STILLWATER RIVER WATERSHED ACTION PLAN AND

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STILLWATERRIVERWATERSHEDACTION PLANAND INVENTORYStillwater Watershed Project1117 South Towne CourtGreenville, Ohio 45331Phone: 937.548.1715 x3Facsimile: 937.548.2925

Stillwater River Watershed Action PlanLast Updated On:2/24/2006 by Kim SmithWritten By:Erika Wiggins, Stillwater Watershed Coordinator 2004 – 2005Contributing Writer:Nikki Reese, Stillwater Watershed Coordinator 1998 – 2004AcknowledgementsThe Stillwater Watershed Project would like to gratefully acknowledge the followingpeople for their help with various aspects of this Watershed Action Plan: Stillwater Watershed Project Joint Board John Kaiser – Darke and Miami Soil & Water Conservation District Jeff Thomas – ODNR, Division of Soil and Water Conservation Tim Brunswick – Darke Soil and Water Conservation District Doug Steinbrunner – Darke Soil and Water Conservation District Scott Costello– ODNR Division of Forestry Lynn Holtzman – ODNR Division of Wildlife Mike Ekberg – Miami Conservancy District Brukner Nature Center Jerry Ballard – ODNR Scenic Rivers Mike Lucas – Miami Valley Regional Planning Commission Harold Watters – Miami Co. OSU Extension Bob Miltner – Ohio EPA, Division of Surface Water Dale White - Ohio EPA, Division of Surface WaterA special thank you goes to John Kaiser, Darke GIS/Wildlife Specialist, for hishard work in developing the maps for this watershed action plan and inventory.2

Stillwater River Watershed Action PlanLast Updated On:2/24/2006 by Kim SmithTable of ContentsSTILLWATER RIVER WATERSHED ACTION PLAN AND INVENTORY . 1Written By: . 1Written By: . 2Contributing Writer:. 2Acknowledgements. 2Table of Contents. 3List of Tables .10List of Figures .19List of Maps .20Plan Endorsement .23Chapter I. Defining the Watershed .24Introduction .24The Watershed Action Plan .25What Can You Find in this Watershed Action Plan? .25The Stillwater River Watershed.26Incorporated Areas .28Special Districts .28Special Designations .31NPDES Phase II Stormwater Communities .31Demographics .32General Demographic Data.32Population Levels.32Economic Patterns.35Historical Watershed Protection Efforts .39Chapter II. Watershed Plan Development .40The Stillwater Watershed Project.40Mission Statement.40Objectives .40Structure, Organization, and Administration.403

Stillwater River Watershed Action PlanLast Updated On:2/24/2006 by Kim SmithThe Stillwater Watershed Project.41The Stillwater Watershed Project, Inc.43Encouraging Public Understanding.43Education and Outreach.43Watershed Partners.47Agriculture For A Clean Environment, (A.C.E).47Ohio Scenic Rivers Program .48Chapter III. Watershed Inventory .49Physical Description of the Watershed.49Geology .49Topography and Geological Features .49Biological Features eptiles and Amphibians.63Trees and Shrubs.63Rare, Threatened and/or Endangered Species .64Invasive Nonnative Species .65Water Resources.69Climate and Precipitation .69Surface Water .69Ground Water .79Land Use3 .80Home Sewage Treatment Systems.83Impervious Surfaces .85Forest Cover .87Agriculture .88Water.944

Stillwater River Watershed Action PlanLast Updated On:2/24/2006 by Kim SmithNon-Forested Wetland.95Barren .97Scrub/Shrub Areas .99Protected Lands . 100Parks in Darke County . 100Parks in Miami County. 104Housing and Population Trends. 105Cultural Resources. 106Watershed History. 106Area Festivals . 106Low Dam Sites. 107Previous and Complementary Water Pollution Control Efforts . 108Physical Attributes of the Stillwater River Watershed . 119Early Settlement Conditions. 119Channel and Floodplain Conditions. 119Stillwater Watershed Inventory HUC 05080001 090 . 120Stillwater Watershed Inventory HUC 05080001 100 . 136Stillwater Watershed Inventory HUC 05080001 110 . 150Stillwater Watershed Inventory HUC 05080001 120 . 162Stillwater Watershed Inventory HUC 05080001 130 . 174Stillwater Watershed Inventory HUC 05080001 140 . 183Groundwater Quality . 199USGS-NAWQA Water Quality Study in the Stillwater River Watershed . 199Sources of Impairments or Threats . 201Sources of Impairment, headwaters to upstream Swamp Creek HUC05080001 090. 202Sources of impairment, upstream Swamp Creek to upstream Greenville CreekHUC 05080001 100 . 203Sources of impairment, Greenville Creek headwaters to downstream WestBranch HUC 05080001 110 . 2045

