Lecture 6: Navigation - CS50

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Lecture 6:NavigationBrent Vatne & Eric Vicenti

Previous Lecture User input with TextInputSimple input validationKeyboardAvoidingViewDebugging Errors and warnings Chrome Developer Tools React Native Inspector with react-devtoolsInstalling external libraries with npm

What is navigation? Navigation is a broad term that covers topics related to how you movebetween screens in your appWeb navigation is oriented around URLsMobile apps do not use URLs for navigating within the app*Navigation APIs completely different on iOS and Android Several React Native libraries provide a platform agnostic alternative We will talk about one of them today, React Navigation* Linking into a mobile app with a URL is known as deep inking.html

React Navigation and alternatives Two distinct approaches1. Implement mainly in JavaScript with React2. Implement mostly in native, expose an interface to JavaScript for existingnative navigation APIsReact Navigation takes approach #1Read more at https://v2.reactnavigation.org/docs/pitch.html s.html

Install React Navigation npm install react-navigation@2.0.0-beta.5 --saveThis will install the latest pre-release version at the time of writing. Typicallyyou would just write npm install react-navigation --save to use thelatest stable version.If you refer back to this in the future, keep in mind that this material is allspecific to the 2.x series of releases.

Navigators, routes, and screen components A navigator is a component that implements a navigation pattern (eg: tabs)Each navigator must have one or more routes.A navigator is a parent of a route. A route is a child of a navigator.Each route must have a name and a screen component. The name is usually unique across the app The screen component is a React component that is rendered when the routeis active. The screen component can also be another navigator.

Switch Navigator Display one screen at a timeInactive screens are unmountedThe only action a user can take to switch from one route to another

Switch NavigatorScreen onetwoGo to onetwo

Creating a navigatorimport { createSwitchNavigator } from 'react-navigation';const AppNavigator createSwitchNavigator({"RouteNameOne": ScreenComponentOne,"RouteNameTwo": ScreenComponentTwo,});

Rendering a navigatorconst AppNavigator createSwitchNavigator({"RouteNameOne": ScreenComponentOne,"RouteNameTwo": ScreenComponentTwo,});export default class App extends React.Component {render() {return AppNavigator / }} createSwitchNavigator is a function that returns a React componentWe render the component in our root App component. Usually we only explicitlyrender one navigator per app because navigators are composable.

Higher order components createSwitchNavigator is a Higher Order Component: it is a function thatreturns a React component.“A higher-order component (HOC) is an advanced technique in React forreusing component logic.” This is similar to higher order functions, which are functions that either takefunctions as arguments or return a function as a result.Read more at tml

Navigating to another routeclass ScreenComponentOne extends React.Component {render() {return ( Buttontitle "Go to two"onPress {() this.props.navigation.navigate('RouteNameTwo')}/ );}}

The navigation prop h(.)isFocused(.)addListener(.)state* The navigation prop is passed in to the screen component for each route.Full reference: p.html

screenPropsexport default class App extends React.Component {render() {return AppNavigator screenProps {/* object here */} / }} Made available to every screen component in the navigator.Perfectly fine for very small applications and prototyping but inefficient for mostmeaningful applications - every route in your app will re-render whenscreenProps changes. Use a state management library or the React Context APIinstead.

Stack Navigator Display one screen at a timeThe state of inactive screens is maintained and they remain mountedPlatform-specific layout, animations, and gestures Screens are stacked on top of each otheriOS: screens slide in from right to left, can be dismissed with left to rightgesture. Modal screens slide in from bottom to top, can be dismissed with topto bottom gesture. Android: screens fade in on top of each other, no dismiss gesture. Hardwareback button dismisses the active screen.Users can push and pop items from the stack, replace the current item, andvarious other

