TECHNICAL CALCULATIONAND ESTIMATOR'SMAN-HOUR MANUALMarko Buliæ
Marko BuliæTECHNICAL CALCULATION AND ESTIMATOR'SMAN-HOUR MANUALERECTION OF PROCESS OR CHEMICAL PLANTSI.II.III.IV.V.VI.VII.VIII.IX.X.PIPING ABOVE GROUNDPIPELINESSTEEL STRUCTURESPROCESS EQUIPMENTSTORAGE TANKS CYLINDRICAL AND SPHEROIDALWELDING AND FLAME CUTTINGCORROSION PROTECTIONTHERMAL INSULATIONESTIMATESPIPING ABOVE GROUNDESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMSXI.WEIGHT FACTORSXII. TECHNICAL CALCULATIONMANNER OF DATAS COMPILINGXIII. MAN HOURS FOR OVERHAULS INPETROCHEMICAL PLANTSXIV. FACTORS AND MAN HOURS FOR PIPING ANDSTEEL STRUCTURE WORKS IN CALL FORTENDERS OF “TECHNIP” COMPANYXV.APPENDIXZAGREB, 2003.(Completed edition)All right reserved.This book, or parts thereof, may not be reproducedin any form without permission of the author.
Thank you for showing interest in buying our book TECHNICAL CALCULATION AND ESTIMATOR'SMANHOURS MANUALYou can buy the electronic version of the Manual containing all the figurest and other related data at thefollowing prices:1.COMPLETE MANUAL (239 pages)2.EACH CHAPTERIIIIIIIVVPIPING ABOVE GROUND - 36 pages 20*PIPELINES - 7 pages 20*STEEL STRUCTURES - 7 pages 20*PROCESS EQUIPMENT - 10 pages 20*STORAGE TANKS - CYLINDRICAL &SPHERICAL - 11 pages 20*WELDING AND FLAME CUTTING - 18 pages 20*CORROSION PROTECTION - 3 pages 20*THERMAL INSULATION - 3 pages 20*ESTIMATES - 11 pages 20*PIPING ABOVE GROUND - ESTIMATE POINTSFOR BUILD-IN ITEMS - 76 pages 20*WEIGHT FACTORS - 7 pagesTECHNICAL CALCULATIONMANNER OF DATA COMPILING - 4 pagesMANHOURS FOR OVERHAULS INPETROCHEMICAL PLANTS - 16 pages 20*FACTORS AND MANHOURS FOR PIPING ANDSTEEL STRUCTURE WORKS IN CALL FOR TENDERSOF “TECHNIP” COMPANY - 3 pages 20*VIVIIVIIIIXXXIXIIXIIIXIVIndividualsLegal entityUS 600US 1000US 180US 75US 80US 70US US US US US 80US 75US 35US 35US 100US 130US 120US 55US 55US 165US 130US 15US 215US 25US US 630012013011010US 80US 130US 60US 100NOTE: 20* THE FIRST 13 PAGES OF THE MANUAL AND 7 PAGES OF THE APPENDIX3.A PERSONALISED ANALOGUE VERSION OF THE MANUAL COULD BE ORDERED AS WELL.4.Please, email us your full address and indicate the purchase option you have decided for.We shall send you the electronic manual immediately.As soon as your payment is received we shall send you the password that will enable you toopen and use the e-manual.We congratulate you on your choice and thank you for buying our electronic Manual.1
PREFACEAll 40 years of my working life, I spent on erection of different process plants most of which were oil industry projectsin the country and abroad, in Europe and North Africa. Since 1978 with occasional interruptions because ofsimultaneous involvement in several different projects, I worked mostly on technical calculations. I have madehundreds and hundreds calculations based on all kinds of tenders and erection of mech anical equipment. Thetenders were written in various foreign languages and alphabet, even in Cyrillic. I am fully aware of the problems anestimator encounters when working on technical calculations for specific technologies. Very often tenders were notcomplete and not detailed enough, and the time required for a good technical calculation is getting every dayshorter. It is not easy to present exact technical figures and quantities for the equipment or operations not fullydefined, hard to comprehend, or even unknown to the estimator. Technical terms and expressions written indifferent languages and dialects are often incorrect and specific for individual branches. Enormous experience isneeded, an ability to assess and estimate, and even the courage to write down the technical quantities and figures.That was the reason for collecting various technical bibliography, standards, catalogues, man hours and rates fromthe European and USA countries. I have made the analyses, comparisons, simulations, new