Cambridge IGCSE English As A Second Language

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Learner GuideCambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language0510 (speaking endorsement)0511* (count-in speaking)*This syllabus is approved for use in England, Wales and Northern Ireland as a Cambridge International Level 1/Level 2Certificate (QN: 500/5653/0).

Cambridge International Examinations retains the copyright on all its publications. Registered Centres arepermitted to copy material from this booklet for their own internal use. However, we cannot give permissionto Centres to photocopy any material that is acknowledged to a third party even for internal use within aCentre. IGCSE is the registered trademark. Cambridge International Examinations 2015Version 4

ContentsHow to use this guide . 3Section 1: How will you be tested?Section 2: Examination adviceSection 3: What will be tested?Section 4: What you need to doSection 5: Command words and further adviceSection 6: Useful websitesSection 1: How will you be tested? . 5Syllabus 0510 (speaking endorsement)Syllabus 0511 (count-in speaking)Section 2: Examination advice . 9Reading and writing: Paper 1 (Core)Paper 2 (Extended)Listening: Paper 3 (Core)Paper 4 (Extended)Section 3: What will be tested? . 15Section 4: What you need to do . 17Section 5: Command words and further advice. 21Reading and listeningWritingSpeakingSection 6: Useful websites . 25

2Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language 0510/0511

How to use this guideHow to use this guideThe guide describes what you need to know about your Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Languageexamination.It will help you to plan your revision programme for the examination and will explain what examiners arelooking for in your answers. It can also be used to help you to revise by using the tick boxes in Section 4,‘What you need to do’, to check what you have revised.The guide contains the following sections:Section 1: How will you be tested?This section gives you information about the different examination papers that you will take.Section 2: Examination adviceThis section gives you advice to help you do as well as you can. Some of the ideas are general advice andsome are based on the common mistakes that learners make in exams.Section 3: What will be tested?This section describes the areas of knowledge, understanding and skills that the examination papers willtest you on.Section 4: What you need to doThis section shows the syllabus in a simple way so that you can check that: You have practised each skill. You can understand and respond, in English, in a variety of contexts and situations. You are well prepared for the level of examination (Core curriculum or Extended curriculum) you will betaking. You have covered enough topics and themes to be able to show your skills in writing and speakingEnglish.Section 5: Command words and further adviceThis section shows you the importance of the command words and phrases that are used in examinationquestions. It also gives you additional hints and details, which will help you feel more confident when youtake the examination.Section 6: Useful websitesCambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language 0510/05113

How to use this guide4Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language 0510/0511

Section 1: How will you be tested?Section 1: How will you be tested?You will take three parts: Reading and writing question paper Listening question paper Speaking test or tasksThere are two different options for Cambridge IGCSE:Syllabus 0510 (speaking endorsement)The components for this syllabus are detailed below: you take two papers – the reading and writing paper,and the listening paper, which together make up your grade. You also take a speaking test or tasks, and aregiven a separate result for your speaking skills.Let’s look at the first two papers you will take. If your teacher thinks you should enter for the Core level ofexamination, you will take Papers 1 and 3. If your teacher thinks you should enter for the Extended level ofexamination, you will take Papers 2 and 4.Your teacher will assess your skills towards the end of your Cambridge IGCSE course and will discuss withyou which papers and which level of examination (Core or Extended) you should take. You may also wish todiscuss the decision with your parents.Papernumberand level ofexaminationHow long andhow many marks?What’s in the paper?What’s the % ofthe total mark?Paper 1Reading andwriting (Core)1 hour 30 minutes(70 marks)Exercises 1 and 2 – ReadingExercise 3 – Reading and writing combinedExercise 4 – Making notesExercise 5 – SummarisingExercises 6 and 7 – Writing70%Paper 2Readingand writing(Extended)2 hours(90 marks)Exercises 1 and 2 – ReadingExercise 3 – Reading and writing combinedExercise 4 – Making notesExercise 5 – SummarisingExercises 6 and 7 – Writing70%Paper 3Listening(Core)Approximately40 minutes(30 marks)Listening to and understanding shortconversations and monologues, and longerinterviews and talks.30%50 minutes(40 marks)Listening to and understanding shortconversations and monologues, and longerinterviews and talks.30%Which skills are being tested?OR: OR: Paper 4Listening(Extended)Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language 0510/05115

