Biology - Morecambe Bay Academy

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BiologyWhy study A Level Biology?Have you ever wondered. Why your sister looks like you? How medicines work? What DNA is? Do clones exist? Who Darwin was?Study A Level Biology to find out the answers.A Level Biology will give you an exciting insight into the contemporary world of biology. Itcovers the key concepts of biology and practical skills are integrated throughout the course.This combination of academic challenge and practical focus makes the prospect of studyingA Level Biology highly appealing. You will learn about the core concepts of biology and aboutthe impact of biological research and how it links to everyday life. You will learn to apply yourknowledge, investigate and solve problems in a range of contexts.Key features Simple straightforward assessment through examinations Based on key concepts in biology Opportunities to develop practical skills through a range of experiments andinvestigations.A level biology is a good subject to study with any other science subject and/ or maths.Many students have also combined biology with geography and English.Where can A Level Biology take me?A Level Biology is an excellent base for a university degree in healthcare, such as medicine,veterinary or dentistry, as well as the biological sciences, such as biochemistry, molecularbiology or forensic science. Biology can also complement sports science, psychology,sociology and many more.A Level Biology can open up a range of career opportunities including: biological research,medical, environmental, forensics, sports and science communication. The transferableskills you will learn, such as problem solving, are also useful for many other areas, such aslaw.

Emphasis throughout the course is on increasing knowledge, developing competence andconfidence in practical skills and developing problem solving. You will learn how societymakes decisions about scientific issues and how science contributes to the success of theeconomy and society.

Biology: Year 12Scheme of LearningHalf Term One:Teacher 1: Microscopy MagnificationTeacher 2:Eukaryote cell structure Ultrastructure of plant cells Prokaryote CellsAssessmentsTeacher 1:Assessed homework 1Past exam questionsTeacher 2:Assessed homework 2Past exam questionsEnd of chapter exam questions.October ExamOutcomes:Biology is the study of living organisms. Every livingorganism is made up of one or more cells, thereforeunderstanding the structure and function of the cell is afundamental concept in the study of biology. SinceRobert Hooke coined the phrase ‘cells’ in 1665, carefulobservation using microscopes has revealed details ofcell structure and ultrastructure and provided evidence tosupport hypotheses regarding the roles of cells and theirorganelles.Half Term Two:Teacher 1: Biological Molecules EnzymeTeacher 2: Nucleotides and Nucleic acids Cell cycleOutcomes:Teacher 1Biological Molecules: The cells of all living organismsare composed of biological molecules. Proteins,carbohydrates and lipids are three of the key groupsof biological macromolecules that are essential for life.A study of the structure of these macromoleculesallows a better understanding of their functions inTeacher 1Assessed homework 3Past exam questionsPAG 9.1, 9.2, 9.3PAG 5.2PAG 4.1, 4.2End of chapter questions.Teacher 2Assessed homework 4Past exam questionsPAG 10.1End of chapter exam questions

living organisms.Enzymes: Metabolism in living organisms relies uponenzyme controlled reactions. Knowledge of howenzymes function and the factors that affect enzymeaction has improved our understanding of biologicalprocesses and increased our use of enzymes inindustry.Teacher 2Nucleic acids are essential to heredity in livingorganisms. Understanding the structure of nucleotidesand nucleic acids allows an understanding of theirroles in the storage and use of genetic informationand cell metabolism.During the cell cycle, genetic information is copiedand passed to daughter cells. Microscopes can beused to view the different stages of the cycle.In multicellular organisms, stem cells are modified toproduce many different types of specialised cell.Understanding how stem cells can be modified hashuge potential in medicine. To understand how awhole organism functions, it is essential to appreciatethe importance of cooperation between cells, tissues,organs and organ systems.Half Term Three:Teacher 1: Biological Membranes Transport in PlantsTeacher 2: Exchange surfaces and breathing Transport in animalsOutcomes:Teacher 1:Membranes are fundamental to the cell theory. Thestructure of the plasma membrane allows cells tocommunicate with each other. Understanding thisability to communicate is important as scientistsincreasingly make use of membrane-bound receptors assites for the action of medicinal drugs.Teacher 1Assessed homework 5Past exam questions.End of chapter exam questions.PAG 5.1PAG 8.1, 8.2 8.3Teacher 2Assessed homework 6Past exam questions.End of chapter questions.PAG 1.3, 2.1January Exam