Stack NavigatorScreen onetwoScreen threeGoGototothreetwo

Stack NavigatorScreen oneScreen twoScreen threeGo to twoGo to three

Creating a StackNavigatorimport { createStackNavigator } from 'react-navigation';const AppNavigator createStackNavigator({"RouteNameOne": ScreenComponentOne,"RouteNameTwo": ScreenComponentTwo,});

Navigating to another routeclass ScreenComponentOne extends React.Component {render() {return ( Buttontitle "Go to two"onPress {() this.props.navigation.navigate('RouteNameTwo')}/ );}}

Returning to the previously active routeclass ScreenComponentThree extends React.Component {render() {return ( Buttontitle "Go back"onPress {() this.props.navigation.goBack()}/ );}}

Configuring navigationOptions derRightFull list: r.html#navigationoptions.

Using params to pass state between routes navigate with paramsthis.props.navigation.navigate('RouteName', {paramName: 'value-of-param'}); setParams to update params for the routethis.props.navigation.setParams({paramName: 'new-value-of-param',}); getParam to read a paramthis.props.navigation.getParam('paramName', 'default-value');

// It's time for us to take a short breakthis.props.navigation.navigate('BreakTime');

// Break time is overthis.props.navigation.goBack();

Add button to header with navigationOptions headerLeftheaderRightFull list: r.html#navigationoptions.

// Jump to a screen, identified by route namenavigate('MyRouteName', { paramName: 'param-value' });// “Push” a new screen, even if it already is in the stackpush('MyRouteName');

Stack specific navigation actions push(.)pop(.)popToTop(.)replace(.)More information: p.html#.

Composing navigators Navigators can be composed when one type of navigation visually appears tobe inside another navigatorA navigator can be the Screen Component of another navigatorThe app should only contain one top-level navigatorYou can navigate() to any route in the appgoBack() works for the whole app, supports Android back button

Composing navigatorsconst MyStackNavigator createStackNavigator({"Home": HomeScreen,"AddContact": AddContactScreen,});const AppNavigator createSwitchNavigator({"Login": LoginScreen,"Main": MyStackNavigator,});

Do not render a navigator inside a screenclass MyScreen extends React.Component {render() {return MyStackNavigator / ;}}Instead, set as a screen within the AppNavigatorconst AppNavigator createSwitchNavigator({"Main": MyStackNavigator,});

Tab navigators Display one screen at a timeThe state of inactive screens is maintainedPlatform-specific layout, animations, and gestures abNavigatorcreateBottomTabNavigatorThe navigate() action is used to switch to different tabsgoBack() can be called to go back to the first tab The tab navigator goBack behavior is configurable

Tab navigatorsScreen onetwoOneTwoTwo

Tab navigatorsScreen oneScreen twoTwo OneTwo

Creating a tab navigatorconst AppNavigator createBottomTabNavigator({"TabOne": ScreenComponentOne,"TabTwo": ScreenComponentTwo,});export default class App extends React.Component {render() {return AppNavigator / }}

Configure tab bar settingsconst MainTabs createBottomTabNavigator({.},{tabBarOptions: {activeTintColor: "#a41034"}});Full reference for tabBarOptions: html#.

Configure tab iconsMainStack.navigationOptions {tabBarIcon: ({ focused, tintColor }) ( Ioniconsname { ios-contacts {focused ? "" : "-outline"} }size {25}color {tintColor}/ )};Full reference of options: html#.

Use common icon packs# Install it in your shellnpm install --save react-native-vector-icons// Import a supported icon set in your codeimport Ionicons from "react-native-vector-icons/Ionicons";// Use it as a React component Ionicons name "md-checkmark" size {25} color "#000" / See other icon sets that are included: https://expo.github.io/vector-icons/

React Navigation Resources-React Navigation DocumentationReact Navigation API ReferenceNavigationPlayground example source code

Chrome Developer Tools React Native Inspector with react-devtools Installing external libraries with npm. What is navigation? Navigation is a broad term that covers topics related to how you move between screens in your app Web navigation is oriented around URLs

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