Fifth Grade Basic Skills Reading Comprehension And Skills

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Fifth Grade Basic SkillsReading Comprehensionand SkillsBasic reading skills activitiesnecessary for developing the skillsstudents need to succeed!Written by: Elizabeth E. HansonLook for all of Teacher’s Friend’sBasic Skills Booksat your local educational retailer!Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic CompanyPage 1

NameDateStudent Page Completion ChartPage 3031323334353637383940Page 2SkillReading Comprehension - Story PlotReading Comprehension - Nathan HaleReading Comprehension - Paul RevereReading Comprehension - “The Eagle Has Landed”Reading Comprehension - ThorReading Comprehension - Tall TalesReading Comprehension - Dog TrainingReading Comprehension - Aquatic MovementReading Comprehension - Classroom TrialReading Comprehension - Save the ElephantsReading Comprehension - Colonists Come to AmericaReading Comprehension - The Colonial KitchenReading Comprehension - The Oak TreeReading Comprehension - The Impact of the AutomobileReading Comprehension - EcosystemsReading Comprehension - The Eating Habits of a MosquitoReading Comprehension - Statue of LibertyReading Comprehension - Animal DefensesSequencing - Taking a Timed TestSequencing - Answering Essay QuestionsDictionary Skills - Finding DefinitionsDictionary Skills - Alphabetical OrderUsing Reference BooksUsing an EncyclopediaFact or OpinionUsing Who and WhomUsing Bring and TakePossessive NounsParts of Speech - Nouns, Verbs and AdjectivesParts of Speech - Pronouns, Adverbs and PrepositionsCommas - Setting Off Words in Direct AddressCommas - Using Commas in a SeriesCommas - Using Commas with Introductory W ordsUsing ConjunctionsUsing ConjunctionsUsing Quotation MarksUsing Quotation MarksUsing Quotation MarksFifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic CompanyPassed Date

Table of ContentsReading Comprehension StoriesStory Plot.3Nathan Hale. 4Paul Revere.5“The Eagle Has Landed”.6Thor. 7Tall Tales. 8Dog Training.9Aquatic Movement.10Classroom Trial. 11Save the Elephants.12Colonists Come to America.13The Colonial Kitchen. 14The Oak Tree.15The Impact of the Automobile.16Ecosystems. 17The Eating Habits of a Mosquito. 18Statue of Liberty.19Animal Defenses.20Reading SkillsSequencing - Taking a Timed Test.21Sequencing - Answering EssayQuestions.22Dictionary Skills - FindingDefinitions.23Reading Skills-ContinuedDictionary Skills—AlphabeticalOrder.24Using Reference Books. 25Using an Encyclopedia.26Fact or Opinion.27Using Who and Whom.28Using Bring and Take.29Possessive Nouns.30Parts of Speech - Nouns, Verbs andAdjectives.31Parts of Speech - Pronouns,Adverbs and Prepositions. 32Commas - Words in Direct Address.33Commas - Words in a Series. 34Commas - Introductory Words. 35Using Conjunctions.36Using Conjunctions.37Using Quotation Marks. 38Using Quotation Marks. 39Using Quotation Marks. 40Proofreading. 41Answer Keys. 42-48Reproduction of these materials for commercial resale or distribution to an entireschool system or school/library district is strictly prohibited. Pages may be duplicatedfor one individual classroom set only. Materials may not be reproduced for other purposes without the prior written permission of the publisher . Copyright 2003.Teacher’s Friend Publications. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.ISBN-0439-53791-6Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic CompanyPage 3

