Additional Guidance For GCSE (9-1) French

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Additionalguidance forGCSE (9-1) FrenchTo be used alongside theassessment criteria for thespeaking endorsement 2021 artwork: Mark Bolitho Origami photography Pearson Education Ltd/Naki Kouyioumtzis

Additional guidance for FrenchThis additional guidance is common to all exam boards. It should be used alongside thecommon criteria for assessment when deciding on a level for Range of Language. Theexemplification of grammatical structures should not be seen as a checklist, but rather asan indication of the type of grammatical structures required to fulfil the requirements of thelevel.Learners may use rephrasing/repair strategies, e.g. adjusting the message, asking forclarification/repetition, self-correction.2

Suggested examples of structures atthis levelGrammatical structures at Passmight include Short sentences with mostly single mainclauses with basic word order Familiar, common structures such assingular and plural noun forms, someappropriate use of articles and gender,basic negative expressions, commonquestion words, possessive adjectives(1st person only) Singular and plural formsun frère deux sœurs. Appropriate use of articlesJ’aime les maths et la géo. Basic negative expressionsJe n’aime pas mon prof de physique. Ilest strict. Common question wordsQuand, où, qui, que, qu’est-ce que, quelâge, combien, pourquoi, et vous, et toi ? Possessive adjectivesmon, ma, mes Regular verbs and common irregularverbs in mainly the first and third personsingular Common regular verbsaimer, manger, jouer, préférer, regarder,écouter, adorer, détester, penser,parler, commencer, porter, finir Common irregular verbsavoir (including il y a), être, aller, faire,prendre, vouloir, pouvoir and devoir (thelatter particularly used with on) Basic formations of present and pastand/or future to make reference topresent, past and/or future events Je fais mes devoirs dans ma chambre. Je vais souvent à la piscine. J’aime la natation.Je joue au foot le weekend.J’ai un chien noir.Il s’appelle Dude.Il y a un magasin.C’est intéressant. J’ai regardé la télé hier soir. J’ai fini mes devoirs à sept heures. Je vais au cinéma samedi. Après le film, je vais manger une pizzaavec mes copains. J’écouterai de la musique ce soir.3

Suggested examples of structures atthis levelGrammatical structures at Meritmight include A mixture of short and longer sentencesusing connectives Connectives such as:et, mais, car, parce que, cependantJ’aime beaucoup les maths mais monprof n’est pas toujours sympa.Cependant, ma matière préférée estl’histoire parce que c’est intéressant. More demanding structures such assubordination, pronouns, less commonquestion words, and negativeexpressions, comparative adjectives Subordination such as:Quand je suis en vacances j’aime allerau jardin public et jouer au tennis.Je ne peux pas sortir le soir si j’ai desdevoirs. Object pronouns such as:J’aime beaucoup mon frère parce qu’ilm’aide avec mes devoirs. Less common question words such as:comment, avec qui,quel/quelle/quels/quelles, combien detemps, à quelle heure ? Less common negative expressionssuch as:ne rien, ne jamais, ne personne,ne plus Comparatives such as:plus jeune que, aussi difficile que Less common regular and irregularverbs, reflexive verbs, different personsof the verb, singular and plural, use ofcommon modal verbs with infinitives Regular verbs such as:passer, dépenser, pratiquer, étudier,utiliser, travailler, voyager, acheter,aider, partager Irregular verbs such as:ouvrir, partir, sortir, lire, écrire, offrir,dormir Reflexive verbs such as:se lever, se coucher, s’habiller,s’intéresser à, s’entendre avec, sedisputer avec4

Suggested examples of structures atthis levelGrammatical structures at Meritmight includeJe me couche à dix heures pendant lasemaine.Je me dispute avec mon pèrequelquefois. Different persons of the verb:Mes parents et moi, nous allons Mon ami et moi jouons Mes amies n’aiment pas ellespréfèrent Modal verbs with the infinitive such as:Je voudrais travailler à l’étranger àl’avenir.Nous ne pouvons pas utiliser notreportable en classe.Nous ne devons pas courir dans lescouloirs. The formation of present, past andfuture tenses to make reference topresent past and future events A range of all three main tenses or timeframes:Je vais en ville tous les samedis.Hier soir je suis allé au cinéma avecmes copains.Nous avons regardé un film d’horreur.Samedi prochain je ferai du shopping enville.5

Grammatical structures atDistinction might includeSuggested examples of structures atthis level Extended sentences and sequences ofspeech, sometimes with more than oneclause using complex word orderincluding conjunctions Use of relative pronounsqui, queMa correspondante qui habite enFrance s’appelle Magali. Use of conjunctions such as:comme, puisque, à cause deComme elle n’apprend pas l’anglais, onparle français. More demanding structures such as lesscommon pronouns, infinitive clauses,less common constructions Use of disjunctive pronouns such as:avec lui, chez moi Use of emphatic pronouns such as:Moi, je n’aime pas le rap. Use of verb infinitive structures suchas:Nous avons décidé d’aller en villedemain.J’ai commencé à apprendre la guitare.Ma copine a choisi d’étudier le théâtrel’année prochaine.J’ai oublié d’acheter un cadeaud‘anniversaire pour ma sœur. Use of comparative and superlative ofadjectives and adverbs such as:Je trouve l’espagnol plus facile que lefrançais.Ma meilleure copine est plus petite quemoi.La physique est la matière la plusdifficile, selon moi. Use of less common pronouns such as:Ma sœur s’est cassé la jambe.Mes amis sont restés chez eux. Use of less common constructions suchas: adverbial expressions such as:d’un côté de l’autre côtéIl s’agit deça me plaît beaucoup, énormément(as alternative for j’aime)6

Grammatical structures atDistinction might includeSuggested examples of structuresat this level More complex verb structures More complex verb structures as inthese examples:Nous venons de déménager.Nous habitons maintenant à lacampagne où c’est beaucoup pluscalme.J’apprends le français depuis cinq ans.Après avoir fini mes examens je vaisfaire la fête avec mes copines.Je préfère faire mes devoirs en écoutantde la musique. Use of modal verbs in a range of tensesas in these examples: Use of modal verbs in a range of tensesJ’ai dû faire mes devoirs hier soir avantde sortir.Je n’ai pas pu acheter une nouvellerobe parce que je n’avais pas assezd’argent. The formation of present, past andfuture tenses to make reference topresent past and future events with arange of tenses; this might include lesscommon examples of conditional andimperfect tenses and some use of thepluperfect D’habitude je viens au collège en vélomais hier, à cause du mauvais temps,j’ai pris le bus. Je ne sais pas quel travail je voudraisfaire quand je serai plus âgé. Si j’avais le choix, je ne porterais pasl’uniforme scolaire; je mettrais un jean etun pull. Puisque j’avais gagné un peu plusd’argent que d’habitude, j’ai acheté unenouvelle veste.7

J’ai commencé à apprendre la guitare. Ma copine a choisi d’étudier le théâtre l’année prochaine. J’ai oublié d’acheter un cadeau d‘anniversaire pour ma sœur. Use of comparative and superlative of adjectives and adverbs such as: Je trouve l’espagnol plus facile que le français. Ma meilleure copine est plus petite que moi. La physique est la matière la plus difficile .

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