ISSN: 2456-9992 Tracer Study Of Graduates Of The College .

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International Journal of Advanced Research and PublicationsISSN: 2456-9992Tracer Study Of Graduates Of The College OfIndustrial TechnologyDr. Philip Y. Del RosarioBatangas State University – Pablo Borbon Main IICollege of Industrial Technology Batangas City, Batangas, 4200 Philippinesledriorosa@gmail.comAbstract: People live in a rapidly changing world with the diverse demands and challenges. They additionally call on universities tofacilitate the shift to cognizance-predicated economy and high-technology through efficacious linkages between research and industry toascertain that their countries have a competitive edge in the ecumenical market. This study used the descriptive method of research andsurvey questionnaire as the main data gathering instrument to trace the Batangas State University-College of Industrial Technologygraduates of the Bachelor of Industrial Technology program from 2013-2016. Based from the findings, the Bachelor of IndustrialTechnology graduates mostly were male, 20-24 years old, single and graduates of Instrumentation and Control Technology. In term ofeducational profile, the Bachelor of Industrial Technology graduates across major of specialization have no professional examination butthey are willing to pursue advance studies for professional development. In terms of employment, BIT graduates were mostly employed,end of contract was the reason for unemployment, they get their jobs for 2-5 months, they have one job after graduation, permanent instatus, locally employed in non-government organizations for less than 7 months, and most jobs were relevant to their major ofspecialization. Lastly, the proposed recommendations to further enhance the employability Bachelor of Industrial Technology focusedmainly on National Certifications, attendance to seminars and training, and meeting with advisory councils.Keywords: employment, graduates, professional development, profile, tracer study.1. IntroductionPreparing adolescent people to enter the labor market hastherefore become a critical responsibility for universities.However, the pertinence of their program and employabilityof their graduates are posing an incrementing challenge forthe universities, concretely in view of two sets of statistics:enrollment and youth unemployment rates. Since BatangasState University is the only state university located inBatangas, it plays a significant role in the upliftment ofemployment, and thus helps the government. The BatangasState University, like all other universities aspires for theeffective performance of its students. It is true to its vision ofbeing a center of higher learning committed to the promotionof wisdom, excellence, human dignity and national pride inthe Filipino. [1] However, given the wide comprehension ofemployability, perceive that the nature of a college graduateis not only an impression of the nature of the educationalmodules and its supporting academic environment. It alsoreflects the demands of the industry and also the competenceof the regulating body in shaping the characteristics of highereducation graduates. It might be excessively oversimplifiedto note that universities are encouraged, if not pressured, toproduce employable graduates. In addition, professionallevel training is constantly included inside Higher Education,and as a rule in graduate schools, since many postgraduateacademic disciplines are both vocationally, professionally,and the erotically research oriented, such as in the law,medicine, pharmacy, dentistry, and veterinary medicine. Abasic requirement for entry into these graduate-levelprograms is almost always a bachelor's degree, althoughalternative means of obtaining entry into such programmersmay be accessible at some universities. The Bachelor ofIndustrial Technology program offers students withknowledge in the manufacturing process, electronic andmechanical components and systems, quality assurance andcontrol, materials science, packaging, production andoperations management, and manufacturing and design. Eachspecialization, cumulated with a certificate and/orprofessional experience, makes one a professional in acategorical field. There are many types of technicians andmechanics, each specializing in a categorical field ofexpertise (Automotive, Electrical, Electronics, Refrigerationand Air-conditioning, Computer, Mechanical, Welding andFabrication, etc.). [2] Each of these jobs is considered aprofession, because it requires a specialized set of skills andsometimes a certificate. Modern Technology graduates arepopular abroad. Most jobs related to this program are in theskilled workers sector, which is in demand in many foreigncountries, most especially the Middle East, Canada, Australiaand Singapore. Filipinos are typically utilized in remotenations as welders, iron specialist, mechanical engineer,machine administrators and comparative jobs. Althoughmost occupations offered abroad are at section level, theseemployments normally pay higher than the midlevel andpropelled positions in the Philippines. [3] Other courses suchas Welding and Fabrication Engineering Technology,Electrical Engineering Technology, Electronics ogy,Automotive Engineering Technology and Food EngineeringTechnology comprise the eleven major courses of Bachelorof Industrial Technology. [4] Lately, CIT pursuesaccreditation in TESDA and this provides walk through to allBIT students to become competitive locally andinternationally. Up to this point, the College is as yetintending to offer such courses that keep on enhancing thelearning and aptitudes of personnel and understudies throughthe Dual Training the Philippines System (DTS) program.[4] All this ten (10) components of BIT were subjected forLevel III Accreditation last February 11 – 14, 2008 and onDecember 2018, the college is awarded with Level IV PhaseI Accreditation. In connection, doing a tracer study enablesthe college to locate alumni of academic institution, formerbeneficiary of scholarship grants and participants in order tocollect data and update information about the CIT graduates.This tracer study of Bachelor of Industrial TechnologyGraduates from 2013 to 2016 was steered to give noteworthyresponse and to relink alumni to their Alma Mater. Likewise,this endeavor will also give some notable inputs towards theVolume 3 Issue 5, May 2019www.ijarp.org23

