Be Red Cross Ready,Be Prepared Get Connected Take Action. It s important to prepare for possible emergencies because they can strike suddenly. and violently at any time and any place There are three steps everyone can take. that can help make a difference be prepared get connected and take action. Sponsored by,1 Emergency Preparedness Guide,Be Prepared. 3 Get a Kit, Know what supplies should go into an emergency kit and how much to. store in case of an emergency,5 Make a Plan, Create a plan before an emergency occurs Talk about your plan with other. household members and practice that plan,6 Be Informed. Learn about the emergencies that could happen in your area Find out. about local resources,7 Preparing for Emergencies,Learn what to do before during and after. 7 Home Fires,9 Wildfires,1 0 Earthquakes,12 Tsunamis. 13 Landslides,14 Biological or Chemical Threat,15 Individuals with Access Functional Needs. 16 Seniors,17 Children,Get Connected,19 Get Connected. Organize your community and networks in person and on line. Agree to stay in touch,Take Action,20 Take Action,Take Classes to Be Red Cross Ready. 21 Be Red Cross Ready Checklist,22 Emergency Contacts. Be Red Cross Ready prepare org 2,Be Prepared, An emergency may confine you to your home you may be asked to evacuate on short notice and it may. be days before you have access to shelter food and water The Red Cross recommends that you. store some essential items in an emergency supply kit so that you are prepared to sustain yourself for. three days at minimum The kit which is inexpensive and easy to assemble should be organized in one. easy to carry container that you can grab n go in the case of evacuation. Gathering emergency supplies is easy You will be surprised at how much you. already have, You may already have many items on the emergency kit list but they are probably stored in different. places in your household Begin by consolidating what you currently have into a single container You. don t have to complete your kit in one day you can gradually build it every time you are out shopping. The container can be a plastic bag a bucket a Red Cross backpack or a pillowcase Store enough. supplies for everyone in your household,Start with these two basic types. of emergency supplies kits,Personal Kit Three days of supplies. for one person in a pillow case bag,or backpack Keep a kit at home one. in your car and one at work,Mini Kits for your bedroom office or. car Keep a sturdy pair of shoes a,flashlight and an extra pair of glasses. if you wear them in a bag attached,to the foot of your headboard If an. emergency strikes at night you ll be,able to walk across debris and see. where you re going,3 Emergency Preparedness Guide,Emergency Kit Check List. Food and Water, o Water three day supply one gallon per person per day. ood Choose foods that don t need to be refrigerated. or cooked high protein such as energy bars After a major disaster you. ready to eat soups and peanut butter may not have access to. clean water It is important, ools utensils can opener napkins multi purpose tool. to store plenty of extra,work gloves,water and know how to. Emergency Gear access alternative sources,o Flashlight and extra batteries. o First aid kit Alternative sources of,water include. o Radio or mobile device battery or alternative powered. Melted ice cubes,Personal Items, o Medications prescription and over the counter medications Liquid in canned vegetables. o Clothing shoes and blanket W,ater stored in your water. anitary supplies toilet paper diapers feminine supplies heater to drain first shut off. and personal hygiene items the gas or electricity supply. and turn off the water intake,o Copies of important documents. valve Next open the drain at, ash and coins ATMs credit cards may not work if the the bottom of the tank and. power is out turn on a hot water faucet, o Family contact information in your house to let air into. the system,o Pet supplies, o Multi purpose tool such as a Leatherman and work gloves W. ater stored in your pipes,to drain first shut off the. o Comfort items such as toys games family photos,main water valve for your. home Next open a faucet,Mini Kit car example at the highest level in your. o Emergency gear flashlight and extra batteries first aid kit home to let the air into the. car cell phone charger plumbing and then take,water from the lowest. o Food bottled water and dried food such as granola bars faucet in the house. ar gear maps tire repair kit pump booster jumper, cables flares and white distress flag Water can be purified. by boiling for three to, upplies for different seasons Winter months shovel five minutes. scraper blanket Summer months sunscreen shade, Review your supplies every six months Replace any items nearing expiration dates Assemble. your kit or shop at redcrossstore org,Be Red Cross Ready prepare org 4. Make a Plan, After a disaster basic services may be unavailable Plan for power outages limited communication road. closures lack of clean water and a delay in help from emergency responders While the Red Cross and. your community partners are committed to lending a helping hand to those in need assistance may be. delayed in times of emergencies, Talk with your family friends and co