Reading For Beyond The Diary Of Anne Frank

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Beyond The Diary ofAnne FrankReading forInformationVideo link atthinkcentral.com Newspaper Article, page 569 Interview, page 571Theof6IDEOßLINKßATßTHINKCENTRAL COMAnneFrank#(!2!#4%23) %.433%#2%4ß!.%8ß2%3-RS ß&RANK!NNEß&RANK-ARGOTß&RANK-R ß&RANK0ETERß6ANß AAN-R ß6ANß AAN-RS ß6ANß AAN-R ß USSEL1944, November 19454HEß4IME July 1942–Augustthe Netherlands4HEß0LACE Amsterdam,throughout the play.The scene remains the sameand officeIt is the top floor of a warehouse The sharplybuilding in Amsterdam, Holland.is outlined againstpeaked roof of the buildingaway into thea sea of other rooftops, stretching church tower,of adistance. Nearby is the belfryrings out the hours.the Westertoren, whose carillon from below: thefloat upOccasionally faint soundsthe street, the trampinplayingvoices of childrenfrom the canal.of marching feet, a boat whistlefloor and a small atticThe three rooms of the topour view. The largest ofspace above are exposed towith two small rooms,the rooms is in the center,What’s the 2 %23ß).ß-2 ß& 2!. 3ß"53).%33-IEPß'IESßß Z8] T8 -R ß RALERß X vEY:On the right is aslightly raised, on either side.steep flight ofbathroom, out of sight. A narrowto the attic. The rooms arestairs at the back leads upchairs, cots, a table orsparsely furnished with a fewover, or covered withtwo. The windows are paintedIn the main room theremakeshift blackout curtains.and a wood-burningis a sink, a gas ring for cookingstove for warmth.more than a closet.The room on the left is hardlyceiling. DirectlyThere is a skylight in the slopingsteep stairwell, with stepsunder this room is a smallonly entrancetheisThisdoor.aleading down tothe door is openedfrom the building below. Whenon the outer sidewe see that it has been concealedby a bookcase attached to it.ANßASßßSTARRINGß.ATALIEß0ORTM4HEß !NNE ßRANßONß"ROADWAYßATßTHE ECEMBERß ßTOß*UNEß12/10/10 3:43:11 AM unit 4: theme and symbolUse with The Diary ofAnne Frank, page 510.RI 1 Cite the textual evidencethat supports what the text saysexplicitly. RI 3 Analyze how atext makes connections amongindividuals, ideas, or events.RI 9 Analyze a case in which twoor more texts provide informationon the same topic.In The Diary of Anne Frank, you learned what life in hiding was like forAnne and her family. Now you will read accounts from two Holocaustsurvivors that will tell you more about Anne, Nazi-occupied Amsterdam,and the concentration camp where the Franks were sent.Standards Focus: SynthesizeReading a play, diary, or book about a topic can teach you a great deal.However, you can seldom get a complete picture from any one source.To fully understand something, you have to synthesize, or connect facts,details, and ideas from different sources in order to form new ideasabout the topic.In this lesson, you will synthesize what you have already learnedfrom The Diary of Anne Frank and one of Anne’s diary entries (page 544)with information and impressions from two more sources. Your goal isto develop a fuller picture of what life was like for Jewish families inNazi-occupied Amsterdam and in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.To begin, use a chart like the one shown to record what you’ve learnedfrom the play and from Anne’s diary entry. Then read the next selectionsto add to your knowledge and fill in gaps in your understanding. Continuefilling in the chart with what you learn about life under the Nazis.Life for aJewish FamilyHiding inAmsterdamLife for aJewish FamilyLiving Openlyin AmsterdamLife in aGermanConcentrationCampImpressionsof AnneFrankThe Diary of AnneFrank & Anne’sDecember 1943diary entry“A Diary fromAnother World”from The LastSeven Months ofAnne Frank568unit 4: theme and symbol568-577 NA L08PE-u04s05-r3Dia.indd 56812/28/10 4:04:43 PM

