やさしい日本語

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Easy Japanese やさしい日本語

ContentsIntroduction .2The Japanese Syllabary .3Japan, My Love .4Table of Characters .5Japan, My Love (100 lessons) .6Fun with Japanese .66Idiomatic Phrases Related with Body Parts .67Right Answers 74Understanding Four Seasons in Japan through Haiku .77Know a little more about JapaneseHours .19Currency .26Days of the Week .32Months (1) .36Where Ginza Is Located .54Month (2) .62

Welcome to “Easy Japanese”Welcome to our program, “Easy Japanese”! We hope you willhave fun learning through the program series called “Japan MyLove” and “Fun with Japanese”.With the right approach, Japanese is not so difficult to learn.In speaking Japanese, the sounds are based on a combination of fivevowels and about a dozen consonants, so the pronunciation isrelatively easy.The Japanese writing system incorporates three main types ofscript -- kanji, hiragana and katakana. Kanji are Chinese charactersintroduced to Japan in the 5th and 6th century. These are ideograms.Hiragana and katakana are phonograms, a syllabary developed inJapan. Katakana is used for onomatopoeia and the many foreignwords that have been assimilated into the language.If you are learning Japanese for the first time our “Japan MyLove” series offers 100 handy expressions that you can memorize.These expressions will really help you to improve.In the “Fun with Japanese” series you will learn about themany words that depict the four seasons of Japan. Japanese cultureplaces great importance on the changing seasons of spring, summer,autumn and winter. Also included in the series are some of the manyidiomatic phrases and onomatopoeia used in daily Japanese.Once you master the words and phrases we use in ourprogram, you’ll be amazed at how expressive your Japanese willbecome. Be sure to join us during our program “Easy Japanese” withthe series called, “Japan My Love” and “Fun with Japanese.”2

The Japanese Syllabary1- ひらがな Hiragana 2-カタカナ Katakana3- Romaji (Roman �サSAしシスSUせセSEそソSOたタTAちチSHI すCHI つテTEとトTOなナNAにニNIぬヌTSU てNU �ホHOまマMAみミMIむムMUめメME O3

Japan My LoveThe main non-Japanese character in the drama is called Leo.He has been studying aikidō, one of the Japanese martial arts, in hishome country.But for a long time he has been eager to learn more aikido inJapan, where it originated, and so he has been studying Japanesevery hard.Now his wish has been fulfilled.The drama begins as Leo arrives at Narita InternationalAirport, the main gateway to Tokyo, the capital of Japan.4

Characters in “Japan, My Love”LeoMikaAkiMr. MasakiMrs. MasakiMr. OnoWaitressWaiterMarioMinTaxi passistant

Lesson 1Er, excuse me.At Narita International Airport (1) Mika: Er, excuse me. みか: �ve dropped your �PASUPŌTO - GA OCHIMASHITA – YO! Leo: What? レオ: えっ?E? TODAY’S EXPRESSION #1“ANŌ, SUMIMASEN.”The expression, “ANŌ, SUMIMASEN”, is used when you speak to somebody you don‟t know.ANŌ is used when you want to call the attention of someone. The second word, SUMIMASEN, isused in various situations. In this case, it means “Excuse me.” Lesson 2Thank you very much.At Narita International Airport (2) Mika: Er, excuse me. みか: �ve dropped your �PASUPŌTO - GA OCHIMASHITA - YO! Leo: What? レオ: えっ?E?Oh, thank you very す。Ā, DŌMO - ARIGATŌ - GOZAIMASU. Mika: You’re welcome. みか: どういたしまして。DŌ - ITASHIMASHITE. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #2“DŌMO - ARIGATŌ - GOZAIMASU.”“DŌMO - ARIGATŌ - GOZAIMASU” is used whenever you want to express your gratitude in apolite way. ARIGATŌ by itself corresponds to “thank you”. Adding DŌMO and GOZAIMASUmakes the expression much more polite.The expression, DŌ - ITASHIMASHITE, is used whensaying “you‟re welcome.”6

