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No. 13DECEMBER 14, 1915.VOL. XXI.v Fu. D. rvMoe« jA1 SA CHRISTMAS WISH.3HKI could not ask for more than this—On Christmas Day, on ChristmasDay—That half the sweetness of the kiss,That first He gave, where Mary lay,Might journey thru the years to me,And turn my heart to purity.f f , , ' » V *If'M\-v*I could not long for more than this—On Christmas Day, on ChristmasDay—That half the light of stainless blissIn His first smile, a Babe at play,Might shine thru all that long, stillnight,And guide my wayward feet aright.—Roscoe Gilmore Stott.A Ajk4%gm *m#* "Hidm. i,AffS-J iUrn-. r-.nl-l T'' "I U b l " 1!C'' l J l " I * PUBLISHED B Y T H I C r t f G A/ AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE ASSOCIATION * ',AiWEAST LANDING, M/ciHIGA XJ* 1*4*X tLANSING E N t . C ,DESIGNERS.

2THE M. A. C. RECORD.DIRECTORYLANSING BUSINESS A N DPROFESSIONAL M E N'J'HE names in this Directory, as well as, those of all our other advertisers, are of reiable parties. We hope the faculty and studentswill patronize those who patronize us.A. M. EMERYl i 6 Washington Ave. N.Books, Fine Stationery, Engraved Calling Cards, Fountain Pens, Pictures,Frames. Fine F r a m i n g a Specialty. Loose leaf notebooks for all purposes.CROTTY BROS.206 Washington Ave. N.Stationery, Books, Bibles, FountainPens, Diaries for 1916,I. P. Note Books.BLUDEAU & SIEBERTBookbinders, Account Book Makers,Paper Ruling, Library and FineArt Bindings, File Boxes,Map Mountings, Albums,Pocket Books, Etc.Citizens' phone No. 3019.In City National Bank Building.Geo. G. Bludeau and Henry H. Siebert.LOUIS BECK COMPANY112 Washington Ave. N.Correct Clothes, Up-to-date H a t s andCaps, Classy Furnishings.DR. CHARLOTTE M. JACKSONOsteopathic Physician220 Tussing Bldg. Hours, 9-12; 1:30-5.Bell Phone: Office 932-J; Res. 235-J.J. E. STOPFER, D. D. S.Office 203-5 City National Bank Bldg.Automatic phone 2361 Bell phone 61NORTON'S HARDWAREGeneral Hardware, Tinware, Graniteware, Cutlery, Stoves, Etc.I l l Washington Ave. S.See ad.MRS. O. T. CASEManufacturing all styles of Hair Goodsto order, and Hair Goods Shop. Oldswitches enlarged, colored andrenovated to look as goodas new.The Franco-American Hygienic ToiletRequisites a specialty.Automatic phone No. 3451214% Washington Ave. S.ALLEN & DE KLEINE PRINTING CO.128-130 Ionia St. W.Printing, Typewriters, Office Supplies,Adding Machines, Programs, E n graved Cards, Filing Cabinets,Sectional Book Cases.Bell 1094Automatic 3436Special care given to M. A. C. and itsstudents.ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT COMPANYElectric Supplies of all KindsTungsten Lamps, Shades, Etc. LatestImprovements 'in Reading Lamps.Motors and Generators.117 Michigan Ave. E.DAVIS'QUALITY ICE CREAM.Not a fad, but a food.110 Grand Ave. S.East Lansing DirectoryBUSINESS ANDPROFESSIONALPAGELSEN & SPENCERPatents, Patent Law, Trademarks1107-10 Chamber of Commerce Bldg.,Detroit, MichiganE. N. Pagelsen, '89 L. M. Spencer, '06Formerly Examiners U. S. P a t e n tOffice.GOODELL, ZELIN C.(Forestry, 31. A. C. '11)Insurance and Bonds of Every KindIf you haven't insured your salary,better see or write Goodell about agood proposition.Lansing Insurance Agency, Inc., 110 W.Michigan Ave., Lansing, Mich.SAMUEL L. KILBOURNE, ex-'61LawyerWashington Ave. S.,Lansing, Mich.214%DR. H. W. LANDONOffice hours: 7 to 8:30 a. m.; 1 to 3 and7 to 8 p. m. Sundays, 12 to 1 p. m.Citizens' phone 3261.DR. OSCAR H. BRUEGELCor. Michigan Ave. and Grand RiverAve., East Lansing.Hours: 7 to 8:30 a. m.; 2 to 4 and 7 to 8p. m. Sundays 12 to 1 p. m.Citizens' phone 3244.M. C. SANDERSEast Lansing Bakery and Grocery.M. A. C. Bread a specialty."HANK" AND "FRANK"Your barbers for the last five years.At the Students' Trade Shop, Cor.Grand