workers about how to prepare for and respond to emergencies. Learn each person s needs and abilities Identify your risks and vulnerabilities. Identify each person s role and plan to work together as a team. Identify two exit routes from every room in your home In a disaster your primary route may be blocked. Choose two different types of places to meet up after a disaster. One should be near your home in the case of a local emergency like a fire. One should be outside your neighborhood in case your entire area is affected by a larger disaster. hoose an out of area contact Since local phone lines tend to be overloaded after an emergency. having an out of area contact helps you more easily reconnect with your family Choose someone who. lives far enough away that he or she would be unaffected by the same emergency Everyone in the. household should keep a copy of his or her contact information in their emergency kit. Identify two exits,from every room,Install smoke alarms on every level of. the home including inside and outside,each bedroom and in the basement. Pick a place outside for,everyone to meet, After a disaster use email or texting phone lines get overwhelmed. 5 Emergency Preparedness Guide, Practice earthquake and fire drills twice a year One way to remember is to practice the drills when you. change your clocks, Make it fun for kids by having a picnic with your emergency supplies. Practice your home escape plan using both of your exit routes. o Call your out of area contact,o Use your two evacuation routes. o Bring your emergency kit,o Go to your designated meetings places. o Use the mobile apps so you know how they work,Be Informed. Know your risks, We re all at risk for earthquakes and home fires If you live near the coast you may also be at risk for tsunamis. Know how you ll be notified, The Emergency Alert System will broadcast Many county officials also use a reverse 911 system where. available to call you if your area is at risk To register cell phones and email go to your county s website. Know your nearest resources, Call 211 to find your nearest fire station police station and hospital Keep their non emergency phone. numbers on your fridge and stored in your cell phone. Install Red Cross Apps before, Install Red Cross Emergency App on your phone before a disaster Make sure that at. least one member of your household is trained in CPR and first aid. Be CPR Certified, Learn how to prepare for and respond to different emergency situations. Be Red Cross Ready prepare org 6,Preparing for Emergencies. Home Fire Safety, Install smoke alarms on every level of your home in every bedroom and sleeping area Test smoke alarms. every six months,Keep at least one fire extinguisher in your home. Keep flammable items at least three feet away from the stove space heaters and fireplaces. Turn off the stove if you are going to leave the kitchen even if you are leaving for a short period. Never smoke in bed, Unplug kitchen appliances such as toasters and blenders if they are not in use. Cooking SafetyCooking Safety, Keep an eye on what you fry Stay in the kitchen when frying grilling or using an open flame. Keep an eye on what you fry Stay in the kitchen when frying grilling or using an open flame. Fireplaces Space Heaters Baseboards etc,Fireplaces Space Heaters Baseboards etc. 3 feet from the heat Furniture curtains dish towels and anything that could catch fire are at least. 3 feet from any type of heat source Do y,3 feet from Smoking. the heat Furniture curtains dish towels and anything that could catch fire are at least. 3 feet from any type of heat source A home fire can strike anyw. Never smoke in bed belongings but they also c,are catastrophic More peo. Electrical and Appliance Safety disasters Across the coun. Smoking Safety that the Red Cross respon, Large and small appliances are plugged directly into wall outlets. provide meals shelter and,Never smoke in bed,Children Playing. Matches and lighters are locked away,Electrical and Appliance Safety. Smoke Alarms,on average,Large and small appliances. Make are plugged,sure you have working directly,smoke alarms intoofwall. Different types smokeoutlets,alarms ionization and 7 people. photoelectric detect fire in different ways Experts recommend having both types in your home. die every day, Change smoke alarm batteries every year unless it has a long life battery from a home fire. Children Playing,Replace smoke alarms every ten years. Matches and lighters are locked away,Red Cross Home Fire. To prevent the needless los,Smoke Alarms Campaign which aims to r. 25 percent by the end of 2, Make sure you have working smoke alarms Different types of smoke alarms ionization and. photoelectric detect fire in different ways Experts recommend having both types in your home. Change smoke alarm batteries every year unless it has a long life battery. Sources Vision 20 20 NFPA USFA,Replace smoke alarms every ten years 4. 