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FORTIS Wind Energy Montana Wind Turbine
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No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic or. mechanical including photocopying and recording for any purpose without the express written permission of. FORTIS WIND ENERGY, FORTIS WIND ENERGY reserves the right to make changes to any and all parts of the documentation at any time. without obligation to notify any person or entity of such changes. Copyright 2013 FORTIS all rights reserved, Fortis Wind BV. 9751 AC Haren, The Netherlands, Manual Montana Page 2 of 48. Table of Contents, Index Page, 1 Introduction 6, 2 Assembling Power head 7. 2 1 Frame generator 7, 2 2 Rotor blades Hub 7, 2 3 Tail 8.
2 4 High Wind speed Protection 8, 2 5 Mast top 8, 2 6 Nose cone 8. 3 Instructions Mast 9, 3 1 Producing a Mast yourself 9. 3 2 Foundations 10, 3 3 Installation preparations 10. 4 Electric Installations 13, 4 1 Transmission lines 13. 4 2 Voltage control dumpload 13, 4 3 Grid connection 14.
4 4 Batteries 14, 5 Final assembly system electronics 15. 6 Erecting the turbine in the upright position 17, 6 1 Safety first 17. 6 2 Conditions during installation 17, Manual Montana Page 3 of 48. 6 3 The installation erection procedure 18, 6 4 Guy wire tensioning 18. 6 4 1 Determining the proper frequency of the cable 19. 6 4 2 How to oscillate the cable 19, 6 4 3 Procedure of tensioning the cable 20.
6 4 4 Cautions Hints and Suggestions 20, 6 5 Start up procedure 21. 7 Appendix, 7 1 Torque specifications 23, 7 2 Required tools 23. 7 3 Technical data Montana 5kW 24, 7 4 Power curve Montana 25. 7 5 Maintenance checklist 26, 7 6 Foundation blocks for guyed towers 27. 7 7 Anchors and concrete specifications 28, 7 8 Voltage drops Fortis Montana 400V wind turbine 29.
7 9 Voltage drops Fortis Montana 48V wind turbine 29. 8 0 Voltage drops Fortis Montana 120V wind turbine 29. 9 0 Tail Assembly 30, 10 Plug and socket in tower base 31. 11 0 Detail chain and spring between tail and support frame 32. 11 1 Terminal box at backside of generator 32, 12 Gin pole and winch 33. 13 Drawings guyed tower 35, Manual Montana Page 4 of 48. 13 1 Drawings guyed tower 36, 14 Part numbers of Montana 37. 14 1 Part number list 38, 15 Brake Switch 5000 12 39.
16 Feed in Inverter GFI 5K 40, 17 Electrical scheme for grid connected 41. 18 Electrical scheme for stand alone and battery charging 42. 19 Trouble shooting list 43, 20 Safety and control procedures 45. 21 Declaration of Conformity 47, Manual Montana Page 5 of 48. 1 Introduction, Thank you for choosing this FORTIS energy systems. Your choice means proven reliability no maintenance costs only a regular check is recommended and. the convenience of an independent power supply, FORTIS wind turbines are in operation all over the world and can withstand almost every environment.