River and M. A. C. Aves.Ship all your Hay and Straw direct toSILAS E. CHAMPE, '06a,289-495 W. Jefferson Ave., Detroit,Mich., and get 25 more per car.Warehouse and hay sheds onM. C. and P. M. Railroads.SMITH-LAHUE CO.Specializing inPoultry—Veal—EggsConsignments solicited. Sales daily.Write for tags. G. H. Smith, '11.26-28 Western Market, Detroit, Mich.CORYELL NURSERYBirmingham, Mich.Growers of High Grade Ornamentals.We raise a large variety of vigorousstock for home grounds and publicparks. R. J. Coryell, '84, president; Ralph I. Coryell, '14,secretary and treasurer.BETTER PAINT—DIRECT TO YOUWest Chemical & Paint Co.,Springport, Mich.R. J. West, ex-'05W. H. WestWest pays the freightIf Experience and we have both.Equipment Count / n ,French Dry Cleaners, Dyers and Tailors.A . G. B I S H O P774-76 Washtenaw W.WILDWOOD TEA ROOMService a la carte.318 Abbott Ave., East Lansing.Fountain Pens s e. 8 'I VNlliHHII V I I W Parker's, Etc. 1 t o 6 , all g u a r a n t e e dCollege D r u g & Grocery StoreFull Line %f Everything.Agents, for Star Laundry.Electric Supplies.LOFTUSGood Thingsto EatBoth PhonesCHRISTMAS GIFTSCarving SetsFood ChoppersKnife and Fork SetsManicure SetsPocket KnivesAluminum WareRazorsScissorsEAST LANSING'SNORTON'SHARDWARELEADINGGROCER

TI-IE: M A C -RECORDVOL. XXI.EASTLANSING,GRAND RAPIDS AND WESTERN MICHIGAN ALUMNIHOLD BANNERBANQUET.T h e Chamber of Commerce rooms atGrand Rapids were the scene, lastTuesday evening, of the best attendedand most successful g a t h e r i n g of theM. A. C. Association t h a t was everheld in W e s t e r n Michigan. The largen u m b e r of M. A. C. people in attendance at the H o r t i c u l t u r a lmeetingsweld the attendance close to 150 anda more enthusiastic representation ofall t h e periods in the college historycould hardly be duplicated elsewhere.F r o m M. A. C , P r e s i d e n t Kedzie,Dean Shaw, Coach Macklin, Prof.King, Prof. Gunson, Assistant CoachGauthier, representative T a g g a r t fromt h e M. A. C. Grand Rapids Club,Alumni Secretary Langdon and a quartet from t h e College Glee Club werepresent to lend present college atmosphere to the occasion. A four-pieceorchestra spiced out, in appreciatedseasoning, the splendid banquet, andToastmaster Charles Garfield, with hisintense loyalty, handled the long program to the delight of all. H. A.Haigh, '74, President of the M. A. C.Association, a n d his brother, Richard,'69, made the trip from Detroit to attend the banquet and visit old friends.Apples for the banquet were furnished by C. B. Charles, '79, of Bangor.T h e program of toasts was as follows: "Reversing t h e T r a n s i t , " T. O.Williams, '85; "Sunshine and Shadows in College Life," C. F . Schneider,'85; " W o r k i n g on a n Education,"Dean R. S. Shaw; "A Plea for CollegeHall," H. A. Haigh, '74; "Guessinga n d Knowing," Gertrude Alden, '08;"Licking and Being Lickt," CoachMacklin; "College Friendships," Prof.Gunson; " W o r k i n g the Professors,"Colon C. Lillie, '84; " P a r t n e r s h i p inCollege Life," Dr. F . S. Kedzie, '77;"The I n s p i r i n g College Yell," JosephE. Coulter, '82; "Loyalty, a Test ofCollege Values," W. K. Clute, '86; "LetUs Smile," Prof. E. Sylvester King.In addition to those mentionedabove the following were present:Hon. R. D. Graham, C. J. Monroe, '61;Mrs. Monroe, J a m e s Satterlee, '69; F .J. Groner, '74; L y m a n A. Lilly, .'77;(Continued on page &.)MICHIGAN,TUESDAY,DECEMBERCOUNTY AGENTS PLAN 1916PROGRAM,No one who h a d the opportunity toattend any of the meetings of the Annual Conference of Michigan CountyAgents, held at the College, Dec. 6tha n d 7th, could help but be carriedaway w i t h the e n t h u s i a s m of thosepresent, for this mighty work. Thefact t h a t most of the county agentshav