M. Tech. - Automobile Engineering

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NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WARANGALM. Tech. - Automobile EngineeringDEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERINGSCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND SYALLABIEffective from 2019-20NIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 1

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WARANGALVISION Towards a Global Knowledge Hub, striving continuously in pursuit of excellence inEducation, Research, Entrepreneurship and Technological services to the societyMISSION Imparting total quality education to develop innovative, entrepreneurial and ethicalfuture professionals fit for globally competitive environment. Allowing stake holders to share our reservoir of experience in education andknowledge for mutual enrichment in the field of technical education. Fostering product oriented research for establishing a self-sustaining and wealthcreating centre to serve the societal needs.DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERINGVISION To be a global knowledge hub in mechanical engineering education, research,entrepreneurship and industry outreach services.MISSION Impart quality education and training to nurture globally competitive mechanicalengineers. Provide vital state-of-the-art research facilities to create, interpret, apply anddisseminate knowledge. Develop linkages with world class educational institutions and R&D organizations forexcellence in teaching, research and consultancy services.NIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 2

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERINGM.TECH. IN THERMAL ENGINEERINGPROGRAM EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOS):Program Educational Objectives (PEOs) are broad statements that describe the career andprofessional accomplishments that the program is preparing graduates to achieve. They areconsistent with the mission of the Institution and Department. Department faculty memberscontinuously worked with stakeholders (local employers, industry and R&D advisors, andthe alumni) to review the PEOs and update them periodically.PEO1PEO2PEO3PEO4PEO5Apply concepts of engineering to analyze automotive systems.Develop innovative automotive technologies to address specific needs ofperformance, comfort, safety and eco-friendliness.Apply computational tools for comprehensive understanding of the complex systemsin automotive engineering.Communicate effectively and support constructively towards team workEngage in lifelong learning for career and professional growth with ethical concernfor society and the environmentMAPPING OF MISSION STATEMENTS WITH PROGRAM EDUCATIONALOBJECTIVES:Mission StatementImpart quality education and training to nurturePEO1PEO2PEO3PEO4PEO5323233322322223globally competitive mechanical engineers.Provide vital state-of-the-art research facilities tocreate, interpret, apply and disseminate knowledge.Develop linkages with world class educationalinstitutions and R&D organizations for excellence inteaching, research and consultancy services.1: SlightlyNIT Warangal2: Moderately3: SubstantiallyM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 3

PROGRAM OUTCOMES:Program Outcomes (POs) are narrower statements that describe what the students areexpected to know and be able to do upon the graduation. They relate the knowledge, skillsand behavior the students acquire through the program. The Program Outcomes (PO) arespecific to the program and facilitate the attainment of PEOs.PO1Carryout independent research/investigation and development work to solvepractical problems.PO2Write and present a substantial technical report/document.PO3Demonstrate a degree of mastery over automobile engineering at a level higherthan the Bachelor‟s program.PO4Apply engineering knowledge, state-of-the-art tools and techniques to design andanalyze automobile systems and sub-systems.PO5Evaluate prime movers and analyze vehicle loads for improved performance.PO6Engage in lifelong learning adhering to professional, ethical, legal, safety,environmental and societal aspects for career excellence.MAPPING OF PROGRAM OUTCOMES WITH PROGRAM 332PEO2322322PEO3211232PEO4222223PEO53233331: SlightlyNIT Warangal2: Moderately3: SubstantiallyM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 4

CURRICULAR COMPONENTSCategoryCore courses1206----Total No. ofcredits to beearned18Electives0612----18Lab 875NIT WarangalI Year,Sem – II Year,Sem – IIII Year,Sem – III Year,Sem – IIM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 5

M.Tech. (AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING)SCHEME OF INSTRUCTIONS AND EVALUATIONI Year, Semester – ourse TitleLTPAutomotive Engineering30 0Computational Methods in Thermal Engineering 30 0Mechanical Vibrations30 0IC Engines and Alternate Power Sources30 0Elective-130 0Elective-230 0ME5541 Automotive Engineering laboratory01 2ME5542 Computational Laboratory01 2ME5543 Seminar-I00 3Total 18 2 7PCC – Program Core Course;DEC: Department Elective CPCCI Year, Semester – IISl.No123456789CourseCourse TitleCodeME5551 Vehicle Body EngineeringME5456 Vehicle 5591 Automotive Systems laboratoryME5592 Modeling and Analysis laboratoryME5593 Seminar-IILTPCr333333000Total DECDECDECPCCPCCPCCII Year, Semester – IS. No.12Course Code Course TitleME5548Comprehensive Viva – VoceME5549Dissertation - Part ACredits Cat.Code2PCC9PCCTotal11II Year, Semester – IIS. No.1Course Code Course TitleME5599Dissertation - Part BNIT WarangalCredits18Total18M.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)PCCPage 6

