Environmental Impact Assessment System In Korea-PDF Free Download

Environmental Impact Assessment system in Korea
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SOUTH KOREA, Area 100 000km2, Population 48 millions. Mountain area 70, Peninsular, Temperate zone, High public interests in. environmental protection, Capital area, Korea Environment Institute KEI. National Environmental Research Institute, under the Office of Prime Minister. Contribution to the p, prevention and, resolution of environmental problems.
through research and development of, d environmental. i t l policies, and Knowledge, Environmental Sharing. professional review of environmental, professional d. Research impact statement Management, Improvement, Climate Change Environmental. Research Assessment, Introduction Period 1977 1981.
EIA started from late 70s, Environment, 1st Amendment 2nd Amendment. Preservation Act, 3 projects 6 projects 10 projects. MOSHA Office of Environment, Implementation Period 1982 1992. 1982 Introduction of professional EIA agency system. licensed by Office of Environment, currently about 200 agencies. 1986 Extension of project types including private projects. Office of Environment Environmental Agency, 1990 Basic Environmental Policy Act.
35 unit projects 11 area 47 unit projects 15 area, Public participation involved. Enhancement Period 1993, 1993 Environmental Impact Assessment Act. as independent law est, est detailed procedures, 1997 Amendment of EIA act. KEI Official review organization for EIS, Environmental Agency Ministry of Environment. 1999 Amendment of Basic Environmental Policy Act, Introduction of SEA for administrative policies.
called Preliminary Environmental Review System PERS. 2009 Amendment, A d t off EIA actt, 76 unit projects 17 area. Introduction of scoping process simplified EIA, andd greenhouse. Projects subject to EIA positive list, Development of Athletic. Urban Development 12, Facilities 5, Construction of Railroads. including subway 4, Development of Industrial Development of Mountain.
Complexes 7 areas 3, Construction of Airports 1, Development of Designated. Development of Energy 7, Utilization and Development. of Rivers 1, Installation of Waste, Construction of Harbors 4. disposal Facilities 2, Reclamation Works 2, Construction of Military. Construction of Roads 1, Facilities 3, Development of Resort.
Recreation areas 6, Development of Water Excavation Work and. Resources 2 mining activities 7, Items to be assessed 21 items. Categories Atmospheric Water Land, Meteorology Water quality. Air quality Marine, Items Odor environment, Topography. Greenhouse Hydraulics, gas Hydrology, Categories Natural Ambient Socioeconomic.
N i VibVibration, Landscape Population, Flora Fauna. Items Sanitation Residence, Environmental, property Local industry. Electromagnetic, Preparation of draft EIS, qualified EIA agent. Project developer authorized byy MOE, Public Participation. Preparation of EIS, Project developer, Submission, S b i i off EIS.
Project developer Approval agency, C lt ti off EIS. Consultation, Review of EIS by KEI, Approval agency MOE. Final Decision, Approval agency Project developer, Monitoring. Approval agency MOE, Role of concerned parties, Submission of EIS Consultation of EIS Review of EIS. Project Approval, developer Agency, Decision Making.
Consultation, Effectiveness of EIA, largely promoted by EIA since the mid 1990s. Trend of the portion of park and green area, Number of housing. park green area Area of park green, Years complex, area per capita m2. development, 1980s 79 6 1 4 3, 1990s 42 12 6, 2000s 23 17 1 9 6. Environment in Northeast Asia, Northeast Asian region.
China DPRK Japan Mongolia ROK and Russia, eco regions. regions of Northeast Asia have been, experienced significant deterioration of environmental. conditions and thus transboundary threats along with. rapid economic growth over the past two decades, Significant portions of these problems have been. driven by development projects that either are, mismanaged or have transboundary effects or both. One crucial solution is the initiation of a TEIA, mechanism in the region.
Northeast Asian region, Regional Transboundary EIA System. To date no such mechanism or other, coordination, di ti framework. Projects subject to EIA positive list Urban Development 12 Development of Athletic Facilities 5 Development of Industrial Complexes 7 Construction of Railroads including subway 4 Development of Mountain Complexes 7 areas 3 Development of Energy 7 Construction of Airports 1 areas 3 Development of Designated Regions 8

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