Study Guide Refrigeration And Air Conditioning Mechanic

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Study GuideRefrigeration and Air ConditioningMechanicDepartment of Advanced Education, Skills and Labour

Apprenticeship and CertificationStudy GuideRefrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanic(Based on 2014 NOA)Government of Newfoundland and LabradorDepartment of Advanced Education, Skills and LabourApprenticeship and Trades Certification DivisionVersion 6April 2019

Table of ContentsIntroduction . 3Exam Process . 4Before the Exam. 4During the Exam. 4After the Exam . 4Exam Format . 5Exam Content . 9Understanding the National Occupational Analysis (NOA) . 9Exam Breakdown . 11NOA Sub-tasks. 12Task Profile Checklist . 13Create a Study Plan . 17Resources - Websites . 20Resources – Book List. 21Conclusion . 22Appendices:Appendix A:Regional Offices . 23Appendix B:Calculator Use . 24Appendix C:Answer Sheet Example . 25

IntroductionThis Study Guide has been developed by the Newfoundland and Labrador Department ofAdvanced Education, Skills and Labour, Apprenticeship and Trades Certification Division, toassist apprentices and trade qualifiers as they prepare to write the Interprovincial (IP) Red SealExam. IP Exams are available for all Red Seal trades. For a list of Interprovincial trades pleaserefer to the Department of Advanced Education, Skills and Labour Some of the specific goals of this guide are: to help you understand the skills and knowledge that might be covered on the exam to help you identify your strengths and weaknesses to provide organization and structure for a course of study to provide a list of resources to help you with your study plan to support and supplement the teaching and learning processThis study guide outlines the theoretical portion of the program. The intent is not to replacetechnical training provided under the guidance of instructors. Rather, it is a tool to be used inconjunction with formal training.Study Guide RACM 20193

Exam ProcessBefore the ExamYou must contact the nearest Apprenticeship and Trades Certification Divisional office to makerequest to write the IP Red Seal exam (See Appendix A for a list of regional offices). Uponapproval, the Apprenticeship Program Officer (APO) will notify you of your eligibility to writethe exam, and provide you with scheduling information. If you require special accommodationsdue to a disability or language barrier, please contact your regional office for information onapplying for this service.During the ExamYou must bring: personal identification such as a photo or signature ID or valid Newfoundlandand Labrador driver’s license your notification letterThe following will be provided: a calculator (see Appendix B for calculator information) all other items required such as pencils, scrap paper, etc.Important Note:Personal cell phones, calculators, or other electronic equipment are NOT allowed into theexam room. If you do bring them, they will be stored away and returned to you when youhave completed the exam.After the ExamResults will be mailed to you approximately seven to ten days after completion of the exam. Allnecessary instructions and information will be provided in the results letter.The percentage mark you obtained will be provided. You will also be given a section by sectionbreakdown, showing how many questions were in each section, as well as the number ofquestions in each section you completed successfully.If you are successful in obtaining a 70% or more on your exam, you will be issued aNewfoundland and Labrador Certificate of Qualification with a Red Seal endorsement.4Study Guide RACM 2019

Exam FormatAll IP Red Seal exams are written in multiple-choice format. Each exam has between 100 and150 questions. A multiple choice question consists of a stem (a complete question) followed byfour options (A, B, C, D). The stem contains all the information necessary to answer thequestion. The options consist of the one correct answer and three “distracters.” Distractersare incorrect. (See Appendix C for a sample answer sheet).IP Red Seal exams contain three types of questions:Level 1Knowledge and RecallLevel 2Procedural and ApplicationLevel 3Critical ThinkingQuestions at this level test your ability to recall and understand definitions, facts,and principles.Questions at this level test your ability to apply your knowledge of procedures toa new situation.Questions at this level test your ability to interpret data, solve problems andarrive at valid conclusions.On the following pages, examples of each of the three types of questions are provided.Level 1 Examples:1. When constructing a walk-in freezer box, where is the installation of thevapor barrier present?A.B.C.D.Inside on the coldest side.Outside on the warmest side.Around door sill only.Only required in floor and ceiling construction.Study Guide RACM 20195

