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AUTOMOTIVE SB COVER.qxp AUTOMOTIVE SB COVER 12/6/16 11:04 AM Page 1CAREER PATHS Automotive IndustryStudent’s BookThe series is organized into three levels of difficulty and offers a minimum of 400 vocabularyterms and phrases. Every unit includes a test of reading comprehension, vocabulary, andlistening skills, and leads students through written and oral production.Included Features: A variety of realistic reading passages Career-specific dialogues 45 reading and listening comprehension checks Over 400 vocabulary terms and phrases Guided speaking and writing exercises Complete glossary of terms and phrasesThe Teacher’s Guide contains detailed lesson plans, a full answer key and audio scripts.The audio CDs contain all recorded material.ISBN 978-1-4715-5331-8Daniel Baxter – Virginia Evans – Jenny DooleyCareer Paths: Automotive Industry is a new educational resource for automotiveprofessionals who want to improve their English communication in a work environment.Incorporating career-specific vocabulary and contexts, each unit offers step-by-stepinstruction that immerses students in the four key language components: reading, listening,speaking, and writing. Career Paths: Automotive Industry addresses topics includingthe parts of a car, safety features, design methods, manufacturing, and career options.

ESP Automotive SB1.qxp ESP Automotive SB1 12/6/16 11:07 AM Page 1Book1Daniel BaxterVirginia EvansJenny Dooley

ESP Automotive SB1.qxp ESP Automotive SB1 11/24/16 10:25 AM Page 2Scope and The AutomotiveIndustryWebpageadvertising, automobile, car, consumer, design,distribution, driver, manufacture, market, salesDescribingexperience2Car Interiors 1Memoblinker switch, brake pedal, driver’s side, fuse box, gaspedal, glove box, passenger side, rear-view mirror,shifter knob, steering wheelExpressingdisbelief3Car Interiors 2Reviewback seat, bench seat, bucket seat, console, cup holder, Makingdoor panel, handle, headrest, lock, trunk, window switch comparisons4Gauges andMetersCar manualdashboard, fuel gauge, gearshift position, instrumentPolitelycluster, odometer, speedometer, tachometer, temperature interruptinggauge, voltmeter, warning light5SuspensionNoteair spring, ball joint, chassis, coil spring, doublewishbone suspension, frame, leaf spring, MacPhersonstrut, multilink suspension, shock absorber, stabilizerbar, strut suspension, torsion barDescribingprogress6Car Exteriors 1Memobrake light, bumper, door, fender, headlight, high beam,hood, side mirror, tail light, windshield, wipersMakingpolite requests7Car Exteriors 2Memoblinker, grill, hitch, hubcab, side panel, sunroof, trim,trunk, undercarriage, wheelExpressingopinion8TiresProductlistdiagonal, load index, metric, radial, rim diameter, rim,sidewall, speed rating, tire width, tire, VD player, entertainment system, GPS, heated seats, Asking aboutleather, navigation system, remote starter, satellite radio interest10SedansMagazinearticlebody style, box, coupe, fastback, four-door, hatchback, Makingpillar, seat, sedan, two-dooran assumption11CompactsReportC-segment, cargo area, compact car, mid-size, parking, Offering helpspace, subcompact, supermini, urban, vehicle12SUVsMagazinearticle4x4, cargo barrier, crossover, four-wheel drive, off-road, Asking forrow, seating, station wagon, SUV, tailgatean opinion13Trucks and VansMemobed, cab, full-size, heavy duty, mini, minivan, pickuptruck, towing capacity, truck, vanTalking aboutoptions14Luxury andSports CarsWebpageacceleration, convertible, grand tourer, luxury vehicle,muscle car, pony car, prestige, roadster, sports esWebpagebus, class,commercial vehicle, fleet, gross vehicleweight rating, heavy, light, mass transit, publictransportation, shipping operationsGiving andreacting to news

ESP Automotive SB1.qxp ESP Automotive SB1 11/18/16 10:34 AM Page 3Table of ContentsUnit 1 – The Automotive Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4Unit 2 – Car Interiors 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6Unit 3 – Car Interiors 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8Unit 4 – Gauges and Meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Unit 5 – Suspension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Unit 6 – Car Exteriors 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Unit 7 – Car Exteriors 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Unit 8 – Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Unit 9 – Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Unit 10 – Sedans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Unit 11 – Compacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Unit 12 – SUVs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26Unit 13 – Trucks and Vans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28Unit 14 – Luxury and Sports Cars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30Unit 15 – Commercial Vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

ESP Automotive SB2.qxp ESP Automotive SB2 12/6/16 11:06 AM Page 39Book2Daniel BaxterVirginia EvansJenny Dooley