been in the work two or morey e a r s a n d because of t h i s know w h a ttheir problems are, made the conference of great value to them. It wasconclusively shown from the discussions t h a t a county agent m u s t confine his energy to the development oft h r e e or four projects and continuethese several years until a definiteresult is obtained, r a t h e r t h a n spreadhimself over the innumerabl numberof projects t h a t m i g h t be t a k e n up.One of the features of the programwas the presence of W. A. Lloyd ofthe U. S. Department of Agriculture,who is a g r i c u l t u r i s t in charge ofNorth Central States, and who discust"A P l a n for the E n t i r e Year." President Kedzie, Dean Shaw, E. C. Lindem a n n , Eben Mumford, J. N. McBride,Dr. E. T. H a l l m a n , Dr. M. M. McCool,Prof. Shoesmith, Prof. Anderson, C.W. Waid, Prof. Patten, Prof. Taft,Prof. Baldwin, and Hon. I. R. Waterbury were also on the program.jjffigSTATE BOARD AWARDSGYMNASIUM CONTRACT.The most i m p o r t a n t action of theState Board at its meeting last weekWednesday was t h e a w a r d i n g of thecontract to build the new gymnasium.The a w a r d was made to Chas. Hoertz& Son of Grand Rapids. Changes hadbeen made in the specifications sufficient to reduce the contract, exclusiveof heating, lighting, and plumbing, to 150,000. The building was relocatedso t h a t it shall not be farther northt h a n was indicated by Mr. Olmsted'splans. According to a motion by Mr.Doherty, the corner stone of the gym-14,1915.NO. 13n a s i u m is to be laid on May 30th, a n dSenator Roberts of Marquette is to beaskt to lay it.President Kedzie, Messrs. Beaumont,Doherty, Woodman, Graham, Waterbury, and Supt. Keeler were present.I n addition to disposing of g y m n a s i u mmatter, the following business wasdone: President Snyder was appointed delegate to the National Convention of Church and R u r a l Life at Columbus, Ohio, Dec. 8th to 10th, without expense to t h e college.—Dr. G. D.Shafer was authorized to attend meetings of t h e Am. Assn. for Adv. of Science, t h e E n t . Soc. of Am. and the Am.Assn. of Ec. Ent., at Columbus, Ohio,during the Christmas vacation.—Acommunication from the American Defense Society was laid upon the table,as was also the m a t t e r of sendingdelegates to the Am. Assn. for theAdv. of Science.—Prof. Barrows wasauthorized to a t t e n d the meeting ofthe Am. Assn. for the Adv. of Sciencea n d affiliated societies d u r i n g t h eChristmas vacation.—The recommendation of Dean Shaw t h a t the salaryauthorized for an experiment stationassistant in horticulture be increasedfrom 1,000 to 1,200 was approved.—Dean W h i t e was authorized to go toNew York to interview candidates fort h e position of house mother.—Prof.Ryder was given permission to a t t e n dthe R u r a l Conference of the F e d e r a t e dChurches of America, held at Columbus, Ohio, Dec. 8th to 10th.—DeanShaw's request for permission to employ temporarily a suitable person tot a k e charge of the C h a t h a m stationwhile he is looking for a p e r m a n e n tsuperintendent, was granted. — Thethree bonds of the contractor, namely,for the proper erection and completionof the gymnasium, to insure paymentfor labor and material, and the guarantee bond covering defects in workm a n s h i p or m a t e r i a l or both, werecalled for to be not less t h a n 25,000each.—Authority was given to excavate under the present library so asto provide a basement for storage purposes.—A communication fromtheLive Stock S a n i t a r y Commission inreference to co-operation of the college in certain respects was referd tothe P r e s i d e n t with power to act.—Thefollowing recommendation r e g a r d i n gnew employees of Prof. Patten, en(Continued on page 9.)