2. What is an indication of a plugged metering device?A.B.C.D.High suction pressure.High suction gas superheat.No condenser subcooling.High discharge gas temperature.3. What is the principal function of the expansion tank in a hot water system?A. It allows the volume of the water in the systemto change to maintain working pressure.B. It collects the air in the system, thus preventingair lock of the system while in operation.C. It provides the necessary space for the airrequired in the system.D. It acts as a safety chamber in case of over firingof the boiler.Level 2 Examples:1. What amperage capacity should the supply wiring be rated for arefrigerated fixture which has a 208V power supply and the followingloads?-4 Evaporator fan motors rated at 9 W each-2 Defrost heaters rated at 6 A each-6 Fluorescent lights rated at 40 W each-1 strip mullion heater rated at 3 AA.B.C.D.615 A.20 A.30 A.40 A.Study Guide RACM 2019

2. When testing a compressor motor winding with a megger, what readingwould indicate a good clean system?A.B.C.D.2000 megaohms.0.0002 megaohms.Zero megaohms.Infinity.3. Which three instruments are required to check the calibration of anenthalpy control on the economizer of a rooftop air conditioning unit?A.B.C.D.Voltmeter, ammeter and ohmmeter.Manometer, Pitot tube and thermometer.Draft gauge, manometer and thermometer.Thermometer, sling psychrometer and ultimeter.Level 3 Examples:1. What is the minimum required sleeve size when installing a 50 mm (2 in.)nominal pipe with 38 mm (1 ½ in.) insulation through a 200 mm (8 in.)concrete block exterior wall?A. 50 mm/2 in.B. 100 mm/4 in.C. 150 mm/6 in.D. 200 mm/8 in.Study Guide RACM 20197

2. What is the cooling capacity of a water chiller operating with a 4.4 C (40 F)evaporating temperature, return water temperature of 10 C (50 F) and a7.2 C (45 F) supply water temperature if the water flow rate is measuredat 682.5 L/min (150 gal./min)?A. 87 000 W/ 300 000 Btu/h.B. 109 875 W/ 375 000 Btu/h.C. 131 850 W/ 450 000 Btu/h.D. 153 825 W/ 525 000 Btu/h.3. When diagnosing the motor windings of a hermetic compressor, thefollowing values are noted:Common-to-start: 18 Start-to-run 21 What should the common-to-run value be?A. 3 .B. 18 .C. 21 .D. 39 .Source of 4ns-eng.html?tid 2028Study Guide RACM 2019

Exam ContentUnderstanding the National Occupational Analysis (NOA)The NOA is a document used for Red Seal trades that describes the knowledge, skills andabilities required by a fully competent tradesperson working in that trade. The content for theIP Red Seal exam is based on the NOA. The NOA is an excellent tool to use as you study for theRed Seal exam. NOAs can be found at material is organized into major content areas called BLOCKS. The blocks are furtherbroken down into TASKS and SUB-TASKS.NOAStudy Guide RACM 2019BlocksBlocks Tasks Sub-tasks9

NOA Pie ChartThe NOA Pie Chart presents the block percentages in the form of a pie chart which tells you theapproximate number of questions from each block. For example, 9% of the questions on theRefrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanic Exam will be based on Block A.Refrigeration and Air Conditioning MechanicBLOCK TITLESBlock AOccupational SkillsBlock BInstallation PlanningBlock C10Block DCommissioningBlock EMaintenance and ServiceInstallationStudy Guide RACM 2019

Exam BreakdownThe Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanic IP Red Seal Exam has 125 questions. Thefollowing table shows a breakdown of the approximate number of questions that come fromeach NOA block. It is important to note that the number of questions can change at any time.When you are ready to write your exam you may contact your regional office to verify thenumber of questions (See Appendix A).# of QuestionsBlock ATask 1Task 2Task 3Block BTask 4Task 5Block CCommon Occupational SkillsPerforms safety related functionsUses and maintains tools and equipmentOrganizes workRoutine Trade ActivitiesPerforms work site preparationPerforms routine trade activitiesInstallation PlanningTask 6Plans installation of HVAC/R systemsTask 7Block DTask 8Task 9Block ETask 10Task 11Block FTask 12Task 13Task 14Plans installation of control systemsInstallationInstalls HVAC/R systemsInstalls control systemsCommissioningCommissions HVAC/R systemsCommissions control systemsMaintenance and ServiceMaintains HVAC/R systemsServices HVAC/R systemsMaintains and services control systemsTotalStudy Guide RACM 201911181723213512511