Reading for Information30Gerrda Weissmann Klein40“O1020n Friday, June 12, I woke up at6 a.m. and—small wonder—it was my birthday. I received a warmwelcome from my cat and masses ofthings from Mummy and Daddy . . .”Any 13-year-old girl could havewritten that on her birthday. As ithappens these words appear in a diarywhich was one of the “masses of things”and in which Anne Frank wrote: “Ihope I shall be able to confide in youcompletely, as I have never been able todo in anyone before . . .”She thought that what she wouldwrite in her diary would be for hereyes alone, so she committed herinnermost thoughts to it. She thoughtthat perhaps in the very distantfuture—when she might havechildren, or even grandchildren, thatthey might on a rainy afternoon findtheir grandmother’s old diary. . . .Alas, Anne Frank died as a younggirl, for no other reason than that shewas Jewish. The Nazis invadedHolland, as they did most otherEuropean countries, and anyone who1. carillon (kBrPE-lJnQ): set of tuned bells ina tower.50loved freedom and equality and wasfree of prejudice became an enemy ofthe Nazi regime. . . .I visited Anne Frank’s house theother day. Actually, I visited it twice—once alone at night when it was tightlyclosed, the inside shrouded in darkness.It conveyed then the eerie feeling of atomb in which Anne’s unfulfilleddreams had been dreamed duringmany lonely nights. . . .Then I returned during the daytime,as the sun shone brightly and thecarillon1 from the nearby clock tower,of which Anne had written, was justplaying a merry tune. In the brightsunlight, I heard music playing, sawboats moving on the canal andobserved people walking by.Across the canal I noticed aboutique, saw some young peoplelooking at sweaters. Two kids in jeansrode on bicycles. Life was going on,even as it must have gone on while shelived there. aaSYNTHESIZEWhat are GerdaWeissmann Klein’simpressions of AnneFrank’s house andneighborhood?Front of Anne Frank House, Amsterdam,the Netherlandsreading for information568-577 NA L08PE-u04s05-r3Dia.indd 56956912/28/10 4:05:03 PM

6070bSYNTHESIZEReread lines 76–97.What new insightsabout Anne’s thoughtsdo you get from thisarticle?Actually, I found it sadder duringthe daytime, for the night at leastseemed to shut out the rest of theworld, whereas during the dayeverything revolved around the silent,subdued girl who so desperately wantedto be a part of that stream of life.What did she think about in thosetiny rooms where shutters had to beclosed in the daytime? She tells usthat often the heat became oppressivefrom the tiny stove on which thefamilies cooked their meals. We knowthat the toilet could not be flushed inthe daytime, lest the neighbors wouldbe alerted to the existence of thehiding place.What did Anne Frank think aboutas she sat on her bed during thoseperilous days looking at the pictures ofAmerican movie stars and a picture ofa chimpanzee’s birthday party whichstill hangs there today?Her diary tells us that she thoughtnot of fame, nor wealth, nor greatness.She thought rather how much she would8090100want to run downstairs into the tinygarden where sunflowers now bloomagainst the fence, instead of having toglimpse them from far above.She thought of touching them andrunning through a meadow in thespring, of buying an ice cream cone froma vendor on a hot summer afternoon.She thought of ordinary things,such as going to school with other kids.She thought of dressing up and beingable to go to the movies.In short, she thought of all thethings which millions of kids do everyday and find boring. But to Anne, whooccasionally dared to climb to the roofto see the sky and the patch of worldbelow, that world was as remote as theevening star. bThis is the legacy she left us, theunderstanding of things all of us takefor granted. Through understanding,let us assure that all people everywherecan live in freedom so that a book likeThe Diary of Anne Frank will never bewritten again as a true story.Anne Frank’s diary570unit 4: theme and symbol568-577 NA L08PE-u04s05-r3Dia.indd 57012/28/10 4:05:12 PM