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.Story PlotThe plot of a story is the series of events in a story . It usually follows the pattern below itionResolutionIn the first step, or the exposition, the reader learns about the characters and setting. Thenarrative hook is the part where the author grabs the reader ’s attention and relates the conflict, orthe problem in the story. Next is the rising action. During rising action, the author will add moreinformation and details to the story. The reader is wondering what will happen next. Rising actionleads to the climax. This is the most exciting part of the story . “Who did it?” or “How will this storyend?” the reader may ask. Then, in the falling action, the author will answer these questions.Finally, in the resolution, the story is brought to a conclusion. The next time you read a book, tryto identify the six steps that make up the plot.1. What is the main idea of this story? (Circle the answer)A. The climax is the best part of the story .B. Falling action always follows the climax.C. The plot of a story usually has six basic steps.2. What does a reader learn about during the exposition?3. A word that means “where the story is located” is: (Circle the answer)A. conclusionB. settingC. characters4. What step usually follows the climax?5. What happens during the resolution?Page 4Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic Company

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.Nathan Hale“I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country .” American patriot Nathan Halespoke these words in 1776 as he was being led to the gallows to be hung by the British for beinga spy. Captain Hale, only twenty-one years of age, undertook a dangerous mission to go behindenemy lines. During the Revolutionary W ar, the American colonists had lost several importantbattles to the British. Volunteers were needed to spy on the position of the British army . Halevolunteered to do this for his country. He was secretly dropped on the shore of Long Island andwas able to pass all of the guards, except one. This last guard had Hale arrested. British GeneralHowe, without waiting for a trial, immediately ordered Hale to be executed. Even though he was avery young man, Hale handled himself with dignity and quietly accepted his fate. Many of theBritish soldiers who witnessed Hale in his final hours admired him for these actions and for thosevery famous words he spoke.1. What is the main idea of this story? (Circle the answer)A. Nathan Hale will always be remembered for his bravery .B. Being a spy is dangerous.C. The British were cruel to execute Nathan Hale.2. Why did Hale volunteer to go on this dangerous mission? (Circle the answer)3. Who were the American colonists fighting against during the Revolutionary W ar?4. A word that means “to have great respect for” is:A. positionB. fateC. admire5. Why did even the British soldiers admire Nathan Hale?6. What word means “one who loves his country”? (Circle the answer)A. volunteerB. patriotC. colonistFifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic CompanyPage 5

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.Paul RevereOne of the most famous heroes of the Revolutionary W ar is Paul Revere. In April of 1775,American colonists in Boston were waiting for an attack on their city by the British. However , theydid not know if the attack would come by land or sea. Colonists acted as lookouts in Boston’ s OldNorth Church and had arranged signals to alert the citizens of the attack. From the top of thischurch, everyone in Boston would be able to see the signal. The signal was “one if by land, two ifby sea.” One lit lantern at the top of the Old North Church meant the attack was coming by land,and two lit lanterns meant the attack was coming by sea. As British ships sailed up the CharlesRiver, a single lantern was lit in the church. After seeing the signal, Paul Revere rode through thecountryside alerting his neighbors of the coming battle. Revere rode and rode all night shoutingthe news, “The British are coming, the British are coming!” Thanks to his bravery, the colonialsoldiers were prepared for the attack.1. What is the main idea of this story? (Circle the answer)A. The British attacked Boston by sea.B. Lanterns were useful to colonists.C. Paul Revere’s bravery helped prepare his neighbors for battle.2. Another word for “watchful, ready for action” is: (Circle the answer)A. heroicB. alertC. brave3. Boston is located in which state?4. Why did the colonists choose the Old North Church as the signal area?5. Why is Paul Revere considered a hero?Page 6Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic Company

