READING Sister 1 - Dl13.irlanguage

8m ago
346 Views
4 Downloads
582.63 KB
31 Pages
Last View : 3d ago
Last Download : 2m ago
Upload by : Ryan Jay
Share:
Transcription

READINGSister 1Ali HoseinipurFarzane ShiriBaran English AcademyirLanguage.com

Hoseinipur, Ali -\i"CCJ . ')Y- . ;.,,. . ,l;.;;rReading sister 1/ Ali Hoseinipur, Farzane Shiri.)}.;,. ii.; J.:, ,.:. 1·ir.\r w c ,j- ,;, ,.:,IA",.:;.:, .::.,W.:.·u"'\rA.s ,;,1.1.::.,W.:.J ) r. 9786009522408 \.;:;y,. r;.}.::.,A'.::.,,.;,J. I.::.;;I» . .;,)}.:,1 ,.:.-. r;;,1.:, ).;. .slJ. cr'J' .si. ., ,\;; "-- I .:, jc,-"YEnglish language -- Textbooks for foreign speakers.1l,.;.:;.,I- .:,.;I ,.;.c,-"Yc,-"YReading comprehensionc,-"Y-\ rn ,.,,;lj ) ,.sr J}I. ,l;.;;Farzane, Shiri J}I. ,l;.;;PE\\rA / c C J \nCHA/HfrrV\AfReading Sister 1 ,., ,\.:;5" ii.;.Sr. .,,;lj ) )Y, . ;.,,.- :.:,,,)j,,\nC JJ:y I ;, \·· :Jl,dj- ,;,: r0\.;WM·· CrH A: l.::o اﯾﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻟﻮﮔﻮى ﻣﺮﺟﻊ زﺑﺎن اﯾﺮاﻧﯿﺎ ن . ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮرت ﻧﺸﺮ ﺑﺮﺧﻂ و ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ رﺳﯿﺪه اﺳﺖ . ﺷﺮع و اﺧﻼق اﺳﺖ و ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﭘﯿﮕﺮد ﺧﻮاﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ، ﮐﭙﻰ ﺑﺮدارى از آن ﺧﻼف ﻗﺎﻧﻮن Baran English AcademyirLanguage.com

To those who cherished me.Baran English AcademyirLanguage.com

Baran English AcademyirLanguage.com

Reading Sister 1vTable of ContentsIntroduction . viiAcknowledgment . xi1. ARE YOU GETTING ENOUGH SLEEP? .12. MIKA'S HOMESTAY IN LONDON .43. THE BOOK OF THE FUTURE .84. HOW TO BE A SUCCESSFUL BUSINESSPERSON .115. TONIC WATER, PLEASE. 156. CELL PHONES: HANG UP OR KEEP TALKING? .207. THE GHOST PILOT . 238. HELPING OTHERS . 279. BASEBALL FANS AROUND THE WORLD. 3110. VANESSA-MAE: A 21st CENTURY MUSICIAN.3611. HOW SAFE IS NUCLEAR POWER? .4112. LOVE AT FIRST SIGHT. 4513. A DAY IN THE LIFE OF A FRESHMAN . 5114. GREAT PLACES TO VISIT.56Baran English AcademyirLanguage.com

viReading Sister 115. A LONG WALK HOME . 6016. CULTURE SHOCK . 6417. A YOUNG, BLIND WHIZ ON COMPUTERS . 7118. PRIVATE LIVES. 7619. FUTURE TALK.8220. OUT TO LUNCH . 8921. PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARD SCIENCE . 9522. JOHN’S TAIWANESE WEDDING .10223. CONVERSATIONAL BALL GAMES .109Baran English AcademyirLanguage.com

Reading Sister 1viiIntroductionLearning another language is a matter oftrying; however, a sound, workable languagelearning system has to have certain qualities tobe sure-fire. First and foremost, one requiresconstant, comprehensive exposure.I’d say the thing that makes language learningeasier said than done is that the keen learnerhas to study continuously until they can graspthe basic principles of fishing. Thus, the processis time- and energy-consuming but not that hardto grasp. We are on to learn about axioms notthe intricate concepts of, say, philosophy orphysics.Baran English AcademyirLanguage.com

viiiReading Sister 1So, expose yourselves to large quantity ofauthentic language data for a good period of time.Learners’ language learning system, on theother hand, ought to be comprehensive, that isthey need to focus not just on one or twolanguage elements but on all the skills and subskills, namely listening and reading (the receptiveskills); writing and speaking (the nciation, and culture (the sub-skills).So, don’t just wander around the town sinseparableothertothelanguagecomponents; that simply does not happen in c and purposeful. In other words,every single element of the plan is supposed to bewell-designedandthegoalneedstobetransparent; otherwise, learners will be an English AcademyirLanguage.com

