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Age Of Division

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Age of Division

Age of Division1.2.3.4.5.6.Historical overview of the "Age of Division"North-South differencesA new aristocratic eraGrowth of Chinese ReligionsReligious DaoismBuddhism in China/Chinese Buddhism

Pre-Imperial Periodca. 1600-200 BCEQin dynasty 秦221-206 BCEHan dynasty 漢206 BCE-220 CEEarly Imperial Periodca. 200 BCE-600 CEAge of Division魏晉南北朝 220-581 CESui dynasty 隋581-618 BCEMiddle Imperial Periodca. 600-1400 CETang dynasty 唐618-907 CE

Yellow Turban Rebellion 184 CEClassic of Great PeaceTaiping jing 太平經General Cao Cao 曹操155-220

Three Kingdoms Period (220-265)Cao PiLiu BeiRomance of the Three Kingdoms14th c. novel

Romance of the Three Kingdoms14th century novelBeijing OperaCao Cao

"Romance of the Three Kingdoms" video game

Nomadic groups during the Han PeriodXianbeiXiongnu

E. Jin Dynasty (South) and Sixteen Kingdoms (North), 265-420Sack of Luoyang311Sack of Chang'an317Jiankang(Modern Nanjing)Southern Dynasties

Northern and Southern Dynasties Period (420-589)Xianbei鮮卑sinicization

1.2.3.4.5.6.Historical overview of the "Age of Division"North-South differencesA new aristocratic eraGrowth of Chinese ReligionsReligious DaoismBuddhism in China/Chinese Buddhism

Population of China, 2 -1500 CE

Population: North vs. South

Regional DialectsChina Proper

Yangzi River system in central ChinaJiangnan

Jiangnan regionHangzhouBay

Wet Rice Agriculture

Rice terracesS. China

equal field system

1.2.3.4.5.6.Historical overview of the "Age of Division"North-South differencesA new aristocratic eraGrowth of Chinese ReligionsReligious DaoismBuddhism in China/Chinese Buddhism

Nine Ranks

Study of the Mysteriousxuanxue 玄學Seven sages of the bamboo grovezhulin qi xian 竹林七賢"pure conversation"qingtan 清談

civilmartialwen 文wu 武

shi 士 class(man of service)

1.2.3.4.5.6.Historical overview of the "Age of Division"North-South differencesA new aristocratic eraGrowth of Chinese ReligionsReligious DaoismBuddhism in China/Chinese Buddhism

Three teachingssanjiao 三教ConfucianismDaoismBuddhism

1.2.3.4.5.6.Historical overview of the "Age of Division"North-South differencesA new aristocratic eraGrowth of Chinese ReligionsReligious DaoismBuddhism in China/Chinese Buddhism

PinyinWade-GilesDaoDaoismTaoTaoism

"Philosophical" Daoismoriginates in 5th-4th c. BCLao zi, Dao de jingZhuang zi"Institutional" Daoismaka "Religious Daoism"originates in 2nd c. AD

Correlative cosmogony qi 氣 (vapor) yin yang 陰陽 five phases (wu xing 五行)primordial qi (yuanqi 元氣)split into yin and yangseparation of Heaven-Earth-Man10,000 things (wanwu 萬物)

Queen Mother of the Weststone carving, Han dynasty (206 BCE -220 CE)

Stele of Lord LaoFour-sided Daoist steleNorthern Qi Dynasty, 554Limestoneh. 71 cm

Daoism: techniques and practicesmacrobiotic hygiene meditation breath cultivation dietary regimes (e.g. grain avoidance) sexual practicesalchemy outer innerimmortality

Religious Mass Movements associated with early DaoismYellow Turban Rebellion 184 CEClassic of Great PeaceTaiping jing 太平經MillenarianismFive Bushels of Rice Sect (Wu dou mi)ca. mid 2nd c. CESichuan ProvinceZhang DaolingCelestial MasterTian shi

Development of Religious DaoismUpper Clarity, ca. 364-70Shangqing 上清Spiritual Treasure, ca. 400Lingbao 靈寳revelationcanonritual

Painting of Daoist ritual atimperial courtDaoist Ritual at the Imperial CourtJiao Bingzhen (active c. 1689-1726)Qing Dynasty, c. 1723-26Hanging scroll; ink on silk358 x 157cm

1.2.3.4.5.6.Historical overview of the "Age of Division"North-South differencesA new aristocratic eraGrowth of Chinese ReligionsReligious DaoismBuddhism in China/Chinese Buddhism

SiberiaMongoliaCentral AsiaTibetChinaIndiaSoutheast AsiaPacificOcean

Siddhartha Gautama, ca. 500 BCaka ShakyamuniBuddha: "the enlightened one"

karmadharmaFour Noble Truthsnirvana

MahayanaTheravada"greater vehicle"dasheng 大乘Hinayana"lesser vehicle"xiaosheng 小乘bodhisattva

KUSHANEMPIREHANEMPIREAsian empires, ca. 1st-3rd c. CE

Queen Mother of the WestEastern Han (AD 25-220)1st-2nd c. ADSichuan Province, ChinaSeated BuddhaGandhara1st-2nd c. ADNW Pakistan

Early translators of Buddhist scripturesAn Shigaod. AD 170安世高Kumārajīva(344-413)Jiumoluoshi 鳩摩羅什

DunhuangLuoyang

Pure Land SectJingtu 淨土Amituo fu (Amitābha)阿彌陀佛Guanyin (Avalokiteśvara)觀音Western paradise of Pure Land Buddhismmural painting in Mogao Temple, Cave 217Dunhuang, Gansu provinceTang, late 7th-early 8th c. AD

Gilded bronze seated Buddha, 4th cHeight: 32.9 cm (1 ft 1 in.)

Maitreya Buddha (Mi Le Fo 彌勒佛)Biyun temple, Beijing

Meditation Schoolchan 禪 (Japanese zen)Bodhidharma (Putidamo 菩提達摩)Huineng 慧能 (638-713)gongan 公案 (Japanese koan)Zen art

Sixth Patriarch Chopping WoodLiang Kai 梁楷 (active early 13th century)

Patriarch and TigerAnonymous, after Shike 石恪(active ca. 10th c.)ink on paper; ca. 13th century

Dunhuang

Mogao Grottoes (Mogao shiku) 莫高石窟Dunhuang 敦煌, Gansu 甘肅 Province

Cave 28, Mogao GrottoesDunhuang, GansuTang, late 7th-early 8th c. CE

Guanyin (Avalokiteśvara)觀音bodhisattva

Guanyin statueHeight: 249 cm (8 ft 2 in)Sui Dynasty, ca. 600

Guanyin statuestoneFengxian Monastery, LongmenLuoyang, HenanHeight: 13.3 cm (43 ft 7 in)Tang Dynasty (618-907)

Wall painting of GuanyinDunhuang, Gansu ProvinceHeight: 190 cm (6 ft 3 in)Tang Dynasty, 8th c

Guanyin statueStoneMajishan, Cave 165Tianshyui, GansuSong Dynasty (960-1279)

Muqi Guanyinpaintingca. 12th-13th c.

Painting of GuanyinMing Dynasty (1368-1644)

Romance of the Three Kingdoms 14th c. novel. Liu Bei. Cao Pi. Romance of the Three Kingdoms. 14. th. century novel. Beijing Opera. Cao Cao "Romance of the Three Kingdoms" video game. Xiongnu. Xianbei. Nomadic groups during the Han Period. E. Jin Dynasty (South) and Sixteen