List of Elective Courses (M.Tech - Automobile Engineering)S. No1Course CodeCourse TitleME5511Automotive Electronics2ME5122Renewable Sources of Energy3ME5123Energy Systems and Management4ME5321Enterprise Resource Planning5ME5331Manufacturing Management6ME5336Soft Computing Techniques7ME5421Analysis and Synthesis of Mechanisms89ME5422Mathematical Methods in EngineeringME5621Advanced Metal Forming10ME5561Noise, Vibrations & Harshness11ME5562Vehicle Testing & Instrumentation12ME5563Engine Management Systems13ME5564Automotive Safety & Maintenance14ME5171Design of Heat Transfer Equipment15ME5172New Venture Creation16ME5571Combustion and Emission control17ME5572Alternate Fuels & Emissions18ME5276Mechatronics and Robotics19ME5274Fluid Power Systems20ME5281Precision Manufacturing21ME5386Design and Analysis of Experiments22ME5387Project Management23ME5471Tribological Systems Design24ME5472Condition Monitoring25ME5483Computer Aided Design26ME5377Reliability ion Methods for Engineering Design29ME5482Finite Element Method30ME5686Non Destructive Testing31ME5378Industry 4.0 and IIoTNIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 7

Assessment of Academic Performance for Theory Courses:Continuous Evaluation:20 marksMid-semester Examination:30 marks (as per academic calendar)End-semester Examination:50 marks (as per academic calendar)Total:100 marksAssessment of Academic Performance for Laboratory Courses:Continuous Evaluation: 25 Marks(Lab report, viva, Quiz etc)Skill test: 25 MarksEnd Semester Examination: 50 MarksTotal: 100 MarksNIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 8

DETAILED SYLLABUSI- Year, I- SemesterME5501AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING3 - 0 - 0 (3 Cr)Prerequisites: Internal Combustion EnginesCourse Outcomes:CO1Identify the systems and sub-systems of a typical automobileCO2Analyze prime movers based on their configurationCO3Outline the functions of cooling, lubrication and power transmission system and itscomponentsCO4Interpret advanced concepts in Steering, Suspension and Braking systemsCO5Adopt recent innovations in automobile sector like wheels, tires, air conditioningand lighting.CO-PO 33PO423232PO523211PO611113Detailed Syllabus:Introduction: Overview of the course, Examination and Evaluation patterns, History ofAutomobiles, Classification of Automobiles.Power Plant: Classification, Engine Terminology, firing order, Hybrid power sources.Lubricating system and cooling systems: Functions & properties of lubricants, methods oflubrication-splash type, pressure type, dry sump, and wet sump & mist lubrication. Oil filters,oil pumps, oil coolers. Characteristics of an effective cooling system, types of coolingsystem, radiator, thermostat, air cooling & water cooling.Transmission, axles, clutches, propeller shafts and differential: Types of gear boxes,functions and types of front and rear axles, types and functions, components of the clutches,fluid couplings, design considerations of Hotchkiss drive torque tube drive, function and partsof differential and traction control.Steering System: functions of steering mechanism, steering gear box types, wheel geometry,power steering systems.NIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 9

Braking and suspension system: functions and types of brakes, operation and principle ofbrakes, constructional and operation of ABS, classification of brakesTypes of springs shock observers, objectives and types of suspension system, rear axlessuspension, electronic control and proactive suspension system.Wheels and tyres: Wheel quality, assembly, types of wheels, wheel rims. Construction oftyres and tyre specifications.Air-conditioning and Lighting system in automobile: A.C System, Voltage regulator,battery and lighting system.Readings:1.Joseph Heitner, Automotive Mechanics, , CBS publications2.Srinivasan.S, Automotive Mechanics, 2nd Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill, 20033. Crouse and Anglin, Automotive Mechanism, 9th Edition. Tata McGraw-Hill, 2003.4. Jack Erjavec, A Systems Approach to Automotive Technology, Cengage LearningPub., 2009.NIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 10

