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PracticeName15-1Customary Units of CapacityChoose the better estimate for each.1.2.1 c or 1 gal5. coffee pot1 c or 1 gal3.3 qt or 3 gal6. bowl of soup1 pt or 1 gal4.1 pt or 1 gal7. tea kettle1 qt or 1 gal10 qt or 10 gal8. small milk carton1 c or 1 galChoose the better unit to measure the capacity of each.9. hot tubqt or gal10. shampoo bottle 11. bucketpt or galc or gal12. sports coolerqt or gal13. Reasonableness John has 4 cups filled with fruit juice. He saidthat he has a gallon of fruit juice. Is his statement reasonable?Explain why or why not.14. Reason Which measurement best describesthe capacity of a kitchen sink?A 5 quartsB 5 pintsC 5 cupsP 15 1D 5 gallonsCopyright Pearson Education, Inc., or its afﬁliates. All Rights Reserved. 3

PracticeName15-2Metric Units of CapacityChoose the better estimate for each.1.2.2 mL or 2 L5. kitchen sink2 L or 20 L3.2 mL or 2 L4.5 mL or 5 L6. coffee cup7. thermos250 mL or 25 L2 L or 20 L1 mL or 1 L8. pitcher40 mL or 4 LChoose the better unit to measure the capacity of each.9. tea cupmL or L10. bath tubmL or L11. glass of juicemL or L12. washing machinemL or L13. Reason A liter is equal to 100 centiliters. Is a centilitera greater measure than a milliliter? Explain.14. Reason Which is the best estimate forthe capacity of a large bottle of water?A 1LC 4LB 400 mLD 40 mLFreshSpringsWaterP 15 2Copyright Pearson Education, Inc., or its afﬁliates. All Rights Reserved. 3

PracticeName15-3Units of MassChoose the better estimate for each.1.2.3 g or 3 kg5. crayon20 g or 200 g3.4.40 g or 40 kg250 g or 25 kg6. large dog5 kg or 50 kg7. quarter5 g or 500 gChoose the best tool to measure each.a.9. the mass of a phone030 g or 300 g8. adult male7 kg or 70 kgb.123456789 10 11 1210. the length of a crayonc.11. the temperatured.12. the time for dinner13. the capacity of a bowl11 12 110293847 6 5e. F1101009080706050403020100–10–2014. Writing to Explain Would you use grams or kilograms to find themass of a letter? Explain.15. Reason Which is the best estimate for the mass of a pair of sneakers?A 1 kgB 1gC 10 kgP 15 3D 10 gCopyright Pearson Education, Inc., or its afﬁliates. All Rights Reserved. 3

PracticeName15-4Units of WeightChoose the better estimate for each.1.2.3.4.3 oz or 3 lb30 oz or 30 lb2 oz or 2 lb5. DVD1 oz or 1 lb6. chair20 oz or 20 lb7. cell phone6 oz or 6 lb500 lb or 5 T8. computer10 oz or 10 lbChoose the better unit to measure the weight of each.9. carlb or T10. strawberryoz or lb11. baseballoz or lb12. booklb or T13. Critique Reasoning Emily said the larger an object is, the more it weighs.Is Emily correct? Explain why or why not.14. Reason Which of the following objects can best be measured in ounces?A pencilB couchC deskP 15 4D doghouseCopyright Pearson Education, Inc., or its afﬁliates. All Rights Reserved. 3

PracticeName15-5Problem Solving: Draw aPictureThe table to the right shows the mass offat in grams per serving for certainfoods. Use the table for 1–2. Draw apicture to solve.1. What is the sum of the number ofgrams of total fat per serving forcheddar cheese and mixed nuts.Total Fat (per serving)FoodCheddar CheeseHoney HamMixed NutsAmount of Fat (g)92152. A package of cheddar cheese has8 servings. How many total gramsof fat are in a package of cheese?3. The capacity of a bottle of juiceis 30 fluid ounces. Maggie wantsto put the juice into 6 smallercontainers. She wants eachcontainer to have the same amountof juice. How many ounces of juiceshould she put in each container?Draw a picture to solve.4. Write a Problem Write a real-world problem that involves weight, mass,or capacity and can be solved by drawing a picture.P 15 5Copyright Pearson Education, Inc., or its afﬁliates. All Rights Reserved. 3

NameTopic 15TestMark the best answer.1. Which unit would be best tomeasure the mass of an elephant?(15-3)4. Which of the following bestdescribes the mass of a piano?(15-3)A LitersA 25 kilogramsB MillilitersB 250 kilogramsC GramsC 25 gramsD KilogramsD 250 grams2. A large container at the Voth dairyfarm holds 100 liters of milk. Atsunrise on Monday it contained46 liters of milk. How many moreliters of milk are needed to fill thecontainer? (15-5)A Capacity of a kitchen sinkB Capacity of a swimming poolC Capacity of a water pitcherD Capacity of a juice box100 liters46 L5. Which of the following would youmeasure in milliliters? (15-2)?6. Which of the following bestdescribes the capacity of a dog’swater dish? (15-1)A 44 litersB 54 litersC 64 litersD 65 liters3. Which of these units would bestmeasure the capacity of abathtub? (15-1)A 20 pintsB 20 cupsC 2 quartsD 2 cupsA GallonsB QuartsC PintsD CupsTopic 15 1 of 3Copyright Pearson Education, Inc., or its afﬁliates. All Rights Reserved. 3

