David Miller, PE, F. ASCE Director, Standards

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Subsea Performance Bolt WorkshopAPI Spec Q1, Specification for Quality ManagementSystem Requirements for Manufacturing Organizationsfor the Petroleum and Natural Gas Industry, 9th EditionAPI Spec 20E, Specification for Alloy and Carbon SteelBolting for Use in the Petroleum and Natural GasIndustries, 2nd EditionDavid Miller, PE, F. ASCEDirector, Standards1

Topics What is API Spec Q1History & DevelopmentRequirementsApplication for API Specification 20EProgram Updates2

API Background API formed in 1919 as national trade association– API’s mission: support a strong U.S. oil and natural gasindustry– API develops statistical reports, standards andcertification programs– API engages in legislative and regulatory advocacy– API currently represents 600 companies3

Standards Background Standards Department formed in 1923 as one ofthree foundational programs First standards published in 1924 on pipe sizes,threads and couplings All industry segments now active in standardization4

What is API Spec Q1?API Spec Q1 ”Specification for Quality Management SystemRequirements for Manufacturing Organizations for thePetroleum and Natural Gas Industry” is The “primary” Quality Management System (QMS) Specification /Standard for the Oil and Gas Industry that is more stringent than ISO9001 and is widely used by the Oil and Gas Industry, The QMS that API Licensees must meet and are audited to inaddition to an API Product Spec to obtain an API Monogram License,and The only QMS listed in CFR 30, Part 250 and recognized by BSEEfor equipment manufactured for use in the outer continental shelf.5

What is API Spec Q1?API Spec Q1 contains Quality management system requirements for manufacturers of oiland natural gas industry equipment Process requirements to consistently manufacture conformingproducts that meet customer, product specification and industryrequirements Control requirements for design, purchasing and supply chain,contract review, manufacturing/production, inspection and testing,and other QMS controls (e.g., calibration, records, etc.)6

History of API Spec Q1–9thStartedearly1980s1985 – 1stEditionReleasedtoIndustry2007 –8thEditionPublished2013EditionPublished API Spec Q1 has evolved to meetIndustry needs 32 years as the international oil andnatural gas industry QMS standardfor manufacturing equipment Basis for the API MonogramProgram Applies to over 4500 currentLicensees and Q1 CertifiedCompanies in 79 different countries2014 –9thEditionEffective7

Who Develops API Spec Q1? API Spec Q1 is developed and maintained by petroleumindustry professionals for petroleum industry professionals API Spec Q1 is maintained by the API Subcommittee onQuality (SC18) which consists of international oil companyprofessionals, equipment manufacturers, service andsupply companies, regulators, quality systemauditors/consultants, and other quality professionals8

API Standards Program Accreditation API is an American National StandardsInstitute (ANSI) accredited standardsdeveloping organization ANSI accreditation requires:––––Openness, Balance, Consensus and Due ProcessApproved and Published ProceduresRequirement for standards updatesRegular Program Audits9

API Spec Q1, 9th EditionSection 1 - Scope Application ExclusionsSection 2 – Normative ReferencesSection 3 – Terms & DefinitionsSection 4 – Quality ManagementSystem Requirements Quality Management SystemManagement ResponsibilityOrganizational Capability – ResourcesDocumentation Requirements & Records Control10

API Spec Q1, 9th EditionSection 5 – Product Realization Contract ReviewPlanningRisk Assessment & ManagementDesign & DevelopmentContingency PlanningPurchasingProduction & Servicing ProvisionSection 6 – General ManagementSystem Measurement, Analysis, andImprovement Monitoring, Measuring & ImprovingAnalysis of DataImprovement – Corrective Action & Preventative ActionManagement ReviewAnnexes Control of Testing, Measuring andMonitoring Equipment for ProductConformity Product Release Control of Nonconforming Product Management of Change A – API Monogram Program B – Cross Reference – API Spec Q1, 9th-API Spec Q2-API Spec Q1, 8th C – Cross Reference – API Spec Q1, 8th-API Spec Q1, 9th-API Spec Q211