measures, and manhourtables. A great deal of that was verified in practice during the plant erection. I surveyed the results and analyses ofas-built designs. On many occasions, I sought a compromise between different opinions and standpoints. Too manythings collected on too many places. Finally, I decided to write this manual for discriminative estimators. It isimportant to understand that there are no identical projects or jobs in this business, that each project is specific andthat no automatism or copying is possible. Approach to any job should be serious and professional and a technicalcalculation should be made with the assistance of this Manual. Many people try to include the man hours from thetables into the computer systems, which I oppose. Those are the people, which instead of using a computer, acomputer uses them. An estimator himself must choose the values and define the man hours taking into account allthe elements that might have any influence on them. Only when the relevant man hours are estimated and selected,a computer can be used. A saying “Switch on your brain before switching on the computer” should be followed.The most complex work in developing these man hours was the work on the man hours for piping above ground. Abasis I used was a system for estimating the value of erection works of a German Company LINDE, which Icompleted and modified. Generally, for elaboration of the man hours for erection/installation of process equipment,I used the English man hours of the Oil and Chemical Plant Constructors Association, but I used other sources aswell.The source or the author was noted for other tables and if I modified them, I provided the modification basis. Wherethere are no such notes, I am the only author.A complete edition of this manual in the Croatian language and its sections were published in 1997 and2000. This is why I have not given a unified percentage of the production efficiency but each chapter has its own.Marko BuliæZagreb Croatia, 20032
CONTENTSpagePREFACE.2INTRODUCTION.11ABBREVIATIONS & UNITS.13CHAPTERI. PIPING ABOVE GROUND.14DERIVED OPERATING TIME STANDARD FORTABLES FACTOR OF BASIC ASSEMBLY1. PIPES (ANSI B. 36.10).141.1PIPE - INSTALLATION ON PROCESS PLANT.141.2PIPE - INSTALLATION ON PIPE RACK OR SLEEPER WAY.152.FITTINGS (ANSI B. GHT TEE.172.3.2REDUCED TEE.172.4REDUCERS - CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC.181. PIPES (DIN 2448/2458).191.1PIPE - INSTALLATION IN PROCESS PLANT.191.2PIPE - INSTALLATION ON PIPE RACK OR SLEEPER WAY.211.3STEAM TRACING (ANSI & DIN).231.4INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL PIPING.231.5STEAM DISTRIBUTORS AND CONDENSATE COLLECTORSFABRICATED FROM PIPES AND FITTINGS.231.6STEAM DISTRIBUTORS AND CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FABRICATEDFROM READY MADE DISTRIBUTORS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS.232. FITTINGS S - CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC.283. FLANGES.303.1WELDING NECKS.303.2SLIP - ON.313.3SOCKET WELDING.313.4LAP JOINT STUB END.313.5BLIND.313.6ORIFICE COMPLETE.314. SMALL FITTINGS.324.1WELDOLETS, SOCKOLETS, NIPOLETS, etc.324.2HALF COUPLINGS FOR WELDINGS.324.3FITTINGS WITH SOCKET ENDS.324.4THREADED FITTINGS.323
5. VALVES. . .335.1VALVES WITH FLANGED ENDS.335.2VALVES WITH WELDING ENDS.345.3VALVES FOR THREADED ENDS.345.4PRESSURE GAUGES.345.5THERMOMETERS.34RATES FOR TENDER CALCULATIONS.351.MANHOUR ESTIMATE FOR INSTALLATION OF PIPING.352.EFFECT ASSESSMENT FOR QUICK CALCULATION.362.1PIPING IN PROCESS PLANT.362.2PIPES (CARBON STEEL - NOT INSULATED) - MEAN VALUE.372.3FITTINGS (CARBON STEEL) - MEAN VALUE.382.4VALVES - MEAN VALUE.392.5PIPE SUPPORTS.392.6AVERAGE DIAMETER - Manner of Calculation.393.RATES FOR INSTALLATION OF POLYETHYLENE PIPING.404.RATES FOR ERECTION OF PVC & FRP PIPING.415.CARBON STEEL PIPING CEMENT