International Journal of Advanced Research and PublicationsISSN: 2456-9992betterment of the college and attainment of its programgoals.2. Objectives of the StudyThe primary purpose of the study is to trace the Bachelor ofIndustrial Technology graduates of 2013-2016. Specifically,it attempts:1. To describe the profile of the respondents in terms ofsex, age, civil status, and major of specialization.2. To determine the educational profile in terms ofprofessional examination passed, advanced studies, andreasons of pursuing advance studies.3. To determine the employment, reasons not employed,number of months before getting first job, number ofjobs after graduation, nature of employment, place ofwork, nature of work, length of service, and relevance ofjob to course.4. To propose recommendation to further enhance theemployability of Bachelor of Industrial Technologygraduates.3. MethodologyThe study used the descriptive method for the 1193graduates or 79 percent of the total 1519 graduates weretraced. Survey questionnaire was used as the main datagathering instrument. The list of graduates was requestedfrom the University Registrar and gathering was done fromNovember to February 2017.Figure 2. Distribution of Graduates According to SexThe College of Industrial Technology was able to educatemale and female students with 86 and 14 percentrespectively. Thus, the technical field of education is moreenticing on the male population. [5] But the Gender andDevelopment encourages incoming students to consider thetechnical fields for their career opportunities.Age. Figure 3 and 4 shows the distribution of graduatesaccording to age.600494300192200ATCvTCpTDT84ElxTICTMT23 620-240 1512 3030 and above20-2425-2920-24FT30 and above25-2920-24ElT225-293715 1 14 4 3 25 2 030 and above7230 and above25-294545 3311 3 220-2405 0 16 5 130 and aboveSex. Figure 1 and 2 shows the distriution of BIT gradautesaccording to sex. It can be gleaned from the figure that thereis gender and equality in the technology courses of theCollege of Industrial Technology.2325-2910020-244.1 Profile of the BIT GraduatesThe profile of BIT graduates were described in terms of sex,age, civil status, and major of specialization.40030 and above4. Results and DiscussionsFrequency500MxT WFTMajor of Specialization600535Frequency500Figure 3. Distribution of Graduates According to Age perMajor of Specialization4003002092001002756 451 14 88128107 17 4 6 214520 2822630M F M F M F M F M F M F M F M F M F M F M FAT CvT CpT DT ElT ElxT FTICT MT MxT WFTMajor of SpecializationFigure 1. Distribution of Graduates According to Sex perMajor of SpecializationFigure 4. Distribution of Graduates According to AgeVolume 3 Issue 5, May 2019www.ijarp.org24

International Journal of Advanced Research and PublicationsISSN: 2456-9992Civil Status. Figure 5 and 6 shows the distribution ofgraduates according to civil d of the tracer study, most of the CIT graduates were20-24 years old with 80 percent of the total population andthey were considered ideal age for the need of the labormarket. Accordingly, these age ranges were more oncompetitive, talented, and can be developed for futureproductive workforce. [6]56310128 22883821 2730 290Frequency500400300Major of Specialization2122009410027177257 19 2217 2817225Figure 7. Distribution of Graduates According to Major gleMarried10218131ATCvT CpTDTElT ElxTFTICTMT MxT WFTMajor of SpecializationFigure 5. Distribution of Graduates According to CivilStatus per Major of SpecializationFigure 8. Distribution of Electrical Technology GraduatesFigure 6. Distribution of Graduates According to CivilStatusWith 94 percent and 6 percent of the total population, it isvery clear that most of the BIT graduates were single andmarried, respectively. These imply that most graduates canincrease their attachments and engagement in work. [7] Theyare more flexible to perform jobs that may be assigned fromtime to time.Major of Specialization. Figure 7, 8, and 9 shows thatdistribution of graduates according to major orspecialization.Figure 8. Distribution of Instrumentation and ControlTechnology GraduatesBased on the gathered data, Electrical Technology andInstrumentation and Control Technology only have 96 and72 percent of traced graduates, respectively. One of the mainreasons given by the researchers were the unresponsivenessVolume 3 Issue 5, May 2019www.ijarp.org25

