Answering The New Atheists

2y ago
1.55 MB
54 Pages
Last View : 10m ago
Last Download : 1y ago
Upload by : Kamden Hassan

Answering The New AtheistsDr. Heinz gion has run out of justifications.Thanks to the telescope and themicroscope, it no longer offers anexplanation of anything important.”Christopher HitchensAngry aboutSomeone theydon’t believeexists!

The New Atheists1.2.3.4.The New AtheismThe “Four Horsemen”Their Books & Our ResponsesTheir Claims & Our Answers 5.Faith Is BlindAtheism Is Not a ReligionScience Has Disproven GodThere Is No Evidence For GodReligion Poisons EverythingEvil and Suffering Disprove GodMorality Does Not Come From GodBelief in Miracles is SuperstitionIn Conclusion@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama2

1. The New Atheism Atheist writers of the 21st centuryReligion: Religion should: Is based on blind faithPoisons everythingNot be toleratedBe countered and criticizedBe exposed by rational argumentsRecent scientific advancements Less accommodating attitude towardreligion, superstition, religious fanaticism@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama3

Some Principles of New Atheism All faith is folly, including moderate faithsStop giving religion special treatmentBible offers no answers to sufferingReligion is not the source of moralityThe universe is matter and nothing moreAtheism is a positive philosophyAtheism is growing and coming out of the closetGodless societies are happier and healthier@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama4

2. The “Four Horsemen”Richard DawkinsSam HarrisChristopher HitchensDaniel Dennett@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama5

3a. The New Atheists’ Books The End of Faith, Sam Harris, 2004Letter to a Christian Nation, Sam Harris, 2006The God Delusion, Richard Dawkins, 2006Breaking the Spell, Daniel Dennett, 2006God is Not Great, Christopher Hitchens, 2007@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama6

The God Delusion – Dawkins Michael Ruse, atheist and Darwinist:“The God Delusion makes me embarrassedto be an atheist ” Thomas Nagel, atheist:“ since Dawkins aims to overturn theconvention of respect toward religion thatbelongs to the etiquette of moderncivilization,” he resorts to “persistentlyviolating the convention, and being asoffensive as possible ” H. Allen Orr, evolutionary geneticist:“the most disappointing feature of The GodDelusion is Dawkins’s failure to engagereligious thought in any serious way.”@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama7

3b. Books in Response to the New Atheists Doug Wilson Phil Fernandes The Atheist DelusionJoel McDurmon Letter From a Christian CitizenGod Is, How ChristianityExplains EverythingThe Deluded AtheistThe Return of the Village AtheistJohn Lennox Gunning For God@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama8

4. Claims of the New Atheists1. is blindAtheism is not a ReligionScience has disproven GodThere is no evidence for GodReligion poisons everythingEvil and human suffering disprove GodMorality doesn’t come from GodBelief in miracles is superstition@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama9

Claim #1 – Faith is Blind Faith and reason are mutually exclusive Scientists Science alone is rational and evidence-basedReligious faith is blind, irrational, not evidence-basedUse reasonScience is evidence-basedReligious people Have thrown away reasonFaith is blindFaith is belief without evidence@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama10

Answering “Faith is Blind” Mischaracterize the nature of faithChristian faith is evidence-basedFaith and reason are rationalScientists place faith in the: Reliability of the five sensesExistence of a real physical worldFaith and reason are NOTmutually exclusiveNOT a conflict betweenscience and religion@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama11

A Conflict Between Worldviews Conflict between two worldviews Not between Science and ReligionBetween Naturalism and SupernaturalismGod & science are not alternativeexplanations for realityChristianity has intellectual powerScience is a weapon in a larger cultural warThe question – is Christianity true? Not – is it helpful?Does science fit into this?Does “what you believe to be true” match reality?@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama12

The Arguments Separate because: [Materialist View] Science is based on evidenceFaith where there is no evidenceRational vs. irrationalScience deals with reality; Faith everything elseNot separate because: [Christian View] God created the universe & the laws of natureLaws of nature make science possibleScience and Faith/Christianity are complementaryScience flourished because of Christianity@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama13

