SECTION IX

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falatghareh.irfalatghareh.irASME B PVC.I X-2019SECTION IXWe l d i n g , Br a zi n g , a n d Fu si n g Qu alific ations2019ASME Boiler andPressure Vessel CodeAn International CodeQual i fi cat i on St and ard forWe l d i ng , Brazi ng , an d Fu sin gP roc e d ure s; We l d e rs; Bra zers;and We l d i ng , B razi ng, a n dFusi ng Op e rat ors-- , , ,, , ,, , , ,,, - - ,, ,, , ,, ---Copyright ASME International (BPVC)Provided by IHS under license with ASMENo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHSLicensee Khalda Petroleum/5986215001, User Amer, MohamedNot for Resale, 07/02/2019 13:22:09 MDT

falatghareh.irfalatghareh.irMarkings such as “ASME,” “ASME Standard,” or any other marking including “ASME,” ASMElogos, or the ASME Single Certification Mark shall not be used on any item that is not constructedin accordance with all of the applicable requirements of the Code or Standard. Use of ASME’sname or logos or of the ASME Single Certification Mark requires formal ASME certification; if nocertification program is available, such ASME markings may not be used. (For Certification andAccreditation Programs, see ation.)Items produced by parties not formally possessing an ASME Certificate may not be described,either explicitly or implicitly, as ASME certified or approved in any code forms or other document.-- , , ,, , ,, , , ,,, - - ,, ,, , ,, ---Copyright ASME International (BPVC)Provided by IHS under license with ASMENo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHSLicensee Khalda Petroleum/5986215001, User Amer, MohamedNot for Resale, 07/02/2019 13:22:09 MDT

falatghareh.irfalatghareh.irAN INTERNATIONAL CODE2019 ASME Boiler &Pressure Vessel Code2019 EditionJuly 1, 2019IXQUALIFICATION STANDARDFOR WELDING, BRAZING, ANDFUSING PROCEDURES;WELDERS; BRAZERS; ANDWELDING, BRAZING, ANDFUSING OPERATORSASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committeeon Welding, Brazing, and FusingTwo Park Avenue New York, NY 10016 USA-- , , ,, , ,, , , ,,, - - ,, ,, , ,, ---Copyright ASME International (BPVC)Provided by IHS under license with ASMENo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHSLicensee Khalda Petroleum/5986215001, User Amer, MohamedNot for Resale, 07/02/2019 13:22:09 MDT

falatghareh.irfalatghareh.irDate of Issuance: July 1, 2019This international code or standard was developed under procedures accredited as meeting the criteria forAmerican National Standards and it is an American National Standard. The Standards Committee that approvedthe code or standard was balanced to assure that individuals from competent and concerned interests havehad an opportunity to participate. The proposed code or standard was made available for public review and comment that provides an opportunity for additional public input from industry, academia, regulatory agencies, andthe public-at-large.ASME does not “approve," "certify," “rate,” or “endorse” any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity.ASME does not take any position with respect to the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with anyitems mentioned in this document, and does not undertake to insure anyone utilizing a standard against liabilityfor infringement of any applicable letters patent, nor assume any such liability. Users of a code or standard areexpressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of infringement of suchrights, is entirely their own responsibility.Participation by federal agency representative(s) or person(s) affiliated with industry is not to be interpreted asgovernment or industry endorsement of this code or standard.ASME accepts responsibility for only those interpretations of this document issued in accordance with the established ASME procedures and policies, which precludes the issuance of interpretations by individuals.The endnotes and preamble in this document (if any) are part of this American National Standard.ASME Collective Membership MarkASME Single Certification Mark"ASME" and the above ASME symbols are registered trademarks of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers.No part of this document may be reproduced in any form, in an electronicretrieval system or otherwise, without the prior written permission of thepublisher.Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 56-3934Printed in the United States of AmericaAdopted by the Council of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1914; latest edition 2019.The American Society of Mechanical EngineersTwo Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990Copyright 2019 byTHE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERSAll rights reserved-- , , ,, , ,, , , ,,, - - ,, ,, , ,, ---Copyright ASME International (BPVC)Provided by IHS under license with ASMENo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHSLicensee Khalda Petroleum/5986215001, User Amer, MohamedNot for Resale, 07/02/2019 13:22:09 MDT

