C1 Astrophysics

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Major Option C1 AstrophysicsC1  AstrophysicsCourse  co- ordinator:  Julien  Devriendt [email protected] C1  offers  a  total  of   40  lectures  on  five  themes  covering  abroad  range  of  topics  in  contemporary  astrophysics. Each  theme  takes  off  from  the  third- year  courses  andreaches  a  point  where  topics  of  current  active  researchcan  be  understood. The  course  uses    special  relativity,  classical  mechanicsand  GR,  electrodynamics,  quantum  mechanics  andstatistical  mechanics.Oxford Astrophysics

Major Option C1 Astrophysics Radiative  processes  in  Astrophysics High- Energy  Astrophysics Advanced  Stellar  Astrophysics Cosmology  and  GalaxiesOxford Astrophysics

Major Option C1 AstrophysicsRadiative  Processes  in  AstrophysicsThe  Eagle  Nebula  star- forming  region  as  seen  by  HSTOxford Astrophysics

Major Option C1 AstrophysicsIn radiative processes part of the course, we learn many of the coretechniques of professional astronomy – how to turn all those pretty picturesinto physics!We learn how to use spectroscopy to measure the extreme physicalproperties of material in deep interstellar space – high temperatures and lowdensities. Transitions forbidden under normal lab conditions often play acrucial role.We learn how emission and absorption lines are formed in stars and nebulaeand how interstellar dust affects the observed spectrum of backgroundobjects – and how to correct for it.Finally we use relativity, electrodynamics and statistical mechanics toinvestigate the interaction of photons with high- energy particles viasynchrotron, inverse- Compton and Bremsstrahlung processes .Oxford Astrophysics

Major Option C1 AstrophysicsHigh- Energy  AstrophysicsLeft:  The  radio  sky  at  20cm  (photon  energy  10- 6 eV).  Right:  Gamma- ray  skymapped  by  the  Fermi satellite  at   100  GeV.  The  same  extragalactic  sources  areseen  in  both  images!Oxford Astrophysics

Major Option C1 AstrophysicsIn high- energy astrophysics we study some of the most extreme phenomenain the Universe – active galaxy jets, supernovae, accretion onto black holes,and the high- temperature intergalactic medium.We study the fluid dynamics of strong shocks to investigate the accelerationof particles to relativistic energies.We investigate the physics of relativistic jets from accreting black holes andtheir profound influence on the formation of galaxies over cosmic time, andthe interaction between intergalactic gas and the Cosmic MicrowaveBackground, which in turn allows us to measure some of the cosmologicalparameters.Finally we study the detection of high- energy particles and photons from theground via Cherenkov radiation.Oxford Astrophysics

Major Option C1 AstrophysicsAdvanced  Stellar  AstrophysicsLeft:  Rings  around  supernova  1987A  observed  by  HST.  Right:  model  of  the  ring  nebula  demonstratingthat  the  progenitor  of  SN1987A  was  likely  a  massive  binary  system  in  a  common  envelope.Oxford Astrophysics

Major Option C1 AstrophysicsIn advanced stellar astrophysics we study the evolution of massive stars andsupernovae, including gamma- ray bursts and hypernovae.We examine compact objects resulting from supernovae – neutron stars,pulsars and stellar- mass black holes – and consider accretion onto compactobjects in binary systems.Finally we study the early stages of stellar evolution – star (and planet)formation from interstellar clouds and we consider the formation of the firstgenerations of stars in the universe.Oxford Astrophysics

Major Option C1 AstrophysicsCosmology  and  GalaxiesOxford Astrophysics

Major Option C1 AstrophysicsThe section on Cosmology and Galaxies builds on B5 General Relativity &Cosmology. We take the expanding universe Friedmann models &investigate the amplification of density fluctuations as the universe grows.These growing fluctuations are the seeds for modern day structure fromgalaxies to superclusters and encode information about the ingredients of theuniverse – baryons, dark matter and dark energy.We study how observations of the Cosmic Microwave Background andredshift surveys of galaxies may be used to measure the relative proportionsof these componentsUsing stellar population synthesis models, stellar dynamics and gravitationallensing we study the evolution of galaxy properties throughout cosmic ages,their dependence on environment and build up evidence for the existence ofdark matter.Oxford Astrophysics

Major Option C1 AstrophysicsIn  ConclusionThere is no pre- requisite for C1 other than the relevant core lectures but we dorecommend the you study “Stars and Galaxies” short option notes over summer asbackground reading.Astrophysics always offers a large range of M.Phys projects, from technical work inradio and optical astronomy through observational work with the Wetton telescope tonumerical simulations, modelling and theory. We always ensure that every C1student who wishes to do an astrophysics M.Phys. project is catered for.Astrophysics is a very sociable department! C1 students are encouraged to attend ourTuesday colloquia during term which are followed by coffee, tea & cookies and dinnerwith the speaker at a nearby pub.If you wish to know more please email [email protected] with questions or toarrange to have a chat. Finally, for more detail, see the course web page athttp://www-astro.physics.ox.ac.uk/ astroc1/C1 Home.htmlOxford Astrophysics

Astrophysics always offers a large range of M.Phys projects, from technical work in radio and optical astronomy through observational work with the Wetton telescope to numerical simulations, modelling and theory. We always ensure that every C1 student who wishes to do an astrophysics M.Phys. project is catered for. Astrophysics is a very sociable department! C1 students are encouraged to .

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