Reading for InformationFOCUS ON FORMAn interview is ameeting in whichone person asksanother about hisor her thoughts,feelings, insights,or experiences. Inthis interview, whichwas conductedfor a televisiondocumentary aboutAnne Frank, thequestions asked byWilly Lindwer havebeen omitted. OnlyPick-Goslar’s answersare printed.Hannah ElisabethPick-Goslar andAnne FrankfromIntterview with Hannah Elisabeth Pick-GoslarWilly LindwerM10r. Frank’s factory, Opekta,produced a substance formaking jam. My mother always gotthe old packages as a gift. Soon afterschool let out, my mother sent me tothe Franks’ house to get the scalebecause she wanted to make jam.It was a beautiful day.I went as usual to the Franks’house and rang and rang and rang,20but no one opened the door. I didn’tknow why no one answered. I rangagain, and finally, Mr. Goudsmit,a tenant, opened the door. c“What do you want? What have youcome for?” he asked in astonishment.“I’ve come to borrow the scale.”“Don’t you know that the entireFrank family has gone toSwitzerland?”cINTERVIEWOn the basis of thephotograph and whatyou’ve read so far, whatdo you think mightbe the relationshipbetween Hannah andAnne?reading for information568-577 NA L08PE-u04s05-r3Dia.indd 57157112/28/10 4:05:30 PM

30dSYNTHESIZEAfter the Franks wentinto hiding, whathappened to otherJews in Amsterdam?40I didn’t know anything about it.“Why?” I asked.He didn’t know either.This was a bolt out of the blue.Why had they gone to Switzerland?The only connection the Frankfamily had with Switzerland was thatOtto Frank’s mother lived there.But later it appeared that, in fact,the family had always reckoned that itwould get worse for Jews. They hadbeen preparing for a whole year to gointo hiding. We didn’t know anythingabout this. You can’t talk aboutsomething like that. Because ifanyone talked, then the whole affairwould go amiss. . . .I believe that Anne was the firstgirlfriend that I lost. It was, of course,very frightening, but we began to getused to the idea. When I went back5060to school after the summer, fewerchildren came to class every day.We stayed in Amsterdam almost afull year longer, until June 20, 1943,and all this time things were gettingworse and worse. Jews had to wear ayellow star. We had an Ausweis (anidentification card), with a large “J”on it—for Jew. People were stoppedon the street: “May I see yourAusweis?” If you were Jewish, youwere taken away and you neverreturned home. And a motherwaiting for her child would askherself: Where is my child? Have theytaken her away? . . . dSo far, my family had been luckyinsofar as we were able to buy SouthAmerican citizenship through anuncle in Switzerland. We wereexpatriates. That’s why it wasA Dutch Jewishstar with the wordJood (Jew) on itA household identificationcard (Ausweis) that identifiedfamilies as Jewish572unit 4: theme and symbol568-577 NA L08PE-u04s05-r3Dia.indd 57212/28/10 4:05:54 PM