API Spec Q1, 9th EditionRequirementsContract Review – determining & defining requirementsDesign Controls – designing conforming productPurchasing Controls – suppliers & purchased product meetrequirementsProduction Controls – planning & execution of productionInspection & Test – ensuring product conforming throughoutprocess (QA & QC)Supporting Controls – documents, records, equipmentPersonnel Competence – defining competence, establishingtraining, ensuring people are competentManagement System – risk assessments, contingencyplanning, MOC, internal audits, management review, continualimprovement, data analysis, nonconforming products, corrective& preventive actions12

Why API Spec Q1?Q1 provides: Procedures, process controls, competent personnel, equipment andfacilities to manufacture consistent, conforming products for the oiland natural gas industry.API Spec Q1 is especially designed to stand alone as the leading globalstandard specifically designed for the Petroleum, Petrochemical andNatural Gas IndustriesAPI Spec Q1 promotes a common approach to a QMS for the Petroleum,Petrochemical and Natural Gas IndustriesAPI Spec Q1 goes above and beyond other QMS standards by includingindustry-specific requirements13

API Spec Q1, 9th EditionAnnex A – Use of Monogram by Licensees Control of the application and removal of the Monogram Monogram program requirements–––––QMS in place and conforming to API Spec Q1Design package / documentation requirementsManufacturing capabilityNonconformance reportingRegular audits by independent auditors to both the requirementsof API Q1 and the product specification14

Background InformationAPI Spec 20E: Alloy and Carbon Steel Bolting for Usein the Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries First Edition published in August 2012, Second Editionpublished in February 2017 First API Spec 20E Licensing audit in October 2013 First License Issued in November 2013 31 API Spec 20E Licensees and Applicants15

Background InformationAPI Spec 20E: Alloy and Carbon Steel Bolting for Use inthe Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries1.1 Purpose - This standard specifies requirements for thequalification, production, and documentation of alloy andcarbon steel bolting used in the petroleum and natural gasindustries. Ten sections covering Scope, Normative References, Terms,Qualification Bolting, Production of Qualified Bolting,Calibration Systems, Test Report, Marking, RecordRetention and Storage & Shipping16

20E Review Project DescriptionProject Manager Monogram/APIQR Program ManagerProject Sponsor Director, API Standards Review Monogram/APIQR program audit reports related to API Spec 20E(Alloy and Carbon Steel Bolting for Use in the Petroleum and Natural GasIndustries) licensees to: Identify possible trends in non-conformities related to raw materials provided toAPI Spec 20E licensees by their suppliersProject Description Where possible, differentiate between technical (API Spec 20E) and qualitymanagement process (API Spec Q1) issues Data as basis for API subcommittee considerations for possible improvementsin API Spec 20E, API Spec Q1, and other API standards to address concernswith standard requirements or industry performance. Identify ways to improve auditing of licensees and their suppliers17

Analysis of QMS Audits of Manufacturers Considers only QMS nonconformities documented duringaudits of manufacturing facilitiesExcludes non-conformities againstISO 14001, OHSAS 18001 and APISpec Q2Based on QMS audits ofmanufacturers conducted betweenOctober 15, 2013 and March 31,2016Small sample size of 20E audits mayhave had an impact on the data andanalysisAPI Spec 20E Audits and Audits of Other ManufacturersOctober 15, 2013 to March 31, 2016YearAPI Spec 20E Audits(% of Total)Audits of OtherManufacturers(% of Total)October 15, 2013 toyear end0.55 %99.45 %20140.29 %99.71 %20150.36 %99.64 %Up to March 31,20160.12 %99.88 %TOTALS0.33 %99.67 %18

Analysis – Distribution of Non-Conformities Distribution of non-conformities cited during QMS audits of other manufacturersfollows a similar pattern to API Spec 20E audits Higher percent of non-conformities cited against requirements of API Spec Q1API Spec 20E QMS Audits% of NCs Documented Against RequirementsAPI QMS Audits of Other Manufacturers% of NCs Documented Against Requirements19

Analysis – Percentage of 20E NCs bySectionsAPI Spec 20E Audits% of Total NCs v/s Section of API Spec 20E20

