IATA Guidance Material For Sustainable Aviation Fuel .

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IATA Guidance Material forSustainable Aviation Fuel Management2nd Edition

NOTICEDISCLAIMER. The information contained in thispublication is subject to constant review in thelight of changing government requirements andregulations. No subscriber or other reader shouldact on the basis of any such information withoutreferring to applicable laws and regulations and/or without taking appropriate professional advice.Although every effort has been made to ensureaccuracy, the International Air Transport Associationshall not be held responsible for any loss ordamage caused by errors, omissions, misprintsor misinterpretation of the contents hereof.Furthermore, the International Air TransportAssociation expressly disclaims any and allliability to any person or entity, whether apurchaser of this publication or not, in respect ofanything done or omitted, and the consequencesof anything done or omitted, by any such person orentity in reliance on the contents of this publication. International Air Transport Association. AllRights Reserved. No part of this publicationmay be reproduced, recast, reformatted ortransmitted in any form by any means, electronicor mechanical, including photocopying, recordingor any information storage and retrieval system,without the prior written permission from:Senior Vice PresidentMember & External Relationsand Corporate SecretaryInternational Air Transport Association33, Route de l’Aéroport1215 Geneva 15 AirportSwitzerlandIATA Guidance Material for Sustainable Aviation Fuel ManagementISBN 978-92-9252-774-7 2015 International Air Transport Association. All rights reserved.Montreal—Geneva

Table of ContentsSection 1—Introduction .1Section 2—Key Findings .22.1Technical Certification and Handling of SAF .22.2SAF Sustainability .22.3Compliance with Emissions Regulations .22.4Purchase Contracts and Insurance .3Section 3—Technical Certification and Handling of SAF .43.1Overview .43.2General Caveat .43.3Introduction .43.4Key Definitions .53.5Fuel Specifications .53.6Technical Certification .63.6.1ASTM International .63.6.2UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) Defence Standard (DefStan) 91-91 .73.6.3Canadian General Standards Board (CAN CGSB) .83.6.4Russia and CIS .83.6.5China .83.7Role of Other Entities .93.7.1Aircraft and Engine Manufacturers .93.7.2Regulatory Agencies .93.8Supply Chain Recommended Practices .93.8.1Energy Institute (EI) .93.8.2Joint Inspection Group (JIG) .103.8.3International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) .103.8.4International Air Transport Association (IATA) .103.8.5Airlines for America (A4A) .103.9Supply Chain Quality Control.113.9.1Overview .113.9.2Relevant Quality Control Documents.113.9.3Main Steps along the Supply Chain.123.10Considerations for the Introduction of SAF .133.10.1Blending .132nd Edition 2015i

Guidance Material For Sustainable Aviation Fuel Management3.10.2Batch Traceability . 143.10.3Specific Technical Documentation for SAF . 15Section 4—SAF Sustainability . 164.1Overview . 164.2Introduction . 164.3Key Definition . 164.4Elements of Sustainability Schemes . 174.5Existing Sustainability Certifications . 174.6Airlines‟ Role in Selecting a Sustainability Scheme . 184.7Certificates of Sustainability . 18Section 5—Compliance with Emissions Regulations . 205.1Overview . 205.2Disclaimer . 205.3The EU ETS . 205.4Tracking Quantities of Biojet . 215.5EU ETS Requirements for Tracking Biojet Quantities . 215.5.1Biojet at Non-EU Airports . 22Section 6—Purchase Contracts and Insurance . 236.1Overview . 236.2Introduction . 236.3Analysis of Potential Changes to Fuel Purchase Agreements . 236.3.1Overview of Fuel Purchase Agreements . 236.3.2Changes to the Specimen Agreement for Aviation Fuel Supply . 246.3.3Changes to Annex I: IATA Model General Terms and Conditions . 256.3.4Changes to Annex II: Location Agreement . 256.3.5Changes to Annex III: Safety, Quality and Operations Management . 266.3.6Changes to Annex IV: Administrative Arrangements . 266.3.7Changes to Annex V: Service Agreement. 26Annex I – IATA Airline SAF Accounting Method Proposal . 28A.1Overview . 28A.2Qualifying Airports under the EU ETS. 28A.3Documentation . 28A.4Final Step – Indicating the Mass of Bio-Component on a Memo Item . 29Annex II – Template Spreadsheet for Tracking SAF Purchases . 30Acknowledgements . 31ii2nd Edition 2015