Reading for Information7080possible. We got passports fromParaguay. Laughing, my father said,“You’d better know something aboutParaguay in case they ask.” So Ilearned the name of the capital,Asunción. I didn’t know anythingelse, but no one ever asked meanything.Because of these passports wecould still go out for a while longerwithout trembling in fear, but younever knew what would happentomorrow. . . .So we continued to live, withlittle to eat and with a great deal offear, but at least we were at home.In October, my mother died duringchildbirth. The baby was born dead.That was in Anne’s diary. Someonetold Anne that our baby had died,but not that my mother had diedtoo. They probably didn’t have theheart to tell her. . . . eEverything went along fine untilJune 20, 1943, when there was thebig roundup in Amsterdam-South.On that day, the Germans started90100110something new. At five o’clock in themorning while everyone was asleepthey blocked off all the southern partof Amsterdam. They went from doorto door, rang, and asked:“Do Jews live here?”“Yes.”“You have fifteen minutes; take abackpack, put a few things in it, andget outside quickly.”That was our neighborhood, sowe had to pack too. A passport nolonger helped. We had a quarter ofan hour, and we had to go withthem. . . .So we were taken to Westerbork.My father ended up in a very largebarracks. My sister and I were put inan orphanage, where, they said, therewas more to eat. My father hadknown the director of the orphanagewhen he was in Germany. My littlesister wasn’t there very long. Shebecame seriously ill and had to haveoperations on both ears. She was inthe hospital for almost the entire timethat we were in Westerbork. . . .Language CoachWord Definitions Theword barracks in line 107means “a building orgroup of buildings usedfor temporary housing.”Do you think the writer’sfather shared thebarracks with few ormany people?eSYNTHESIZEReread lines 58–85.What strategies didJews living openlyuse to survive? Whathardships did theyendure?The Franks’ names on a transport list from the Westerbork transit campreading for information568-577 NA L08PE-u04s05-r3Dia.indd 5735731/19/11 7:50:26 AM

fSYNTHESIZEReread lines 148–162.What is the relationshipbetween this incidentand the theme of theplay?120130140Language CoachIdiom An idiom is aword or phrase thathas a meaning thatis different than itsindividual words. Thephrase “at my wits’ end”that appears in line 152 isan idiom. It means thewriter didn’t know whatto do. What problem didshe need to solve?150160574On February 15, 1944, we weretransported to Bergen-Belsen. . . .When we arrived, our clothes weren’ttaken away and families weren’tseparated. My father and my sisterstayed with me. We slept in differentplaces, but we could see each otherevery evening. The trip took—I don’tremember precisely—two or threedays to get to Bergen-Belsen. . . .In Bergen-Belsen, it was very coldin the winter. We soon found thatout. Because we had been arrested inJune we hadn’t thought about winterclothes. Especially me, a young girl,who had to do her own packing.But what I had brought, I kept.My sister had a large bandage onher head because she had hadsurgery on her ears in Westerbork.The first day we arrived in BergenBelsen, I got jaundice. The policy ofthe Germans was: whoever got sickhad to go to the hospital; otherwise,all the others could be infected.I didn’t know what to do with mylittle sister. My father was confinedin another barracks and I couldn’ttake her to him. He also had towork, so that wouldn’t haveworked out.So there I was and didn’t knowwhat to do. This situation showed methat there were very special people inthat camp. I told an old lady that Iwas at my wits’ end: “Tomorrowmorning, I have to go to the hospitaland my little sister is sick.”Two hours later, a woman came,who said, “My name is Abrahams.Mrs. Lange told me that you werehere and that you don’t know whatto do with your sister. I have sevenchildren; give her to me; then we’ll170180190200just have one more little childwith us.” fAnd that’s how it worked out.The next morning her daughter,who seemed to be about my age,came and took the little girl with her.Meanwhile, my father was able tovisit me. We were together with thatfamily until the end. To this day wehave stayed on friendly terms withthem. . . .One day, we looked in thedirection where there hadn’t beenany barracks and saw that tents hadsuddenly appeared there. . . . Then abarbed-wire fence was built throughthe middle of the camp and filledwith straw so that we couldn’t see theother side. But we were, of course,very close to each other, because thecamp wasn’t large. All those peoplefrom the tents were taken to thebarracks on the other side. In spiteof the German guards on the highwatchtowers, we tried to makecontact. . . .One of my acquaintances, an olderwoman, came up to me one day.“Do you know, there are some Dutchpeople there. I spoke to Mrs. VanDaan.” The woman had known herfrom before, and she told me thatAnne was there. She knew that I knewAnne.“Go over to the barbed-wire fenceand try to talk to her.” And, ofcourse, I did. In the evening, I stoodby the barbed-wire fence and beganto call out. And quite by chance Mrs.Van Daan was there again. I askedher, “Could you call Anne?”She said, “Yes, yes, wait a minute,I’ll go to get Anne. I can’t get Margot;she is very, very ill and is in bed.”unit 4: theme and symbol568-577 NA L08PE-u04s05-r3Dia.indd 57412/28/10 4:06:21 PM