Analysis – Percentage of API Q1 NCs bySectionAPI Spec 20E Audits% of Total NCs v/s Section of API Spec Q121

Analysis – Variations in NCs Cited During APISpec 20E and Other Manufacturer Audits% of API Spec Q1 NCs for API Spec 20E and Other Manufacturer AuditsOctober 15, 2013 to March 31, 201622

Summary Data is being used to facilitate informed changesand improvements to API Spec Q1 and API Spec20E Summarizes information that can be used to assessindustry performance and trends in QMS andtechnical areas23

Program Updates API Multi Segment Task Group made recommendations toSpec Q1– TGR-19: SC18 to form a TG to review the BSEE FIT-QC Reporton connector bolt failures to determine if the current requirementsof API Spec Q1 has the provisions needed to ensure that systemcontrol features are in place, and clearly stated, to eliminatethese type of failures in the future The proposed changes to Spec Q1 have been balloted andare in comment resolution24

Program Updates API Multi Segment Task Group made recommendations to API Spec 20E– TGR-2: TG recommends that API expand 20E to more adequately cover the requirements of plating andcoating as well as move the supplemental requirements for plating and coating into the body of thedocument.– TGR-3: TG recommends to prohibit Zinc Plating ( 95% Zn) for Subsea/ Marine application. TGfurther recommends that an investigation be conducted under the direction of SC21 to determine abetter short term (storage) corrosion protection system that would not create hydrogen in service.The results of this would then need to be adopted into product standards.– TGR-9: TG recommends that volumetric examination where bolt diameter exceeds 2.5" should be addedas a requirement to 20E, 20F, BSL-2, as well as BSL-3.– TGR-21: Strengthen heat treating and furnace loading requirements (more prescriptive requirementsrelated to spacing, QTC location, thermocouple placement). Include requirements for oven calibration forPre and post bake operations. The changes to Spec 20E are reflected in the 2nd edition published in February 201725

Conclusion API Spec Q1 is the industry quality managementsystem standard API Spec 20E is the industry bolting standard– Both are developed under an ANSI accredited processand are regularly reviewed and updated Under the API Monogram Program Spec Q1 andSpec 20E work together to produce quality andconforming products for industry use26


Subsea Bolt Performance WorkshopThank You for your attention! For more information: API’s website: www.api.org http://www.api.org/products-and-services/standards API’s main phone number: 1-202-682-8000 David Miller, PE, F.ASCE, miller@api.org28

Subsea Bolt Performance Workshop Annex29

API Spec Q1, 9th EditionSection 4 – QMS Requirements Quality Policy, Objectives and Communications Resources– Human Resources – Competence and Training– Work Environment – Equipment, Buildings, Supporting Services Control of Documents and Records– Procedures required– Use of external documents (the API product specifications – Spec20E)30

API Spec Q1, 9th EditionSection 5 – Product Realization 5.1 Contract Review – Determining and Reviewing Requirements5.2 Planning5.3 Risk Assessment and Management– Impacts on product quality and delivery– Procedures define methods, tools and requirements 5.4 Design and Development5.5 Contingency Planning– Controls to mitigate product quality and delivery impacts of disruptive incidents 5.6 Purchasing– Process for identifying critical and non-critical purchases– Supplier and outsourcing controls31

API Spec Q1, 9th EditionSection 5 – Product Realization 5.7 Production and Servicing Provision– Control of production processes– Servicing controls – Product maintenance, adjustment, repair and/or on-siteinstallation when installation is required by applicable product specification– Process control documents– Product realization capability documents– Validation of processes – Welding, NDE and heat treatment– Product quality plans – If required by customer– Identification and traceability requirements– Preservation of product– Inspection and testing – In-process and final inspections– Preventive maintenance32

API Spec Q1, 9th EditionSection 5 – Product Realization 5.8 Control of Testing, Measuring and Monitoring Equipment5.9 Product Release5.10 Control of Nonconforming Product5.11 Management of Change– Changes in organizational structure, changes in key or essential personnel,changes in critical suppliers, changes to management system procedures– Identify and control potential risks related to impacts on product quality33