Section 1—IntroductionIn view of the growing demand by airlines for information on standard procedures for the use of SustainableAviation Fuel (SAF), the IATA Operations Committee in 2010 indicated the need to develop guidancematerials for the management of SAF, otherwise known as as biojet fuel, aviation biofuel or sustainableaviation fuel. The IATA language preference is sustainable aviation fuel although all terms imply the samemeaning. The multi-disciplinary nature of SAF-use was supported by the involvement of multiple IATAdepartments who collaborated to produce an outline of this guidance document. The scope includes aspectsof Technical Fuel, Commercial Fuel, and Environment.From early 2011, member airlines and IATA Strategic Partners have been participating in the developmentof this material. Ten airline representatives, SAF producers, and petroleum companies joined IATA staff increating the first edition of the IATA Guidance Material on Biojet Fuel Management, known in short as the„BioGuide‟. With the rapidly evolving technical and certification landscape for SAF fuel it was decided toupdate this document with a second edition effective April 2015.The BioGuide is intended to serve two purposes:1. Inform the reader of existing requirements relating to SAF fuel purchase, handling, and regulations; aswell as,2. Propose industry-standard best practices for managing SAF transactionsThe main questions addressed are: What are the required technical specifications for SAF fuel? What documentation must be provided to track the bio-component and apply for emissions credit? Which supply chain options are available to purchasers of SAF? What terms must be contained in the SAF purchase agreement?The preparation of this document involved:12 A review of technical fuel specifications including ASTM International and DefStan , Analysis of European Commission (EC) legislation to clarify acceptable practices under the EuropeanEmissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), Analysis of different purchase scenarios to identify roles and responsibilities of involved parties, Review and recommendation of updates to the IATA Aviation Fuel Model Purchase Agreement.Note that special attention is given to the European Emissions Trading Scheme (EU-ETS), which requiresoperators to supply detailed evidence material for recognition of SAF use.1Formerly the American Society for Testing and Materials2UK MOD Defence Standard 91-912nd Edition 20151

Guidance Material For Sustainable Aviation Fuel ManagementSection 2— Key Findings2.1Technical Certification and Handling of SAFTo be acceptable to Civil Aviation Authorities aviation turbine fuel must meet strict chemical and physicalcriteria. There exist several specifications that authorities refer to when describing acceptable conventionaljet fuel such as ASTM D1655 and Def Stan 91-91. At the time of issue of this document, different types ofblends have been found to be acceptable for use under these specifications, but must first be certified underASTM D7566. Once the blend has demonstrated compliance with the relevant product specifications, it maybe regarded as equivalent to conventional jet fuel certified under ASTM D1655.2.2SAF SustainabilityThe environmental sustainability of SAF must be verified through a sustainability analysis if the purchaserwishes to benefit from the most prominent renewable fuel incentive programs and to demonstrate theenvironmental benefits of SAF use to passengers and the public (e.g. in corporate social responsibility(CSR) reports). If the analysis deems the fuel compliant, batches of this fuel must be accompanied byappropriate documentation - referred to here under the general term „certificate of sustainability‟ (CoS) – tothe final destination. As one example, the European Commission (EC) has stated that from 2013 a proof ofsustainability will be required for zero-emissions rating of SAF purchased by airlines from the EuropeanEmissions Trading Scheme. Acquiring a CoS is also highly recommended to ensure that SAF meetsrelevant sustainability criteria, such as not causing deforestation, competition with food, or otherunsustainable side-effects.2.3Compliance with Emissions RegulationsThe EC provides guidelines for the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of emissions from aviationactivities for the purposes of the EU ETS. The MRV of the bio-component of SAF blends can only bereasonably achieved through a system based on purchase records. Purchase records and certificates ofsustainability provide sufficient detail of batch contents to satisfy the requirements of the EC. Informationrelating to SAF purchases is provided to airlines by fuel producers, whose records are generally subject toaudit under existing tax codes.Other emissions trading schemes (e.g. New Zealand, Australia) require less detailed evidence about SAFuse from the operator. Other SAF incentive schemes, such as the US Renewable Fuel Standard, givebenefits to producers of sustainable biofuels and do not require any proof of SAF use from operators.22nd Edition 2015

