuing help sti nasa gov. reference value NASA s counterpart of peer, reviewed formal professional papers but has less Fax your question to the NASA STI Help Desk. stringent limitations on manuscript length and at 301 621 0134. extent of graphic presentations, Phone the NASA STI Help Desk at. TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM Scientific 301 621 0390, and technical findings that are preliminary or of. specialized interest e g quick release reports Write to. working papers and bibliographies that contain NASA STI Help Desk. minimal annotation Does not contain extensive NASA Center for AeroSpace Information. analysis 7115 Standard Drive, Hanover MD 21076 1320.
CONTRACTOR REPORT Scientific and, technical findings by NASA sponsored. contractors and grantees, NASA TM 2008 215253, An Alternative Method of Specifying Shock. Test Criteria, R C Ferebee, Marshall Space Flight Center Marshall Space Flight Center Alabama. J Clayton and D Alldredge, bd Systems Inc Subsidiary of SAIC Huntsville Alabama. Vibration Data LLC Chandler Arizona, National Aeronautics and.
Space Administration, Marshall Space Flight Center MSFC Alabama 35812. April 2008, Acknowledgments, The bulk of this material was written by Joe Clayton from bd Systems and Tom Irvine from. Vibration Data LLC based on conversations with Robin Ferebee about several test failures. experienced during shock testing Joe conceived of the idea of using wavelets to approximate. shock time histories and Tom Irvine wrote the software to implement the idea Special thanks to. David Alldredge from bd Systems and Rajinder Mehta and Lowery Duvall from Marshall Space. Flight Center for reviewing and editing the work, trademarks. Trade names and trademarks are used in this report for identification only This usage does not. constitute an official endorsement either expressed or implied by the National Aeronautics and. Space Administration, Available from, NASA Center for AeroSpace Information. 7115 Standard Drive, Hanover MD 21076 1320, 301 621 0390.
This report is also available in electronic form at. https www2 sti nasa gov, TABLE OF CONTENTS, 1 INTRODUCTION 1. 2 OUTLINING THE NEED 4, 2 1 Spectrum Dip 4, 2 2 Phasing 6. 2 3 Nonlinearities 9, 3 A RECONSTRUCTION ALGORITHM USING WAVELETS 10. 3 1 Wavelet Method 10, 3 2 Reconstructing a Single Time History 12. 3 3 Constructing a Single Time History Representing Multiple Time Histories 15. 4 Conclusion 21, APPENDIX A RECONSTRUCTION OF WAVEFORMS FOR TRANSIENTS 22.
APPENDIX B WAVELET VELOCITY AND DISPLACEMENT 23, B 1 Wavelet Velocity 23. B 2 Wavelet Displacement 25, APPENDIX C WAVELET TABLE FOR FIRST EXAMPLE 27. APPENDIX D MAXIMUM PREDICTED LEVEL 30, APPENDIX E SUMMING ACCELEROMETER SIGNALS 31. APPENDIX F SOFTWARE PROGRAMS 33, REFERENCES 35, LIST OF FIGURES. 1 Longitudinal water impact shock data 3, 2 Compliant and infinite impedance models 5.
3 SRS depicting a dip in the spectrum 5, 4 Acceleration histories 7. 5 SRS results of three different acceleration signals 8. 6 Force levels between M1 and M2 w1 30 Hz w2 80 Hz 8. 7 Force levels between M1 and M2 w1 26 Hz w2 35 Hz 9. 8 Synthesized time history 12, 9 Synthesized waveform with three components 13. 10 Shock response comparison 14, 11 Velocity time history 14. 12 Displacement time history 15, 13 Measured acceleration time histories 16. 14 Shock response 17, 15 Composite shock pulse 17, 16 Acceleration wavelet synthesis 18.
17 Velocity of wavelet synthesis 19, 18 Displacement wavelet synthesis 19. 19 Shock response spectra 20, 20 Wavelet 1 28, 21 Wavelet 1 spectrum 29. LIST OF TABLES, 1 Water impact SRS test criteria 1. 2 Wavelet synthesis components 27, 3 Tolerance factors of various probability levels 30. 4 Applicable software programs 33, LIST OF ACRONYMS.
ET external tank, IEA integrated electronics assembly. ME main engines, MEE maximum expected environment, MSFC Marshall Space Flight Center. PL probability level, PSD power spectral densities. RMS root mean square, SRB solid rocket booster, SRS shock response spectrum. STS Space Transportation System, TM Technical Memorandum.
NOMENCLATURE, Am acceleration amplitude of wavelet m. C damping factor, Dm wavelet displacement, fm wavelet frequency. G acceleration, g peak acceleration, Nm number of half sines. n number of samples, M0 mass of exemplar mounting structure. M1 mass of exemplar chassis, M2 mass of exemplar substructure.
K stiffness factor of exemplar mounting structure, K1 stiffness factor of exemplar chassis. K2 stiffness factor of exemplar substructure, Q damping value. s sample standard deviation, tdm wavelet time delay. V0 initial velocity, Vm velocity of wavelet m, NOMENCLATURE Continued. Wm acceleration of wavelet m, x total acceleration.
x mean value, TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM, AN ALTERNATIVE METHOD OF SPECIFYING SHOCK TEST CRITERIA. 1 INTRODUCTION, The Space Shuttle is boosted into orbit by two large 3 3 million lb thrust solid rocket boost. ers SRBs and three Space Shuttle main engines ME Each of these propulsion elements is reusable. the SRBs are qualified for 20 missions During some of the early Space Shuttle flights it was discovered. that water impact shock levels on the SRBs had been underpredicted Later flights added extensive flight. instrumentation to characterize and map the environments on the SRBs Since the hardware had flown. several times before the discovery of the exceedances and survived it was decided that the compo. nents would not be qualification tested to the new environments however any changes to the hardware. would have to be qualified depending on the significance of the changes The SRB integrated electronics. assembly IEA was selected for qualification due to such a hardware change. The IEA is rather large for an electronics box about 4 ft long and 200 lb There are two per. SRB one in the forward skirt and the other on the external tank ET attach ring The water impact. shock response spectrum SRS was as specified below. Table 1 Water impact SRS test criteria, Water Impact SRS Test Criteria. All axes one shock per axis per mission Q 10, 20 Hz 50 g s peak. 20 70 Hz 8 dB oct, 70 5 000 Hz 250 g s peak, Per Marshall Space Flight Center MSFC policy the criteria were supposed to envelope the.