4THE M. A. C.THE M. A. C. RECORDPublished Every Tuesday During- theCollege Year by the MichiganAgricultural College Association. »RECORD.get the one great essential for whichwe should be also grateful—that theglorious s t a r of Bethlehem has guidedus wisely and discreetly t h r u the chaosof destructive influence to the plainof a u t h o r i t y and. direction."Entered as second-class mail m a t t e r atthe Post Office in Lansing, Mich.C. S. LANGDON, '11, Managing Editor.SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, 1.00P E R YEAR.Subscriptions may be paid for byP. O. Money Order, Draft, or RegisteredLetter.Business Office with Lawrence & VanSuren P r i n t i n g Co., 210-212 Grand Ave.No., Lansing, Mich.Address all subscriptions and advertising m a t t e r to the M. A. C. Record,E a s t Lansing, Mich. Address all contributions to the Managing Editor,East Lansing, Mich.TUESDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1915.PREPAREDNESSAT 31. A. C.The article which appears in another column on the use of land g r a n tcolleges for officering a citizen army,we commend to the attention of ourreaders. M. A. C , being the first agricultural college in the United Statesto be able to take advantage of theMorrill Act, should be alive to the opportunities which are sure to presentthemselves along this new line. Oneof our prominent alumni who is avery close student of legislation onthis subject believes t h a t the U. S.Government would put up a 200,000drill hall at M. A. C. We must leaveno stone u n t u r n e d to be i n a positionof deserving recipients for any actiont h a t will be of benefit to M. A. C. orenable her to take her place in thescheme of preparedness.YULE-TIDEGREETINGS.We offer no apology in the Christmas number of the RECOUD for whatmay seem to some, because of our attention to national preparedness, asa n attitude averse to the Christmasspirit. F o r while we are exchangingYule-tide greeting in America weshould not be unmindful of the lackof Christmas cheer in those countrieswho give today a striking illustrationof the awful spectacle of unpreparedness. There's a vast difference between aggressive militarism and preparedness, and, while opponents ofP r u s s i a n i s m may point to the fact t h a tlarge a r m a m e n t s hav in the past beenbuilt up only for war, the present waris teaching us many wonderful things,t h a n which the possibility of a "Preparedness for Peace" is no less wonderful."So as the joyous Yule-tide approaches with all its significance, itsmemories and cheer, and as we givet h a n k s for the bounties of the harvest,for shelter and safety, may we not for-THE PRESIDENT'SADDRESS.Alumni and students in attendanceat the annual Reunion of the M. A. C.Association, held last June, little realized t h a t the address of the Presidentwas prophetic of such widespread interest and careful t h i n k i n g along thelines indicated as has been shown.At the very present time the questionof preparedness is receiving nationwide discussion. I n view of this weare particularly glad to present toalumni and former students of thiscollege, t h a t p a r t of President Haigh'saddress which is so very timely andwhich m a r k s him as a pioneer in theadvocacy of "peaceful a r m a m e n t " — asolution of our national defense nowmore or less generally accepted.SOMEALL-AMERICAN SELECTIONS.Coach J. F. Macklin has pickt hisAll-American selections for the year.We p r i n t them below:F i r s t Team.Second Team.Shelton.EBillieCornell.Oregon.Gilman. .T.BuckHarvard.Wisconsin,Spears. . . M. A. C.Illinois.Higgins.E. ChamberlinPenn. State.Nebraska.RussellQ. BWatsonChicago.Harvard.BarrettH. B. OliphantCornell.Army.DePrato. .H. BShiverickM. A. C.Cornell.MahanF . B.AbrahamHarvard.Oregon.The selection of the Rochester Evening Times, Rochester, N. Y., holds someinterest for M. A. C. people:Games Pointsplayed, scored.Chamberlin, Neb., E896Witherspoon, W. & J., T . , .96White, Syracuse, G. . . . . . . . 80Peck, Pittsburgh, C82Spears, Dartmourth, G . . . . .89Buck, Wisconsin, T .812Higgins, Penn. State, E . . . .924Barrett, Cornell, Q9161Mayer, Virginia, H. B . . . . . . 