International Journal of Advanced Research and PublicationsISSN: 2456-9992of the graduates. Thus, BatStateU-Alumni Office was havinga massive companign in terms of tracer studies. They haveAlumni Orientation Programs to educate graduates regardingthe importance of said Tracer Study.Reasons of Pursuing Advance Studies. Figure 12 showsthe educational profile according to the reason of pursuingadvance studies.4. 2 Educational Profile of BIT GraduatesThe educational profile was presented in terms ofprofessional examination passed, advanced studies, andreasons of pursuing advance studies.Professional Examination Passed. Figure 10 shows theeducation profile of BIT graduates according to professionalexamination passed.Figure 12. Education Profile of BIT Graduates According tothe Reasons of Pursuing Advance StudiesIt can be observed that there are 62, 31, and 7 percentdistribution of Bit graduates pursue advance education forprofessional development, unresponsive, and promotion. Thegoal of BIT graduates to professionally develop was alsoevident with their enthusiasm to become top executives oftheir own field of specialization. [9]Figure 10. Education Profile of BIT Graduates According toProfessional Examination PassedBased on the data presented, most of the CIT graduates wereno professional examination at 81 percent. This result wasalready been addressed by the department and requiredstudents to take any professional examination related to theirfield of specialization. [8]4.3 Employment of BIT GraduatesIn terms of employment, BIT graduates were tracedaccording to their reasons of unemployment, number ofmonths before getting first job, number of jobs aftergraduation, nature of employment, place of work, nature ofwork, length of service, and relevance of job to course.Employment Status. The employment status of BITgraduates was presented in figure 13 and 14.Advance Studies. The educational profile of BIT graduatesin terms of advanced studies was presented in figure 11.Frequency2502001501005002013YesFigure 11. Education Profile of BIT Graduates According toAdvance Studies20142015Year GraduatedNo2016No ResponseFigure 13. Employment Status of BIT Graduates Accordingto Year GraduatedThe Bachelor of Industrial Technology graduates werewilling to have advance education at 55 percent of the totalpopulation. These figures suggets that BIT graduatescontinuously search for advancement in their professionalcareer. Moreover, the search for advance studies will helpthem to become more acquianted to advance technology andprocesses that will be applicable to industrial settings.Volume 3 Issue 5, May 2019www.ijarp.org26

International Journal of Advanced Research and PublicationsISSN: 5Year Graduated2016Figure 14. Employment Status of BIT GraduatesSixty-eight percent of the total population were employedwhile only 26 percent were still searching for jobs. Thisfigure is still above the 2016 national employment rate of theDepartment of Labor and Employment. [10] Thus, BITgraduates were employable and was able to impart in thenational economy.Less than one month6-12 months2-5 monthsMore than one yearFigure 16. Number of Months before Getting First JobAccording to Year GraduatedReasons for Unemployment. Figure 15 presents the reasonswhy BIT graduates were not 563736212740Figure 17. Number of Months before Getting First JobReasonsFigure 15. Reasons of BIT Graduates for UnemploymentMost of the reasons of BIT graduates of unemployment isend of contract with 287 of the total responsdents and theleast was pregnancy for female graduates. The issue of endof contract was very evident both in manufatcuring andservice industries and this also hampers the careerdevelopment and security of tenure of most of the workingprofessionals. [11] On the other hand, the new governmentpolicy of Endo was significant to BIT graduates for them tobe able to have continuous employment.Most of the graduates or 42 percent was able to find jobs in2-5 months after graduation. Only six (6) percent find jobs inmore than 1 year. This figures suggests the employability ofBIT graduates and how easy they can find jobs related totheir field.Number of Jobs after Graduation. Figure 18 and 19present the number of jobs BIT graduates have aftergraduation.Number of Months before Getting First Job. Figure 16and 17 shows the number of months before a BIT graduatecan get his or her first job.Volume 3 Issue 5, May 2019www.ijarp.org27