actual maximum predicted environment with no additional margin When a mass simulator using an. actual housing was tested to these levels the cast aluminum housing broke at the box to fixture inter. face There had been similar flight failures on the aft IEA but they were due to water pressure from. cavity collapse rather than deceleration The flight data were reviewed further and the test criteria were. reduced to 140 g peak A subsequent test on another housing to the new levels also resulted in a similar. failure Other SRB hardware such as batteries with nylon housings was also very difficult to qualify. by test using the SRS Clearly the test criteria were not representing the actual flight conditions. The SRS has served the shock and vibration community for years allowing practitioners the. ability to qualify sensitive hardware to harsh aerospace and other shock environments Previously the. community assumed that if the severity of the SRS synthesized by the shaker is equal to the severity. of the SRS measured then the hardware would have equivalent effects This was assumed even if the. single degree of freedom systems selected as reference in the construction of the SRS do not represent. the actual hardware to be tested Often if the SRS of measured transients at multiple locations or events. characterizes the environment averaging or enveloping is employed to produce a global SRS As well. served as the community has been by these assumptions over the years the need is great for SRS testing. to evolve in a direction toward reproducing as closely as possible the actual complex transient signatures. of the measured excitation The reasons for doing so include the following. 1 Lack of repeatability reproducibility of SRS between laboratories and or shakers brought. about by inadequate instrumentation anti aliasing filter characteristics or alternating current ac cou. pling strategies 1, 2 Neglect of the compliance of the mounting structure often referred to as spectrum dip. frequently leads to overtesting This is especially true for global SRS created by enveloping or averag. ing assigned to represent an entire mounting zone for a variety of equipment of different weights geom. etries and dynamic characterizations 2, 3 SRS construction eliminates phasing information If the structure being tested is not charac. terized by a dominant mode in the frequency band of interest differences between the motion created. by the shaker to represent the SRS and the actual transient motion measured can neglect significant cou. pling between modes, 4 SRS construction is done using linear idealistic single degree of freedom systems Nonlin. earities in the actual hardware resulting from friction or nonlinear springs created by gapping or other. sources often preclude even the dominant modes from responding in a manner capable of being pre. dicted by an idealistic single degree of freedom system. Other reasons can be listed with different consequences but the point would be the same shock. testing needs to duplicate as closely as possible the actual excitation signal Often the actual excita. tion signal is measured by accelerometers mounted directly on the mounting structure However these. signals cannot be used as direct input into a shaker because integration of the signal would far exceed. the stroke length of the shaker Figure 1 illustrates this by showing the needed stroke length of a shaker. required to handle the measured input to the IEA as a result of water impact on STS 6 One common. method to reconstruct a measured signal employs a series of damped sinusoids This method in itself. does not preclude significant integrated motion from occurring however post processing algorithms. have been developed to remove the accumulation of significant displacement in the integration These. algorithms are cumbersome and a bit unnatural The use of wavelets allows a more comprehensive and. easier to implement strategy Most laboratories today utilize wavelets to construct the SRS which have. inherent net zero displacements as discussed later However these algorithms utilize wavelets to pro. duce an equivalent SRS typically specified by an environment definition determined from the SRS of. the measured excitation, STS 6 Forward IEA Longitudinal Axis Measured Data. Displacement in, Acceleration g, Displacement, 80 Acceleration 4 5.
0 0 05 0 1 0 15 0 2, Time seconds, Figure 1 Longitudinal water impact shock data. It will be the goal of this Technical Memorandum TM to prove a need for eliminating where. possible the use of the SRS and replace it with a wavelet generated reconstruction of the measured. excitation signal This TM will also present the reconstruction process and detailed outline of the wave. let algorithm In cases where the actual excitation is unknown the SRS is recommended with the caveat. that SRS testing is an art and items 1 through 4 listed above should be considered during its use. 2 OUTLINING THE NEED, The following discussion amplifies the concerns associated with SRS testing pointed out in the. introduction Because analytical examples of data acquisitioning filtering etc do not lend themselves. readily to simulations illustrations of the problem. s ngle degree of freedom systems selected as reference n the construct on of the SRS do not represent the actual hardware to be tested Often f the SRS of measured trans ents at mult ple locat ons or events character zes the env ronment averag ng or envelop ng s employed to produce a global SRS As well

