C. B. S. E. SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER (2020-21) GEOGRAPHY

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C. B. S. E.SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER (2020-21)GEOGRAPHY (029)CLASS 12Time: 3hoursMax. Marks 70GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS-i.ii.Question paper is divided into 3 Sections – A, B and C.In Section A, question numbers 1 to15 are Objective type Multiple choice questions carrying 1mark each. Attempt any 14 questions. Write the correct answer only in your answer sheets.iii.In Section B, Question numbers 16 and 17 are Short Source Based and Graph Based questionsrespectively carrying 3 marks each. Answer any three questions out of 4. Each of these sub-questionscarry 1 mark .iv.In Section C, Question numbers 18 to 22 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each.Answers to these questions should not exceed 60-80 words.v.In Section C, Question numbers 23 to 27 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each.Answers to these questions should not exceed 120-150 words.vi.Question numbers 28 and 29 are related to location and labeling and Identification ofgeographical features on maps respectively, carrying 5 marks each.vii.Outline map of India and World provided to you must be attached with your answer book.viii.Use of template or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.12

SECTION A (OBJECTIVE TYPE QUESTIONS)ATTEMPT ANY 14 QUESTIONSQ1Fill in the blanks-1and densities should be found out, in order toget a better insight into the human-land ratio.Q2Arrange the following approaches in a sequence order according to their development11. Spatial organization2. Regional approach3. Areal differentiation4. Humanistic approach(a)(b)(c)(d)Q31423413223143241Panna, Para, Palli, Nagla and Dhani are examples of Which of the followingsettlements?a) Clustered Settlementsb) Semi-Clustered Settlementsc) Dispersed Settlementsd) Hamleted Settlements121

Q4Examine which of the following problems are generally confronted by the villages of1South Asia.a) Lack of facilities due to high densityb) Political instabilityc) Occurrence of floods and droughtsd) Fear of wild animalsQ5Which of the following programs sponsored by central government aims at enabling1the rural population to conserve water for drinking, irrigation, fisheries andafforestation?a) Arvary Pani Sansadb) Haryalic) Neeru-Meerud) Narmada bachaoQ6Population of India according to their Occupation can be categorized into:1a) Main workers, Marginal workers, Non workersb) Marginal workers, Household industrial workers, Non workersc) Non workers, agricultural labourers, Marginal workersd) Cultivators, Main workers, Marginal workersQ7Fill in the blank-1The concept of Human Development was developed by12

Q8Which of the following best describes development?1a) An increase in sizeb) A constant in sizec) A positive change in qualityd) A simple change in qualityQ9Which one of the following is not a plantation crop?1a) Coffeeb) Sugarcanec) Rubberd) WheatQ10Arrange the correct sequence of column II against the column ICOLUMN I (RELATED FIELD)COLUMN II (MINERALS)I.ChikkamagaluruII.Singhbhum2. BauxiteIII.Durg3. ManganeseIV.Koraput4. Copper(a) III – 1,1. Iron OreIV – 2,I – 3,II – 4(b)I – 4,II – 3,III – 2,IV – 1(c)IV – 3,I -4,II – 1,III – 2(d)II -2,III – 1,IV – 4,I-3121

Q11Which of the following programme has been launched by present Union Government1for the cleaning of river Ganga?a) Ganga Action Planb) Namami Gangec) Ganga Namami Action Pland) Ganga Cleaning MissionQ12The outsourcing of which of the following activity is not an example of KnowledgeProcessing Outsourcing (KPO) ?1a) E- Learningb) Intellectual propertyc) Collection of informationd) Legal professionQ13Relate the most important factor responsible for high density of population found in1Katanga-Zambia Plateau located in Africa:a) Availability of copper in abundanceb) Availability of forests resourcesc) Close social tiesd) Scenic natural beauty1Q14If a country is having large proportion of young population, it would meana) High Birth rate and the population is youthful.b) Large working population.12

c) High expenditure on healthcare facilities.d) Heavy pressure on government to arrange basic facilities.Q15Age and skill selective migration from rural areas has not affected adversely to whichof the following demographic attribute?a) Downfall recorded in working population in rural areasb) The whole burden of agricultural work has to be borne by the old populationin rural areasc) Old people and women are left behind in the place of origind) Balance in age and sex composition121