Lesson 3Nice to meet you.At Narita International Airport (3) レオ: あのう、ぼくはレオ 。あなたは?ANŌ,わたしBOKU - WA LEO ANATA - WA?お か だ みか: 私 はみか、岡田みかです。 Leo:Er, I’m Leo What is your name? Mika: I’m Mika, Okada Mika.WATASHI - WA MIKA,OKADA MIKA - DESU.Nice to meet you.どうぞよろしく。DŌZO - YOROSHIKU. レオ: こちらこそ、どうぞよろしく。 Leo: Nice to meet you, too.KOCHIRA - KOSO, DŌZO - YOROSHIKU. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #3“DŌZO - YOROSHIKU.”“DŌZO - YOROSHIKU” is an informal expression of greeting used when you meet someone forthe first time. It is used after you say your name.イラスト(空港―みかとレオ)7

Lesson 4This is the first time I’ve ever come to Japan.At Narita International Airport (4)わたし Mika: I’m taking an airport bus.How about you? みか: 私 �だけど、あなたは?WATASHI - WA,KOREKARARIMUJIN - BASU - NINORUN - DAKEDO,ANATA - WA? レオ: どうしよう ? Leo: What shall I do?DŌ - SHIYŌ.?に ほ んはじThis is the first time I’ve evercome to KU,NIHON - WA HAJIMETE - NAN - DESU.いっしょく Mika: Do you want to come with me,then? みか: じゃあ、一緒に来る?JĀ,ISSHO - NIKURU? レオ: どうもありがとう。 Leo: Thank you.DŌMO - ARIGATŌ. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #4“NIHON - WA HAJIMETE - NAN - DESU.”Today‟s expression is used when you want to inform somebody you are doing something for thefirst time. Please memorize the expression “- WA HAJIMETE - NAN - DESU.” Lesson 5Great!On the airport bus (1)とうきょう Mika: At last, we’ve arrived in Tokyo. みか: やっと、東 京 ね 。YATTO, レオ: すごい!SUGOI!TOKYŌ - NE たてもの Leo: Great! It’s full of O - DEIPPAI - DESU - NE.ほんとう Mika: Yes, it really is. みか: 本当にそうね。HONTŌ - NISŌ - NE. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #5”SUGOI!”SUGOI! is used to express a feeling of excitement or surprise. It has a positive nuance, so it isused in situations that connotate pleasure and is often heard in daily conversation.8

Lesson 6Where do you live?On the airport bus (2)す レオ: あの、みかさん、お住 まいはどちらです Leo: Er, Mika, where do you live?か?ANO,MIKA - SAN, O - SUMAI - WADOCHIRA - DESU - KA?わたしし ぶ や Mika: Me? I live in Shibuya. みか: 私 ? わたしは、渋谷。WATASHI?WATASHI - WA,SHIBUYA.How about you?あなたは?ANATA - WA?じゅうしょ Leo: I live at this address. レオ: ぼくは、この住 所 のところです。BOKU - WA,KONOJŪSHO - NOTOKORO - DESU. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #6“O-SUMAI - WA DOCHIRA - DESUKA?”“O-SUMAI - WA DOCHIRA - DESUKA” is a very polite expression to use when askingsomeone‟s address. Adding O- before a noun makes it polite, so O-SUMAI is a polite form ofSUMAI, which means “the place you live”. DOCHIRA - DESU - KA literally means “Where is it?” Lesson 7Could you tell me your contact address?Wanting to meet again (1)わか Mika: It’s time to say good-bye now. みか: ここで、お別れね。KOKO - DE,O - WAKARE - NE.れんらくさきおし レオ: �か?MIKA - SAN,RENRAKUSAKI - WO Leo: Mika, could you tell me yourcontact address?OSHIETE - KUREMASEN - KA? みか: いいわよ。 Mika: Sure.Ī - WA - YO. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #7“RENRAKUSAKI - WO OSHIETE - KUREMASEN - KA?”“- WO OSHIETE - KUREMASEN - KA?” is a polite expression used when you ask someone forsome information. You just add what you want to ask for before WO.9