Related Books

ma onnerie alternative alternative Pav Briques Design

ma onnerie alternative alternative Pav Briques Design

and interior design that offer both prestige and performance Merci de votre con iance Thank you for your continued support HoraCio Correia pr sident rinoX inc president 5 alFio CR ME NUANC BLENDED CREAM AVANT beFore alFio CR ME NUANC BLENDED CREAM 7 ALFIO CR ME NUANC BLENDED CREAM ALFIO CHARBON NUANC BLENDED CHARCOAL 9 CampaGnarD GRIS VIP VIP GREY sYst me qui FaCilite

Specifying Code Compliant Toilet Partitions Bobrick Inc

Specifying Code Compliant Toilet Partitions Bobrick Inc

Course Description This course will provide up to date information relative to selecting and specifying code compliant toilet partitions for commercial

Specifying wood based panels for structural use

Specifying wood based panels for structural use

WIS 2 3 57 Specifying wood based panels for structural use thickness and joist stud spacings Such data may be provided by the manufacturer but NPD is currently still an option Part of the BS EN 12871 testing is for impact which is a pass or fail test the other part is a point load test An engineer uses characteristic

Identifying and specifying requirements for offsite

Identifying and specifying requirements for offsite

Identifying and specifying requirements for offsite storage of physical records 03 February 2012 Page 3 of 67 9 1 SURVEYING THE EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE STORE

ASHRAE GUIDELINE Specifying Direct Digital Control Systems

ASHRAE GUIDELINE Specifying Direct Digital Control Systems

ASHRAE GUIDELINEASHRAE GUIDELINE American Society of Heating Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers Inc 1791 Tullie Circle NE Atlanta GA 30329 www ashrae org Specifying Direct Digital Control Systems Addendum a to ASHRAE Guideline 13 2000 Approved by the ASHRAE Standards Committee on June 25 2005 and by the ASHRAE Board of

2013 Guideline for Specifying the Thermal Performance of

2013 Guideline for Specifying the Thermal Performance of

recognized safety standards and code requirements appropriate for products covered by this standard guideline AHRI uses its best efforts to develop standards guidelines employing state of the art and accepted industry practices AHRI does not certify or guarantee that any tests conducted under the standards guidelines will not be non hazardous or free from risk Note This guideline

Specifying Code Compliant Toilet Partitions

Specifying Code Compliant Toilet Partitions

Selecting and specifying code compliant toilet partitions for commercial restrooms 2 Fire codes and accessibility standards 3 Guidelines for writing toilet compartment specifications Learning Objectives 1 Understand current toilet partition material fire code compliance 2 Learn how to select the most appropriate toilet partition material hardware and mounting configuration based on

An Interface for Specifying Rigid Body Motions for CFD

An Interface for Specifying Rigid Body Motions for CFD

An interface for specifying rigid body motions for CFD applications is presented This interface provides a means of describing a component hierarchy in a geometric con guration as well as the motion prescribed or six degree of freedom associated with any component The interface consists of a general set of datatypes along with rules for their interaction and is designed to be

feature Specifying Fly Ash for Use in Concrete

feature Specifying Fly Ash for Use in Concrete

feature Specifying Fly Ash for Use in Concrete By Karthik H Obla Ph D P E Managing Director Research amp Materials Engineering NRMCA O ver the past several decades the use of fly ash in concrete has had a successful track record The performance benefits fly ash provides to mechanical and durability properties of concrete have been well researched and documented in actual struc tures

Understanding and Specifying Anodizing OMW Corp

Understanding and Specifying Anodizing OMW Corp

aluminum substrate This is why anodizing doesn t chip or flake like paint is completely integral with the underlying metal Aluminum Oxide Anodizing is a Conversion Coating because the surface aluminum is converted into aluminum oxide In the same way that charcoal on a charred fire log is integral to the log the aluminum oxide layer is

Specifying Sustainable Concrete to BS 8500

Specifying Sustainable Concrete to BS 8500

Concrete mix ECO2 of constituents Ref Table 5 Embodied CO2 for main constituents of reinforced concrete Specifying Sustainable Concrete The Concrete Centre 2017 Based on BS 8500 1 GGBS Fly ash Define cements and combinations Approx gen mix by volume GGBS Fly ash

An Environment for Specifying and Model Checking Mobile

An Environment for Specifying and Model Checking Mobile

Algorithms Ha Thi Thu Doan1 B Adri an Riesco2 1 Introduction The past two decades theoretical computer science has seen the rapid growth and development of distributed computing by mobile entities Recent develop ments focus on models and algorithms for autonomous mobile robots that self organize and cooperate in order to achieve global goals Autonomous mobile robots have been