7106DePrato, M. A. C , H. B. . .6130Mahan, Harvard, F. B871In commenting on this selection theTimes says:" J e r r y DePrato is the greatest scoring machine of the year. I n six gameshe scored 130 points, an averagegreater t h a n t h a t compiled by themighty Barrett.DePrato probablywill go down in Western football history as one of the greatest playerst h a t ever hoofed a gridiron. There isnothing in a football way t h a t he cannot do—and do wonderfully well. Hisrecord shows t h a t he scored an average of 22 points per game."Against Yost's University of Michigan team DePrato played like a m a npossessed. He ripped to shreds theheavy Maize and Blue line, he skirtedthe ends almost at will, he outpuntedthe Michigan hooter at least 10 yardsin each exchange and when the finalwhistle blew the score w a s : DePrato21, Michigan 0."Saturday evening was the very enjoyable occasion of the girls' a n n u a lChristmas party. All the girls exceptthe seniors were in fancy dress, andthe clever adaption for party gownsof all sorts of room furnishings, fromcurtains and bath towels to red plaidbed blankets must surely reflect creditupon the Domestic Art Department.Each class had ,its own stunt whichfeatured an original song. The freshmen were introduced by two coloredm a m m y s who sat reading a letter froma representative of the brilliant freshm a n class at M. A. C. Hardly had theyfinished when the whole class rushedin, attired in proper childish garb, anddancing around their colored friends,sang their song. The sophomores nextappeared, dressed for a military, andafter some intricate maneuvers, presented their original song. The juniors featured the J. Hop with full orchestra of colored musicians, coloredmaids, and an a t t e n d a n t of like hueat the punch bowl. The Hop was properly chaperoned by college celebrities,and when the flashlight of the crowdwas not omitted. The seniors, gownedin white, and carrying ropes of theirclass colors, entered and sang theirsong, both the words and music ofwhich were w r i t t e n by Miss Rose Coleman. The judges awarded first prizeto this production, but mentioned thesophomore song as especially s t i r r i n gfor a class song, so while the bannerpromised for the best original song isto be given to the senior class, thesophomore numerals will also be placed upon it. After candy from theChristmas tree had been given all t h erest of the evening was spent in dancing and singing old songs.

THEAN ARMY OF PEACE.[NOTE—We print the following portion of Henry A. Haigh's address atthe M. A. C. Reunion last June, on account of its timeliness. See EditorialComment.—-ED.]Slowly but surely the American' peo pie are reaching the conclusion thatadequate military and naval force isessential for the defense of their justrights and the protection and preservation of their peaceful and prosperous existence. Within the next fewmonths, sentiment to this end will inall probability crystalize into legislation fer a system of national defensecommensurate with our national importance.Much as many Americans may regretand deplore it, we are as a nationdrifting, or being driven, into an attitude of mind which,.will compel somesystem of adequate armament, somecondition of comparativ preparednessfor the defense and protection of ourenormous interests.By this I do not mean that we arein any sense weakening in our Intenselove of peace, nor departing from curtraditional attitude of neutrality; northat any thought of conquest nor desire for aggrandizement is developingin any quarter.The United States is today, just asstrongly as it ever has been, the greatneutral nation of the world. Neutrality in world conflicts has been itspolicy from the first. It seeks no alliances. It desires no conquests. Itwishes only to live peaceably and industriously. It desires to producefoods and to make useful things, andto sell or exchange them in the markets of the world; to have the freeuse of the highways of the sea for theunmolested distribution of its products; to have its citizens free to goand come in neutral ships and throughneutral territory, and to travel in themerchantmen and passenger ships ofbelligerent nations without being putin jeopardy, or put to death.All these things, as we have all welllearned during the past few months,are guaranteed to us by the laws ofneutrality and by the laws of nations.The American people have had muchenlightenment and much instructionas to their rights and duties as neutrals in the public discussions of thepast summer.They are willing to abide by theselaws and to perform and discharge theobligations which they impose to thelast letter. But they have learnd also,or are slowly but surely learning, thatthey will not get in return the protection of these laws, nor secure theirobservance by heated belligerents, unless they have not only the moral forcebut the physical power to compel it.It is filtering through the American mind that our recent "triumphof diplomacy" would not have been sotriumphant had it depended solely onour ability to defend the rights secured to us by international law.M. A. C. RECORD.We are. learning also from currentand past history that unless we aretruly neutral and are strong enough todefend our rights