132403 3 16,7 Emergency Preparedness Guide, Keep matches and lighters out of the reach of children. Know how to shut off your water power and gas Do, not turn off the gas unless you know a gas line has. ruptured or you smell gas Your local utility will have to. turn it back on, Do a hazard hunt in your home Find items that might. fall during an earthquake and secure them, Look for fire hazards like frayed wires and overloaded. outlets and make them safe,Don t overload electrical outlets. If you have bars on doors or windows make sure they. have internal quick release devices, Get low to the ground and crawl to an exit whether. it be a door or a window,Check door handles with the back of your hand. before opening a door If the handle is hot look for. an alternate escape route as there may be a fire on. the other side of the door, If smoke heat or flames block your exit route hang. a sheet or towel outside your window to let the fire. departments know where you are,Once you are out stay out and go to your. designated meeting place Call 9 1 1,Never go back inside for possessions pets or even. other people,Stay out of fire damaged homes until local fire. authorities say it is safe to re enter, Check yourself for injuries and get first aid if necessary. People and animals that are severely injured or burned. should be seen by professional medical or veterinary. help immediately,Let friends and family know that you re safe. Check ceilings and floors for signs of sagging as, water from fire hoses may make ceilings and floors. easily collapsible, Do not drink water that you think may be contaminated. Discard food that has been exposed to smoke,Be Red Cross Ready prepare org 8. Wildfire Safety,Keep a safe zone of 30 feet around your. home with no dry vegetation or flammable,items like propane or firewood. Select building materials and plants that,resist fire. Keep your roof and gutters clean,Listen to local radio and TV stations or. access the Red Cross Emergency App,for wildfire information. Evacuate immediately if evacuation is,instructed or if you think the wildfire. Close all home openings to limit exposure,to smoke and dust. Move outside furniture and plants indoors, Do not return until officials declare the area safe. Use caution when entering burned areas as hot,spots may still exist and can flare up without. Wet debris down to minimize breathing in dust,Do not drink water that you think may be. contaminated,Discard food that has been exposed to smoke. 9 Emergency Preparedness Guide,Earthquake Safety,Be aware of evacuation plans for all. buildings you regularly occupy,Identify safe places in each room of your. home workplace or school A safe place,could be under a piece of furniture or. against an interior wall away from windows,bookcases or tall furniture that could. fall on you,Practice drop cover and hold on in each. safe place,Keep a flashlight and pair of sturdy shoes by. each person s bed,Keep an emergency supplies kit in an easy. to access location, Bolt and brace bookcases cabinets and overhead light fixtures. Avoid hanging heavy items above beds and couches pictures mirrors. Drop cover and hold on Drop to the floor take cover under a piece of heavy furniture and protect your. head with one arm while holding on to furniture with the other arm. If there is no sturdy furniture to get under crouch with your. back against an interior wall and cover your head and neck. If you are in bed stay in bed and cover your head and neck with your pillow. If you are outdoors move into an open area away from buildings and trees. If you re driving calmly pull over to a clear area away from bridges and overpasses and put the car. After an earthquake prepare for potential aftershocks landslides or tsunami. Each time you feel an aftershock drop cover and hold on. Check yourself for injuries and get first aid if necessary before helping others. Get updated emergency information and instructions by listening to local radio or TV stations or by. accessing the Red Cross Emergency App, If there is no electricity use your mobile devices car radio or listen to your portable battery operated or. hand crank radio, Open closet and cabinet doors carefully as contents may have shifted. Be Red Cross Ready prepare org 10,Flood Safety,Become aware of evacuation plans for all. of the buildings you occupy regularly Pick,areas of high elevation as your evacuation. meeting place,Keep and maintain an emergency supplies. kit in an easy to access location,Talk with everyone in your household. about what to do if a flood watch or,warning is issued. Know the difference a flood watch means a,flood is possible a flood warning means a. flood is occurring or will occur meaning that,you should take immediate precautions. Listen to local radio or TV stations or access the Red Cross Emergency App for flood warnings. Evacuate immediately when a flash flood warning is issued or if you think it has already started. Move to higher ground away from rivers streams creeks and storm drains. Do not drive onto flooded roads or through rising water If your car stalls in rapidly rising waters abandon. it and climb to higher ground, Do not return until officials have declared the area safe. Parts of your home may be collapsed or damaged Approach buildings carefully. During cleanup wear protective clothing including rubber gloves and rubber boots. Contact your local public health department for recommendations for boiling or treating as water may. be contaminated,11 Emergency Preparedness Guide,Tsunami Safety. ecome aware of evacuation plans