Key Findings2.4Purchase Contracts and InsuranceSAF purchase agreements can be based on the IATA Aviation Fuel Supply Model Agreement (AFSMA) withonly minor modifications. The structure of the AFSMA allows for contracts to establish a set of generalprinciples applicable to purchases at all airports in the Master Agreement plus Location Agreements inwhich details of particular relevance to individual airports, such as logistics and pricing, can be defined.Purchase agreements should also clearly stipulate that records such as the Refinery Certificate of Quality(RCQ) and any agreed documentation relating to the sustainability of SAF be made available to the airline.2nd Edition 20153

Guidance Material For Sustainable Aviation Fuel ManagementSection 3—Technical Certification and Handling of SAF3.1OverviewThis chapter describes the technical certification and handling of batches of SAF. For the purposes of thisdocument, SAF is defined as jet fuel derived from biomass or non-biomass waste and used as a blendingcomponent to meet the relevant specification for use on aircraft, such as ASTM D1655/7566 or DefenceStandard 91-91 (Def Stan 91-91). Today, three different pathways have been approved for use oncommercial airliners: Biomass gasification and synthesis using the Fischer-Tropsch (FT) Hydroprocessing of plant oils and fats (HEFA - hydroprocessed esters and fatty acids) Conversion of plant sugars into Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic (SIP) fuelIn all three cases, neat SAF must be blended with conventional jet fuel before it can meet the standard jetfuel specifications. Other pathways are currently undergoing the certification process and are expected tobecome available in the near term.3.2General CaveatIn general, this guidance material focuses on blends containing jet fuel derived from biomass or nonbiomass waste, explicitly excluding coal to liquid (CTL) jet fuel, gas to liquid (GTL) jet fuel, and other jet fuelnot derived from biomass or non-biomass waste. This exclusion is due to the fact that fuels derived frombiomass or non-biomass waste will generally have lower lifecycle carbon emissions than fossil-derived jetfuel (thus contributing to industry targets for emissions reduction) and may qualify for various financialincentive programs associated with renewable energy, biofuel, and emissions reduction.3.3IntroductionIn order to be used on commercial aircraft and existing fuel storage and handling infrastructure, SAF need tomeet the requirements described in the relevant specifications. Specifications are used to control thechemical and physical properties of aviation turbine fuel (both conventional and SAF) and allow fuel to beperiodically checked for compliance as it travels through the distribution infrastructure to its final destination.Specifications are published by a variety of bodies around the world, including international standardsassociations and government agencies. In addition, there are companies and industry associations thatissue manuals and other guidance documentation with recommended practices along the supply chain toensure the integrity of the fuel.42nd Edition 2015

Technical Certification and Handling of SAFTo be used in commercial aviation applications, neat (i.e. pure, unblended) SAF must first meet therequirements described in the relevant annex of ASTM Specification D7566, Standard Specification for3Aviation Turbine Fuels Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons . Once a batch has demonstrated compliancewith the annex requirements, it is blended with conventional jet fuel according to the requirements in ASTMD7566 and re-tested to show compliance with Table 1 of ASTM D7566. A blend manufactured, certified andreleased to all

Aviation Fuel (SAF), the IATA Operations Committee in 2010 indicated the need to develop guidance materials for the management of SAF, otherwise known as as biojet fuel, aviation biofuel or sustainable aviation fuel. The IATA language p

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