The Jumping Frog

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The Jumping Frog( The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras CountyandCuring A Cold )by Mark Twain1 / 22

ContentsThe Celebrated Jumping Prog of Calaveras County. 3Chapter One: A Letter from the East.3Chapter Two: Bets and Races. 4Chapter Three: Daniel Webster.5Chapter Four: A Strager at Angel's camp.6Chapter Five: The Big Bet.8Curing A Cold. 9Chapter Six: The First Sneeze. 9Chapter Seven: The Remedies. 11Chapter Eight: The San Francisco Remedy. 12Track 1: The California Gold Rush.14Track 2: Life In The Mining Camps. 15Track 3: The Jumping Frog Jubilee.16Track 4: Panning For Cold. 17Track 5: Are You Dressed Like A Gold Miner?. 18Track 6: A City Is Born.19Track 7: San Francisco Today.20Track 8: Two Old Western Ballads.212 / 22

The Celebrated Jumping Prog of Calaveras CountyChapter One: A Letter from the EastOne day a friend of mine from the East wrote me a letter. He asked me tovisit an old man named Simon Wheeler. My friend wanted me to ask SimonWheeler about a childhood companion①, Leonidas W. Smiley.I found Simon Wheeler sleeping by the stove of the old tavern② inAngel's Mining Camp. I noticed that he was fat. His face was simple andpeaceful. When he woke up, I told him that a friend of mine wanted to knowabout a childhood companion named Leonidas W. Smiley.Simon Wheeler blocked me with his chair in a corner of the tavern. Then,very seriously, he began to tell me the story that follows.There was once a fellow③ at the mining camp named Jim Smiley. It wasthe winter of 1849 or maybe the spring of 1850. He was an unusual man. Healways bet④ money on anything that happened at the mining camp, and heusually won. Jim Smiley was a very lucky man. When there was a horse race,a dog-fight⑤, a cat-fight or a chicken-fight he always bet on them.①②③④⑤childhood w:人。bet:赌博。dog-fight:逗狗。3 / 22

Chapter Two: Bets and RacesSmiley owned an old horse that was slow and sick, but he won money onher. The poor horse had asthma① and other animal illnesses. At races shehad a head start②, because of her health problems. Near the end of everyrace, she became very excited and desperate③. She galloped④ wildly,kicked her legs in the air, to the sides, raised the dust⑤, coughed⑥, and blewher nose. At the end of the race, she was always the happy winner.Smiley also had a small bulldog named Andrew Jackson. Andrew Jacksonwas a lazy dog and did nothing all day long. But when Smiley bet money onhim, he was lively and ready to fight. When there was an important dogfight at the mining camp, Andrew Jackson always grabbed⑦ the back leg ofthe other dog. He didn't chew⑧ on it. He only kept it between his strongteeth. He didn't let go until Smiley won the bet.①②③④⑤⑥⑦⑧asthma:哮喘。head bed:用牙咬住。chew: 咀嚼。4 / 22

Chapter Three: Daniel WebsterSmiley found a frog one day and named it Daniel Webster. He took ithome and planned to teach it a lot of things. For three months, Smiley satoutside his house and taught his frog how to jump far. Daniel Webster was aclever frog and learned quickly. Smiley gave him a little push from behind,and Daniel Webster flew into the air like a doughnut①. He even turned oneor two somersaults② in the air.Smiley taught his frog to catch③ flies④. "Flies, Daniel, flies!" Smileyshouted. Daniel jumped up and caught the fly with his long tongue⑤.Danie Webster was the champion⑥ jumping frog of Calaveras County.Smilely won all bets with his handdome frog.He was very proud⑦ of 捉。flies: ud:自豪。5 / 22

Chapter Four: A Strager at Angel's campSmiley kept his frog in a box with small holes① in it. One day a strangercame to the mining camp. He saw Smiley holding the box."What's in that box?" asked the stranger. "Maybe② a parrot③, maybe acanary④! No, it's a frog," answered Smiley.The stranger took the box and looked at it carefully."Yes, it is. Well, what's he good for?""Well," Smiley said, "he's good for ONE thing: he can outjump⑤ any frogin Calaveras County."The stranger took the box again. He looked at the frog for a long time.Then he returned it to Smiley and said, "I don't see anything special aboutthis frog.""Maybe you don't," said Smiley. "Maybe you understand frogs and maybeyou don't understand them. But, I'll bet forty dollars that he can outjump anyfrog in Calaveras County."The fellow answered, "Well, I'm only a stranger here and I don't have afrog. I can't bet.""That's all right, that's all right. Hold⑥ my box a minute. I'll go to the riverand find a frog for you," said Smiley .The stranger took the box and bet his forty dollars. Smiley bet his fortydollars too and went to the river. The stranger sat down and waited forSmiley.①②③④⑤⑥a box with small 比 跳的远。hold:拿着。6 / 22