LINED INSIDE.416.PIPING MADE OF STEEL AND GREY CAST-IRON.427.RATES FOR PIPING BASED ON INCH-DIAMETER (ID).438.RATES FOR UNITS OF OPERATION - BASED ON INCH-DIAMETER (ID).449.RATES FOR PIPING WELDING.4610.MAN HOURS FOR WELDING OF PIPING.4711.WORK CALCULATION - MAN HOURS FOR PIPING MODIFICATION AT SITE.4812.INSTALLATION OF PIPING ABOVE - GROUNDPrefabrication and installation breakdown.49CHAPTERII. PIPELINES.501.PIPE TRANSPORT.502.PIPE STRINGING.513.BENDING OF PIPES.514.PIPE JOINTING.525.WELDING.536.WRAPPING.537.LAYING IN TRENCH.538.SPECIAL POINTS.548.1BORING UNDER ROADS AND RAILROADS.548.2BREAK OUT OF ROADS.548.3CONNECTING PIPELINE SECTIONS.548.4CROSSING WATERCOURSES.558.5INSTALATION OF CLEANING STATIONS.558.6PUTTING UP PIPELINE MARKERS.558.7OTHER SPECIAL POINTS.559.PRESSURE TESTS.5610.PRELIMINARY AND FINISHING WORKS.564
CHAPTERIII. STEEL STRUCTURE ERECTION. . .571. BASIC MAN HOURS - UNIT.571.1SORTING THE STRUCTURE.571.2PRE-ERECTION OF STRUCTURE.571.3TRANSPORT OF STRUCTURE TO ERECTION PLACE.571.4INSTALLATION OF ANCHOR BOLTS.571.5STRUCTURE ERECTION.571.6INSTALLATION OF LOST FORMWORK.581.7INSTALLATION OF WIRE ROPE CLAMPS.581.8REAMING OF HOLES.581.9BOLTING FROM SCAFFOLDING.582. ERECTION OF MISCELLANEOUS STEEL STRUCTURES.592.1BASIC MANHOUR RATES.593. CORRECTION FACTORS.594. STEEL STRUCTURES IN OIL REFINERIES AND PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS.614.1LIGHT STRUCTURE (to 30 kg/m).614.2MEDIUM-WEIGHT STRUCTURE (31 60 kg/m).614.3HEAVY STRUCTURE (above 60 kg/m).614.4MISCELLANEOUS STRUCTURES.614.5PIPE HANGERS AND SUPPORTS.615. ERECTION AND DISMANTLING OFMISCELLANEOUS STEEL STRUCTURES.625.1ERECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURES - ACC. TO THE WEIGHT.625.2MISCELLANEOUS STRUCTURES.625.3REMOVAL OF STEEL STRUCTURE AND MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.66CHAPTERIV. ERECTION OF EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY.671. STATIONARY EQUIPMENT.671.1ALL EQUIPMENT TO 0,5 TON.671.2TOWERS above 0,5 TON.671.3TOWERS CONSISTING OF MORE PIECES.671.4PACKAGE UNIT.671.5OTHER EQUIPMENT.671.6BRIDGE CRANES.671.7LIFTS.671.8ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS.681.9MARINE LOADING ARMS.682. ROTARY EQUIPMENT.682.1CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS.682.1.1MAN HOURS BASED ON POWER [kW].682.1.2MAN HOURS BASED ON WEIGHT [kg].692.1.3MAN HOURS BASED ON THE CAPACITY.692.2COMPRESSORS.702.2.1COMPRESSORS DRIVEN BY ELECTRIC MOTOR.702.2.2COMPRESSORS DRIVEN BY GAS TURBINE.705
3. TOWERS & VESSELS - INSTALLATION OF INTERIORCOMPONENTS & EQUIPMENT.713.1INSTALLATION OF TRAYS AND DEMISTERING PADS.713.2VESSELS & TOWER PACKINGS.713.3OPENING AND CLOSING OF MANHOLES.713.4ERECTION OF PLATFORMS, LADDERS AND FLOOR GRIDS.724. EQUIPM
PREFACE All 40 years of m y working lif e, I spent on erection of diff erent process plants most of which were oil indus try projects in the country and abroad, in Europe and North Africa.
5. CREATE A NEW ESTIMATE Open the Estimator program. Click on the File in the upper left corner of the tool bar and choose New, or Click on the NEW icon. A dialogue box appears with two choices, Blank Estimate and Highway Design Estimator Template. Highlight Highway Design Estimator Template and
Microsoft Excel is set to high, which automatically disables macros. To allow macro execution (required for the Power Estimator to function properly), open the Power Estimator workbook and perform the following steps. In Microsoft Excel 2010 and 2013: 1. Click File Options. 2. Click Trust
Retirement Estimator to get immediate and personalized retirement benefit estimates to help you plan for your retirement. The online Retirement Estimator is a convenient and secure financial planning tool that eliminates the need to manually key in years of earnings information. The estimator will also let you create “what if” scenarios.