Section 1: How will you be tested?The third paper you take is either Paper 5 or Paper 6, which tests your speaking skills.PapernumberHow long andhow many marks?What’s in the paper?What’s the % ofthe total mark?Paper 5SpeakingUp to 15 minutes30 marksA conversation with the teacher/Examinerabout a topic on a card chosen by the teacher/Examiner.A separate resultfor speaking isgiven.Completed duringyour course.(30 marks)Coursework – three different speakingactivities, e.g. roleplay, telephoneconversation, interview.A separate resultfor speaking isgiven.OR: Paper 6SpeakingcourseworkThe tests will be conducted and marked byyour teacher during your course.These speaking tests do not contribute to your overall result, because they are marked separately, and youwill be given a result as a grade of 1 (high) to 5 (low) for speaking.You should ask your teacher if you are taking Paper 5 or 6.Syllabus 0511 (count-in speaking)The components for this syllabus are detailed below. For count-in speaking the mark for your speaking testis included in your overall grade. 30% of your overall mark is shared between listening and speaking – 15%for each skill.Papernumberand level ofexaminationHow long andhow many marks?What’s in the paper?What’s the % ofthe total mark?Paper 1Reding andwriting (Core)1 hour 30 minutes(70 marks)Exercises 1 and 2 – ReadingExercise 3 – Reading and writing combinedExercise 4 – Making notesExercise 5 – SummarisingExercises 6 and 7 – Writing70%Paper 2Readingand writing(Extended)2 hours(90 marks)Exercises 1 and 2 – ReadingExercise 3 – Reading and writing combinedExercise 4 – Making notesExercise 5 – SummarisingExercises 6 and 7 – Writing70%Paper 3Listening(Core)Approximately40 minutes(30 marks)Listening to and understanding shortconversations and monologues, and longerinterviews and talks.15%50 minutes(40 marks)Listening to and understanding shortconversations and monologues, and longerinterviews and talks.15%Which skills are being tested?OR: OR: Paper 4Listening(Extended)6Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language 0510/0511

Section 1: How will you be tested?Papernumberand level ofexaminationHow long andhow many marks?What’s in the paper?What’s the % ofthe total mark?Paper 5SpeakingApproximately15 minutes30 marksA conversation with the teacher/Examinerabout a topic on a card chosen by the teacher/Examiner.15%Completed duringyour course.(30 marks)Coursework – three different speakingactivities, e.g. roleplay, telephoneconversation, interview.15%Which skills are being tested?OR: Paper 6SpeakingcourseworkThe tests will be conducted and marked byyour teacher during your course.The reading and writing paper and the listening paper are exactly the same as for syllabus 0510. TheSpeaking test or coursework is the same too. The only difference is the way the final marks are allocated.Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language 0510/05117

Section 1: How will you be tested?8Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language 0510/0511