Claim #2 – Atheism is Not a Religion Religion Blindly believedNot evidence-basedBelief in GodAtheism Evidence-basedGod does not existNature is all there is@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama14

Origin of Religion (per Dawkins) Memes – cultural units of information Transmitted from one generation to anotherKind of like a virusPre-scientific age explanationNo longer helps EvolutionPresupposes that Evolution is true Lacks explanatory power, e.greligion, morality, truth, etc.‘Memes’ cannot be observedMemes rejected by most scientists@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama15

Answering “Atheism Not Religion” Dictionary definition: U.S. Supreme Court ruling in 1961 Religion is a set of beliefs andpractices generally agreed uponby a number of persons or sectsSecular Humanism (a form of atheism)considered a (non-theistic) religionHuman Manifesto of 1933 Secular Humanism is a religion@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama16

Everyone is Religious Not all reality is physical Atheism tries to explain everythingby means of physical causes Love, hope, joyAtheism cannot explain everythingIf atheism is true, why are there sofew atheists?Is my religion confirmed or refutedby the evidence?@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama17

Claim #3 – Science Disproved God Evolution explains everything Therefore no need for God Origin of the universeOrigin of first lifeOrigin of complex life formsNo scientific evidenceRichard Dawkins “God almost certainly does not exist”Darwinian natural selection explains the“illusion of design” in living thingsMultiverse theory explains our universe@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama18

Dawkins’s Faulty Reasoning If a universe that can support life is highlyimprobable, then the cause (God) must bemore improbable – DawkinsOnly improbable if it cameinto existence by chanceMust have been designedby an intelligent BeingDawkins asks “Who designed God?” There must be a first cause@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama19

Chance, Necessity (Law) or Design?@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama20

Limitations of Science Science the only way to find truth? Science presupposes truth is real Use of the five sensesPresupposes reliability of 5 sensesAssumes that a real world existsHonesty is a moral virtueScience limited in scope Moral lawsConcept of truthMeaning in life@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama21

More on Dawkins’ Arguments All explanations must be physical/naturalNo non-physical or supernatural explanations Ruled out a prioriScientism biased against supernaturalValidity of human reason required for ourknowledge, otherwise can’t trust theconclusions drawn by our reasonIf naturalism is true No way to know it is trueReason is by chanceNo basis for faith in human reason@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama22

Present Repeatable Observable SCIENCEPast Non-Repeatable Eyewitness Account HISTORYPast Non-Repeatable No Eyewitnesses BELIEF@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama23

Claim #4 – No Evidence for God Belief in God is irrational, superstitious,pre-scientificNaturalism precludes the supernaturalEvolution does not need GodThe atheist’s approach Offense, not defenseThrow rocksMock ChristianityCan’t defend atheism@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama24

Answering “No Evidence for God”1.Classical arguments for God 2.CosmologicalTeleologicalMoralOntologicalThe best explanation for humanexperience in various areas? Theism or Atheism?@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama25

Arguments For God’s Existence Cosmological argument Teleological (Design) argument(s) Design and order in the universe,e.g Anthropic PrincipleDesign of lifeMoral argument Beginning of the universeMoral law implies a moral law giverOntological argument The concept of God – greatestconceivable and necessary Being@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama26

Evidence Supports Theism or Atheism? Kalam cosmological argumentDesign and order in the universePossibility of human knowledgeReality of universal unchanging truthsExistence of absolute moral lawsRespect for human lifeExistence of evil (cause and defeat)Human consciousnessHuman free will and guilt@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama27

Kalam Cosmological Argument Three premises1.2.3. Whatever began to exist must have a causeThe universe began to existThus, the universe had a causePremise 1: Law of causalityPremise 2: 2nd Law of thermodynamicsPremise 3: The universe came into existenceby an eternal, uncaused Cause (God)Chance or Law cannot explain the universeBeginning of the universe supports Theism@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama28