Lesson8Please.Wanting to meet again (2)れんらくさきおし レオ: �か?MIKA - SAN,RENRAKUSAKI - WO Leo: Mika, could you tell me yourcontact address?OSHIETE - KUREMASEN - KA?か Mika: Sure. I’ll write it down here. みか: いいわよ。ここに書くわね。Ī - WA - YO.KOKO - NIKAKU - WA - NE.ねが Leo: Please. レオ: お願いします。ONEGAI - SHIMASU. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #8“ONEGAI - SHIMASU.”“ONEGAI - SHIMASU”, which means “Please”, is a polite expression to use when you want toask someone for something. Lesson 9See you again.Wanting to meet again (3)なにれんらく Mika: If there is anything, pleasecontact me. みか: ,NANI - KA ATTARARENRAKU - SHITE - NE. レオ: ありがとうございます。 Leo: Thank you.ARIGATŌ - GOZAIMASU. みか: それじゃあ、また。SORE - JĀ Mika: See you again.MATA. レオ: さようなら。 Leo: Good-bye.SAYŌNARA. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #9“SORE - JĀ MATA.”“SORE - JĀ MATA”, which means “See you again”, is an expression used when you part fromsomeone. SORE - JĀ means “See you” and MATA means “again”. It‟s very common expression,used for friends or people you are familiar with.10

Lesson 10Well, not that good.In the taxi (1)じゅうしょ レオ: この住 所 のところに行きたいんですが。KONO Leo: I want to go to this address.JŪSHO - NO - TOKORO - NIIKITAI - N - DESU - GA.うんてんしゅ Taxi driver: Yes, certainly. 運転手: I - MASHITA.きゃくに ほ ん ごじょうずSir, your Japanese is verygood.お客 さんは、日本語がお上手ですね。O - KYAKU - SAN - WA,NIHONGO - GAO - JŌZU - DESU - NE. レオ: いえ、それほどでも。 Leo: Well, not that good.IE, SORE - HODO - DEMO. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #10“IE, SORE - HODO - DEMO.”“IE, SORE - HODO - DEMO”, meaning “Well, not that good”, is an expression to use when youare praised. It‟s a good idea to use this kind of modest expression. Lesson 11How much is it?In the taxi (2)うんてんしゅきゃくつ Taxi driver: Sir, we’ve arrived. 運転手: お 客 さん、着きました。O - KYAKU - SAN, TSUKI - MASHITA.み ぎ ていえIt’s the house on theright.この右手の家です。KONOMIGITE - NO IE - DESU. レオ: どうもありがとう。 Leo: Thank you.DŌMO - ARIGATŌ.How much is the fare?おいくらですか?O - IKURA DESU - KA.うんてんしゅえん N - KYŪHYAKU - HACHIJŪ - EN Taxi driver: One thousand ninehundred and eighty yen,please.ITADAKI - MASU. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #11“O - IKURA DESU - KA?”This expression means “How much is it?” It can be used to ask the price of anything.11

Lesson 12Can you accept a ten-thousand-yen banknote?In the taxi (3) レオ: おいくらですか? Leo: How much is the fare?O - IKURA DESU - KA?うんてんしゅえん 運転手: 1980円いただきます。SEN - KYŪHYAKU - HACHIJŪ - ENITADAKI - MASUいちまんえんさつ レオ: 1万円札でもいいですか?ICHIMAN- EN - SATSU - DEMO Taxi driver: One thousand ninehundred and eighty yen,please. Leo: Can you accept aten-thousand-yen banknote?Ī - DESU - KA?うんてんしゅけっこう 運転手: 結構ですよ。 Taxi driver: Yes, that’s fine.KEKKŌ - DESU - YO.Here’s your change.はい、おつりです。HAI,O - TSURI - DESU. レオ: どうも。 Leo: Thank you.DŌMO. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #12“ DEMO“ICHIMAN- EN - SATSU - DEMO Ī - DESU - KA?”Ī - DESU - KA?”, which means “Can you accept with ?”, is a very usefulexpression when you want to ask if the person you are talking to is alright with whatever youmentioned 運転手)12

Lesson 13Now, please come in.Arriving at the house (1)ま さ きき Masaki: Leo, welcome to our house. 政木: レオ、よく来てくれたなあ。LEO, YOKUKITE - KURETA - NĀ.せんせいせわ Leo: Mr. Masaki! Thank you in advance for レオ: 先生...! お世話になります。ま さ きSENSEI !O - SEWA - NI NARI - MASU.つまはいyour kindness in taking care of me. Mrs. Masaki: Now, please come in. 政木の妻: さあ、お入りください。SĀ, O - HAIRI - KUDASAI. レオ: ありがとうございます。 Leo: Thank you very much.ARIGATŌ - GOZAIMASU. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #13“SĀ, O - HAIRI – KUDASAI.”SĀ is used to encourage or urge someone to do something. O - HAIRI - KUDASAI meansPlease come in.” Lesson 14Yes, I will do as you suggest.Arriving at the house (2)ま さ きつか Masaki: You must be tired. 政木: 疲れただろう。TSUKARETA - DARŌ.すこ Leo: A little. レオ: 少し...。SUKOSHI ま さ きあ し たけ い こ 政木: 明日から稽古だ。ASHITA - KARA KĒKO - DA. .き ょ �KYŌ - WA HAYAKUYASUMI - NASAI. レオ: はい、そうします。HAI, Masaki:Training will start fromtomorrow.You’d better go to bed earlytoday. Leo: Yes, I will do as you suggest.SŌ - SHIMASU. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #14“HAI, SŌ - SHIMASU”“HAI, SŌ - SHIMASU” means “Yes, I will do as you suggest.” HAI means “yes”, SHIMASUmeans “do” and SŌ - SHIMASU means “I will do as you suggest.”13