He sat there a long time and he began to think. Suddenly, he took DanielWebster out of the box and opened his mouth. With a teaspoon, he put someshotgun pellets① into the frog's mouth. Then he put him on the floor.①shotgun pellets:手枪射出的小子弹。7 / 22

Chapter Five: The Big BetAfter some time, Smiley returned holding a frog and said, "Now put himnext to Daniel, with his front paws① in the same place. I'll give the word②!"Then Smiley said, "One - two - three - GO!" He and the stranger pushedthe frogs from behind. The new frog jumped forward, but Daniel didn'tbudge③. He tried to move his shoulders, but he was anchored④ to the floor.Smiley was very surprised and unhappy.The stranger won the bet. "Well," he said, "I don't see anything specialabout this frog." He took the money and left.Smiley looked at Daniel for a long time. Finally he said, "What hashappened to Daniel? He looks terribly fat."He caught Daniel by the back of his neck and lifted him. "Cat's alive⑤!!!You weigh five pounds⑥!"He turned Daniel upside down, and the frog spit out⑦ a big number ofshotgun pellets .Now he understood what happened to Daniel. Smiley was furious.He looked for the stranger everywhere⑧, but he never found him. SimonWheeler's story ended here. I didn't really want to hear another story aboutSmiley's bets, so I got up from my chair and left.①②③④⑤⑥⑦⑧paws:爪。give the 定。“cats alive!”:感叹句。five pounds:约 2。5 公斤。spit out:吐出。everywhere:四处。8 / 22

Curing A ColdChapter Six: The First Sneeze①When the White House of Virginia City, Nevada burnt down②, I lost myhome, my happiness, my health and my trunk. The loss of my home and myhappiness was not a problem. A home without a mother or a sister who carefor③ you isn't really a home. The loss of my happiness was not a problemeither. I am not a poet, and so I am usually a happy person. But the loss ofmy good health and of my handsome trunk was a serious problem. On theday of the fire, I caught a terrible cold④.The first time I began to sneeze, a friend told me to put my feet in hotwater and then go to bed. I did this. The next day, another friend advised⑤me to take a cold shower. I did this too.After an hour, another friend told me to eat a big quantity of good food. SoI went to a new restaurant and started to eat everything I saw. The owner ofthe restaurant asked me if the people of Virginia City often had colds. Ianswered that they did. He then went outside, took down the new sign andclosed the restaurant.That day I met another good friend. He told me that I must drink a bottleof warm salt water. This was the only remedy⑥ to cure⑦ a cold. I tried itand the result was surprising. I threw up⑧ everything I had in my stomach!①②③④⑤⑥⑦⑧sneeze: 打喷嚏。burnt down:付之一炬。care emedy:治疗法。cure:治疗。threw up:吐出。9 / 22

I will never drink warm salt water again! And I will never advise anyoneto do so. I prefer being in a California earthquake① than drinking a bottle ofwarm salt water. This horrible remedy did not cure my cold, and it made mystomach sick for some time.I continued to sneeze violently, to blow my nose and to destroyhandkerchiefs. My suffering 10 / 22

Chapter Seven: The RemediesOne day I met a woman who appeared to be one hundred and fifty yearsold. She came from a deserted① part of the Far West, where there were nodoctors. She had years of experience helping sick people. She prepared aspecial mixture of molasses②, aquafortis③, oils and other strange drugs. Sheadvised me to drink a glass of this mixture every fifteen minutes.I only drank one glass of the mixture. It was enough to make me crazy. Ibecame extremely mean④ and dangerous. My mind was full of wildthoughts. My behaviour was horrible. I was proud of being bad!After a few days, the effect of the horrible mixture passed. I felt a lotworse⑤. My cold passed from my head to my lungs⑥. I coughed everymoment of the day and of the night. It was impossible to sleep. The sound ofmy voice frightened me.I got worse every day. An old friend recommended gin. I drank it. Then Idrank gin with molasses. Finally, I added onions.So I had gin, molasses and onions. The smell of my breath⑦ was 恶毒。lungs:肺部。got worse:加重。breath:呼吸。11 / 22

