API 656 Storage Tank NATECH Natech (Natural Hazard .

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API 656 Storage Tank NATECHNatech (Natural Hazard Triggered TechnologicalAccidents)PEMY Consulting LLCPhilip Myersphil@pemyconsulting.com

API SCAST Endorses New Publication First meeting held on 14 Feb 2020 Taskgroup formed to author this publication PEMyers of PEMY Consulting and Earl Crochet of Kinder Morgan to cochair this TG Tank owners/operators have interest in this project This project is needed given most of the world is not seriouslyconsidering how to deal with Natech, developing methods, guidelinesand publications related to Natech By API acting now, this will head off other SDOs from issuing potentialpublications which would replace API publications and best practices

Topic:Natech-Natural Hazard Triggered TechnologicalAccidents Natural hazard triggered technological accidents involving the releases ofhazardous materials (hazmat) are known as Natechs A few: 1994 Milford Haven Storm in UK – flammable vapors release and lighting resultsin fire that causes 10% loss of UK refining capacity. 2005 Hurricane Katrina and Rita in US result in oil and gas releases including atank that contaminated over 1800 homes and huge losses for the oil and gasindustry 2008 Wenchauan earthquate in China results in release of sulfuric acid andammonia causing evacuation of 6000 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami cause extensive damage toinfrastructure 2017 Hurricane Harvey causes sinking floating roofs and tanks sliding resulting inspills

Natech InitiatorsProgress in Disaster Science “Advances in Natech Research – An Overview” Cruz Suarez-Paga

Natech Categorization1.2.3.4. Three gicalEarthquakesVolcanosTsunamislandslides and relatedHydrometeorologicalStoramstropical cyclonesTornadosWindFloodingLightningxtreme temperaturesMultihazard: Multiple effects and domino effects(e.g. Fukushima Daiichi 2011)

EventStandardsDamage MechanismsValue AddedFloodingASCE7-16, FEMASliding, piping - spillsWind dependencyLittle current guidanceProvide ballast requirements toprevent damagePriority: highRainfallAPI 650, NOAH Precip Damage, sunk floatingServer, ASCE7-16roofs - spillsFlooding dependencyLittle current guidanceProvide guidelines aboutfloating roof drains, sizing,maintenance:Priority: highWindASCE7-16, FEMASliding, buckling,overturningFlooding dependencyLittle current guidancxeGuidelines about how floodingimpacts potential wind damagePriority: highSeismicAPI 650, ASCE7-16Sliding, buckling,overturningGuidance well establishedPriority: low

EventStandardsDamage MechanismsValue AddedSnowAPI 650, ASCE7-16Floating roof sinkFixed roof damageDome buckling; spillspossibleReasonable current guidanceLimited to colder regionsPriority: lowIceAPI 650, ASCE7-16Damage, sunk floatingInoperabilityDamaged drains andpiping; spills possibleSome guidanceLimited to colder regionsPriority: mediumTsunami?Low probabilityVulnerability limited tocoastalLittle guidanceLimited discussion at this pointPriority: low until determinedotherwiseOtherNot yet discussed

Next Steps Conf call to be scheduled before API Spring 2020 meeting in NewOrleans 2.5 hr f2f meeting in New Orleans week of April 2020 API welcomes participation by other members/organizations under theANSI accredited SDO process Let me know if you are interested in participating

API 656 Storage Tank NATECH Natech (Natural Hazard Triggered Technological Accidents) First meeting held on 14 Feb 2020 Taskgroup formed to author this publication PEMyers of PEMY Consulting and Earl Crochet of Kinder Morgan to co-chair this TG Tank owners/operators have interest in this project This project is needed given most of the world is not seriously considering how to .

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