ESP Automotive SB2.qxp ESP Automotive SB2 11/18/16 10:39 AM Page 40Scope and The InternalCombustionEngineEncyclopedia connecting rod, crankcase, crankshaft, cylinder, engineblock, fuel, head, piston ring, piston, spark plug, ookexcerptcompression stroke, cylinder heat, exhaust, exhaust stroke, Speculatingexhaust valve, four-stroke engine, head gasket, intakestroke, intake valve, power stroke, pressure3Gas and DieselEnginesAdclean diesel, combustion chamber, compression ratio,diesel, durable, fuel injection pump, gasoline, glow plug,heat up, precombustion chamber, run on4Fuel Efficiencyand EmissionsWebpagebiodiesel, compare, emissions, environmental impact, fossil Makingfuel, fuel cell, fuel efficiency, gas mileage, global warming, comparisonsmpg, ratio, wells-to-wheels5HybridsReportcharge, continuously variable transmission, electricity,Asking aboutenergy, generator, hybrid, lithium ion battery, parallel hybrid, knowledgeplug-in hybrid, reclaim, regenerative braking system, twomode hybrid6ElectricCarsMagazinearticlecharging dock, charging port, charging station, electric car, Expressingelectric motor, miles per charge, onboard charger,doubtphotovoltaic, range, solar panel, tail pipe emissions7BrakeSystemsAdbrake booster, brake fluid, brake line, brake pad, brake shoe, Givingbrake system, caliper, disc brake, drum brake, hydraulica reminderbrake, master cylinder, parking brake, power brakes8SteeringSystemsWebpagecontrol arm, inner tie rod, outer tie rod, pinion, powersteering pump, power steering, rack, rotate, spindle,steering shaft, steering system9SafetyFeaturesAd3-point seat belt, ABS, EBD, collision, crumple zone, curtain Expressingairbag, DRL, dual-stage airbag, LATCH, side torso airbag, disappointmentSRS, tether , automaker, brand, controlling, group, hold,manufacturer, merger, recognition, share, stake, subsidiary11The DealershipAdbody shop, dealership, financing office, lobby, lot, mechanic Givingshop, parts desk, refreshments, service facility, showroom, directionsstockroom12People at theDealershipJob adsaccountant, detailer, financial officer, lot porter, manager,mechanic, receptionist, sales staff, salesman, title clerk,warranty administrator, washerAsking aboutexperience13Salary andIncentivesEmployeemanualbase pay, bonus, commission, flat sales commission, frontend, incentive, mini, OTE, pack, percentage commission,percentage, salary, straight tisement, attention, balloons, campaign, commercial,contest, flyer, give-away, inflatable, magazine, media,on-site, promotion, radio broadcast, sale, televisionMaking andresponding tosuggestions15DealershipActivitiesListapprove, deny, display, greet, issue, maintenance, polish,registration, repair, retail, sell, title, washGivinginstructionsStating anopinionExpressinga lack ofknowledgeAsking foran opinion

ESP Automotive SB2.qxp ESP Automotive SB2 11/18/16 10:39 AM Page 41Table of ContentsUnit 1 – The Internal Combustion Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4Unit 2 – The Four-Stroke Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6Unit 3 – Gas and Diesel Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8Unit 4 – Fuel Efficiency and Emissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Unit 5 – Hybrids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Unit 6 – Electric Cars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Unit 7 – Brake Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Unit 8 – Steering Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Unit 9 – Safety Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Unit 10 – Manufacturing Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Unit 11 – The Dealership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Unit 12 – People at the Dealership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26Unit 13 – Salary and Incentives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28Unit 14 – Advertising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30Unit 15 – Dealership Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

ESP Automotive SB3.qxp ESP Automotive SB3 12/6/16 11:05 AM Page 79Book3Daniel BaxterVirginia EvansJenny Dooley

ESP Automotive SB3.qxp ESP Automotive SB3 11/18/16 10:44 AM Page 80Scope and AutomotiveDesignWebpageCAD, Class A surface, clay modeling, color and trim design, Givingconcept sketch, design, exterior design, graphic design,bad newsinterior design, powertrain modeling, prototype, scale model2Manufacturing 1Magazinearticleassembly line, implement, inventory, just-in-time production, Makinglean manufacturing, limited, manufacturing, output, overhead, a suggestionproduction, raw materials, reduce, streamline, waste3Manufacturing 2Memoanalyze, apply, assess, benchmarking, best practice,compare, competitive benchmark, functional benchmark,internal benchmark, measureAsking foran example4AutomationJob adactuator, assembly, automation, control unit, degree offreedom, end-effector, flow line, hydraulic, manipulator,oscillation, payload, pneumatic, precision, robot, workenvelopeDescribinga daily routine5AutoTransportEmailauto rack, auto transport, bi-level, container ship, enclosed Discussingtrailer, open trailer, overseas, rail, rolling highway, semi-trailer, progresstractor-trailer, tri-level6DistributionGuidecarrier, CIP, CPT, DAT, DAP, DDP, distribution, EXW, FCA,incoterms, insurance, loading cost, responsibility, shippingMakingan assumption7PricingAdvicecolumnapproval, cost, destination charge, discount, holdback,invoice price, mark up, market adjustment, MSRP, options,pricing, profit, rebate, sticker priceAsking for anexplanation8AccountingMemobalance sheet, assets, intangible assets, fixed assets,Confirmingaccounts receivable, property and equipment, liabilities,informationequity, accounts payable, P&L report, revenue, cost of sales,gross profit, net profit9Sales 1Advicecolumnappearance, appointment, comfort, contact, effective, firstimpression, generate, influence, inquire, lead, needs,networking, pitch, salesAsking fora favor10Sales 2Emailbusiness card, check on, contact information, estimate,follow up on, get in touch, hear back from, previously,progress, referral, slip away, updateIntroducingyourself onthe phone11Sales 3Commentboardapproval, capitalize on, check, close, deal, hand over, keys,resistance, seal, signature, test drive, titleAsking foradvice12NegotiatingEmployeemanualanticipate, back down, bargain, calm, compromise,confrontation, include, loss, non-negotiable, offer, pressure,trade-off, walk away from,Asking forhelp13Financing 1Posterapply, cash, checking account, credit history, credit rating,credit report, down payment, financing, interest, loan, termsDescribinga process14Financing 2Approvalletterapproval, APR, compound, early payment penalty, financecharge, late fee, monthly, payment, principle, termClarifyinginformation15Used CarSalesAdaccident, assess, condition, damage, dent, excellent, good,history, poor, pre-owned, resale value, third-party, trade-in,used car, valueGivingpraise