ME5102COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN THERMALENGINEERING3 - 0 - 0 (3 Cr)Pre-requisites:Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, Numerical Methods, Computer ProgrammingCourse Outcomes:CO1 Understand the stepwise procedure to completely solve a fluid dynamics problemusing computational methods.CO2 Derive the governing equations and understand the behavior of the equations.CO3 Analyze the consistency, stability and convergence of various discretization schemesfor parabolic, elliptic and hyperbolic partial differential equations.CO4 Analyze variations of SIMPLE schemes for incompressible flows and variations ofFlux Splitting algorithms for compressible flows.CO5 Analyze methods of grid generation techniques and application of finite difference andfinite volume methods to solve thermal problems.CO-PO 3PO433333PO5PO6111Detailed Syllabus:Introduction: History and Philosophy of computational fluid dynamics, CFD as a designand research tool, Applications of CFD in engineering, Programming fundamentals,MATLAB programming, Numerical MethodsGoverning Equations Of Fluid Dynamics: Models of the flow, The substantialderivative, Physical meaning of the divergence of velocity, The continuity equation, Themomentum equation, The energy equation, Navier-Stokes equations for viscous flow, Eulerequations for inviscid flow, Physical boundary conditions, Forms of the governingequations suited for CFD, Conservation form of the equations, shock fitting and shockcapturing, Time marching and space marching.Mathematical behavior of partial differential equations: Classification of quasi-linearpartial differential equations, Methods of determining the classification, General behaviorof Hyperbolic, Parabolic and Elliptic equations.Basic aspects of discretization: Introduction to finite differences, Finite differenceequations using Taylor series expansion and polynomials, Explicit and implicit approaches,Uniform and unequally spaced grid points.NIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 11

Grids with appropriate transformation: General transformation of the equations, Metricsand Jacobians, The transformed governing equations of the CFD, Boundary fittedcoordinate systems, Algebraic and elliptic grid generation techniques, Adaptive grids.PARABOLIC PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: Finite difference formulations,Explicit methods – FTCS, Richardson and DuFort-Frankel methods, Implicit methods –Laasonen, Crank-Nicolson and Beta formulation methods, Approximate factorization,Fractional step methods, Consistency analysis, Linearization.Stability analysis: Discrete Perturbation Stability analysis, von Neumann Stabilityanalysis, Error analysis, Modified equations, Artificial dissipation and dispersion.Elliptic equations: Finite difference formulation, solution algorithms: Jacobi-iterationmethod, Gauss-Siedel iteration method, point- and line-successive over-relaxation methods,alternative direction implicit methods.Hyperbolic equations: Explicit and implicit finite difference formulations, splittingmethods, multi-step methods, applications to linear and nonlinear problems, linear damping,flux corrected transport, monotone and total variation diminishing schemes, tvdformulations, entropy condition, first-order and second-order tvd schemes.Scalar representation of NAVIER-STOKES equations: Equations of fluid motion,numerical algorithms: ftcs explicit, ftbcs explicit, Dufort-Frankel explicit, Maccormackexplicit and implicit, btcs and btbcs implicit algorithms, applications.Grid generation: Algebraic Grid Generation, Elliptic Grid Generation, Hyperbolic GridGeneration, Parabolic Grid GenerationFinite volume method for unstructured grids: Advantages, Cell Centered and Nodalpoint Approaches, Solution of Generic Equation with tetra hedral Elements, 2-D Heatconduction with Triangular ElementsNumerical solution of quasi one-dimensional nozzle flow: Subsonic-Supersonicisentropic flow, Governing equations for Quasi 1-D flow, Non-dimensionalizing theequations, MacCormack technique of discretization, Stability condition, Boundaryconditions, Solution for shock flows.Readings:1. Anderson, J.D(Jr), Computational Fluid Dynamics, McGraw-Hill Book Company,2017.2. Hoffman, K.A., and Chiang, S.T., Computational Fluid Dynamics, Vol. I, II and III,Engineering Education System, Kansas, USA, 2000.3. Chung, T.J., Computational Fluid Dynamics, 2nd Edition, Cambridge UniversityPress, 2014.4. Anderson, D.A., Tannehill, J.C., and Pletcher, R.H., Computational Fluid Mechanicsand Heat Transfer, 3rd Edition, CRC Press, 2013.5. Versteeg, H.K. and Malalasekara, W., An Introduction to Computational FluidDynamics, Pearson Education, 2010.6. Patankar, S.V., Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, CRC press, 2017.NIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 12

