NIC Nursing Intervention Classification Definition And .

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NICNursing Intervention ClassificationDefinition and ActivitiesCopyrighted materials used with permission by Elsevier

INTRODUCTIONQuality school nursing documentation depends upon the individual school nurse accurately recording his/hernursing assessments, plans, interventions and client outcomes. Use of the nursing process assures that allaspects of care are considered, addressed and written in a uniform manner. The challenge is to document inan efficient way that is easily comprehended by the nursing community. While medical terminology isuniversally understood, it is insufficient to describe nursing aspects of client care. The need for school nursesto communicate in a common language has never been more vital than today as we begin to focus on studentoutcomes, build a body of research, and break down the walls of isolation between school nurse colleagues.To this end, standardized language amongst school nurses is essential.In January 2004, Delaware School Nurse district representatives were invited to join the School NurseAdvisory Group (SNAG). Eighteen School Nurses provided input into a pilot computer documentationsystem and the development of standardized documentation. SNAG determined that identifying reasons forstudent visits to the nurse, interventions by the school nurse and outcomes from those interventions should becore components. Because the Nursing Intervention Classification System (NIC) had the mostcomprehensive list of nursing actions, it was selected for use in Delaware. The Department of Education(DOE) then obtained permission to use the copyrighted terminology of NIC and NOC (Nursing OutcomeClassification) in the statewide computerized program.NIC is a unique vocabulary that describes actions performed by a nurse. Interventions can be independent orcollaborative, direct or indirect, and individual or group oriented. NIC was initially created for hospital use.Use in school settings, to date, has been rare. Thus, the challenge was to narrow the over 450 NIC terms to areasonable list and then to customize definitions and activities to reflect potential Delaware use.This document contains the Delaware selected NIC terms, along with their definitions, activities and relatedreadings. Where these have been altered, is noted within the text.Terms: All NIC have been linked to Medicaid reimbursement, if appropriate. Some administrationsactivities, such as seizure precautions, are not billable, but are included because of their importance inproviding comprehensive nursing services. Few terms are changed from the original NIC.Definitions: Due to Medicaid billing requirements, some changes were made to distinguish betweena group or individual intervention or to establish a link to an injury or illness. In some cases new definitionsand terms were created to articulate the type of care typical in Delaware schools (e.g. specific healthscreenings).Activities: These lists are neither exhaustive nor exclusive. It is likely other school nurse activitiescould be added and others could be removed, based upon a particular student population.The lists herein have removed activities that are:¾ clearly hospital in nature (e.g. providing blood transfusions, monitoring electrolytes); and/or¾ inappropriate for the school setting (e.g. limit visitors).Some activities, which remain in the list:¾ may require special skills (e.g. applying a cervical collar);¾ are unlikely to be used in the school setting, except in special instances (e.g. obtaining a stool forculture; monitoring skin in the perianal area);¾ may require written orders from a healthcare provider (e.g. insert rectal suppository);¾ should only be used AFTER an evaluation by a healthcare provider (e.g. initiate suicide precautionsshould not be the first intervention for a client who threatens suicide. The first response should be animmediate call to 911; later the school nurse may initiate suicide precautions as directed by thedischarging entity.)Finally, some additions were needed (e.g. inform individual/family of available healthcare insurance).The reader is cautioned that this list should not replace doctor’s orders or established protocols for anindividual client; rather, this list compiles possible nursing activities for consideration.The introduction of NIC into Delaware documentation is an important step towards assuring qualityand standardized documentation. This document is a beginning.

Table of ContentsNursing Intervention Classification (NIC) Codes . 1Abuse Protection Support: Child . 2Admission Care . 3Airway Management . 4Airway Suctioning . 5Allergy Management . 6Anticipatory Guidance . 7Artificial Airway Management . 8Aspiration Precautions . 9Asthma Management . 10Bleeding Reduction: Nasal . 11Bleeding Reduction: Wound. 12Body Mechanics Promotion . 13Bowel Management . 14Cast Care: Maintenance . 15Chest Physiotherapy . 16Contact Lens Care . 17Counseling . 18Diarrhea Management . 19Emergency Care . 20Enteral Tube Feeding . 21Environmental Management . 22Exercise Promotion . 23Feeding . 24Fever Treatment . 25First Aid . 26Health Care Information Exchange . 27Health Education . 28Health System Guidance . 29Heat/Cold Application (injury) . 30Heat Exposure Treatment . 31Hemorrhage Control . 32High-Risk Pregnancy Care . 33Hyperglycemia Management . 34Hypoglycemia Management . 35Immunization Management . 36Infection Protection . 37Medication Administration . 38Medication Management . 39Multidisciplinary Care Conference . 40Nausea Management . 41Neurologic Monitoring . 42Non-Nursing Intervention . 43Nursing Asssessment, No Intervention . 44Nursing Intervention . 45Nutrition Management . 46

Nutrition, Special Diet . 47Ostomy Care . 48Pain Management . 49Positioning . 50Preventative Care . 51Progressive Muscle Relaxation . 52Referral Management . 53Respiratory Monitoring . 54Rest . 55Seizure Management . 56Seizure Precautions . 57Self-Care Assistance . 58Skin Care . 59Smoking Cessation Assistance . 60Substance Use Prevention . 61Suicide Prevention . 62Surveillance . 63Surveillance: Safety . 64Surveillance: Skin . 65Sustenance Support . 66Telephone Consultation . 67Treatment Administration . 68Treatment Management . 69Tube Care . 70Tube Care: Gastrointestinal . 71Urinary Catheterization . 72Vital Signs Monitoring . 73Weight Management . 74Wound Care (ongoing) . 75Nursing Intervention Classification Code List .Appendix A