SECTION B (SOURCE BASED QUESTIONS)Q16SOURCE BASED QUESTION1x3 3Read the Case Study given below and answer the questions that follow: Based on the universal law “Polluter pays”, a silent but strong effort to restore theecology and safeguard the human health with people’s participation has taken place inDaurala near Meerut. These efforts are now bearing fruits after a span of three yearswhen Meerut based NGO had developed a model for ecological restoration. The recentmeeting of the Daurala Industries officials, NGOs. Government officials and otherstakeholders at Meerut has brought out results which usually come out mainly throughthe Court’s decisions.The powerful logics, authentic studies and the pressure of the NGO has in a waybrought a new lease of life to the twelve thousand residents of this village. It was in theyear 2003, that the pitiable condition of Dauralaites drew the attention of the civilsociety. The groundwater of this village with a population of 12,000 persons wascontaminated with heavy metals. The reason was that the untreated wastewater ofDaurala industries was leaching to the groundwater table and was also being used forirrigation. The activists of the NGO conducted a door to door survey of the health statusof the residents and came out with a report. The group reported that 192 deaths in thepast five years have been recorded in the village due to consumption of contaminatedwater. The industry came under pressure due to activism. The organisation, the villagecommunity and people’s representatives sat together to find out sustainable solutionsto this problem. The industrialists showed a keen interest towards checking thedeteriorating ecology. The overhead water tank’s capacity in the village was enhancedand a 900m extra pipeline was laid to serve potable water to the community. The siltedpond of the village has been cleaned and recharged by desilting it. Large quantity ofsilt was removed paving way to pure water so that it percolated deep down the aquifers.Rainwater harvesting structures have been constructed at different places which hashelped in diluting the contaminants of the groundwater after the monsoons. 1000 treeshave also been planted which have improved the environment.12

Answer any three questionsa. What type of pollution is faced by the people of Daurala?i.Noise pollutionii.Air pollutioniii.Water pollutioniv.Land pollutionb. Which process led to contamination of ground Over irrigationc. What was the most important step taken as sustainable solution to the healthproblem faced by the villagers?i.Relocation of industriesii.Controlled irrigationiii.Evacuation from the affected areaiv.Enhancement of water storage capacityd. Which water conservation strategy will help in diluting the contamination ofthe ground water?i.Rain water harvestingii.Universal law of ‘Polluter Pays’iii.Industrial waste treatment plantiv.Over utilization of ground water.12

Q17SOURCE/GRAPH BASED QUESTIONStudy the given graph carefully and answer the following questions:Answer any three questionsa. How does the natural increase in population occur, as per the graph?i. Birth Rate – Death Rateii. Death Rate Birth Rateiii. Growth Rate- Birth Rateiv. Birth Rate Migrationb. What does the transition from high fluctuating stage to lowfluctuating stage indicate?i. Shift from Urban Industrial economy to Rural Agrarianeconomy121x3 3

ii. Shift from Rural Agrarian economy to Urban Industrialeconomyiii. Low Birth and Death Rate to High Birth and Death Rateiv. Migration from Urban to Rural areasc. From the given graph, what condition can you infer about thedeveloping countries?i. High Birth Rate and High Death Rateii. Low Birth rate and Low Death rateiii. High Birth Rate and Low Birth Rateiv. Low Birth Rate and High Death Rated. In which stage of Demographic Transition, population explosiontook place :i.Stage Iii.Stage IIiii.Stage IIIiv.Post Stage IIIFor Visually Impaired Candidates in lieu of Q No. 17 (Graph Based Question)Answer any three questions-1x3 3a. Why are Fertility and Mortality rates high in the first stage of this theory?i.People have a lot of buffer stock as food security.ii.People reproduce more to compensate for the deaths due toepidemics.iii.People are highly educated at this stage.iv.There is technological advancement in all fields.12