Understanding how different substances enter cells isalso crucial to the development of mechanisms for theadministration of drugs.As plants become larger and more complex, transportsystems become essential to supply nutrients to, andremove waste from, individual cells.The supply of nutrients from the soil relies upon the flowof water through a vascular system, as does themovement of the products of photosynthesis.Teacher 2:Learners study the structure and function of gasexchange and transport systems in a range of animalsand in terrestrial plants.The significance of surface area to volume ratio indetermining the need for ventilation, gas exchangeand transport systems in multicellular organisms isemphasised. The examples of terrestrial green plantsand a range of animal phyla are used to illustrate theprinciple.Learners are expected to apply knowledge,understanding and other skills developed in thismodule to new situations and/or to solve relatedproblems.As animals become larger and more active, transportsystems become essential to supply nutrients to, andremove waste from, individual cells.Controlling the supply of nutrients and removal ofwaste requires the coordinated activity of the heart andcirculatory system.Half Term Four:Teacher 1 :Classification and evolutionTeacher 2 :Communicable diseasesOutcomes:Teacher 1Assessed homework 7Past exam questions.End of chapter exam questions.Teacher 2Assessed homework 8Past exam questions.End of chapter questions.

Teacher 1:Learners study the biodiversity of organisms; how theyare classified and the ways in which biodiversity can bemeasured. It serves as an introduction toecology, emphasising practical techniques and anappreciation of the need to maintain biodiversity.Learners also gain an understanding of the variety oforganisms that are pathogenic and the way in whichplants and animals have evolved defences to deal withdisease. The impact of the evolution of pathogens on thetreatment of disease is also considered.The relationships between organisms are studied,considering variation, evolution and phylogeny.Learners are expected to apply knowledge,understanding and other skills developed in thismodule to new situations and/or to solve relatedproblems.Teacher 2:Organisms are surrounded by pathogens and haveevolved defences against them. Medical interventioncan be used to support these natural defences.The mammalian immune system is introduced.Half Term Five:Teacher 1 Biodiversity/RevisionTeacher 2 RevisionOutcomes:Teacher 1Assessed homework 8Past exam questions.End of chapter exam questions.Teacher 2Assessed homework 9Past exam questions.End of chapter questions.Biodiversity refers to the variety and complexity of life. Itis an important indicator in the study of habitats.Maintaining biodiversity is important for many reasons.Actions to maintain biodiversity must be taken at local,national and global levels.Year 12 May ExamHalf Term Six:Teacher 1Assessed homework 9

Teacher 1 EcosystemsTeacher 2 Populations and sustainabilityOutcomes:Teacher 1:Organisms do not live in isolation but engage incomplex interactions, not just with other organisms butalso with their environment.The efficiency of biomass transfer limits the number oforganisms that can exist in a particular ecosystem.Ecosystems are dynamic and tend towards some form ofclimax community.Teacher 2:There are many factors that determine the size of apopulation. For economic, social and ethical reasonsecosystems may need to be carefully managed.To support an increasing human population, we need touse biological resources in a sustainable way.Assessment Objectives:Past exam questions.End of chapterexam questions.PAG 3.2Teacher 2Assessed homework 10Past exam questions.End of chapter questions.

Biology: Year 13Scheme of LearningHalf Term One:Teacher 1: Photosynthesis RespirationTeacher 2: Hormonal communicationOutcomes:AssessmentsTeacher 1:Assessed homework 1Past exam questionsPAG 6.3 12.3Teacher 2:Assessed homework 2Past exam questionsPAG 11.1End of chapter exam questions.Teacher 1:Photosynthesis is the process whereby light from the Sun isharvested and used to drive the production of chemicals,including ATP, and used to synthesise large organicmolecules from inorganic molecules.Respiration is the process whereby energy stored in complexorganic molecules is transferred to ATP. ATP provides theimmediate source of energy for biological processes.Teacher 2:The ways in which specific hormones bring about theireffects are used to exemplify endocrine communicationand control. Treatment of diabetes is used as an exampleof the use of medical technology in overcoming defects inhormonal control systems.Half Term Two:Teacher 1: Homeostasis Plant hormonesTeacher 2: Neuronal CommunicationOutcomes:Teacher 1:Organisms use both chemical and electrical systems toTeacher 1:Assessed homework 3Past exam questionsPAG 10.111.312.1Teacher 2:Assessed homework 4Past exam questionsPAG 11.2End of chapter exam questions.