Name7. Which of the following weighsclosest to 1 ton? (15-4)A A sportscar12. Which metric unit would be best tomeasure the mass of a hamster?(15-3)GramsB A laptop computerC A gallon of milk13. Name a household object that canhold about 10 liters of water. (15-2)D A softball8. Name a metric unit that would bebest to measure the capacity of abottle of eye drops. (15-2)MillilitersName the correct customary unit tocomplete the sentence.9. The capacity of Martha’s smallwading pool is about100 . (15-1)Sample answer:bucket14. Jill has 2 liters of water and wantsto fill a household container with it.Name a container Jill can fill. (15-2)Sample answer:coffee potGallons10. A bowling ball weighs about10 . (15-4)Pounds11. A refrigerator weighs about350 . (15-4)PoundsTopic 15 2 of 3Copyright Pearson Education, Inc., or its afﬁliates. All Rights Reserved. 3

Name15. A full bottle of sports drink contains16 fluid ounces of liquid. Daviddrank 5 fluid ounces of the sportsdrink.How many fluid ounces of drink areleft in the bottle? Draw a picture tosolve. (15-5)Check students’drawings; 11 fluidounces16. Explain why it is better to usepounds than ounces to measurethe weight of a bicycle. (15-4)Sample answer:A bicycle weighsmore than onepound. It wouldtake too manyounces tomeasure theweight of thebicycle.17. Jill has a small tub she uses to playwith her toy boats. She puts in12 gallons of water. The tub has acapacity of 30 gallons. How manymore gallons should she put in tofill the tub? Draw a picture to solve.(15-5)30 gallons12 gal? gal18 gallons18. Which measurement best describesthe capacity of a glass of milk,1 cup or 1 gallon? Explain. (15-1)Sample answer:1cup; 1 gallonis the size ofan entire jug ofmilk, and 1 cup ismuch smaller.19. Mr. Jones wants to know the lengthof his pencil. Should he use a ruleror a cup to measure? (15-3)A ruler20. Is the capacity of a jar of baby foodmore than a liter or less than a liter?(15-2)LessTopic 15 3 of 3Copyright Pearson Education, Inc., or its afﬁliates. All Rights Reserved. 3

NameTopic 15TestMark the best answer.1. Which unit would be best tomeasure the mass of an elephant?(15-3)4. Which of the following bestdescribes the mass of a piano?(15-3)A LitersA 25 kilogramsB MillilitersB 250 kilogramsC GramsC 25 gramsD KilogramsD 250 grams2. A large container at the Voth dairyfarm holds 100 liters of milk. Atsunrise on Monday it contained46 liters of milk. How many moreliters of milk are needed to fill thecontainer? (15-5)A Capacity of a kitchen sinkB Capacity of a swimming poolC Capacity of a water pitcherD Capacity of a juice box100 liters46 L5. Which of the following would youmeasure in milliliters? (15-2)?6. Which of the following bestdescribes the capacity of a dog’swater dish? (15-1)A 44 litersB 54 litersC 64 litersD 65 liters3. Which of these units would bestmeasure the capacity of abathtub? (15-1)A 20 pintsB 20 cupsC 2 quartsD 2 cupsA GallonsB QuartsC PintsD CupsTopic 15 1 of 3Copyright Pearson Education, Inc., or its afﬁliates. All Rights Reserved. 3

Name7. Which of the following weighsclosest to 1 ton? (15-4)A A sportscar12. Which metric unit would be best tomeasure the mass of a hamster?(15-3)B A laptop computerC A gallon of milk13. Name a household object that canhold about 10 liters of water. (15-2)D A softball8. Name a metric unit that would bebest to measure the capacity of abottle of eye drops. (15-2)Name the correct customary unit tocomplete the sentence.14. Jill has 2 liters of water and wantsto fill a household container with it.Name a container Jill can fill. (15-2)9. The capacity of Martha’s smallwading pool is about100 . (15-1)10. A bowling ball weighs about10 . (15-4)11. A refrigerator weighs about350 . (15-4)Topic 15 2 of 3Copyright Pearson Education, Inc., or its afﬁliates. All Rights Reserved. 3

Name15. A full bottle of sports drink contains16 fluid ounces of liquid. Daviddrank 5 fluid ounces of the sportsdrink.How many fluid ounces of drink areleft in the bottle? Draw a picture tosolve. (15-5)17. Jill has a small tub she uses to playwith her toy boats. She puts in12 gallons of water. The tub has acapacity of 30 gallons. How manymore gallons should she put in tofill the tub? Draw a picture to solve.(15-5)16. Explain why it is better to usepounds than ounces to measurethe weight of a bicycle. (15-4)18. Which measurement best describesthe capacity of a glass of milk,1 cup or 1 gallon? Explain. (15-1)19. Mr. Jones wants to know the lengthof his pencil. Should he use a ruleror a cup to measure? (15-3)20. Is the capacity of a jar of baby foodmore than a liter or less than a liter?(15-2)Topic 15 3 of 3Copyright Pearson Education, Inc., or its afﬁliates. All Rights Reserved. 3

1 c or 1 gal 3 qt or 3 gal 1 pt or 1 gal 10 qt or 10 gal 5. coffee pot 6. bowl of soup 7. tea kettle 8. small milk carton 1 c or 1 gal 1 pt or 1 gal 1 qt or 1 gal 1 c or 1 gal Choose the better unit to measure the capacity of each. 9. hot tub 10. shampoo bottle 11. bucket 12.

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