Reading Sister 1ixSo, try to know, from day one, how to getwhere.To this aim, the present book, along with herthree sisters (Reading Book 2, 3, and 4), is willingto give learners extensive, pleasurable readingexperiences (reception) through a complete userfriendly system. For this, every single word hasbeen translated into Farsi produced on theaccompanying audio files so that one can havethe quickest and most efficient access to correctmeaning and hence understanding 1 by exposingoneself to, as aforementioned, ‘large quantity ofauthentic language data for a good period of time’.No one can go through almost 55 thousandwords 2 all by themselves: everybody needs helpsometimes. Further, every now and then, thereare notes on grammar and vocabulary on theaudio for a better learning.Last but not least, everyone had better follow theirown method of learning and that no one is allowed todictate one certain way to learn the language.1. In my opinion, the alleged interference of the mother tongue on theacquisition of a foreign language takes place more severely on syntacticthan lexical level; my concern is the latter.2. The total number of words in the four sister booksBaran English AcademyirLanguage.com

xReading Sister 1So, try to discover yours, and bear in mind thatpractice makes perfect; this series of books is hereto help you discover more about yourselves andEnglish.Ali HoseinipurSpring 2016Baran English AcademyirLanguage.com

Reading Sister 1xiAcknowledgmentThis book is an adaptation of the texts fromthe following: Select Readings, Pre-intermediate by LindaLeeandErikGundersen,OxfordUniversityPress, 2000 Select Readings, Intermediate by Linda Leeand Erik Gundersen, Oxford University Press,2000I, hereby, acknowledge the above respectedauthors and compilers.Baran English AcademyirLanguage.com

Baran English AcademyirLanguage.com

Reading Sister 11Unit OneARE YOU GETTING ENOUGH SLEEP?What happens if you don't get enough sleep?Randy Gardner, a high school student in theUnited States, wanted to find out. He designedan experiment on the effects of sleeplessness fora school science project. With doctors watchinghim carefully, Gardner stayed awake for 264hours and 12 minutes. That's eleven days andnights without sleep!What effect did sleeplessness have on Gardner?After 24 hours without sleep, Gardner startedBaran English AcademyUnit OneirLanguage.com

having trouble reading and watching television.The words and pictures were too blurry. By thethird day, he was having trouble doing things withhis hands.By the fourth day, Gardner washallucinating. For example, when he saw a streetsign, he thought it was a person. He also imaginedhe was a famous football player. Over the next fewdays, Gardner's speech became so slurred thatpeople couldn't understand him. He also hadtrouble remembering things. By the eleventh day,Gardner couldn't pass a counting test. In themiddle of the test he simply stopped counting. Hecouldn't remember what he was doing.When Gardner finally went to bed, he slept for14 hours and 45 minutes. The second night heslept for twelve hours, the third night he slept forten and one-half hours, and by the fourth night,Baran English AcademyUnit OneirLanguage.com

he had returned to his normal sleep sts believe that going without sleep can bedangerous. They say that people should not repeatRandy's experiment. Tests on white rats haveshown how serious sleeplessness can be. After afew weeks without sleep, the rats started losing theirfur. And even though the rats ate more food thanusual, they lost weight. Eventually the rats died.During your lifetime, you will probably spend 25years or more sleeping. But why? What is thepurpose of sleep? Surprisingly, scientists don'tknow for sure. Some scientists think we sleep inorder to replenish brain cells. Other scientists thinkthat sleep helps the body to grow and to relievestress. Whatever the reason, we know that it isimportant to get enough sleep.Baran English AcademyUnit OneirLanguage.com

4Reading Sister 1Unit TwoMIKA'S HOMESTAY IN LONDONBy Mika TanakaMika Tanaka, a college student from Japan, hada wonderful homestay in London. She lived with aBritish family and studied English for a month."What do you want for your 19th birthday?" myparents asked me. "A ring," I replied. However,instead of a ring, my parents gave me a onemonth homestay in London.On February 11th, I left Japan. On the plane, Iworried about being all alone there a stranger toBaran English AcademyUnit TwoirLanguage.com

