Introducing Phonetic Science

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Cambridge University Press0521004969 - Introducing Phonetic ScienceMichael Ashby and John MaidmentFrontmatterMore informationIntroducing Phonetic ScienceThis accessible new textbook provides a clear and practical introductionto phonetics, the study of speech. Assuming no prior knowledge of thetopic, it introduces students to the fundamental concepts in phoneticscience, and equips them with the essential skills needed forrecognising, describing and transcribing a range of speech sounds.Numerous graded exercises enable students to put these skills intopractice, and the sounds introduced are clearly illustrated with examplesfrom a variety of English accents and other languages. As well as lookingat traditional articulatory description, the book introduces acoustic andother instrumental techniques for analysing speech, and covers topicssuch as speech and writing, the nature of transcription, hearing andspeech perception, linguistic universals, and the basic concepts ofphonology. Providing a solid foundation in phonetics, Introducing PhoneticScience will be invaluable to all students beginning courses in linguistics,speech sciences, language pathology and language therapy.is Senior Lecturer in Phonetics at University College London,and an experienced teacher of phonetics at both undergraduate andgraduate level. He is the Phonetics editor of the Oxford Advanced Learner’sDictionary and other ELT dictionaries, and has published various paperson both English and general phonetics.MICHAEL ASHBYJOHN MAIDMENT is Lecturer in Phonetics at University College London, andan experienced teacher of phonetics at both undergraduate and graduatelevel. He is co-author of English Transcription Course (2000), and has beenDirector of an HEFCE-funded project on teaching and learning inphonetics. He has published various papers on both English and generalphonetics. Cambridge University Presswww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521004969 - Introducing Phonetic ScienceMichael Ashby and John MaidmentFrontmatterMore informationCambridge Introductions to Language and LinguisticsThis new textbook series provides students and their teachers with accessible introductions to the majorsubjects encountered within the study of language and linguistics. Assuming no prior knowledge of thesubject, each book is written and designed for ease of use in the classroom or seminar, and is ideal foradoption on a modular course as the core recommended textbook. Each book offers the ideal introductorymaterial for each subject, presenting students with an overview of the main topics encountered in theircourse, and features a glossary of useful terms, chapter previews and summaries, suggestions for furtherreading, and helpful exercises. Each book is accompanied by a supporting website.Books published in the series:Introducing Phonology David OddenIntroducing Speech and Language Processing John ColemanIntroducing Phonetic Science John Maidment and Michael AshbyForthcoming:Introducing Sociolinguistics Miriam MeyerhoffIntroducing Morphology Maggie Tallerman and S. J. HannahsIntroducing Historical Linguistics Brian JosephIntroducing Second Language Acquisition Muriel Saville-TroikeIntroducing Language Bert Vaux Cambridge University Presswww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521004969 - Introducing Phonetic ScienceMichael Ashby and John MaidmentFrontmatterMore informationIntroducingPhoneticScienceMICHAEL ASHBYANDJOHN MAIDMENT Cambridge University Presswww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521004969 - Introducing Phonetic ScienceMichael Ashby and John MaidmentFrontmatterMore informationcambridge university pressCambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São PauloCambridge University PressThe Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 2RU, UKPublished in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New Yorkwww.cambridge.orgInformation on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521808828 Michael Ashby and John Maidment 2005This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exceptionand to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements,no reproduction of any part may take place withoutthe written permission of Cambridge University Press.First published 2005Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, CambridgeA catalogue record for this book is available from the British LibraryLibrary of Congress Cataloguing in Publication dataAshby, Michael.Introducing phonetic science / Michael Ashby and John Maidment.p. cm. – (Cambridge introductions to language and linguistics)Includes bibliographical references and index.ISBN 0-521-80882-0 (alk. paper) – ISBN 0-521-00496-9 (pb. : alk. paper)1. Phonetics. I. Maidment, John A. II. Title. III. Series.P221. A778 2005414'.8–dc222004054642ISBN-13 978-0-521-80882-8 hardbackISBN-10 0-521-80882-0 hardbackISBN-13 978-0-521-00496-1 paperbackISBN-10 0-521-00496-9 paperbackCambridge University Press has no resonsibility forthe persistence or accuracy of URLs for external orthird-party internet websites referred to in this book,and does not guarantee that any content on suchwebsites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate. Cambridge University Presswww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521004969 - Introducing Phonetic ScienceMichael Ashby and John MaidmentFrontmatterMore informationContents1Introduction to speechIntroductionSounds and symbolsTranscribing soundsTypes of transcriptionSyllablesSegments: vowels and consonantsSuprasegmentalsSpeech as an acoustic signalWriting systemsThe relationship between speech and writingProblems with syllables and segmentsChapter summaryExercisesFurther reading2VoiceIntroductionThe larynxVocal foldsVoiced and voiceless soundsObserving vocal fold vibrationVoicing in languagesWhisperAperiodic wavesChapter summaryExercisesFurther reading3Place of articulationIntroductionA brief tour of the vocal tractArticulationPlaceComplex articulationsHomorganic soundsInstrumental techniquesPlaces of articulation used in languages of the worldChapter summaryExercisesFurther reading Cambridge University 333434363640404145464649www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521004969 - Introducing Phonetic ScienceMichael Ashby and John MaidmentFrontmatterMore informationviContents4Manner of articulationIntroductionAirflow, pressure, turbulenceDegree of stricture: obstruent and sonorantStops: oral and nasal, plosive and affricateFricatives: median and lateralApproximants: median and lateralTaps, flaps and trillsVoice, place, manner labelsUse of manners of articulation in the world’s languagesChapter summaryExercisesFurther reading5VowelsIntroductionSpectrum and resonanceVowel articulationLong and short vowelsOral and nasalised vowelsMonophthong vs diphthongThe vowel quadrilateralCardinal vowelsVowel systemsVowel instability and variabilityChapter summaryExercisesFurther reading6Voice IIIntroductionVoice Onset TimeAspirationDevoicingPhonation typeChapter summaryExercisesFurther reading7Airstream mechanismsIntroductionAirstream generationEjectivesImplosivesClicksChapter summary Cambridge University ww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521004969 - Introducing Phonetic ScienceMichael Ashby and John MaidmentFrontmatterMore informationContents8ExercisesFurther reading114115Speech sounds and speech imary and secondary articulationThe linguistic use of secondary articulationCoarticulationAcoustic and physiological dataChapter summaryExercisesFurther reading9Basic phonological conceptsContrastMinimal pairEnvironment and distributionAlternationPhonological processesFeaturesUnderlying and surface formsPhonological rulesThe syllablePhonotacticsChapter summaryExercisesFurther reading10 SuprasegmentalsIntroductionFundamental frequency and pitchStressRhythmLexical toneIntonationParalinguistic featuresChapter summaryExercisesFurther reading11 Speaker and hearerIntroductionThe hearing mechanismVisual cuesSpeech perception testsCue redundancy Cambridge University 3www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521004969 - Introducing Phonetic ScienceMichael Ashby and John MaidmentFrontmatterMore informationviiiContentsSpeech developmentHearing impairmentsChapter summaryFurther readingGlossarySolutions to the exercisesIndex Cambridge University Press184185187187189201219www.cambridge.org

on both English and general phonetics. JOHN MAIDMENT is Lecturer in Phonetics at University College London, and an experienced teacher of phonetics at both undergraduate and graduate level. He is co-author of English Transcription Course (2000), and has been Director of an HEFCE-funded projec

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