Chapter Eight: The San Francisco RemedyI decided to travel to the countryside to improve my health. I went to LakeBigler with my friend, Wilson. We travelled in a comfortable Pioneer coach.At Lake Bigler we fished and sailed on the lake. We hunted① for hours inthe woods. In the evening we danced. I enjoyed myself greatly. But, myillness got worse.A tourist at Lake Bigler recommended a cold sheet② bath. I neverrefused③ a remedy. At midnight, when it was very cold, I undressedcompletely. I covered my body with a wet, ice-cold sheet. I kept the sheet onmy body for a long time.It was the worst experience of my life. The wet, ice-cold sheet made myblood freeze④ and made my heart stop! I thought it was time for me to die.Never take a sheet-bath ¬NEVER! This is my advice to everyone.My condition⑤ got a lot worse. Other people recommended otherremedies. Not one of these remedies cured my cold.After a week at Lake Bigler, I decided to go to Steamboat Springs. Ithought that the hot baths there were good for my health. They were not.While I was at Steamboat Springs, I tried several different remedies.But I just got worse and worse. I was desperate. I finally decided to visitthe city of San Francisco.The day I arrived, a woman at the hotel told me to drink a bottle of whiskyevery twenty-four hours. A dear friend, who lived in San 。condition:情况。12 / 22

recommended exactly the same thing: a bottle of whisky every twenty-fourhours. That's two bottles of whisky.Well, I am happy to say that this San Francisco remedy finally cured mycold!13 / 22

Track 1: The California Gold RushOn January 24th, 1848, John Marshall discovered gold in the AmericanRiver at Sutter's Fort, California. He wasn't looking for gold .He discoveredit by chance①!This discovery changed the destiny of California.Suddenly, this wild territory of the Far West became world fames.During 1849, more than 80,000 people arrived in California looking forgold. They came from the United States, Europe, Central and South America,and China. They were called "gold miners", "gold prospectors" or simply"forty-niners②".A lot of "forty-niners" were poor. Their dream was to find gold and "strikeit rich③". A lot of them found gold but only a few became very rich andimportant.With the hard-working gold miners, there came saloon-keepers④,gamblers⑤, dishonest people and outlaws⑥. It was difficult to keep law andorder in the Far West.①②③④⑤⑥by chance : 意外的。forty-niners :1849 年涌到加州淘金的人。strike it rich : 赚大钱。saloon-keepers : 酒吧店主。gamblers :赌徒。outlaws :逃犯。14 / 22

Track 2: Life In The Mining CampsFrom 1848 many mining camps were established in the Gold Country:near the American River and in the Sierra Nevada Mountains.These camps were small settlements①. They were organized quickly tomeet the miners everyday needs.A mining camp usually had a saloon, a hotel, a stable, a general store, anundertaker② and a bank. Miners often paid for their food, drink, clothingand other things with gold dust or gold nuggets③.Brawls④ and fights were common, and killings were not unusual! Thesewere tough⑤ times and camps were rough⑥ places.Today a lot of camps have become ghost towns. Others have grown intotowns and cities, such as Angel's Camp, Auburn, grass valley, Jackson,mariposa,Nevada city, murphy's, Placerville and Sonora. You can visit themand their abandoned⑦ mines when you go to California.Take U.S.StateHighway80 to Sacramento, and then take California Highway 49 to the GoldCountry.①②③④⑤⑥⑦settlements: 社区。undertaker: 殡仪馆(负责人)。gold nuggets: 金矿。brawls: 争吵。tough: 艰苦的。rough: 危险的。abandoned: 荒废的。15 / 22

Track 3: The Jumping Frog JubileeDo you have a pet frog? If you do, take it to .Every year in may at angle's camp, California, there is an exciting frogcompetition. It is called "The Jumping Frog Jubilee". Frogs from far andnear can enter the competition. The frog that can jump the greatest distanceis the winner!A frog named "Rosie, the Ribiter is now the jumping champion of theworld. In may 1986 she jumped 21 feet-53/4 inches (about 7 metres).If you want more information write to:Calaveras Jumping frog jubileeP.O.Box 489Angel’s Camp,California 95222Fax: (209)736-247616 / 22