ME5403MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS3 - 0 - 0 (3 Cr)Pre-requisites: NilCourse Outcomes:CO1CO2CO3CO4CO5Analyze the causes and effects of vibrations in mechanical systems and identifydiscrete and continuous systems.Model the physical systems into schematic models and formulate the governingequations of motion.Compute the free and forced vibration responses of multi degree of freedomsystems through model analysis and interpret the results.Analyze and design the systems involving imbalances, transmissibility, vibrationisolation and absorption.Analyze and design to control and reduce vibration effects in machinery.CO-PO Mapping:CO\PO 32233PO621122Detailed Syllabus:Introduction:Causes and effects of vibration, Classification of vibrating system, Discrete and continuoussystems, degrees of freedom, Identification of variables and Parameters, Linear and nonlinearsystems, linearization of nonlinear systems, Physical models, Schematic models andMathematical models.SDF systems:Formulation of equation of motion: Newton –Euler method, De Alembert‟s method, Energymethod,Free Vibration:Undamped Free vibration response, Damped Free vibration response, Case studies onformulation and response calculation. Forced vibration response of SDF systems: Responseto harmonic excitations, solution of differential equation of motion, Vector approach,Complex frequency response, Magnification factor Resonance, Rotating/reciprocatingunbalances.Dynamics of Rotors: Whirling of rotors, Computation of critical speeds, influence ofbearings, Critical speeds of Multi rotor systems.NIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 13

Design case studies: design case studies dealing with Transmissibility of forces and motionTrans, Vehicular suspension, Analysis of Vehicles as single degree of freedom systems vibration transmitted due to unevenness of the roads, preliminary design of automobilesuspension. Design of machine foundations and isolators.Two degree of freedom systems:Introduction, Formulation of equation of motion: Equilibrium method, Lagrangian method,Case studies on formulation of equations of motion, Free vibration response, Eigen valuesand Eigen vectors, Normal modes and mode superposition, Coordinate coupling, decouplingof equations of motion, Natural coordinates, Response to initial conditions, coupledpendulum, free vibration response case studies, Forced vibration response, Automobile as atwo degree of freedom system –bouncing and pitching modes undamped vibration absorbers,Case studies on identification of system parameters and design of undamped vibrationabsorbers. Analysis and design of damped vibration absorbers.Multi degree of freedom systems:Introduction, Formulation of equations of motion, Free vibration response, Natural modesand mode shapes, Orthogonally of model vectors, normalization of model vectors,Decoupling of modes, model analysis, mode superposition technique, Free vibration responsethrough model analysis, Forced vibration analysis through model analysis, Model damping,Rayleigh‟s damping, Introduction to experimental model analysis.Continuous systems:Introduction to continuous systems,discretevs continuous systems. Exact and approximatesolutions, free vibrations of bars and shafts, Free vibrations of beams, Forced vibrations ofcontinuous systems Case studies, Approximate methods for continuous systems andintroduction to Finite element method.Vibration Control in structures: Introduction, , State space representation of equations ofmotion, Passive control, active control and semi active control o, Free layer and constraineddamping layers, Piezo electric sensors and actuators for active control, semi active control ofautomotive suspension systems.Reading:1. L. Meirovich, Elements of Vibration analysis, 2nd Ed. Tata Mc-Grawhill 2007Reference Books:1. Singiresu S Rao, Mechanical Vibrations. 4th Ed. , Pearson education 20112. W.T., Thompson, Theory of Vibration,. CBS Publishers3. Clarence W. de Silva , Vibration: Fundamentals and Practice, CRC Press LLC, 2000NIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 14