Road builder heavy construction estimator A road builder heavy construction estimator is the person responsible for providing an accurate estimate of the cost of construction and of any changes to the work. In addition, the estimator keeps historical records on costs o
The pooled kurtosis estimator for Layard’s (1973) test statistic, on which Bonett's interval is based, is consistent only when the population variances are equal. We derive an alternative estimator that is consistent when the population variances are equal and when they are unequal and use the new estimator to calculate the correct CI.
A CONSISTENT TEST FOR THE PARAMETRIC SPECIFICATION 81 The nonparametric estimator of the hazard function is deﬁned as ˆλ(t x) ˆh 1(t,x) ˆh 2(t,x). (5) Note that under regularity conditions, it can be shown that ˆh 1(t,x) is a consistent estimator of h 1(t,x) and hˆ 2(t,x) is a consistent estimator of h 2(t,x).
PLUMBING & HVAC ESTIMATOR By James A. Thomson 98.25 Craftsman Book Company 6058 Corte del Cedro, Carlsbad, CA 92011 Inside the back cover of this book you’ll find a software download certificate. To access the download, follow the instructions printed there. The download includes the National Estimator, an easy to-use
A Tutorial on Model-Assisted Estimation with Application to Forest Inventory Kelly S. McConville 1,* , Gretchen G. Moisen 2 and Tracey S. Frescino 2 . estimator suffers from greater negative bias than the bootstrap variance estimator, especially as the size of the assisting model grows. Each estimator is made readily accessible through the .
in the nonparametric treatment here as well. 2.2 The Proposed Estimator The proposed estimator sidesteps the problem of spec- ifying a functional form for g(x) through the use of kernel nonparametric regression. The basic idea of the estimator is a simple one: For the ith observation, obtain consistent
The Tax Withholding Estimator will help determine if they should complete a new Form W-4. The Estimator will provide users the information to put on a new Form W-4. Taxpayers who use the Estimator to check their withholding will sav
positive parts before averaging. Denote,(R) , the estimator obtained by the first method, by a, since it is the maximum-likelihood estimator under normality. We denote the second estimator (E4)/n by µ , since it is the arithmetic mean of a set of quantities. These two estimators were con-
following section, estimator 2 is biased downwards as compared with real value 2, because we neglect the loss of degree of freedom (DoF) for estimating . 1.3 Estimation Bias in Variance Component The bias of an estimator refers to the di erence between this estimator’
electrical systems. National Estimator, an easy-to-use estimating program with all the cost estimates in this book. The software will run on PCs using Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, or 10 operating systems. When the National Estimator program has been installed, click Help on
analysis of the OFDM system. Equi-spaced pilot insertion is adopted because of optimum performance . The channel frequency response at pilot subcarrier is estimated by using MMSE estimator because of its superior performance as compared to least square (LS) estimator . Fig.2 : Arrangement of Pilots
calculation algorithms when a clinical trial protocol is proposed while different TPS or dose calculation algo- rithms are correlated with this protocol. In this paper, we present a practical method to measure and evaluate dose calculation algorithms and to commis- sion dose calculation models in a TPS. For example, in
7 1-7. Calculation functions The available calculation functions are Statistical Calculation and Calculation between Channels. Statistical Calculation allows you to check the maximum, minimum, and average values of all the channels as numeric
Independent Personal Pronouns Personal Pronouns in Hebrew Person, Gender, Number Singular Person, Gender, Number Plural 3ms (he, it) א ִוה 3mp (they) Sֵה ,הַָּ֫ ֵה 3fs (she, it) א O ה 3fp (they) Uֵה , הַָּ֫ ֵה 2ms (you) הָּ תַא2mp (you all) Sֶּ תַא 2fs (you) ְ תַא 2fp (you
Part 4: Calculation of tooth flank fracture load capacity X Part 5: Strength and quality of materials X Part 6: Calculation of service life under variable load X Part 20: Calculation of scuffing load capacity (also applicable to bevel and hypoid gears
Evaluation of the Effects of Lightning and a 500kV Line Break on Holtec Casks Calculation HI-2002559 10. Evaluation of Site-Specific Wild Fires for the Diablo Canyon ISFSI . (SWEDGE Analysis) Calculation GEO.DCPP.01.23; PG&E Calculation 18.104.22.1683 19. Stability and Yield Acceleration Analysis of Cross Section I-I' Calculation GEO.DCPP.01 .
Calculation of load capacity for worm gear according to  is done through 5 criteria (table 1). The calculation was performed for various numbers of input speed and gear ratio. For each calculation the maximum output torque 2max was obtained for the required safety. Calculation T results of