Stillwater River Watershed Action PlanLast Updated On:2/24/2006 by Kim SmithSources of impairment, Greenville Creek downstream West Branch to mouthHUC 05080001 120 . 205Sources of impairment, Stillwater River downstream Greenville Creek toupstream Ludlow Creek HUC 050800010 130 . 206Sources of impairment, upstream Ludlow Creek to mouth HUC 05080001140 . 207Stream Water Resource Quality. 208Ohio Water Quality Standards. 210Point Sources of Pollution . 215Wastewater Treatment and Disposal . 215Industrial Dischargers. 217Nonpoint Sources of Pollution . 220Hydromodification. 220Soil Erosion/Sedimentation . 221Fertilizers and Pesticides. 222Animal Feeding Operations . 222Livestock Inventory . 222Chapter IV. Watershed Impairments . 226Stillwater Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs). 226Stillwater Watershed Project TMDL Planning Meetings . 229Pollutant Loading in the Stillwater River Watershed . 232Load Reductions 1999-2004 . 233Recommended Load Reductions. 233Estimation of Load Reductions . 237Problem Statements and Action Plan for HUC 05080001 090 Stillwater River(Headwaters to upstream Swamp Creek) . 237Overall Watershed Protection Goals for HUC 05080001 090 . 238Estimated Total Load Reductions for HUC 05080001 090 . 238Stillwater River #J HUC 05080001 090 010 . 239Stillwater River #I HUC 05080001 090 030. 239South Fork Stillwater River HUC 05080001 090 020. 2496

Stillwater River Watershed Action PlanLast Updated On:2/24/2006 by Kim SmithWoodington Run HUC 05080001 090 040 . 258Stillwater River #H HUC 05080001 090 050 . 267Stillwater River #G HUC 05080001 090 080 . 267North Fork Stillwater River HUC 05080001 090 060 . 278Boyd Creek HUC 05080001 090 070 . 290Problem Statements and Action Plan for HUC 05080001 100 Upstream SwampCreek to Upstream Greenville Creek . 301Overall Watershed Protection Goals for HUC 05080001 100 . 301Estimated Total Load Reductions for HUC 05080001 100 . 301Swamp Creek #B HUC 05080001 100 010 . 302Swamp Creek #A HUC 05080001 100 030. 302Indian Creek HUC 05080001 100 020 . 314Stillwater River #F HUC 05080001 100 040. 326Trotters Creek HUC 05080001 100 050. 334Harris Creek HUC 05080001 100 060 . 340Problem Statements and Action Plan for HUC 05080001 110 Upper GreenvilleCreek and Tributaries . 348Overall Watershed Protection Goals for HUC 05080001 110 . 348Estimated Total Load Reductions for HUC 05080001 110 . 349Greenville Creek #D HUC 05080001 110 010. 349Greenville Creek #C HUC 05080001 110 040 . 349Kraut Creek HUC 05080001 110 030 . 358West Branch Greenville Creek HUC 05080001 110 050 . 358Dismal Creek HUC 05080001 110 020. 365Problem Statements and Action Plan for HUC 05080001 120 Greenville CreekDownstream West Branch to Mouth. 375Overall Watershed Protection Goals for HUC 05080001 120 . 375Estimated Total Load Reductions for HUC 05080001 120 . 375Greenville Creek #B HUC 05080001 120 010. 376Mud Creek HUC 05080001 120 020 . 383Bridge Creek HUC 05080001 120 030. 3837

Stillwater River Watershed Action PlanLast Updated On:2/24/2006 by Kim SmithDividing Branch HUC 05080001 120 050. 383Greenville Creek #A HUC 05080001 120 040 . 395Problem Statements and Action Plan for HUC 05080001 130 Stillwater RiverDownstream Greenville Creek to Upstream Ludlow Creek . 407Overall Watershed Protection Goals for HUC 05080001 130 . 407Estimated Total Load Reductions for HUC 05080001 130 . 407Stillwater River #E HUC 05080001 130 010. 408Stillwater River #D HUC 05080001 130 040 . 408Painter Creek HUC 05080001 130 020 . 417Little Painter Creek HUC 05080001 130 030 . 427Problem Statements and Action Plan for HUC 05080001 140 Stillwater RiverUpstream Ludlow Creek to Mouth . 435Overall Watershed Protection Goals for HUC 05080001 140 . 435Estimated Total Load Reductions for HUC 05080001 140 . 435Ludlow Creek #A HUC 05080001 140 010 . 436Ludlow Creek #B HUC 05080001 140 030. 443Hog Run HUC 05080001 140 020 . 451Stillwater River #C HUC 05080001 140 040 . 458Brush Creek HUC 05080001 140 050. 465Stillwater River #B HUC 05080001 140 060 . 472Stillwater River #A HUC 05080001 140 070. 472Chapter V. Implementation . 473Watershed Protection Priorities . 473Watershed Protection Objectives.

STILLWATER RIVER WATERSHED ACTION PLAN AND INVENTORY Stillwater Watershed Project 1117 South Towne Court

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