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.“The Eagle Has Landed”12345678910On July 20, 1969, American astronaut Neil Armstrong announced the followingmessage: “Houston, Tranquility base here, the Eagle has landed.” Armstrong, along withfellow astronaut Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin, had just become the first people to land on the moon. Afterleaving the huge Apollo rocket that continued to orbit the moon, the two astronauts carefullynavigated the small lunar module toward the surface of the moon. The lunar module wasnicknamed the “Eagle.” This nickname was given in honor of the bald eagle, the nationalbird of the United States. Millions of people from every country on Earth huddled neartelevisions and radios waiting for the news, wondering if a man would finally walk on themoon. Finally, Armstrong touched his foot to the ground and spoke the now famous words,“That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”1. What is the main idea of this story? (Circle the answer)A. Man first landed on the moon on July 20, 1969.B. “Buzz” Aldrin accompanied Neil Armstrong to the moon.C. Communication by radio and television was possible from the moon to the earth.2. What did Neil Armstrong mean when he said, “The Eagle has landed”?3. Which astronaut touched his foot to the surface of the moon first? (Circle the answer)A. Buzz AldrinB. Neil ArmstrongC. A Russian Astronaut4. What did the Apollo rocket do while the lunar module was directed toward the moon’ s surface?5. Reread lines 4 and 5 of the paragraph. What does the word “navigated” mean here?6. Were people interested or not in this space journey? What information tells you this?Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic CompanyPage 7

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.ThorStudents often study about Greek gods and goddesses, but often skip Norse mythology .The word “Norse” comes from the Scandinavian countries of Northern Europe. Norway , Swedenand Finland are Scandinavian countries. One of the most famous Norse gods is Thor. Thor wasthe god of war and thunder. He was second in command to Odin, the chief god. The Norse peopleloved Thor because he fought against the giants who threatened their homes. Thor had a magichammer that came back to him after he hurled it at his foes. He was also able to double hisstrength when he put on his belt. Thor was strong, but was not thought to be very smart. His memory lives on today. In fact, we speak of him every Thursday. The actual meaning of Thursday is“Thor’s day”!1. What is the main idea of this story? (Circle the answer)A. Thor was not very smart.B. Thor, a figure from Norse mythology, is still remembered today.C. Thor had a magic hammer.2. Thor was the god of: (Circle the answer)A. ThursdayB. OdinC. war and thunder3. How was Thor able to double his strength?4. Why did the Norse people love Thor?5. What tool did Thor use against his enemies?6. A god who was higher in command than Thor was: (Circle the answer)A. struck by Thor’s magic hammerB. NorseC. OdinPage 8Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic Company

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.Read the story and answer the questions.Tall TalesMany types of stories, such as myths and fables, began in Europe and Asia, but the tall taleis a completely American invention. Perhaps you have heard of some of the most famous tall tales- Paul Bunyan and Babe the Blue Ox, Rip V an Winkle or Pecos Bill. What do all of these characters have in common? All of the characters were honorable heroes and fought on the side of good.For example, Pecos Bill was thought to have lassoed a cyclone to save his neighbors. EarlyAmerican settlers did not have televisions or radios. For entertainment, they sat around campfiresspinning, or making up, tall tales. Later , they would tell their children and grandchildren the stories,always exaggerating just a little bit. It was not important for these stories to behistorically correct. It was only important that they were fun. Next time you hear a tall tale,remember that these “yarns” had their start in America.1. What is the main idea of this story? (Circle the answer)A. You cannot believe a tall tale.B. Tall tales began in America.C. Myths and fables began in Europe and Asia.2. Why was Pecos Bill considered a hero?3. If you were telling a “yarn,” you might be accused of: (Circle the answer)A. exaggerating the details of a storyB. telling the truthC. telling only your side of a story4. What characteristics do the heroes of tall tales share?5. Would you rather watch TV or sit around a campfire making up stories with friends and family?Explain your answer.Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic CompanyPage 9

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.Dog TrainingWhen you take you dog for a walk, is your dog really taking you for a walk? If this is thecase, then it is time to train your dog. The first step is to establish leash control. Your dog mustlearn to walk next to you without pulling away . While you are holding your dog on the leash, do notlet him pull away, because soon the dog will think this is the normal way to walk. Instead, whenyour pet begins to pull away, gently, but firmly, pull him back. Next, when the dog is walkingproperly, say, “Heel.” Soon your dog will learn not to tug on the leash and that “Heel” means towalk next to you. This will take practice. Your dog will not learn this in just one or two walks. Overtime, your four-legged furry buddy will come to accept that his pal is also his boss.1. What is the main idea of this story? (Circle the answer)A. Some dogs train themselves.B. How to train your dog to walk with you.C. You can easily train a dog in one day .2. What word in the paragraph would be considered a command? (Circle the answer)A. heelB. walkC. pull3. What is the first step in training your dog to walk with a leash?4. What should you do if your dog begins to pull away from you?5. What is the second step in training your dog to walk with a leash?6. What is the purpose of saying, “Heel?”Page 10Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic Company