falatghareh.irfalatghareh.irList of Sections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Statement of Policy on the Use of the ASME Single Certification Mark and Code Authorization in AdvertisingStatement of Policy on the Use of ASME Marking to Identify Manufactured Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Submittal of Technical Inquiries to the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Standards Committees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Summary of Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .List of Changes in Record Number Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Cross-Referencing and Stylistic Changes in the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xxiixivxivxvxviiixlxliiixlixliiPart QGQG-100QG-109General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114Part QWWelding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15Article W-180QW-190Welding General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . .Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Weld Orientation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Test Positions for Groove Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Test Positions for Fillet Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Types and Purposes of Tests and Examinations .Tension Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Guided‐Bend Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Toughness Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Fillet‐Weld Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Other Tests and Examinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1515151516161718191921Article IIQW-200QW-210QW-220QW-250QW-290Welding Procedure QualificationsGeneral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Preparation of Test Coupon . . . . . . . .Hybrid Welding Procedure VariablesWelding Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Temper Bead Welding . . . . . . . . . . . .292932343468Article IIIQW-300QW-310QW-320QW-350QW-360QW-380Welding Performance Qualifications . .General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Qualification Test Coupons . . . . . . . . . . . .Retests and Renewal of Qualification . . . .Welding Variables for Welders . . . . . . . . .Welding Variables for Welding OperatorsSpecial Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72727475767778Article g Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Technique . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Base Metal Groupings . . . . . . . . . . . .F‐Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Weld Metal Chemical Composition .Specimens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81819195171181182187.iiiCopyright ASME International (BPVC)Provided by IHS under license with ASMENo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHSLicensee Khalda Petroleum/5986215001, User Amer, MohamedNot for Resale, 07/02/2019 13:22:09 MDT-- , , ,, , ,, , , ,,, - - ,, ,, , ,, ---TABLE OF CONTENTS

falatghareh.irfalatghareh.irQW-470Etching — Processes and ReagentsArticle VQW-500QW-510QW-520QW-530QW-540Standard Welding Procedure Specifications (SWPSs)General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Adoption of SWPSs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Use of SWPSs Without Discrete Demonstration . . . . . . . .Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Production Use of SWPSs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .231231231231232232Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .233Article Brazing General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Braze Orientation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Test Positions for Lap, Butt, Scarf, or Rabbet JointsTypes and Purposes of Tests and Examinations . . .Tension Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Guided‐Bend Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Peel Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Sectioning Tests and Workmanship Coupons . . . . .233233233233234234235236236Article XIIQB-200QB-210QB-250Brazing Procedure Qualifications .General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Preparation of Test Coupon . . . . . . . .Brazing Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .237237239239Article XIIIQB-300QB-310QB-320QB-350Brazing Performance Qualifications . . . . . . . . . . . . .General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Qualification Test Coupons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Retests and Renewal of Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Brazing Variables for Brazers and Brazing Operators.243243244244244Article XIVQB-400QB-410QB-420QB-430QB-450QB-460Brazing Data .Variables . . . . .Technique . . . .P‐Numbers . . .F‐Numbers . . .Specimens . . .Graphics . . . . .245245246246246249253Plastic Fusing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .272Article XXIQF-100QF-110QF-120QF-130QF-140Plastic Fusing General Requirements .Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Fused Joint Orientation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Test Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Data Acquisition and Evaluation . . . . . . .Examinations and Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . .272272272272272273Article XXIIQF-200QF-220QF-250Fusing Procedure Qualifications . . . . . .General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Standard Fusing Procedure SpecificationsFusing Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .279279282286Article XXIIIQF-300QF-310QF-320QF-360Plastic Fusing Performance Qualifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Qualification Test Coupons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Retests and Renewal of Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Essential Variables for Performance Qualification of Fusing Operators.289289290290290Article XXIVQF-400Plastic Fusing Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .292292Part QB-- , , ,, , ,, , , ,,, - - ,, ,, , ,, ---Part QF.ivCopyright ASME International (BPVC)Provided by IHS under license with ASMENo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHSLicensee Khalda Petroleum/5986215001, User Amer, MohamedNot for Resale, 07/02/2019 13:22:09 MDT.229

80QF-490Material GroupingsPipe Fusing Limits .Graphics . . . . . . . . .Forms . . . . . . . . . . .Definitions . . . . . . .293294295308322Nonmandatory Appendix BB-100Welding and Brazing Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .323323Nonmandatory Appendix DP‐Number Listing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .334Mandatory Appendix EPermitted SWPSs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .353Mandatory Appendix FStandard Units for Use in Equations.356Nonmandatory Appendix GG-100G-200G-300Guidance for the Use of U.S. Customary and SI Units in the ASME Boilerand Pressure Vessel Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Use of Units in Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Guidelines Used to Develop SI Equivalents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Soft Conversion Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .357357357359Nonmandatory Appendix HH-100H-200H-300H-400H-500Waveform Controlled Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Waveform Controlled Welding and Heat Input DeterminationNew Procedures Qualifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Existing Qualified Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Performance Qualifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .360360360360361361Mandatory Appendix JGuideline for Requesting P-Number Assignments for Base Metals notListed in Table QW/QB-422 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Request Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Submittals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .362362362362Guidance on Invoking Section IX Requirements in Other Codes, Standards, Specifications, and Contract Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Background and Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Scope of Section IX and What Referencing Documents Must Address . . . . .Recommended Wording — General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .363363363363Welders and Welding Operators Qualified Under ISO 9606-1:2012 andISO 14732-2013 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Administrative Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Technical Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Testing Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .366366366366366J-100J-200J-300Nonmandatory Appendix KK-100K-200K-300Nonmandatory Appendix -- , , ,, , ,, , , ,,, - - ,, ,, , ,, ---Copyright ASME International (BPVC)Provided by IHS under license with ASMENo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS.Typical Single and Multibead Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Typical Single Bead Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Rounded Indication Charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Positions of Welds — Groove Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Positions of Welds — Fillet Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Groove Welds in Plate — Test Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Groove Welds in Pipe — Test Positions . . . . . . . . . . .

Adopted by the Council of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1914; latest edition 2019. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers Two Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990

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