International Journal of Advanced Research and PublicationsISSN: r Graduated23452016No ReponseFigure 18. Number of Jobs after Graduation According toYear GraduatedFigure 21. Nature of EmploymentThirty-four percent of the total population were permanent,29 percent contratual, 17 percent no employment, 10percennt temporary, four percent casual, self-employed and 2percent were job orders. These figures were significant in theemployment statuts of BIT graduates since the permanentstatus indicates security of tenure. [13]Place of Work. The place of work is presented in figure 22and 23.350312Frequency300Figure 19. Number of Jobs after Graduation250200150100Based on the figure above, BIT graduates mostly have 1 jobwhile the leaast were 5 jobs with 39 and 1 percent,respectively after graduation. Job satisfaction, promotion,and professional advancement were some of the reasons whythe graduates were able to stay in a certain employment. [12]968853503702013Nature of Employment. Figure 20 and 21 shows the natureof employment of BIT graduates.Local20142015Year Gradauted2016InternationalFigure 22. Place of Work According to Year ar ractualJob Order2016NoneFigure 23. Place of WorkFigure 20. Nature of Employment According to YearGraduatedVolume 3 Issue 5, May 2019www.ijarp.org28

International Journal of Advanced Research and PublicationsISSN: 2456-9992Nature of Work. Figure 24 and 25 shows the nature of workof BIT 31350300250FrequencySevety-seven percents of the BIT graduates were employedin local companies and 23 percent were in abroad. It is alsoevident that the international labor market considers hiringand employing BIT graduates. Thus, the graduates were alsoflexible in terms of place of work and were able to adopt todifferent nationalities and competencies needed in their jobs.[14]4943 4628 243420131501002410201320142015Year Graduated524035 34 3043187140241224759 54120050572020142015Year GraduatedLess than 7 months7-12 months13-18 months19-24 monthsMore than 24 monthsNone20160Government2016Figure 24. Length of Service According to Year GraduatedNon-GovernmentFigure 24. Nature of Work According to Year GraduatedFigure 27. Length of ServiceFigure 25. Nature of WorkBased on the figure above, BIT graduates were mostlyemployed in non-government institution like privateorganizations and companies with 94 percent and 6 percentonly for governemnt organization. These employment weresubstantive since their on-the-job trainings were also done inmanufacturing/ private companies. The massive need oftechnologiest and technicians in the private organizationaspaves the way for BIT graduates to look for employment innon-government orgnaization. [15] Likewise, there is highincome opportunities in private organization as compared topublic. [16]With regards to the length of service to present job, most ofthe BIT graduates were less than 7 months with 33 percent ofthe total population. On the other hand, 18 percent for nolenth of service yet, 17 percent for more than 24 months, 15percent for 7-12 months, 10 percent for 13-18 months, and 7percent for 19-24 months. The length of service BITgraduates rendered in their present job implies jobsatisfaction and expertise. [17]Relevance of Job to Course. Figure 28 and 29 shows therelevance of job to course as perceived by BIT graduates.Length of Service. Figure 26 and 27 shows the length ofservice of BIT graduates in their present job.Volume 3 Issue 5, May 2019www.ijarp.org29

International Journal of Advanced Research and PublicationsISSN: 2456-9992300Frequency2502612165. ear GradautedYes2016NoFigure 28. Relevance of Job to Course According to YearGraduatedBased from the findings, the following conclusions aredrawn:1. The Bachelor of Industrial Technology graduates mostlywere male, 20-24 years old, single and graduates ofInstrumentation and Control Technology.2. In term of educational profile, the Bachelor of IndustrialTechnology graduates across major of specializationhave no professional examination but they are willing topursue advance studies for professional development.3. In terms of employment, BIT graduates were mostlyemployed, end of contract was the reason forunemployment, they get their jobs for 2

as Welding and Fabrication Engineering Technology, Electrical Engineering Technology, Electronics Engineering Technology, Mechanical Engineering Technology, Automotive Engineering Technology and Food Engineering Technology comprise the eleven major courses of Bachelor of

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