Lesson 15Leo, your room is upstairs.Arriving at the house (3)ま さ きつまへやに か い 政木の妻: レオさんのお部屋は二階です。LEO - SAN - NOO - HEYA - WA Mrs.Masaki: Leo, your room isupstairs.NIKAI - DESU.たたみ レオ: ああ、 畳 のいいにおい...。ま さ きĀ, TATAMI - NO ĪNIOI しふろはい 政木: �れ。FUTON - WA SHĪTA - KARA,FURO- NIHAITTE - KURE. Leo: Oh, the tatami mats smell nice. Masaki: As we have already laid outthe bedding, please take abath. レオ: ありがとうございます。 Leo: Thank you very much.ARIGATŌ - GOZAIMASU. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #15“LEO-SAN-NO O-HEYA-WA NIKAI-DESU”LEO-SAN-NO O-HEYA-WA is the subject of the sentence and NIKAI - DESU indicates thelocation. LEO-SAN- NO means “Leo‟s”. O-HEYA is a combination of the polite prefix O- and thenoun HEYA which means “room”. Lesson 16Be careful.Arriving at the house (4)ま さ きしふろはい 政木: �れ。FUTON - WA SHĪTA - KARA,FURO - NIHAITTE - KURE. レオ: ありがとうございます。 Masaki: As we have already laid outthe bedding, please take abath. Leo: Thank you very much.ARIGATŌ - GOZAIMASU.に ほ んふろはじI’ll be taking a Japanese bath forthe first 。NIHON - NOま さ きO - FURO - WA,HAJIMETE - NAN- DESU.あつ 政木: � Masaki: It may be hot, so be careful.ATSUI - KAMO - SHIRENAI - KARA,KI - WO TSUKETE. レオ: はい、わかりました。HAI, Leo: Yes, I understand.WAKARI - MASHITA. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #16“KI - WO TSUKETE.”“KI - WO TSUKETE” means “be careful”. It‟s an expression to urge someone to pay attention tosomething.14

Lesson 17Good morning.Breakfast (1)ま さ き Masaki: Good morning. 政木: おはよう。OHAYŌ. レオ: おはようございます。 Leo: Good morning.OHAYŌ - GOZAIMASU.ま さ きあさ Masaki: Breakfast is ready. 政木: 朝ごはんができたぞ。ASA - GOHAN - GA DEKITA - ZO.いまい Leo: I’ll come in now. レオ: 今、行きます。IMA,IKIMASU. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #17“OHAYŌ - GOZAIMASU.”This expression means “Good morning”. OHAYŌ - GOZAIMASU literally means “It‟s early.” Soyou can use it until around 10 o‟clock in the morning. Lesson 18A fixed phrase said before eating.Breakfast (2) レオ: おはようございます。 Leo: Good morning.OHAYŌ - GOZAIMASU.ま さ きつま 政木の妻: あ、おはようございます。A, Mrs.Masaki: Oh, good morningOHAYŌ - GOZAIMASU.ねむDid you sleep well?よく眠れましたか?YOKUNEMURE - MASHITA - KA? レオ: ええ。 Leo: Yes.Ē.ま さ きつまた 政木の妻: じゃあ、食べましょうか?JĀ, Mrs.Masaki: Well, shall we eat?TABE - MASHŌ - K A?ぜんい んEveryone: (a fixed phrase said beforeeating)全員: いただきます。ITADAKI - MASU. TODAY’S EXPRESSION #18“ITADAKI - MASU.”This is a fixed phrase to be said before eating food.It can b

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