Evidence Supporting Theism #2 Design and order found in the universe Anthropic Principle Expansion rate of universe sustains lifeMathematical probability of originof life by chance is essentially zero (0)Single cell requires 1000 sets ofencyclopedia for complex information25 narrowly defined parameters forlife to be possible in the universe32 parameters for life concerningearth, moon, sun, galaxyID more plausible than chance@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama29

Evidence Supporting Theism #3 Possibility of human knowledge Does perception match reality?Atheism cannot bridge the gapTheism says a rational God createdman in His image (a rational being)Could human reasoning evolve from matter?Reality of universal unchanging truths Denial of absolute truth is self-refutingAgnosticism is self-refutingMathematical truths are discoveredAtheism has no basis for eternal truths@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama30

Evidence Supporting Theism #4 Existence of absolute moral laws In Atheism, no respect for human life Moral laws are prescriptive (ought)This requires a PrescriberLawgiver must be eternalTranscendent moral LawgiverAtheism has no basis for moralityMan has no more value than an animalNo basis for human rightsIn Theism, all men created equal Basis for human rights@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama31

Evidence Supporting Theism #5 Existence of evil (cause and defeat) Human consciousness Atheists have no explanationAtheists can’t define evilAtheists offer no solutionTo Theists, evil is the perversion of goodMan is aware of his existenceSelf-awareness didn’t come by chanceSelf-aware Being created manHuman free will and responsibility To Atheists, materialism - no responsibility@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama32

The Evidence Supports Theism Atheism fails to explain human experience Atheists can’t live a consistent lifeMust live as if human life is sacredMust live as if life has meaningRational statements require rational contextAtheist’s beliefs are not rationalTheism explains human experience The universe and life require a DesignerA rational Being created rational humansTheism is a more reasonable explanation@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama33

Claim #5 – Religion Poisons Everything To Atheists, Atheism is not a religionWorld’s wars/violence due to religionChristianity is evil - evil results, e.g. The CrusadesThe InquisitionNorthern IrelandRwanda, Sudan, etc.Death/violence not due to Atheism Atheistic communists murdered tensof millions, despite their atheism,not because of their atheism@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama34

The Christian’s Response Atheism is a religionEach society has a worldview/religionGovernment of that societyinfluenced by that worldviewPower-hungry leaders forcetheir worldview on their subjectsAll human governments arebased on presuppositionsFalse religions spoil everythingAtheism – bloodiest false religion of 20th century@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama35

Christian Worldview U.S. founded on Christian worldviewMen created in God’s imageAll men were created equalAll men have God-given rightsHuman life is sacred and tobe protectedHuman government ruled by sinful men Limited power of government officialsSystem of checks and balancesRejection of one world government@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama36

Atheism/Secular Humanism One world socialistic governmentNo basis for sanctity of human lifeMan is the ultimate authorityDawkins’ view: Margaret Sanger, Planned Parenthood founder: “I do not believe there is an atheist in the worldwho would bulldoze Mecca, , York Minster orNotre Dame, , the Buddhas of Bamivan”“Inferior” races should be exterminatedEugenics, abortion, infanticide, euthanasia@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama37

Deaths by Atheist Regimes Deaths in the 20th century, manyby their own government Soviet Union – 60MChina – 72MCambodia (Pol Pot) – 3MNorth Korea (Kim) – 2MNazis in Germany – 21MCuba, Rwanda, Sudan, Vietnam, etc.More deaths (200M ) than inall of man’s wars in historyIf God is dead, then all things are possible!”, Dostoyevsky@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama38

Militant Islamic Worldview Shi’ite sect of Islam Sunni sect of Islam Ayatollah is infallible spokesman for GodReplaces God as highest authorityWahhabi movement in Saudi ArabiaDeobandi movement in India/PakistanUse force to purify the Islamic faithKoran & Hadith Call for conquest by the swordNo religious freedom for non-Muslims@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama39