Reading for InformationA sign posted by the British army outside the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp210But naturally I was much moreinterested in Anne, and I waited therea few minutes in the dark.Anne came to the barbed-wirefence—I couldn’t see her. The fenceand the straw were between us. Therewasn’t much light. Maybe I saw hershadow. It wasn’t the same Anne.She was a broken girl. I probablywas, too, but it was so terrible. Sheimmediately began to cry, and shetold me, “I don’t have any parentsanymore.”I remember that with absolutecertainty. That was terribly sad,220230because she couldn’t have knownanything else. She thought that herfather had been gassed right away.But Mr. Frank looked very youngand healthy, and of course theGermans didn’t know how oldeverybody was who they wanted togas, but selected them on the basisof their appearance. Someone wholooked healthy had to work, butanother who might even be younger,but who was sick or looked bad,went directly to the gas chamber. gI always think, if Anne had knownthat her father was still alive, shegSYNTHESIZEWhat happened toJewish people in theconcentration campswho looked healthy?What happened tothose who were sick orlooked ill?reading for information568-577 NA L08PE-u04s05-r3Dia.indd 5755751/19/11 7:51:24 AM

240250260hSYNTHESIZEWhat do you learn aboutAnne’s circumstancesfrom this first meeting?iSYNTHESIZEBy the end of thisaccount, what have youlearned about life inBergen-Belsen?576270might have had more strength tosurvive, because she died very shortlybefore the end—only a few daysbefore [liberation]. But maybe it wasall predestined.So we stood there, two young girls,and we cried. I told her about mymother. She hadn’t known that; sheonly knew that the baby had died.And I told her about my little sister.I told her that my father was in thehospital. He died two weeks later; hewas already very sick. She told methat Margot was seriously ill and shetold me about going into hidingbecause I was, of course, extremelycurious.“But what are you doing here? Youwere supposed to be in Switzerland,weren’t you?” And then she told mewhat had happened. That they didn’tgo to Switzerland at all and why theyhad said that; so that everyone shouldthink that they had gone to hergrandmother’s.Then she said, “We don’t haveanything at all to eat here, almostnothing, and we are cold; we don’t haveany clothes and I’ve gotten very thinand they shaved my hair.” That wasterrible for her. She had always beenvery proud of her hair. It may havegrown back a bit in the meantime, butit certainly wasn’t the long hair she’dhad before, which she playfully curledaround her fingers. It was much worsefor them than for us. I said, “Theydidn’t take away our clothes.” Thatwas our first meeting. hThen for the first time—we hadalready been in the camp for morethan a year; we arrived in February1944, and this was February 1945—we received a very small Red Cross280290300310320package: my sister, my father, and I.A very small package, the size of abook, with knäckebrot (Scandinaviancrackers), and a few cookies. You can’timagine how little that was. My sonalways says, “But Mama, that wassomething really very special.” Butin those days we really collectedeverything, half a cookie, a sock, aglove—anything that gave a littlewarmth or something to eat. Myfriends also gave me something forAnne. I certainly couldn’t havethrown a large package over thebarbed-wire fence; not that I had one,but that wouldn’t have been possibleat all.We agreed to try to meet the nextevening at eight o’clock—I believe Istill had a watch. And, in fact, Isucceeded in throwing the packageover.But I heard her screaming, andI called out, “What happened?”And Anne answered

The Diary of Anne Frank & Anne’s December 1943 diary entry “A Diary from Another World” from The Last Seven Months of Anne Frank Use with The Diary of Anne Frank, page 510. RI 1 Cite the textual evidence that supports what the text says explicitly. RI 3 Analyze how a te

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