for all buildings you occupy regularly Pick areas of high elevation as. your evacuation meeting place, Store emergency supplies kit in an easy to access location. now your zone If you are within a tsunami inundation zone evacuate immediately to higher ground. If not stay where you are, Listen to local radio or TV stations or access the Red Cross Emergency App for tsunami warnings. I f a strong earthquake has just occurred while you are in a coastal area evacuate immediately Do not. wait for an official tsunami warning, Do not return to coastal areas until officials say it is safe. Check yourself for injuries and get first aid if necessary before helping injured or trapped persons. et updated emergency information and instructions by listening to local radio or TV stations or by. accessing the Red Cross Emergency App, I f there is no electricity use your mobile devices car radio or listen to your portable battery operated or. hand crank radio, Parts of your home may be collapsed or damaged Approach buildings carefully. During cleanup wear protective clothing including rubber gloves and rubber boots. Be Red Cross Ready prepare org 12,Landslide Safety. Become aware of evacuation plans for all,of the buildings you occupy regularly. Keep and maintain an emergency supplies,kit in an easy to access location. Be aware of your area s risk Watch patterns,of water runoff near your home Landslides. are more likely after heavy or sustained rain or,rapid snowmelt. After heavy rain listen for unusual sounds that,might indicate moving debris such as trees. cracking or boulders knocking together,If you suspect a landslide will occur. evacuate immediately,Be especially alert when evacuating Watch for. collapsed pavement mud fallen rocks and other debris. Stay away from the slide area as additional slides may occur. Check yourself for injuries and get first aid if necessary before helping injured or trapped persons. Get updated emergency information and instructions by listening to local radio or TV stations or by. accessing the Red Cross Emergency App, If there is no electricity use your mobile devices car radio or listen to your portable battery operated. or hand crank radio, Watch for flooding Floods sometimes follow landslides because they may both be started by the. same event, Check the building foundation and surrounding land for damage as it will help you assess the safety of. 13 Emergency Preparedness Guide,Biological or Chemical Threat. Avoid mixing chemicals even everyday,household products. Store chemical products properly and away,from food items. Never smoke while using household,Clean up spills immediately being careful. to protect your eyes and skin,Dispose of unused chemicals properly. Follow instructions of the authorities Listen,to your emergency broadcast stations on. radio and TV, If you are told to shelter in place go inside close all windows and vents and turn off all fans heating or. cooling systems, Use duct tape to secure plastic sheeting around all cracks or sills where air could enter If you don t have. tape and plastic use wet cloths, If you find someone who is injured make sure you are not in danger before administering first aid. Use your phone only in life threatening emergencies Call poison control 1 800 222 1222 or 9 1 1. immediately, Do not return until officials have declared the area safe. Contact your local public health department for recommendations for boiling or treating as water may be. contaminated, Follow instructions from emergency officials concerning proper clean up.
official position. Nuremberg and Tokyo sent a strong message to future mass criminals: the international community would no longer stand idly by as atrocities were committed. National sovereignty was not an acceptable hiding place. After the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials, an international justice system took a back seat to Cold War politics. The ...
Japanese challenge and the rise of anti-colonial movements which erupted across much of the region in the mid-1940s and 1950s provided the political context for these trials. The onset of the Cold War was yet another key factor in shaping power relations and expectations about international justice that affected all the key political actors.
Indian Polity Contents Chapter Contents 1 Introduction: Meaning and Definition of Constitution, Structure of Constitution: Parts, Articles, Schedules and Amendments. 2 Evolution of Constitution: Introduction, Regulating Act, Pitts India Act, Saint Helena Act, Charter Act 1853, Government of India Act 1858, Indian Council act 1861,
(Idara ya Ardhi), Mwalimu Old Tanga Sekondari Karani Chuo cha Utafiti wa Mifugo Mpwapwa Dodoma 1960. Kati ya kazi zake nyingi alizowahi kutunga na kuandika ni pamoja na Riwaya za Kusadikika, Kufikirika, Siku ya Watenzi Wote na Adili na Nduguze. Hizi ndizo Riwaya ambazo mtafiti atazichambua na kuainisha
grammar of the unit in context to help you understand it more easily. Grammar provides detailed explanations of specific grammar points and includes Start points which act as a brief reminder of grammar you may already know. Grammar exercises provide practice of the grammar of each unit. Each of the 20 units in the Vocabulary section is bawd on