API Spec Q1, 9th EditionSection 6 – Monitoring, Measuring, andImproving Customer satisfactionInternal auditsData analysisCorrective and preventive actionsManagement reviews34

Program Updates 20E Changes: Requirements for suppliers of subcontracted processes: Section added to provide for qualification and control of suppliers. (Addresses the concernsexpressed in BSEE reports and by API Multi-segment Bolting TG regarding control of subcontracted processes.) Requirements for plating/coating: Section added to provide for procurement and control of plating and coating. Section has measures for the prevention ofhydrogen embrittlement and includes a prohibition on electrodeposited zinc coating. (Addresses BSEE concerns on control of plating and API Multi-segmentBolting Failure TG recommendation to prohibit zinc plating.) Requirements for proprietary bolting material specification: Clarified use of such specifications. (Change made to align 20E with API 16A and API 16F andpotentially other specifications that have provisions for OEM-proprietary, non-ASTM, alloy and carbon steel bolting material grades.) Definition of Bolting Manufacturer: Added definition. (Change made in order to establish that the entity certifying the bolting as compliant with therequirements of 20E is actually manufacturing the product.) Heat treatment control: Expanded requirements for control of the heat treat process, particularly at the higher BSLs. (Addresses concerns of BSEE and theMulti-Segment Bolting TG that incorrect heat treatment was the source of some bolting failures.)35

Program Updates Heat treatment control: Expanded requirements for control of the heat treat process, particularly at the higher BSLs. (Addresses concerns of BSEE and theMulti-Segment Bolting TG that incorrect heat treatment was the source of some bolting failures.) Forging/ Hot heading control: Added specific requirements for these processes including control of heating. (This adds more control to special processesknown to be the source of bolting failures.) Quality Management System (QMS) requirements: Added mandatory compliance to ISO 9001, API Q1 and, ISO 17025 in appropriate sections. (Addressesoverall BSEE and API concerns as to bolting quality.) 8Marking8.1ASTM Product MarkingProduct marking shall be in accordance with ASTM A193, ASTM A194, ASTM A320, ASTM A540, ASTM A962 or the equipment manufacturer’s proprietarybolting material specification, as applicable.NOTE The referenced ASTM specifications require marking of individual parts for headed bolting 1/4 in. nominal diameter and larger, for studs 3/8 in. nominaldiameter and larger and for nuts of all sizes.8.2Marking Required by this SpecificationBolting shall be marked with unique heat lot identification and the following:“20E1” for BSL-1:“20E2” for BSL-2;“20E3” for BSL-3.Each piece 1 in. nominal diameter and larger shall be marked. For bolting less than 1 in. nominal diameter, the bolting shall be securely containerized to maintainheat lot identification and traceability. Multiple heat lots shall not be mixed in a single container. Containers used in the processing, storing, and shipping ofbolting not individually marked shall be clearly labeled with all marking information required by the relevant ASTM or equipment manufacturer’s proprietary boltingmaterial specifications and this standard. 36

Program Updates Additional actions arising from Multi-Segment TG 6A, 21 Edition- Will require conformance to API 20E bolts.rd6DSS 3 Edition- Will require conformance to API 20E and API 20F for pressure boundary bolts.th16A, 4 Edition- In publication- Will require conformance to API 20E and API 20F for pressure controlling bolting, closure bolting and pressure retaining bolting.st16AR, 1 EditionIn publicationWill require conformance to API 20E and API 20F for pressure controlling bolting, closure bolting and pressure retaining bolting.rd64, 3 EditionIn publicationWill require conformance to API 20E and API 20F for primary and closure bolting.rd16C, 3 EditionthQ1, 9 Edition (Addendum 2)nd16F, 2 Edition- Will require conformance to API 20E and API 20F. Spec 17D, Subsea Production Systems—Subsea Wellhead and Tree Equipment is also reviewing Spec 20E and will likely follow Spec 6A andmake a normative reference to this standardst37

Oct 15, 2013 · API Spec 20E, Specification for Alloy and Carbon Steel Bolting for Use in the Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries, 2nd Edition David Miller, PE, F. ASCE Director, Standards 1. Topics What is API Spec Q1 History & Development Requirements Application fo

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