Nursing Intervention Classification CodesNursing Care:Admission CareADMINCAREAirway ManagementAIRMGTAirway SuctioningAIRSUCAllergy ManagementALLERGYArtificial Airway ManagementARTAIRAspiration PrecautionsASPIRAsthma ManagementASTHMABleeding Reduction: NasalNOSEBLBleeding Reduction: WoundBLEEDBowel ManagementBWLCast Care: MaintenanceCASTChest PhysiotherapyCHESTContact Lens CareEYECLDiarrhea ManagementDIARREmergency Care (illness)ERILLEmergency Care (injury)ERINJEnteral Tube FeedingTUBEFEEDFeedingFEEDFever TreatmentFVRFirst AidWOUNDFAHealth Care Information Exchange (illness)INFOILLHealth Care Information Exchange (injury)INFOINJHeat/Cold Application (injury)HTCLDHeat Exposure TreatmentHEATXHemorrhage ControlHMRRHigh-Risk Pregnancy CarePREGHyperglycemia ManagementHYPERGHypoglycemia ManagementHYPOGMedication AdministrationMEDADMMedication ManagementMEDMGTMultidisciplinary Care Conference (illness)CONFILLMultidisciplinary Care Conference (injury)CONFINJNausea ManagementNAUSEANeurologic MonitoringNEURONon-Nursing InterventionNONNURSENursing Assessment, No InterventionNASSNursing InterventionNURSENutrition ManagementNUTMGTNutrition, Special DietSPDIETOstomy CareOSTOPain ManagementPAINPositioningPOSIReferral ManagementREFMGTRespiratory MonitoringRESPRestRESTSeizure ManagementSZRSelf-Care Assistance, NursingSELFNURSelf-Care Assistance, Non-NursingSELFNONSkin CareSKINSurveillanceSURVSurveillance: SkinSKINSRVTelephone ConsultationTCNIC Definition & ActivitiesTreatment AdministrationTreatment ManagementTube CareTube Care, GastrointestinalUrinary CatheterizationVital Signs MonitoringWound Care (Ongoing)Counseling:Abuse Protection Support: ChildCounseling (individual)Counseling USECOUNSELCOUNSELGHealth Education:Anticipatory Guidance (individual)AGUIDEAnticipatory Guidance (group)AGUIDEGBody Mechanics Promotion (individual)BODYBody Mechanics Promotion (group)BODYGExercise Promotion (individual)EXERExercise Promotion (group)EXERGHealth Education (individual)HLTHEDHealth Education (group)HLTHEDGSmoking Cessation Assistance (individual) SMOKESmoking Cessation Assistance (group) SMOKEGSubstance Use Prevention (individual)SUBABSubstance Use Prevention (group)SUBABGWeight ManagementWGTMGTHealth Promotion/Protection:Environmental ManagementHealth System GuidanceImmunization ManagementInfection ProtectionPreventative CareProgressive Muscle RelaxationSeizure PrecautionsSuicide PreventionSurveillance: SafetySustenance SupportPage AFESUST9-2006

Abuse Protection Support: Child (ABUSE)Definition 1 : Identification of high-risk, dependent child relationships and actions to prevent possible orfurther infliction of physical, sexual or emotional harm or neglect of basic necessities of life.Activities:Report suspected abuse or neglect to proper authoritiesIdentify mothers who have a history of late (4 months or later) or no prenatal careIdentify parents who have had another child removed from the home or have placed previous children with relatives for extended periodsIdentify parents who have a history of substance abuse, depression, or major psychiatric illnessIdentify parents who demonstrate an increased need for parent education (e.g., parents with learning problems, parents who verbalize feelings ofinadequacy, parents of a first child, teen parents)Identify parents with a history of domestic violence or a mother who has a history of numerous “accidental” injuriesIdentify parents with a history of unhappy childhoods associated with abuse, rejection, excessive criticism, or feelings of being worthless and unlovedIdentify crisis situations that may trigger abuse (e.g., poverty, unemployment, divorce, homelessness, and domestic violence)Determine whether the family has an intact social support network to assist with family problems, respite child care, and crisis child careIdentify infants/children with high-care needs (e.g., prematurity, low birth weight, colic, feeding intolerances, major health problems in the first year oflife, developmental disabilities, hyperactivity, and attention deficit disorders)Identify caretaker explanations of child’s injuries that are improbable or inconsistent, allege self-injury, blame other children, or demonstrate a delay inseeking treatmentDetermine whether a child demonstrates signs of physical abuse, including numerous injuries in various stages of healing; unexplained bruises & welts;unexplained pattern, immersion, & friction burns; facial, spiral, shaft, or multiple fractures; unexplained facial lacerations & abrasions; human bitemarks; intracranial, subdural, intraventricular, & intraoccular hemorrhaging; whiplash shaken infant syndrome; & diseases that are resistant totreatment and/or have changing signs & symptomsDetermine whether the child demonstrates signs of neglect, including poor or inconsistent growth patterns, failure to thrive, wasting of subcutaneoustissue, consistent hunger, poor hygiene, constant fatigue and listlessness,

NIC is a unique vocabulary that describes actions performed by a nurse. Interventions can be independent or collaborative, direct or indirect, and individual or group oriented. NIC was initially created for hospital use. Use in school settings, to date, has been rare. Thus, the challenge w

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