imaginable Even arctic expeditions have benefited from the reliable power the FORTIS wind turbine. produces FORTIS tests their systems under the worst possible weather conditions. FORTIS wind turbines are installed at all over the earth Therefore the FORTIS products are designed on. such a way that they can be installed and erected successfully with a minimum of tools and technical. know how Also unskilled people are capable of maintaining the system with a minimum of tools and. A FORTIS system is almost always composed of various components the wind turbine itself is only one. component of this system We can supply controllers for battery charging and for grid connection For. hybrid systems controllers are available to couple a photovoltaic solar generator or to a diesel or petrol. generator together to a FORTIS Wind turbine In other words the possibilities with an FORTIS wind. turbine are endless in the sense that they can be adapted to suit almost every conceivable application. Fortis Wind Energy, Important security notice, This Instruction Manual contains important operational guidelines and security considerations that. require your attention Before installation it is essential that the user first studies this user s manual in. detail and keeps in mind the safety matters that need attention During user installation and operation. one must refer to this handbook s documentation If you are unfamiliar with installation as shown. below DO NOT CONTINUE and let a qualified Technical Engineer proceed with correct installation. Failure to comply with the guidelines and instructions will void your warranty. Do not change anything of the wind turbine parts or do not paint the blades If you do so you lose the. right of warrantee Any change can have effect in the behaviour of the wind turbine. Manual Montana Page 6 of 48, 2 Assembling the power head. The FORTIS MONTANA 5 kW power head consists of the following parts. Frame generator mast adapter, Rotor blades hub, Tail with tail vane. 2 1 Frame generator, When you first open the crate check the contents carefully starting with the generator and its support. frame First make a visual check to determine any existing scratches dents or cracks Then rotate the. generator by hand This must rotate smoothly 5 0N m If it does not check whether there is no short. circuit in one of the phases out coming wires might be connected somehow. Normally the generator is already attached to the support frame with a specified torque appendix 7 1. so there is no need to tighten the eight M12 bolts The power head is bolted to the crate it is. transported in before you undo these bolts remove all other components inside the crate We advise. to wait with unpacking the power head till its mast is ready to receive it The power head can then be. moved straight from the crate on to the mast, 2 2 Rotor blades hub.
The large cardboard box contains the rotor blades and parts of the tail frame Sometimes also the. dumpload is packed with the rotorblades Unpack the rotor blades and make a visual check for any. existing cracks or scratches When nothing is visible at all the blades can be mounted between the two. hub plates with the 9 x M12 bolts with self locking nuts Every single blade has its unique fit to the hub. and in addition to this the blades are marked with dots that correspond with dots on the hub The. flat side of the blades should face the wind as is the front side of the hub. Be careful with assembling the 9 x M12 bolts The bolts fits very narrow in the hols For assembling turn. the bolts only into the holes Don t use a hammer or drill the holes Only in this way the rotor blades get. the same position when they where balanced in the factory. Be careful with any damage to the thread to the bolts because it can give problems when you fit the. nuts to the bolts Stainless steel in sensitive for damaged thread. Manual Montana Page 7 of 48, The tail assembly is composed of 7 parts the tail vane the upper section and 5 steel bars The lower. section is already assembled to the frame The steel bars are packed with the rotorblades The tail vane. with tail upper section and steel bars can be assembled with M8 bolts according the pictures on chapter. 9 0 Tail Assembly and appendix 7 1 Torque specifications. The complete tail can be assembled to the frame by 2 x 2 M10 bolts. There is only one way to assemble the tail parts In another way the pieces does not fit. The chain which is already connected to the support frame must be connected to the tail with a. D shackle Make sure the stainless steel spring is mounted between the middle of the chain and the. support frame Don t forget the split pins cotter pins to secure the nuts of the D shackle. 2 4 High Wind speed Protection Side Furling, The High Wind speed Protection system will protect the wind turbine automatically during high wind. speeds When furled the rotor will turn away from the wind direction When the rotor speed is reduced. the power output of the wind turbine will be significantly reduced Side Furling is an easy method to. provide high wind speed protection It is based on a basic physical relationship between aerodynamics. rotor gravity the specially designed tail shape and weight balance of the Montana Side Furling is. completely passive and very reliable, 2 5 Mast top. The mast top is fit into the support frame of MONTANA 5 kW wind turbine Do not remove the mast. top from the frame Inside are Teflon coated vertical thrust bearing and radial glider bearings Further. they are greased with copper grease Before you bolt it on top of the mast make sure that it fits well in. the support frame and can be rotated by hand in this position. 2 6 Nose cone, Further you will find in the packing a box with the nose cone and all the bolts and nuts for assembling. Also the voltage controller with dump load is packed with the generator In some cases the dumpload is. packed in the box with the rotor blades, Manual Montana Page 8 of 48.