ME5104IC ENGINES AND ALTERNATE POWER SOURCES 3 - 0 - 0 (3 Cr)Prerequisites: Internal Combustion EnginesCourse Outcomes:CO1CO2CO3CO4Understand the importance of IC engine as a prime mover and compare itsperformance on the basis of thermodynamic cycles and combustion process.Identify harmful IC engine emissions and use viable alternate fuels in engines.Analyze and evaluate engine performance and adopt improvement devices and newcombustion concepts.Classify and analyze alternate power sources for automobiles.CO – PO Mapping:CO PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO62322CO132323CO2233332CO3223233CO4Detailed Syllabus:Introduction to IC engines: Overview of the course, Examination and Evaluation patternsClassification of Prime Movers; IC Engines as Prime Movers; Historical PerspectiveContribution of IC Engines for Global Warming. Concept of charge, Differences between ECEngines and IC Engines-Classification, Mechanical cycle and Thermodynamic cycle, Airstandard cycles-Diesel, Otto, Dual and Miller cycles. Classification of 2-s cycle enginesbased on scavenging, Differences between 2-s and 4-s cycle engines, Differences between SIand CI engines.Spark Ignition Engines: Flame Propagation- Combustion phenomena (Normal andAbnormal), Factors affecting, Detonation, Ignition quality, HUCR-Carburetion and fuelinjection systems for SI EnginesCompression Ignition Engines: Advantages of CI engines-Importance of air motion andCompression Ratio, Mixture Preparation inside the CC. Normal and abnormal combustion Ignition Quality-Cetane number-Characteristics of a Good Combustion ChamberClassification of Combustion Chambers (DI and IDI).Description of Fuel injection Systems Individual, Unit and Common Rail (CRDI), Fuel Injectors-Nozzle types, Electronic ControlUnit(ECU)-Numerical problems on fuel injectionSupercharging of IC Engines: Need of Supercharging and advantages, Configurations ofSupercharging-Numerical problems on turbocharging.Pollutant emissions from IC Engines: Introduction to clean air, Pollutants from SI and CIEngines: Carbon monoxide, UBHCs, Oxides of nitrogen (NO-NOX) and Particulate Matter.Mechanism of formation of pollutants, Factors affecting pollutant formation. Measurement ofengine emissions-instrumentation, Pollution Control Strategies, Emission norms-EURO andBharat stage norms.NIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 15

Performance of IC Engines: Classification of engine performance parameters-Measurementof brake power, indicated power and friction power. Factors affecting performance, Heat loss,Air-fuel ratio, Pumping loss, Energy Balance: Pi and Sankey diagrams Numerical problems.Alternate Fuels: Need for Alternate fuels, Desirable Characteristics of good Alternate FuelLiquid and Gaseous fuels for SI and CI Engines, Kerosene, LPG, Alcohols, Bio-fuels,Natural gas, Hydrogen and use of these fuels in engines.Batteries: Battery: lead-acid battery, cell discharge and charge operation, construction,advantages of lead- acid battery- Battery parameters: battery capacity, discharge rate, state ofcharge, state of discharge, depth of discharge, Technical characteristics-Ragone plots.Electric vehicles: Introduction: Limitations of IC Engines as prime mover, History of EVs,EV system, components of EV-DC and AC electric machines: Introduction and basicstructure-Electric vehicle drive train-advantages and limitations, Permanent magnet andswitched reluctance motors-EV motor sizing: Initial acceleration, rated vehicle velocity,Maximum velocity and maximum gradeabilityHybrid vehicle: Configurations of hybrids, advantages and limitations-Hybrid drive trains,sizing of components Initial acceleration, rated vehicle velocity, Maximum velocity andmaximum gradeability-Hydrogen: Production-Hydrogen storage systems-reformersFuel Cell vehicles: Fuel cells: Introduction-Fuel cell characteristics, Thermodynamics of fuelcells-Fuel cell types: emphasis on PEM fuel cellReadings:1.2.3.4.5.6.J.B. Heywood Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw Hill Co.1988W.W.PulkrabekEngineering Fundamentals of IC Engine, PHI Pvt.Ltd 2002SethLeitman and Bob Brant Build your own electric vehicle McGraw Hill Co.2009.F.BarbirPEM Fuel Cells-Theory and Practice Elsevier Academic Press-2005.V.Ganeshan, IC Engines (4th Edition), TMHH.N.Gupta, Fundamentals of IC Engines (2nd Edition), PHINIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 16