Other False Religions Polytheism/Animism [Africa, S. America] Pantheism, e.g. Hinduism Occultism, anarchy, human sacrificeSuppress the rights of their peopleReincarnations, karma, caste systemGerman Volk religion Pantheistic ideology, Aryan race divineHitler, fullest manifestation of the divineNon-Aryan races regarded as “sub-human”Killed 6M Jews and 14M others@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama40

Christian Atrocities? Inquisition Crusades Killing/torturing those opposed to the PopeKilling of Jews who would not convertThe church corrupted by Roman empire3 to 6 thousand deathsDefense of Eastern Churchagainst Muslim invadersActions ordered by Church of Rome1M deathsNot all professing believers are genuine@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama41

Claim #6 – Evil Disproves God The existence of evil and human sufferingshows that God does not exist If God created everything that existsIf God is all-lovingIf God is all-powerfulProblems of evil Metaphysical: evil created by an all-good God?Moral: the evil choices of menPhysical: natural disasters and human sufferingPersonal: traumatic experiences@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama42

Answer – God and Evil Metaphysical problem of evil Evil is real, not an illusionEvil is the absence of a goodthat should be thereGod allowed the possibility of evilby giving men free willMen are responsible for evilthrough the abuse of free willDeals with the origin and reality of evilIf God does not exist, there are alsono objective moral values Atheists know this!@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama43

Moral Problem of Evil Free will necessitates the possibility of evilGod allowed evil for the purpose of a greater goodWithout evil there could be no good shownGod is not required to create the best possible worldAtheist denies existence of objective evil becausethat admits the existence of the absolute moral law But then uses evil to disprove the existence of God?God guarantees that evil will ultimately be defeated@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama44

Physical Problem of Evil Examples: Explanations for physical evil Natural disastersDeath of innocent childrenNecessary for moral perfectionHuman choices can cause physical evilCaused by choices of demonsAs a moral warningTo get our attentionExistence of God and evil arenot mutually exclusive@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama45

God Deals With the Problem of Evil The biblical God guarantees that evilwill ultimately be defeated throughChrist’s death, resurrection, return God offers a way of salvationGod has reasons for allowingevil and human sufferingThe God of Deism no longerinvolved with this world, e.g. evilIn Pantheism, evil is an illusionIn Atheism, there is no basis forcalling anything evil@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama46

Claim #7 – Morality is Not From God Moral laws are relative Moral laws are in a state of change There are no moral absolutesMoral absolutes have no justificationwithout God’s existenceMoral laws evolved into existenceCompassion is based on EvolutionEach person decides what is right for himselfMan is free to create his own valuesThere is no objective meaning to life@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama47

Answer – Morality IS From God God determines what is rightEven atheists know evil when they are wronged Cannot appeal to world or society consensusThe absolute moral law is eternal and unchanging They appeal to an objective universal lawMoral relativists live by absolutemoral laws in their everyday livesHow can they call Hitler’s actions wrong?Points to an absolute moral law Giver above all menCan atheists be moral? Yes, all have a conscience@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama48

Claim #8 – Belief in Miracles is Superstition Pre-scientific superstition Assume that miracles are impossible Not rationalMiracles violate the laws of natureThey do not have a natural causeThus reject the Bible becauseof its claims of miraclesPhilosophical arguments by: Benedict Spinoza (1632-77), a pantheistDavid Hume (1711-76), a deist@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama49

Answering “Miracles & Superstition” Miracles supersede laws of nature This is by definitionRefuting Spinoza and Hume A pantheistic god is impersonalbut does not existThe theistic God exists, is personal,and can choose to perform miraclesMiracle claims should be examinedif there are reliable eyewitnessesGod can intervene in, and workmiracles in, His universe@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama50

More Claims of the New Atheists The Bible is not historically reliableThere is no historical evidence for JesusJesus did not rise from the deadTeaching children about God is child abuseThe God of the Bible is a despotThe atonement is morally repellentThe laws of physics themselvesbrought the universe into existenceThe multiverse explains the finely tunedparameters of a universe that supports life@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama51