Section 2: Examination adviceSection 2: Examination adviceThis section gives you advice to help you do as well as you can. Some of the ideas are general advice andsome are based on the common mistakes that learners make in exams.Reading and writing: Paper 1 (Core)Paper 2 (Extended)Exercises 1 and 2 Read quickly (skim) through the text – concentrate on finding the main idea in each paragraph. As youread, underline any names, numbers or dates. Use the pictures and other visuals to help you understand. Read the questions carefully and make a note of any questions that need two pieces of information inthe answer. Underline the question word and think about what it means: ‘Where’ means ‘a place’; ‘How’ means ‘inwhat way’, and ‘Why’ means ‘look for a reason or cause’. Underline other important words in the question – nouns and verbs provide information that you mightneed to find in the text. Try to match the words in the question with the correct point in the text. This is called scanning. Whenyou locate the sentence, read it more carefully to find the exact answer. If you can’t match any words,remember, the word in the question might be a synonym (a different word that has the same meaning)of the word in the text. If you still can’t locate the right answer, read up or down from the sentence youfound, or make a guess. Don’t write full sentences in your answer. Keep your answers short – a date or number or a fewwords will be enough to get a mark. Too much writing can waste your time, and, if you give too muchinformation, you might include wrong details which could mean you lose a mark. You can copy the words from the text – you don’t need to use your own words. If you write in your ownwords, you won’t lose a mark as long as you include all the correct information needed in the question. Look out for and learn the meaning of signpost phrases such as ‘apart from’, or ‘rather than’, or‘According to the graph’, and make sure you understand what they refer to. Remember that the questions follow the order of the text in Exercises 1 and 2. The only exception tothis is in Paper 2 (Extended) – in Exercise 2 you need to look back at the whole text to find answers tothe last question.Exercise 3 The first thing to remember is that this exercise is not only a test of reading and comprehension, but alsoa test of writing. This means that you must be completely accurate in spelling. Handwriting is important too, because you often have to write names, addresses, or other proper nouns.Examiners are looking for the correct use of capital letters, so you must make these completely clearwhen you write. If you have to write an answer on the line, remember to make it a short answer. Do you know how to use the instructions ‘Tick’, ‘Underline’, ‘Circle’, and ‘Delete’? If not, ask yourteacher to explain.Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language 0510/05119

Section 2: Examination advice Remember that you’re completing this exercise as if you are the person in the text, so you must use ‘I’or ‘we’. Answers with ‘he’, ‘she’, or ‘they’ will get no marks. The last section of this exercise is different:Extended – one sentence – make sure it is: a) within the word limit, b) completely accurate andc) relevant (it answers the question).Core – two sentences – make sure they are: a) completely accurate and b) relevant (they answer thequestion).–What does accuracy mean?–Start your sentence with a capital letter.–Finish your sentence with a full stop.–Write a full and complete sentence, using a subject and verb.–Don’t start your sentence with ‘and’, ‘but’ or ‘because’.Exercise 4 Use the same skills for reading and understanding as you did in Exercises 1 and 2. Try to connect the headings with parts of the text, so that your answers correspond to the right heading.Correct answers in the wrong place don’t get any marks. Notice the bullet points at the beginning of each line and write short answers that fit the space on theline – remember this is a note-taking exercise. Although your answer must be short, make sure you include all the key information.Exercise 5In this exercise you need to write a summary based on the text you have read.In a summary you should: Keep to the word limit – before the examination, check how many words you write on a line, then you’llknow approximately how many lines you will need. Include all the key facts relating to the subject of your summary. This will mean looking again at theentire text and underlining relevant points. Try to connect your ideas into a paragraph using linking words. If you use your own words instead of copying from the text, you have more chance of getting a highermark for language.Paper 1 (Core)10 Use your notes from Exercise 4, but you might not need all of them. Don’t just make a list of the points in your notes. Try to write connected sentences. Linking words willhelp you do this. Keep on the topic and use your own words if you can.Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language 0510/0511

Section 2: Examination advicePaper 2 (Extended) Read the instructions carefully – do you need to summarise the whole text or just part of it? Don’t wastetime reading unnecessary parts of the text. Practise synonym (different words that have the same meaning) exercises to help you use your ownwords. Practise connecting phrases to create sentences, and connecting sentences to create paragraphs.Exercises 6 and 7 – General adviceThese exercises ask you to write in two different styles – usually an informal piece and an opinion piece ofwriting.Make sure you: Write at least the minimum word length. Use paragraphs to show your different ideas. Keep to the topic – it’s easy to wander away from the subject. Remind yourself by looking again at thequestion. Try to write fluently – use words and phrases to connect your thoughts. Don’t use mobile/cell text language – this is a test of English language.Exercise 6 Think about who you are writing to. Try to write as if you are talking to this person and you’ll automatically use the right tone and register. Don’t forget any of the bullet points – you’ll lose marks if you do. Write a paragraph for each bullet point – it will give your writing good balance. It’s a good idea to give your writing a start and a finish. If you don’t, it can become more like a story, andyou might lose the tone. Try to make your writing enjoyable to read. If you like using idioms, be careful not to use too many. It can make your writing sound unnatural.Exercise 7 Decide right at the start if you’re going to write about the topic from two sides (for and against) or fromjust one (your opinion). If you write a two-sided (balanced) piece of writing, don’t forget to include your opinion in the lastparagraph. If you want to write only from your own point of view, include it in the first paragraph. You can use the phrases and opinions given in the question, but if you want to get higher marks, youmust develop these ideas and not just copy them. Try to think of your own ideas on the topic. Remember to organise your writing: include an introduction, one paragraph for each idea in the middlesection, and a conclusion. Try to keep a few minutes at the end to read through and check your spelling and grammar.Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language 0510/051111