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.Aquatic MovementAquatic animals are animals that live in water . There are many, many types of animals thatlive in the water. There are also many different ways that animals can move themselves throughthe water. Most fish swim by moving their tails back and forth in a waving motion. Dolphins,porpoises and whales also use their tails to swim. These animals move their tails up and downinstead of side to side as most fish do. They also use their fins to balance themselves. A turtleuses its feet to move through the water . A turtle’s feet are webbed, so they can use their feet asflippers, paddling themselves along.Some animals do not use tails or flippers to swim. Squid and jellyfish use thrust to movethrough the water. A squid pulls water into its body, then squirts it out. When the water squirts out,the squid moves in the opposite direction of the squirting water . Jellyfish move in a similar way.These animals push water out from underneath their bodies and move in the opposite direction ofthe water that has been pushed out.1. What is the main idea of this story? (Circle the answer)A. Aquatic animals can move through the water in many ways.B. Aquatic animals are animals that live in water .C. Turtles move with flippers and squid use thrust.2. Where does an aquatic animal live? (Circle the answer)A. in AfricaB. in thick, tropical forestsC. in the water3. What is the difference between the way most fish and dolphins use their tails?4. What does a turtle use to move? What is special about this body part?5. Explain how an aquatic animal can move by thrust.Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic CompanyPage 11

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.Classroom TrialMrs. Hurch’s sixth grade class was holding a mock trial. The plaintiff was Alex, who claimedZachary had taken his pen. The jury members were the students. They were prepared to heareach boy’s testimony. “It’s my pen,” Alex insisted. “My uncle is an astronaut and he gave it to me.It writes upside down and can be used in outer space. “It’ s my pen.” Zachary said, “Ask mybrother.” Some of the students looked at each other with disbelief. They knew Zachary’s brotherwas out of town. He was on a business trip promoting his new line of computers. Mrs. Hurchpassed around the pen. It had the words “NASA Space Program” printed along the side. The boyshad left the room while the class discussed the facts of the case. An hour later, Zachary wascleaning the chalkboards and pouting. His face was red. Alex was at his desk, writing a story withthe NASA pen. He had a content look on his face.1. Who decided the true ownership of the pen? (Circle the answer)A. Mrs. HurchB. Alex and ZacharyC. the students in the classroom2. Who did the students decide the pen belonged to? How do you know who they chose?3. Do you think the students made the correct decision? Why or why not?4. What is the meaning of the word “mock” in the first sentence of the paragraph?(Circle the answer)A. seriousB. complicatedC. pretend5. Why did some of the students glance at each other after Zachary said, “Ask my brother”?Page 12Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic Company

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.Save the ElephantsDuring the 1980’s, the African elephant population had become endangered becausehumans had hunted them so frequently. The number of elephants had declined from well over onemillion to about six hundred thousand. It is estimated that more than two hundred seventyelephants were killed each day! Thousands of baby elephants, known as calves, were left to takecare of themselves. The African elephant was in danger of becoming extinct. What was happeningto the elephants? They were being killed by poachers who wanted their ivory tusks because

Reading Comprehension - The Eating Habits of a Mosquito Reading Comprehension - Statue of Liberty Reading Comprehension - Animal Defenses Sequencing - Taking a Timed Test Sequencing - Answering Essay Questions Dictionary Skills - Finding Definitions Dictionary Skills - Alphabetical Order Using Reference Books Using an Encyclopedia Fact or Opinion Using Who and Whom Using Bring and Take .

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