London. But when I met the Flannery family (myhost family), their warm welcome made me feel atease. Both my host father and mother were verykind and treated me like their own daughter.Getting Ready to GoBefore going to London, I did some research onEnglish schools in London and chose OxfordHouse College, mainly because it had reasonablefees. Also, there weren't many Japanese studentsat Oxford House.I took my parents' advice and requested thatmy homestay family have both a mother and afather, be native-born, non-smoking, middle-classBritish people, and live near a subway station. Ilater found that this was very good advice, sincesome of my friends at the English school wereBaran English AcademyUnit TwoirLanguage.com

having problems with their host families.Living in LondonPotatoes! It took me a little time to get usedto the many kinds of potato dishes served: friedpotatoes, steamed potatoes, sliced potatoes, anddifferent-colored potatoes. My host mother was agood cook. She made delicious pasta and chickendishes and even cooked rice for me.Nadiege, a French girl, was another homestaystudent living with us, and we went around Londontogether. On Saturdays, my host family would havea party at home with friends or family. When wereturned from touring London, Nadiege and I wouldjoin the party. On Saturday evenings, Mr. and Mrs.Flannery would go to their favorite pub to spendtime together.Baran English AcademyUnit TwoirLanguage.com

Although I selected a school with few Japanesestudents, there were still at least two in each class.In class, I tried to speak a lot, but many Japanesestudents didn't use their English very much (even ifthey had large vocabularies), andspoke onlyJapanese with their s of Japan. "Japanese people work toohard," said my French friend. My teacher thoughtthat Japanese people were very rich. I did not agreewith these points, but I was interested in knowingwhat foreign people thought. One month in Londonmade me realize that speaking English was veryimportant, because it is the language that peoplefrom many countries use the most. I would like tobe more open-minded about people from differentcountries, like my host family is.Baran English AcademyUnit TwoirLanguage.com

8Reading Sister 1Unit ThreeTHE BOOK OF THE FUTUREWill people still read books 100 years from now?A few years ago, many people would have said no. Itseemed likely that computers and the Internetwould replace books. Now, however, most expertsthink that books are here to stay.There are a number of reasons why computerswon't replace books entirely. One reason is thatbooks on paper are much cheaper than computers.Books don't need a power source either. You canread a book for as long as you want and whereveryou want. You never have to worry about losingBaran English AcademyUnit ThreeirLanguage.com

power. Also, many people feel more comfortablereading words in a book than reading words on acomputer screen. It's less tiring to the eyes.Will books in the future be similar to the booksyou can buy today? The answer to that question isno. In the future, you may only need to buy onebook. With this one book, you will be able to readnovels, plays, and even today's newspaper. It willlook like today's book, but it will be electronic.One of the people working on the book of thefuture is Professor Joseph Jacobson from theMassachusetts Institute of Technology in the U.S.Professor Jacobson's book will have a small buttonon the side. When you press the button, words willinstantly appear on the page. When you want toread a different story, you can push the buttonagain and a new story will quickly appear.Baran English AcademyUnit ThreeirLanguage.com

What is the technology behind Professor Jacobson'sbook? Two important inventions will make this newkind of book possible: electronic ink and radio paper.Electronic ink or "e-ink" is a liquid that can beprinted on paper, metal, or anything else. E-ink looksand feels like printed words on paper. Unlike regularink, however, words in e-ink are not permanent. Theycan be changed by pushing a button. When you pushthe button, all of the words on the page go away andnew words appear.The other new development is radio paper. Thispaper looks and feels like a page in a book. Inreality, however, radio paper is made of plastic.Professor Jacobson calls his book of the future"the last book". This book, he says, will be the lastbook you will ever need.Baran English AcademyUnit ThreeirLanguage.com

Reading Sister 111Unit FourHOW TO BE A SUCCESSFUL BUSINESSPERSONHave you ever wondered why some people aresuccessful in business and others are not? Here's astory about one successful businessperson. Hestarted out washing dishes and today he owns 168restaurants. Zubair Kazi was born in Bhatkal, asmall town in southwest India. His dream was to bean airplane pilot, and when he was 16 years old, helearned to fly a small plane. At the age of 23 andwith just a little money in his pocket, Mr. Kazimoved to the United States. He hoped to get a job inthe airplane industry in California. Instead, heBaran English AcademyUnit FourirLanguage.com

ended up working for a company that rented cars.While Mr. Kazi was working at the car rentalcompany, he frequently ate at a nearby KFCrestaurant. To save money on food, he decided toget a job with KFC. For two months, he worked as acook's assistant. His job was to clean the kitchenand help the cook. "I didn't like it," Mr. Kazi says,"but I always did the best I could."One day, Mr. Kazi's two co-workers failed to cometo work. That day, Mr. Kazi did the work of all threepeople in the kitchen. This really impressed theowners of the restaurant. A few months later, theowners needed a manager for a new restaurant.They gave the job to Mr. Kazi. He worked hard asthe manager and soon the restaurant was making aprofit.Baran English AcademyUnit FourirLanguage.com