Section 2: Examination adviceListening: Paper 3 (Core)Paper 4 (Extended)General advice Make sure you read the introduction to each question, as this often provides clues as to what willhappen in the exercise. Anticipate (predict) who’s going to speak; where they are; what they’re going to talk about. Remember, part of the skill of listening is to be able to predict what might be said next (‘pre-listening’) You hear everything twice – concentrate all the time and make notes or underline words to help you. Be careful with numbers – if you write a number in your answer, you might need to include a unit – is itkilos, , metres, tonnes? Notice any question that needs two details to get one mark or two marks, and make sure you separatethe answers clearly. In gap-filling exercises, use your knowledge of grammar to help you work out what kind of word could fitin the gaps (could it be a noun, verb, adverb?) For longer answers, make sure you have communicated the idea clearly. If you don’t know a word, try towrite exactly what you hear.Paper 5 Speaking12 Remember that the warm up part of the test is not marked. The teacher/examiner will start with ageneral, informal, chat just to get you settled down and comfortable. This should be your aim in thewarm up – to calm yourself down and get ready. It might be useful if you mention your particular interests (hobbies, things you like doing, current issuesthat are on your mind, things you feel strongly about), during the warm up. One of the topic cards mightbe a good choice for you – but remember, it’s not you but the examiner who chooses the topic card. You should know exactly how the speaking test will run. The examiner will explain this at the beginning.If not, please ask the examiner to explain what will happen during the test. You will need to ask thisbefore the examiner gives you the topic card. You will have some time (2–3 minutes) to look at the topic card and think about what you want to say inthe conversation. You can’t make any notes here, but you can ask any questions at this point. You canplan to include three or four talking points of your own (i.e. that are not suggested on the card). This willhelp to make the conversation more interesting, and it might lead to a higher mark. In other words, youcan talk about more than the five or six points listed on the card – you can take the conversation intoother areas of the same topic. Don’t worry about the topics that might come up, before the examination. The topics are chosen so thatconversations can be developed easily – you don’t need to have any expert knowledge of any of thetopics. It is not necessary, therefore, to try and revise any topics which you think might be used. Thetest is not about how much you know about a topic, it is about how well you can have a conversationabout it. The test is not about delivering a speech. If you find that you are doing this, something is wrong, andyou should try to return to having a genuine conversation with the examiner. Your examiner will belistening carefully and should stop speeches taking place.Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language 0510/0511

Section 2: Examination advice Your examiner will be listening for:1) Structure – using spoken language, sentences and phrases, accurately.2) Vocabulary – using a wide range of words.3) Fluency – a two-way conversation, perhaps extending the prompts/ideas that the examiner hasintroduced. The key to success in this test is to be relaxed. If you feel that you have enjoyed a ‘good chat’ with theexaminer – a chat based on and keeping to the topic – then it’s likely that you have performed well.If you read these tips a few times before you take your Cambridge IGCSE examination, hopefully yourconfidence will increase.Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language 0510/051113

Section 2: Examination advice14Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language 0510/0511

Section 3: What will be test

Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language . 0510 (speaking endorsement) 0511* (count-in speaking) *This syllabus is approved for use in England, Wales and Northern Ireland as a Cambridge In

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