When any parts of the wind Turbine show damage that might have occurred during transportation. inform your local supplier or FORTIS directly about this If you do not report such damage or the turbine. is already in operation you lose the right to your warranty. 3 Instructions Mast, 3 1 Producing a Mast yourself. 3 2 Foundations, 3 3 Installation preparations, 3 1 Producing a mast yourself. Producing a mast for your FORTIS wind turbine is relatively simple Various constructions are possible. but in most cases a steel tubular mast with guy wires is used It is also possible to use wooden poles. free standing steel tubular masts or free standing lattice masts Even concrete masts are a possible. However before you start to construct your mast you have to consider where you are going to place. the wind turbine and mast For a good performance it is necessary to install the wind turbine in such a. way that the wind has an uninterrupted flow from all directions to the wind rotor Any obstructions. such as trees hills or buildings even if they are somewhat lower than the wind rotor will cause. turbulent air currents to arise which seriously decrease the generator output Turbulent air has lost a. large part of its original power and continually shifts from one direction to another also upwards and. downwards This causes the wind turbine to vibrate to some extent All of these factors should be. considered when selecting a satisfactory location for the wind turbine The higher the wind turbine is. situated the better since the air currents are smoother and steadier further from the ground. For a good operation the wind turbine should be mounted at least 5 metres above any obstruction. within 200 metres, In order to keep electrical losses caused by long transmission lines to a minimum Install the wind. turbine as close to the application as possible without disturbing an unobstructed sweep from the wind. The dimensions of transmission lines are described under the chapter heading Transmission lines 4 1. Manual Montana Page 9 of 48, In most cases FORTIS advises the use of the guyed steel tubular mast as it is inexpensive easy to build. easy to erect and FORTIS can provide all the required calculations These calculations can be very. important when planning permission has to be obtained. The drawings for a guyed steel tubular mast are provided in this manual The masts are designed. according to a modular system with 6m modules guyed every 6m Appendix 13. 3 2 Foundations, As there is such a wide variety of masts possible we only describe here the foundations for the standard.
guyed steel tubular mast according to the standard FORTIS design There are three ways to make a. proper foundation for the mast and guy wires, 1 The first type of foundation is for very soft and unstable ground for this type concrete blocks of a. certain weight have to be used Drawings for this type of foundation are provided in appendix 7 6 7 7. 2 The second type of foundation is for rocky ground this type requires the use of rock bolt s for the. tower and the guy wires Make sure that the rocks are heavy enough FORTIS can provide and specify. the rock bolts on request The size and weight of the rocks must be about the same as the concrete. blocks described in the foundation drawings, 3 The third type of foundation is for medium soft but stable ground for the guy wires earth screw. anchors are used and for the mast a small concrete block will be sufficient The earth screw anchors. can be specified and provided by FORTIS The concrete block is the same as in appendix 7 6 7 7 or a. standard block for roads can be used in the size of 2 x 2 x 0 12 cm The base plate can be fit with. chemical bolts, 3 3 Installation preparations, Before the mast is placed in a horizontal position bolted to the base plate make sure the mast will be. lifted towards the main wind direction Lift and support the top of the mast in such a way that it is. possible to slide the support frame over the mast top. However before you do this it is necessary to pull the wires through the mast. For your FORTIS MONTANA 5kW machine 3 flexible wires of 6 or 10 mm will be sufficient in most. cases Only for 48V systems 10 mm or 16 mm is required They must be pulled through the support. frame first and then through the mast Now you can slide the support frame over the mast top The. connecting wires must not get stuck anywhere on any part of the wind turbine Make sure the three. wires can move and rotate freely inside the mast Any possible problems in this area can cause a short. 19 Trouble shooting list 43 20 Safety and control procedures 45 21 Declaration of Conformity 47 Manual Montana Page 6 of 48 1 Introduction Thank you for choosing this FORTIS energy systems Your choice means proven reliability no maintenance costs only a regular check is recommended and the convenience of an independent power supply FORTIS wind turbines are in operation all over the

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