as neutrals we cannot be, sure of securing the benefits.of neutrality.Also it is beginning to dawn uponus more and more forcibly that, unless there be in the world some neutral power, capable of defending thejust rights of neutrals and the sacredrights of humanity, and willing to doit, there would be grave danger, intimes of stress like the present wherebelligerents are hard prest, of thewhole fabric of international law collapsing and weaker neutrals be left atthe doubtful mercy of war-mad belligerents.There never was a period in moderntimes in which the rights of neutralswere so ruthlessly disregarded as inthe present war. The world is witnessing an atavism to barbaric times.Savages knew little of neutrality.Rome recognized no neutrals. Someof the present belligerents seem to regard military necessity as superior toneutral rights. The present war inEurope seems to prove that a nationto preserve its rights must be able todefend them. The innocence of Belgium and her right to neutrality, didnot save her from destruction.Fate has made America the leadingneutral nation of the world. Destinyis making her the richest, and capableof being the strongest.Neutrality has been, and is, thebasis of our political development, buteffectiv neutrality is based on independence and the ability to defend itsrights.Power brings responsibility, andAmerica will not discharge her dutyto herself nor to humanity and thecause of human rights, if, being able,she is unwilling to defend and protect those rights.A determination seems to be slowlybut surely settling in the Americanmind to put this nation in a secureposition, not only for the defense ofits territory but for the defense of itsjust rights as a neutral, and the rightsof neutrality in general, including thecommon, fundamental rights of humanity.This inevitably means armamentsand military and naval efficiency,much as many of us regret it.If such is the case, it is well to lookthe situation squarely in the face.The present war in Europe and theevents leading up to it, seem to showthat great armaments beget enemiesas fast as they develop strength. Theysurely do where there is doubt as tohow and for what purpose thatstrength is to be used.It seems certain that the nationwhich depends on force alone, ratherthan on reason and justice and therights of others, is sure to have thatforce met by a corresponding or superior force.The nation which sets up as itsstandard the doctrine of force alone,5is doomed to encounter a combined,opposing force of ultimate greaterstrength, and to drag down civilizationin the clash.Hence the power which we areabout to create to protect our territoryand to defend and enforce the rightsof neutrality and humanity, must bedevelopt and exercised with the greatest care, caution and vigilance, andsolely with devotion to justice andright.If we seek only justice and right,our great strength will not harm us,but if we depend on strength alone, orpermit ourselves to get even a faintidea that might justifies anything, itmay ruin us and set back human progress.It must, therefore, be the continuedideal of America and all Americansto ask only what is fair, just andright, and to demand nothing more.Then the strength to enforce the demand will not harm us, and may befreely cultivated and used for the protection of the rights of all.How then may this great strengthbe developt and curbd for use onlyfor defense and the protection of neutrality and human rights?Our navy is already in process ofenlargement and reorganization in away which we are promist will giveus an adequate naval strength secondonly to that of England. The policyin this regard is on the way towardsettlement and, let us hope, wisely With respect to the military arm,we have now, within the next fewmonths, to decide what we want, whatwe need for national defense, and whatwe will do for the protection and defense of neutrality, neutral rights andthe rights of humanity.Upon this I beg to submit the following suggestions, claiming, no greatoriginality for them, for they includesome of the elements of the Swisssystem, but only in the hope that outof the multiplicity of suggestion whichis coming from many sources a righteous and effective course may beevolvd.The plans foreshadowed by the administration are thoughtful and maybe wise. I make no criticism of themfurther than to express a fear that asgood as they may prove they do notgo far enough to create a force thatwould be sure of being adequate inany future circumstances that mightarise. For, if we must go at it, weshould develop a strength that wouldbe so ample and insuperable and irresistible as never to be required orcalled into action.The regular army may be increased,,but not so largely increased as toarouse the suspicion or fear which results in the development of a counterforce, as witnessed in Europe duringthe past two decades.But the militia should be developtto include, in one branch or another,,every able-bodied citizen. By themilitia I mean all the military outside the regular army, and since it