NOA Sub-tasksThe following NOA Task Profile Checklist outlines the blocks, tasks and sub-tasks for your trade.The IP Red Seal exam is written to test your knowledge and abilities regarding the sub-tasks inthe NOA. This chart can be used to review your current knowledge. You can review by placinga checkmark ( ) next to those you understand fully.Place your focus on those you do not understand and study them until you are comfortablewith the material. Think of possible questions in that particular content area.The NOA also contains a list of “supporting knowledge and abilities” for each sub-task. Theyare the skills and knowledge you must have to perform a sub-task. The supporting knowledgeand abilities identified under each sub-task will be very helpful as you review. The list can befound in the NOA for your trade.12Study Guide RACM 2019

Task Profile ChecklistBased on 2014 NOARefrigeration and Air Conditioning MechanicBlock A: Common Occupational SkillsSub-Tasks Task 1: Performs Safety Related Functions Maintains safe work environment Performs lock-out, tag-out and isolation procedures Uses personal protection equipment (PPE) and safety equipment Task 2: Uses and Maintains Tools and Equipment Maintains hand tools Maintains portable and stationary power tools Maintains brazing and soldering equipmentSub-Tasks Maintains recovery and recycling equipment Maintains evacuation tools and equipment Maintains charging tools and equipment Maintains diagnostic and measuring tools and equipment Uses access equipment Uses rigging, hoisting and lifting equipment Uses digital technology Task 3: Organizes WorkSub-Tasks Interprets codes, regulations and procedures Interprets blueprints and specifications Uses documentation and reference material Plans job tasks and procedures Communicates with othersStudy Guide RACM 201913

Block B: Routine Trade ActivitiesSub-Tasks Task 4: Performs Work Site Preparation Prepares work site Handles materials and supplies Installs fasteners, brackets and hangers Task 5: Performs Routine Trade Activities Uses refrigerants, gases and oilsSub-Tasks Performs brazing and soldering Performs leak and pressure tests on system Evacuates systems Performs field wiring of systems Applies sealants and adhesivesBlock C: Installation Planning Task 6: Plans Installation HVAC/R Systems Verifies HVAC/R system parameters and requirementsSub-Tasks Selects HVAC/R equipment, components and accessories Determines placement of HVAC/R equipment, components and accessories Performs HVAC/R material take-off Task 7: Plans Installation of Control SystemsSub-Tasks Verifies control system parameters and requirements14 Selects control system components and accessories Determines placement of control system components and accessories Performs control system take offStudy Guide RACM 2019

Block D: Installation Task 8: Installs HVAC/R Systems Confirms system layoutSub-Tasks Assembles HVAC/R equipment, components and accessories Places HVAC/R equipment, components and accessories Installs HVAC/R piping and tubing Applies HVAC/R holding chargeSub-Tasks Task 9: Installs Control Systems Places control system components Connects system wiring and control tubingBlock E: CommissioningSub-Tasks Task 10: Commissions HVAC/R Systems Performs pre start-up checks HVAC/R systemsStarts up of HVAC/R systemsCompletes HVAC/R system chargeSets up primary and secondary HVAC/R componentsSub-Tasks Task 11: Commissions Control Systems Performs start-up checks for control systems Verifies/sets operating parametersStudy Guide RACM 201915

Block F: Maintenance and ServiceSub-Tasks Task 12: Maintains HVAC/R Systems Inspects HVAC/R systems Performs predictive and scheduled maintenance on HVAC/R systems Tests HVAC/R system components and accessoriesSub-Tasks Task 13: Services HVAC/R Systems Trouble-shoots HVAC/R systems Repairs HVAC/R systemsSub-Tasks Task 14: Maintains and Services Control Systems16 Performs maintenance on control systemsTroubleshoots control systemsRepairs control systemsCalibrates operating and safety controlsStudy Guide RACM 2019