A few years later, Mr. Kazi heard about arestaurant that was losing money. The restaurantwas dirty inside and the food was terrible greasyand undercooked. Mr. Kazi borrowed money from abank and bought the restaurant. For the first sixmonths, Mr. Kazi worked in the restaurant from 8a.m. to 10 p.m., seven days a week. He and his wifecleaned up the restaurant, remodeled the front ofthe building, and improved the cooking. They alsotried hard to please the customers. If someone hadto wait more than ten minutes for their food, Mrs.Kazi gave them a free soda. Before long, therestaurant was making a profit.A year later, Mr. Kazi sold his restaurant for aprofit. With the money he earned, he bought threemore restaurants that were losing money. Again, hecleaned them up, improved the food, and retrainedBaran English AcademyUnit FourirLanguage.com

the employees. Before long, these restaurants weremaking a profit, too.Today Mr. Kazi owns 168 restaurants, but heisn't planning to stop there. He's looking for morepoorly managed restaurants to buy. "I love it when Igo to buy a restaurant and find it's a mess," Mr.Kazi says. "The only way it can go is up."This article was adapted from the Wall StreetJournal.Baran English AcademyUnit FourirLanguage.com

Reading Sister 115Unit FiveTONIC WATER, PLEASETetsuya Saruhashi grew up in Tokyo, Japan. Heworked and studied for a year in Toronto, Canada.This story is based on two of Tetsuya's experiencesthere.How well do you speak English? Could yousurvive in an English-speaking country? Last yearI went to live and study in Canada. Before going, Itook several English conversation classes. I alsolistened to a lot of English conversation tapesand I practiced speaking English with someBaran English AcademyUnit FiveirLanguage.com

foreign friends m my country.But could Icommunicate with people in Canada?During my first months in Canada, I didn'thave a lot of trouble understanding people. Thiswas a happy surprise. Unfortunately, however,Canadians couldn't always understand me. Thiswas because of my pronunciation.My biggest pronunciation problems were withthe "v" sound and the "l" sound. For example,when I said the word vote, it sounded like bate.And when I said the word late, it sounded likerate. One day I decided to look for some volunteerwork. I went to the tourist center in Toronto toask for information about volunteering."Can I help you?" the woman at the touristcenter asked. "Yes, I'm looking for some volunteerBaran English AcademyUnit FiveirLanguage.com

work," I " like "borunteer.""I'm sorry," she said, "What are you teer" again. She looked at me strangelyand then she called to a man behind the counter."Can I help you?" the man asked. "Yes, I'mlooking for some volunteer work," I repeated."Could you write that for me?" he asked. I wrotethe words down and he immediately understoodme. After that, I spent a lot of time practicing thev sound and the l sound.I had trouble pronouncing a few other Englishsounds, too. I remember a funny experience IBaran English AcademyUnit FiveirLanguage.com

had at a night club. I wanted to get something todrink, so I went up to the bartender."Excuse me, tonic water, please," Isaid."What?" the bartender asked. I asked, "Can Ihave a tonic water?" "Say it again," he responded.I was kind of disappointed that he couldn'tunderstand me. I repeated my request severaltimes, but still he couldn't understand me. Then,suddenly, he opened the cash register and tookout some quarters. He put the quarters on thebar and began to count them.At first, I didn't know what he was doing.Then, suddenly, I understood. I asked for tonicwater, but he thought I asked for "twenty quarters"!I burst into laughter and said, "No, I didn't askfor twenty quarters. I just want tonic water."Baran English AcademyUnit FiveirLanguage.com

The bartender seemed embarrassed. "I'm sosorry," he said to me. "The music is so loud."Now, whenever I ask for tonic water, I rememberthis incident and I look forward to the bartender'sresponse.Baran English AcademyUnit FiveirLanguage.com

Baran English Academy irLanguage.com. . (Reading Book 2, 3, and 4), is willing to give learners extensive, pleasurable reading experiences (reception) through a complete user-friendly system. For this, every s