ME5541AUTOMOTIVE ENGINES LABORATORY0-1-2 (2 Cr)Prerequisites: NilCourse Outcomes:CO1CO2CO3CO4Identify the systems and sub-systems of IC enginesDetermine properties of a given fuel/oil sample and identify fuel/oil for specific useAnalyze the performance and emissions of SI and CI Engines by experimentationEvaluate performance of compressors and steam turbineCO-PO Mapping:CO/PO 2222Detailed Syllabus:S. NoExercise123456Performance Test on a Single Cylinder Diesel Engine with DC shunt DynamometerPerformance Test on Dual Fuel Engine with Electrical heater plugsPerformance Test on Single Cylinder petrol Engine with Electrical DynamometerRetardation test on a Single Cylinder Diesel Engine with DC shunt DynamometerMorse test on a Multi Cylinder Petrol EngineHeat Balance Test on a Single Cylinder Diesel Engine with Water brakeDynamometerPerformance test on reciprocating air compressor.Nozzle Test and Performance test on Prototype steam turbineDetermination of Fuel properties with the apparatus available in the LaboratoryConduct of experiment on Computerized single cylinder diesel engine to determineperformance, Heat balance, Exhaust emissions and temperaturesDisassembly and assembly of IC engine7891011NIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 17

ME5542COMPUTATIONAL LABORATORY0-1-2 (2 Cr)Course Outcomes:CO1 Develop codes for solution of algebraic and differential equationsCO2 Improve skills to implement CFD methods with the developed codesCO3 Analyze real life engineering applications with the help of CFDCO-PO Mapping:CO/PO :Writing programs using C and MATLAB for Solution of transcendental equations,solution of simultaneous algebraic equations, numerical differentiation and integration,solution of ordinary differential equations, Explicit and implicit methods of solving the fluidflow problems under various types of boundary conditions, methods of solving partialdifferential equations of elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic types.1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.Solution of Quadratic EquationsMatrix OperationsSolution of Simultaneous Algebraic Linear Equations (Gauss-Siedel Method)Solution of 1-D parabolic equations(a) Explicit (FTCS, DuFort-Frankel)(b) Implicit (Laasonen)Examples: (i) Fin problem with insulated and Convective end [k A Txx h P (T-Ta)](ii) Couette Problem with and without pressure Gradient [ut - px /ρ νuxx]Solution of Elliptic Equations (Tt α Txx ](a)With Point Gauss Siedel method(b)With Point Successive Over Relaxation MethodExamples: (i) Temperature Distribution over a rectangular plate with differentBoundary conditions on the sides.Solution of Linear Hyperbolic Equations. [ ut -a ux ](a) Using upwind and Lax explicit methods(b) Using BTCS and Crank-Nicolson implicit methodsExamples: Wave propagation at a high altitudeSolution of Non-Linear Hyperbolic Equations. [ ut -u ux ](a) Lax Method(b) MacCormack MethodExamples: Shock Tube ProblemSolution of Incompressible NSEs(a) Vorticity-Stream function formulation(b) Primitive Variable FormulationExamples: (i) Lid Driven Cavity Problem(ii) Mass entering and leaving a square chamberNIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 18

Readings:1. Versteeg, H. K. and Malalasekera, W., An Introduction to Computational FluidDynamics: The Finite Volume Method, 2nd Edition, Pearson, 2010.2. Tannehill, J. C., Anderson, D. A. and Pletcher, R. H., Computational Fluid Mechanicsand Heat Transfer, McGraw Hill, 2002.3. Blazek, J., Computational Fluid Dynamics: Principles and Applications, 2nd Edition,Elsevier Science & Technology, 2006.4. Chung, T. J., Computational Fluid Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, 2003.NIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 19

ME5543CO1CO2CO3CO4SEMINAR-I0-0-3 (1 Cr)Identify and compare technical and practical issues related to the area of coursespecialization.Outline annotated bibliography of research demonstrating scholarly skills.Prepare a well-organized report employing elements of technical writing andcritical thinkingDemonstrate the ability to describe, interpret and analyze technical issues anddevelop competence in presenting.CO-PO 23CO43323Evaluation Scheme:TaskDescriptionWeightageIClarity on the topic10IILiterature survey30IIIContent30IVPresentation20VResponse to Questions10TOTAL100Task-CO mapping:Task/COCO1IIICO2CO3XXIIINIT WarangalCO4XIVXVXM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 20