5. In Conclusion Christian faith is rational, evidence-based, not blindAtheism is a religionNew Atheists are more aggressive, but offerno new evidence for their belief systemScience does not disprove GodScience is possible because of a CreatorOrigin of the universe requires a DesignerOrigin of first life form requires a DesignerOrigin of complex life forms requires a DesignerFalse religions poison everythingTheism offers a more rational response than AtheismThe New Atheists Don’t Have a Case!@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama52

The New Atheists Don’t Have a Case!Thank youfor yourattention!Dr. Heinz sages@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama53

Some Reference Books God Is Not Great. How Religion Poisons Everything, Christopher HitchensGod Is. How Christianity Explains Everything, Douglas WilsonLetter to a Christian Nation, Sam HarrisLetter from a Christian Citizen, Douglas WilsonThe God Delusion, Dr. Richard DawkinsThe Deluded Atheist, Douglas WilsonThe Atheist Delusion, Phil FernandesThe Return of the Village Atheist, Joel McDurmonGunning For God. Why The New Atheists Are Missing The Target, Dr. John LennoxMore Than a Carpenter, Josh & Sean McDowellThe Grand Design, Stephen Hawking and Leonard MlodinowGod and Stephen Hawking, Dr. John Lennox@ Dr. Heinz Lycklama54

The God Delusion – Dawkins Michael Ruse, atheist and Darwinist: “The God Delusion makes me embarrassed to be an atheist ” Thomas Nagel, atheist: “ since Dawkins aims to overturn the convention of r

Related Documents:

May 02, 2018 · D. Program Evaluation ͟The organization has provided a description of the framework for how each program will be evaluated. The framework should include all the elements below: ͟The evaluation methods are cost-effective for the organization ͟Quantitative and qualitative data is being collected (at Basics tier, data collection must have begun)

Silat is a combative art of self-defense and survival rooted from Matay archipelago. It was traced at thé early of Langkasuka Kingdom (2nd century CE) till thé reign of Melaka (Malaysia) Sultanate era (13th century). Silat has now evolved to become part of social culture and tradition with thé appearance of a fine physical and spiritual .

On an exceptional basis, Member States may request UNESCO to provide thé candidates with access to thé platform so they can complète thé form by themselves. Thèse requests must be addressed to esd rize unesco. or by 15 A ril 2021 UNESCO will provide thé nomineewith accessto thé platform via their émail address.

̶The leading indicator of employee engagement is based on the quality of the relationship between employee and supervisor Empower your managers! ̶Help them understand the impact on the organization ̶Share important changes, plan options, tasks, and deadlines ̶Provide key messages and talking points ̶Prepare them to answer employee questions

Dr. Sunita Bharatwal** Dr. Pawan Garga*** Abstract Customer satisfaction is derived from thè functionalities and values, a product or Service can provide. The current study aims to segregate thè dimensions of ordine Service quality and gather insights on its impact on web shopping. The trends of purchases have

Chính Văn.- Còn đức Thế tôn thì tuệ giác cực kỳ trong sạch 8: hiện hành bất nhị 9, đạt đến vô tướng 10, đứng vào chỗ đứng của các đức Thế tôn 11, thể hiện tính bình đẳng của các Ngài, đến chỗ không còn chướng ngại 12, giáo pháp không thể khuynh đảo, tâm thức không bị cản trở, cái được

ism. The show is titled "Answering the Atheists," and in particular we wanted to focus on this trend of the new atheism. Bishop Barron, you've written several articles and videos over the years in re-sponse to many of its main proponents, including people like Christopher Hitchens, Richard Daw-kins, Sam Harris, etc. This is not a new content

MARCH 1973/FIFTY CENTS o 1 u ar CC,, tonics INCLUDING Electronics World UNDERSTANDING NEW FM TUNER SPECS CRYSTALS FOR CB BUILD: 1;: .Á Low Cóst Digital Clock ','Thé Light.Probé *Stage Lighting for thé Amateur s. Po ROCK\ MUSIC AND NOISE POLLUTION HOW WE HEAR THE WAY WE DO TEST REPORTS: - Dynacó FM -51 . ti Whárfedale W60E Speaker System' .