Create a Study PlanAs you prepare for your exam, it is important to plan a schedule. The following two tables willhelp you stay on track.The first table is a “Weekly Study Plan.” In this table list the areas you will focus your studyfor each day. You should include items you need to review as well as items you need to study.Remember, more time will be needed for study in areas you find difficult, whereas you mayonly require review in areas you are more familiar with. As you work through the NOA subtask list you can start to fill in this table.The second table is a “Study Time Table.” It is important to create a study schedule whereyou determine the best days of the week and times of day for you to study.Print several copies of these tables and fill out for each week of study. It is important to stickto your study schedule.Study Guide RACM 201917

Weekly Study Plan for Week of:Area of Study 1Mon.Tues.Wed.Thu.Fri.Sat.Sun.Area of Study 2Area of Study 3Area of Study 4Area of Study 5Area of Study 6

Study Time Table for Week of:Monday8:00 AM 9:00 AM9:00 AM 10:00 AM10:00 AM 11:00 AM11:00 AM 12:00 Noon12:00 Noon1:00 PM1:00 PM 2:00 PM2:00 PM 3:00 PM3:00 PM 4:00 PM4:00 PM 5:00 PM5:00 PM 6:00 PM6:00 PM 7:00 PM7:00 PM 8:00 PMTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFridaySaturdaySunday

Resources - WebsitesStudy information can be drawn from a variety of sources. A sample list of study materials(websites and books) is provided below. These and other helpful resources may be found in alocal college bookstore, on the internet, or at your place of employment. You may also be ableto borrow them from an apprentice or journeyperson in your trade.Study Strategies and Exam Preparation GuideThe Study Strategies & Exam Preparation Guide is meant to be used in conjunction with this studyguide. It provides direction and information on such areas as study habits, test preparation and testtaking techniques.Exam Preparation Guide website: prep guide.pdfPlan of Training (POT)A Provincial Plan of Training details the full scope of learning for a particular occupation, including bothtechnical training competencies and industry experiences necessary to write an IP Red Seal exam (andcomplete the requirements for Red Seal Certification), or to write a provincial examination. The Plan ofTraining is based on the NOA.POT Website: Seal WebsiteNational Occupational Analysis - The NOA is a document used for Red Seal trades that describes theknowledge and abilities required by a fully competent tradesperson working in that trade. The contentfor the IP exam is based on the NOA.Red Seal Website: and Air Conditioning Mechanic PRACTICE ExamThis is NOT an IP exam. This is a practice exam provided by the Inter-provincial Standards Red SealProgram. It was developed using similar question types to that of a Red Seal exam. The exam isintended to be used for self-assessment in preparation for writing an IP Exam.Practice Exam s-eng.html?tid 202Glossary of TermsThe Red Seal website also lists a Glossary of Terms which will be helpful in preparing for your IP 1 .1ppb gl.4ss.1ry-eng.html20Study Guide RACM 2019

Resources – Book ListThe books listed below are sorted according to NOA blocks as referenced throughout this study guide. You canuse this list to help you obtain information on specific topics. It is not necessary to use these books specifically, asyou may find others that will be equally beneficial.BookthModern Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, 18editionstModern Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, 1editionthRefrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 4editionHeating and Cooling EssentialsOzone Depleting Substance RegulationsthElectricity and Controls for HVAC/R, 4 editionPractical Problems in Mathematics for Heating andthCooling Technicians, 4 editionMechanical Refrigeration Code B52-05Canadian Electrical Code Part I 2009 W/PocketguiderdBlueprints and Plans for HVAC, 3 editionBlockABlockBBlockCBlockDBlockE BTU BuddystUnderstanding Electricity and Wiring Diagrams, 1editionGuide to the HVAC/R Certification and CompetencyndTests, 2 edition If you wish to obtain any of the resources listed above, here is the reference information:

Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanic PRACTICE Exam . This is NOT an IP exam. This is a practice exam provided by the Inter-provincial Standards Red Seal Program. It was developed using similar question types to that of a Red Seal exam. The exam is intended to be used f

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