I-Year, II SemesterME5551VEHICLE BODY ENGINEERING3 - 0 - 0 (3 Cr)Prerequisites: NilCourse outcomes:CO1 Classify vehicle body according to body shape and frame structures.CO2 Enumerate the aerodynamic forces acting on the vehicle body and examine themethods to reduce them.CO3 Apply the principles of simple structural surface method to strengthen vehicle bodypanels.CO4 Examine the vehicle crash testing methodsCO5 Identify sources of noise and methods to minimize it.CO-PO Mapping:COPO1 21PO621232Detailed SyllabusFrame: Introduction, Loads on the Frames, Construction and Cross sections of the frame,Types of FramesAutomotive Body: Vehicle body styles, Aerodynamic considerations in body profiling:Drag reduction, Drag force calculation.Vehicle Structure: Basic requirement of stiffness and strengthVehicle structure typesDemonstration of Simple Structural Surfaces (SSS).Body Components: Bumpers, Grilles, Sill covers and side airdams, outer moldingsWeatherstrips, Glass and Mirrors.Body Interiors: Seat Belt Restraint system-Air-Bag, components of Air- Bag, Dash BoardVehicle Safety: Introduction, Crash testing, protection of occupantsTesting for occupantssafety, safety controls.Noise: Interior noise-Engine noise, Road noise, wind noise, brake noise, Interior noise:Assessment and controlTEXT BOOKS:1. Powloski J, Vehicle Body Engineering, Business Books Ltd, 2000.2. Lorenzo Morello, Automotive Body, Volume-I (component design), Springer, 20113. David A Crolla, Automotive Engineering (Power Train, Chassis system and VehicleBody), Elsevier collection, 2009.REFERENCE BOOKS:1. Giles G.J. Body Construction & Design Illiffe Books Butter worth & co., 2000.2. John Fenton Vehicle Body Layout and Analysis, Mechanical Engineering PublicationLtd., London, 2001.NIT WarangalM.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus)Page 21

ME5456VEHICLE DYNAMICS3 - 0 - 0 (3 Cr)Prerequisites: NilCourse Outcomes:CO1 Understand the principles underlying the development and design of road vehiclesunder the influence of dynamic loads.CO2 Analyze the performance and establish the design specifications for the accelerat

NIT Warangal M.Tech. (Automobile Engineering Syllabus) Page 6 M.Tech. (AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING) SCHEME OF INSTRUCTIONS AND EVALUATION I Year, Semester – I Sl. No Course Code Course Title L T P Cr Cat. Code 1 ME5501 Automotive Engineering 3 0 0 3 PCC 2 ME5102 Computational Me

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favoring automobile travel over alternative modes (in this case, automobile includes cars, vans, light trucks, SUVs and motorcycles). In recent years transportation planning has expanded to include more emphasis on non-automobile modes and more consideration of factors su

U.S. automobile industry endured serious hardship in the 1970s and early 1980s in the face of rising fuel prices, problems of product quality and sharp inroads from foreign producers, most notably the Japanese. As the decade of the 90s approaches its close, the U.S. automobile industry has repositioned itself as a global leader in automobile .

segments of the value chain undertaken by the automobile industry in traditional producer countries. Section III portrays trends in wages and employment in the automobile industry of Germany, Japan and the United States since the late 1970s. We stress that intersectoral wage premia of the automobile industry, relative to total

THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY 5 POCKET GUIDE 2020/ 2021 WWW.ACEA.BE Impact of COVID-19 on the EU automobile industry MARCH - MAY 2020 Employees affected1 Estimated loss in production2 (number of vehicles) Average shutdown duration3 (in working days) Austria 14,307 26,480 34 Belgium 30,000 33,360 25 Croatia 700 - 29 Czech Republic 45,000 155,060 29

The Battle of the Bulge By David Motley Photos by David Motley and Wes Lambe Old Gibson flat top guitars have their excesses and flourishes. Top belly bulges sometimes develop just below the bridge. Like a long term sweets addiction, string tension and time can play havoc with an old lady’s mid drift profile. When introduced in 1927, the Nick Lucas Special was Gibson’s top of the line .