ESP Automotive SB3.qxp ESP Automotive SB3 11/18/16 10:44 AM Page 81Table of ContentsUnit 1 – Automotive Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4Unit 2 – Manufacturing 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6Unit 3 – Manufacturing 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8Unit 4 – Automation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Unit 5 – Auto Transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Unit 6 – Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Unit 7 – Pricing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Unit 8 – Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Unit 9 – Sales 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Unit 10 – Sales 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Unit 11 – Sales 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Unit 12 – Negotiating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26Unit 13 – Financing 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28Unit 14 – Financing 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30Unit 15 – Used Car Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

ESP Automotive SB2.qxp ESP Automotive SB2 11/18/16 10:39 AM Page 421The Internal Combustion EngineGet ready!crankcase1 Before you read the passage, talk about these questions.fuel1 Which parts of an internalcombustion engine are locatedin the engine block?piston ringscylinders2 What kinds of fuels do internalcombustion engines use?pistonspark plugTheInternalcrankshaftvalvesCombustion EngineInternal combustion engines ignite fuel to create usefulmechanical energy. Most engines have a tank that holdsfuel. Fuel pumps from the tank into chambers calledcylinders. An engine’s cylinders are located between itshead and its engine block. Valves control the flow offuel into and out of the cylinders. Each cylinder containsa piston which can move up and down the cylinder.Piston rings form seals between the pistons and thewalls of the cylinders.When fuel enters a cylinder, the piston rises. Thiscompresses the fuel at the top of the cylinder. When thishappens, a spark plug ignites the fuel. The explosionmakes the piston shoot down the cylinder. This, in turn,pushes a connecting rod. The connecting rod then turnsthe crankshaft in the crankcase. The turn of thecrankshaft outputs mechanical energy. A sump withlubricating oil keeps the engine parts running smoothly.Reading2 Read the encyclopedia entry. Then, mark sumpVocabulary3 Match the words or phrases (1-8) with the definitions (A-H).1fuel5spark plug2sump6piston ring3valve7engine block4cylinder8connecting rodA a round hole in the engine block that contains apistonB a reservoir that holds oil in the engineC a device that ignites fuel using electricitythe following statements as true (T) orfalse (F).D the main part of an engine to which other partsare attached1The cylinders are set between the engineblock and the crankcase.E a substance that produces heat or power whenburned2Upward movement of the piston compressesfuel in the cylinder.F a rod that links a piston to a crankshaftConnecting rods connect the pistons to thecrankshaft.H a device that opens and closes to control theflow of fluid34connecting rodG a ring that creates a seal around a piston

ESP Automotive SB2.qxp ESP Automotive SB2 11/18/16 10:39 AM Page 434 Read the sentence pairs. Choose which word best fitseach blank.1 piston / crankshaftA The islocated near the bottom ofthe engine.B Thecompresses fuel in theengine’s cylinders.2 head / crankcaseA Thecovers the top of the engine.B The iswhere an engine’s sump islocated.5 Listen and read theencyclopedia entry again. Whatdoes a spark plug do?Listening6 Listen to a conversationbetween a mechanic and adealership manager. Choosethe correct answers.1 What are the speakers mainlytalking about?7 Listen again and complete the conversation.Mechanic: It looks like the crankshaft became jammed in1 .Manager: How could something like that happen?Mechanic: I would guess that someone just forgot to put oil in theengine. 2 is pretty dry.Manager: Ah, then the lack of lubrication made the 3.Mechanic: Precisely. It should be easy to fix. I just 4the crankshaft from the crankcase. And thenclean them both, lubricate them, and put them backtogether.Manager: Are you going to need to 5 ?Mechanic: No, I basically have everything tha

Automotive Industry Student’s Book Daniel Baxter –Virginia Evans –Jenny Dooley Career Paths: Automotive Industry is a new educational resource for automotive professionals who want to improve their English communication in a work environment. Incorporating career-specific vocabulary and contexts, each unit offers step-by-step instruction that immerses students in the four key language .

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