6m u s t be the spirit and ideal of themilitary which m u s t render it imm u n e from those counter forces whichit has developt in Europe, my suggestion is to m a k e the militia a p a r t ofthe great educational system of ourcountry.Our American educational systemhas been, and is, a success. It is themost successful of all our institutions.It contemplates, and will in time secure, the education to a certain degreeof every inhabitant. It is the mostcherisht and beloved a n d the mostpopular of all our systems of progress."Why can we not engraft to a certainextent upon this great, strong, deeplyentrenchtinstitutionthemilitiabranch of our military force?Let the Boy Scouts, or some similarorganization, be incorporated in, andofficially recognized as a part of ourcommon district schools, a n d theireducation in the r u d i m e n t s of militarytactics and drill be a part of the greatservice rendered by the commonschools of the land.Let every high school and academy,like the numerous military schools,have its corps of cadets, armed by thegovernment, uniformd by the state,and drild and instructed in militarytactics, engineering and mechanics,and require, if possible, every privateand parochial schol to likewise maintain its quota of cadets.Into this great body of pliant andimpressionable youth let there be instild as a fundamental principle thedoctrin of universal peace. Let it beaxiomatic t h a t the military powerthey are building up is to be usedsolely to keep the peace and to defend their country and to protect itssacred rights.Then in all the higher institutionsof learning, all universities and colleges, all state-aided, endowed or incorporated educational institutions letthere be a military branch, p a t t e r n dafter or evolvd from those now inexistence in most of our land g r a n tcolleges, notably our own MichiganAgricultural College, where we havein active, useful operation one of thebest military departments to be foundin any institution in the country,and where we have in constant drilland practice a full regiment of trainedyoung men, all of whom will be capable on graduation and for 20 yearsafter, of becoming field officers, comm a n d e r s of companies or regiments,and where they are t u r n i n g out threeor four hundred of these trained milit a r y m e n every year.I would do a n y t h i n g and everyt h i n g possible to cultivate in thesebright, patriotic young men the loftiest and most exalted spirit of truem i l i t a n t democracy, and m a k e it ap a r t of their lives to extend and diss e m i n a t e this spirit among their lesst r a i n d and less-thotful compatriots int h e various localties of their residence,—to the end t h a t an enlightend worldpatriotism should be the unlerlyingmotive for our national strength.THE M. A. C.RECORD.Supplementingthiseducationalmilitary organization, there should bean auxiliary militia composed of milit a r y branches of all incorporated associations, a n d of all voluntary associations where possible to require it.Let the m a i n t e n a n c e of a militaryquota be a condition of their incorporation. This would include all labororganizations, all fraternalsocieties,and m a n y benevolent and religious societies, etc., the aggregate membershipof which r u n s up into millions.Thus you would have practically allelements of our great population cont r i b u t i n g to a n enormous military organization ( n u m b e r i n g at rough estim a t e seven or eight millions), whichwould be enrold, drild and partiallyequipt, and, w h a t is more important,under military control and discipline,and thus removed as a menace to domestic peace and quietude, or as asource of domestic disturbance, andavailable for the maintenance of domestic peace and order, the suppression of insurrection, the repelling ofinvasion, the defense of the nation,and — should occasion require -— theprotection of the rights of neutralityand the r i g h t s of humanity.In addition to all this, every ablebodied m a n under 50 years of age,not included in the foregoing, shouldbe subject to military duty, enroldand his equipment provided for, t h u sincreasing the available military forceof the nation to probably upwards offifteen million men.There could also be a further militaryforce to be known a

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