monitor and respond to any deviation from the body’ssteady state.The kidneys, liver and lungs are all involved in the removalof toxic products of metabolism from the blood andtherefore contribute to homeostasis. The kidneys play amajor role in the control of the water potential of theblood. The liver also metabolises some toxins that areingested.Plant responses to environmental changes arecoordinated by hormones, some of which areimportant commercially.Teacher 2:The stimulation of sensory receptors leads to thegeneration of an action potential in a neurone.Transmission between neurones takes place at synapses.In animals, responding to changes in the environment is acomplex and continuous process, involving nervous,hormonal and muscular coordination.Half Term Three:Teacher 1: Genetics of living systems Patterns of Inheritance Manipulating GenomesTeacher 2: EcosystemsOutcomes:Teacher 1:The way in which cells control metabolic reactionsdetermines how organisms, grow, develop and function.Isolating mechanisms can lead to the accumulation ofdifferent genetic information in populations, potentiallyleading to new species. Over a prolonged period of time,organisms have changed and some have become extinct.The theory of evolution explains these changes. Humans useartificial selection to produce similar changes in plants andanimals. Genome sequencing gives information about thelocation of genes and provides evidence for the evolutionarylinks between organisms.Teacher 1:Assessed homework 5Past exam questionsPAG 2:Assessed homework 6Past exam questionsPAG of chapter exam questions.Year 13 exam in January

Genetic engineering involves the manipulation ofnaturally occurring processes and enzymes. The capacityto manipulate genes has many potential benefits, but theimplications of genetic techniques are subject to muchpublic debate.Teacher 2:Organisms do not live in isolation but engage in complexinteractions, not just with other organisms but also withtheir environment.The efficiency of biomass transfer limits the number oforganisms that can exist in a particular ecosystem.Ecosystems are dynamic and tend towards some form ofclimax community.Half Term Four:Teacher 1: Cloning and biotechnologyTeacher 2: Finish Ecosystems/Populations and SustainabilityOutcomes:Teacher 1:Assessed homework 7Past exam questionsTeacher 2:Assessed homework 8Past exam questionsEnd of chapter exam questions.March examTeacher 1:Farmers and growers exploit “natural” vegetativepropagation in the production of uniform crops. Artificialclones of plants and animals can now be produced.Biotechnology is the industrial use of living organisms(or parts of living organisms) to produce food, drugs orother products.Teacher 2:As half term 3 for Ecosystems.There are many factors that determine the size of apopulation. For economic, social and ethical reasonsecosystems may need to be carefully managed.To support an increasing human population, we need to usebiological resources in a sustainable way.Half Term Five:Teacher 1:

Teacher 1 RevisionTeacher 2 RevisionOutcomes: See above and Year 12 plan also.Assessed homework 9Past exam questionsTeacher 2:Assessed homework 10Past exam questionsEnd of chapter exam questions.Half Term Six:Revision

Assessment Objectives:

ExpectationsIn order to achieve your potential in biology, there are a number of key areas which you mustput in place. These include: Personal organisation. You will need to bring a pen, pencil, ruler and calculator to eachlesson. Your teacher will also use the textbook in lessons so you will need to bring thisas well. You will also be using a file to store all your work in and this must be kept wellorganised. Time management. You need to organise your time so that reading, revision andhomework tasks are completed by the required time. The types of homework tasks which are set include reading, revision, questions fromtextbooks, past exam papers etc. Year 12 will have approximately 3 to 4 hours ofhomework per week. Year 13 will have 5 to 6 hours of independent learning / homeworka week. Safe and responsible conduct during practical lessons and full cooperation with safetyprocedures. You will need to be determined, focused and willing to put in the time and effort tolearn and understand the different topics. You will also be expected to undertake independent learning which will be based aroundthe PAGs, exam questions for each module and wider readingHelp and Support from TeachersYear 12 – Miss Miller and Miss BlackYear 13 – Miss Miller and Miss BlackThis can start now if you wish. It is no secret that there is a big jump in the demand andlevel of work from GCSE. If you wish to do some preparation for the AS course, you canpurchase a booklet entitled, ‘Head Start to AS level Biology’, which will make the jumpeasier to manage.The biology department has a tradition of being available to help sixth formers when theyare either stuck with homework, or just want some extra support.You will be provided with textbooks at the beginning of the course.


pecification-accredited-a-level-gce-biologya- h420.pdfUseful WebsitesThere are hundreds out there! Here are a Paper Exam Question Examples1.After being mixed with iodine, which of the following would show a blue / black colour?Apotato tuber cellsBerythrocytesCsieve tube elementsDneutrophilsYour answer2.[1]The pancreas is an organ that secretes protease enzymes.Outline how the organelles in pancreatic cells work together to produce andrelease these protein molecules from the cells.In your answer you should use appropriate technical terms, spelled correctly[5]LiteracySee glossary at the back of the AS and the A2 text book for all keywords and definitions.

A Level Biology is an excellent base for a university degree in healthcare, such as medicine, veterinary or dentistry, as well as the biological sciences, such as biochemistry, molecular biology or forensic science. Biology can also complement sports science, psychology, sociology and many more. A Level Biology can open up a range of career opportunities including: biological research, medical .

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