b. What led to decline in Mortality rate in the second stage of this theory?c.i.Due to improvement in Sanitation and Health conditions.ii.Due to insufficient supply of food grain that led to starvation.iii.Due to widespread illiteracy all over the world.iv.Due to unfavorable sex ratio prevailing in developingcountries.Why does fertility rate show a declining trend in the third stage?i.This is because human beings are not able to adjust theirfertility.ii.Literacy rates show a downward trend all over the world.iii.The population becomes urbanized and has high technicalknowhow.iv.There is acute food shortage in countries with a high HumanDevelopment Index.d In which stage of Demographic Transition, population explosion took place :v.Stage Ivi.Stage IIvii.Stage IIIviii.Post Stage IIISECTION C (SHORT ANSWER & LONG ANSWER QUESTIONS)Q18Justify the high demand of water for irrigation in India.OR123

‘Rainwater Harvesting is considered as a low cost and eco-friendly technique of3preserving water resources’. Justify.Q19What are the basic differences between rural and urban settlements in India?3Q20Explain how Human Geography in the early 20th century has become more integrative3and inter- disciplinary in its approach.Q21‘Some countries of the world have a high Human Development Index’. Try to find3out reasons for such a scenario.ORExplain any three approaches to study Human Development in the world.Q22Growth of Service Sector in modern economies plays a vital role. Derive it's33implications for such economies.Q23What are the Economic consequences of migration in India ?5Q24Critically analyse the Socio economic benefits that are being experienced by the5implementation of Integrated Tribal Development Project in Bharmaur district ofHimachal Pradesh.ORCritically analyse the measures to promote sustainability in Indira Gandhi CanalCommand Area.125

Q25Substantiate the evidences to prove that Subsistence Agriculture is still practised in5different parts of the globe.OR5Highlight the features of Commercial Livestock Rearing, practised in the developedand developing countries.Q26Analyse the problems associated with Urban Settlements in developing countries.5Q27Classify minerals into two groups on the basis of chemical and physical properties5and give one example of minerals of each group. Mention any two features of thethree minerals belts of IndiaMAP BASED QUESTIONSQ28On the given map of India, locate and label any five of the following:1. A state with lowest density of population2. A state with highest level of urbanization3. Bengaluru – Mega City4. Mayurbhanj Iron Ore Mines5. Jamnagar Oil Refinery6. Katni Bauxite Mines7. Neyveli Lignite Coal Field121x5 5

For Visually Impaired Candidates, in lieu of Q. No. 28.Write the names of any five of the following places in your answer sheet1. Largest Oil Refinery of India.2. A state with highest density of population.3. A major Iron ore mine in Odisha.4. Single largest Lignite coal reserves In Tamil Nadu.5. A Bauxite mine in Madhya Pradesh.6. A state with lowest level of urbanization.7. A Mega City located in Karnataka.With the help of the following key, identify the areas marked as A, B, C, D and E onQ29the given outline map of World. Write the correct name of the place in the blankspace given on the map.A Region in Africa practising Nomadic HerdingB A Mega City of AsiaC Region of Europe practising Commercial Grain FarmingD Mega City of South AmericaE Region of North America practising Subsistence Gathering121x5 5

For Visually Impaired Candidates, in lieu of Q. No. 29Write the names of the following places 1. Name the region of Russia which is known for Nomadic Herding.2. Name the Mega City located in Argentina.3. Its a country known for Commercial livestock rearing in North America.4. Its the largest Mega City of the world.5. Name the largest region of commercial dairy farming in the world.12

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SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER (2020-21) GEOGRAPHY (029) CLASS 12 Time: 3hours Max. Marks 70 GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS- i. Question paper is divided into 3 Sections – A, B and C. ii. In Section A, question numbers 1 to15 are Objective

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