Track 4: Panning For ColdThe expression "panning for gold①" was born during the California GoldRush in 1848:The miners used a pan with a wire net on the bottom.they separated thegold from other materials by washing them with water. Miners usually"panned for gold" in the water of the rivers. The water of the river filledtheir pan with sand, dirt, stones and perhaps gold dust or gold nuggets. Otherminers looked for gold in caves in the sierra Nevada mountains and theyused a pickaxe②. These caves often became gold mines.①②"panning for gold": 用盆子淘金。pickaxe:鹤嘴锄。17 / 22

Track 5: Are You Dressed Like A Gold Miner?Looking for gold was not easy. It was hard work from sunrise to sunset.Miners often worked on their knees. They needed strong work clothes.Levi Strauss was an immigrant tailor at one of the mining camps. Hebegan making work pants called "blue jeans" or "Levi's". Blue Jeans becamevery popular in the West. Later on , Levi Strauss opened a blue-jeans factoryin San Francisco. Today, in San Francisco, the Levi Strauss offices are atLevi Strauss Plaza, by the bay.18 / 22

Track 6: A City Is BornA Spanish explorer, Gaspar de Portola, discovered San Francisco Bayin1769, and he build a "presidio①" there. At the beginning of the 1800's, SanFrancisco, then called Yerba Buena, was a sleepy Spanish village. There wasa presidio, a Spanish church called Mission Dolores, and some simple homes.There were few ships in the big harbor.With the discovery of gold in 1848, everything changed. San Franciscosuddenly became a busy city. In only one year, its population went from1,000 to 3,000. Settlers came from all parts of the world.There was a population explosion in California. The new settlers neededall types of things from the industries on the East Coast. The sea route fromNew York to San Francisco became an important one.The city of San Francisco became the most important settlement on thePacific Coast. The city and its port were full of life. The gold miners oftenwent to San Francisco to sell their gold, to buy supplies and to have fun.Those were exciting times!①presidio: (西班牙文) 指军事堡垒。19 / 22

Track 7: San Francisco TodayToday san francisco is a beautiful metropolis by the bay. It is aninternational commercial and banking centre. People from all parts of theworld live and work there in harmony.San Francisco has always been a friendly city. Each year thousands oftourists visit its unforgettable attractions. There is a big, colourful Chineseneighbourhood called Chinatown .north beach is the old Italian settlement,with typical Italian food shops and cafes.Music,art and theatre are are an important part of life in san Francisco.There are several excellent museums and universities.The city is built on steep hills. This fact gives it unusual beauty andextraordinary views. The architecture is a mix of modern skyscrapers andVictorian buildings.The gold rush days are over now, but san Francisco is still an excitingplace.20 / 22

Track 8: Two Old Western BalladsRed River ValleyFrom this valley they say you are going.I will miss your bright eyes and sweet smile,For I know you are taking the sunshineThat has lighted my pathway awhile.Come and sit by my side if love me .Do not hasten to bid me adieu,But remember the red river valley,And the one who has loved you so true.ClementineIn a cavern, in a canyon,Excavating for a mine,Dwelt a miner, a forty-ninerAnd his daughter Clementine.Oh my darling, oh my darling, oh my darlingClementine,You are lost and gone foreverDreadful sorry, Clementine.Drove she ducklings to the waterEvery morning just at nine,21 / 22

Hit her foot against a splinterFell into the foaming brine.Oh my darling,oh my darling, oh my darlingClementine,You are lost and gone foreverDreadful sorry, Clementine.There's a churchyard , on the hillside,Where the flowers grow and twine.There grow roses' mongst the posies,Fertilized by Clementine.Oh my darling,oh my darling,oh my darlingClementine,You are lost and gone foreverDreadful sorry, Clementine.22 / 22

Smiley taught his frog to catch③ flies④. "Flies, Daniel, flies!" Smiley shouted. Daniel jumped up and caught the fly with his long tongue⑤. Danie Webster was the champion⑥ jumping frog of Calaveras County. Smilely won all bets with his handdome frog.He was very proud⑦ of Daniel Webster. ① doughnut:油炸小圈饼。 ② .