Journalism And Broadcasting - University Of Manchester

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Journalism andBroadcastingIncluding TV and FilmVersion 7.18

ContentsIntroduction . 3Journalism . 5Broadcasting . 9Film . 12Further sources of media job vacancies . 13Learning about the industry and networking opportunities . 14Media Schemes and websites for people for people from groupsthat are under-represented in the media . 15 The University of Manchester Careers Service2

Introduction to careers in Journalism and BroadcastingThe media is a popular career area and students and graduates whosuccessfully apply for jobs can usually show evidence of a commitment toworking in this sector. It’s therefore worth doing your homework andlooking for ways to develop the skills and experience that will make you agood applicant. You can read about the different roles, and check entryrequirements and typical salaries, on websites like www.prospects.ac.ukand www.creativeskillset.orgTake part in the Careers Service’s Media Club We regularly run Media Club sessions that are delivered byemployers and Manchester graduates who work in the iaclub All eventsare listed on www.manchester.ac.uk/careerslink Keep up-to-date with Media Club events, andvacancies/opportunities we come across, on the Media ClubFacebook dia/facebook/ For the latest news and opportunities follow Media Club twitterhttp://twitter.com/mcrmediaclub . Sign-up for our Insight into Broadcasting and Journalism one daycourse, usually held in the Easter vacation.Get involved in student media Manchester’s student media offers great opportunities for studentsto develop valuable experience and skills and includes TheMancunion newspaper, Fuse FM radio station and Fuse TV. Detailsare on the UMSU sitehttps://manchesterstudentsunion.com/societies and you can emaileditor@mancunion.com3 The University of Manchester Careers Service

Other ways to develop skills and experienceYou could also gain experience by producing a newsletter for yourstudent society, writing for a local voluntary group’s website, starting orcontributing to a blog, vlogging, writing for a gap year organisation aboutyour travels, or volunteering www.volunteers.manchester.ac.uk/The Manchester NetworkUse the University’s Manchester Network to link with graduates whowork in the media (once logged in, click on mentoring)network.manchester.ac.ukSocial mediaYou can use social media to build a personal profile by, for instance,joining the professional network, LinkedIn, using Twitter, Facebook,writing a blog etc. You might also find opportunities to apply for thathave been tweeted or put on Facebook. There are tips on using SocialMedia on the Careers Service rking/socialmedia/Work ExperienceIndustry work experience will strengthen your application for an entrylevel role and is offered by a range of employers. However, please notethis is often unpaid and it’s therefore important to guard againstexploitation. We recommend that you read our information on unpaidwork ytax/unpaidThe Careers Service Work Experience Bursary helps with meeting thecosts of work experience – details / The University of Manchester Careers Service4

Media in ManchesterMedia City, Salford, Greater ManchesterMediaCity:UK is based in Salford, on the edge of Manchester, and is thehome of a significant amount of output from the BBC and ITV, includingCoronation Street. It aims to act as a centre for the creative industriesand there are a growing number of creative enterprises based inneighbouring premises e.g. The Pie Factory. More info atwww.mediacityuk.co.ukThe BBC’s output from Media City includes BBC Breakfast, CBBC,CBeebies, BBC Learning, BBC Sport, BBC Radio 5 live, Digital Media,Network radio, some entertainment, regional current affairs, regionalprogrammes, and the BBC Philharmonic Orchestra.Read Prolific North: www.prolificnorth.co.uk/ to keep up-to-date withthe media industry in the North of England.JournalismJournalists work in broadcasting, social media, newspapers, online mediaand magazines. Key skills/abilities/characteristics for a journalist caninclude: shorthand/desk-top publishing, creativity and ideas, written andverbal communication skills, determination, ability to work to strictdeadlines and, crucially, a keen interest in news and current affairs.Increasingly, journalists need to be able to write for a range of mediums.For example, those working for newspapers and their websites, may alsoproduce podcasts (audio-visual material).Ways in: A common route into newspaper, magazine or broadcast journalismis via an accredited (NCTJ, BJTC or PPA) postgraduate course. Lookfor courses on www.prospects.ac.uk, www.nctj.com orwww.bjtc.org.uk or www.ppa.co.uk5 The University of Manchester Careers Service

(Please note: City University’s journalism courses are very wellestablished and respected, but their newspaper journalism course isnot accredited by the NCTJ and therefore not listed on the NCTJwebsite.) There are also some specialist MAs, e.g. Investigative Journalism MAat De Montfort University (Leicester) developed in collaboration withChannel 4. Experience is critical - many people who go into journalism will havedeveloped relevant experience before they graduate. Remembereven a postgraduate course may ask for evidence of written skills viaa portfolio, plus work experience. Check course entry requirementswith the admissions contact.There are some direct-entry training schemes out there. But be warned,competition is fierce! For this reason they don’t need to be welladvertised. Look for opportunities by searching on websites, such asSkillset’s http://creativeskillset.org, www.journalism.co.uk andwww.nuj.org.uk/work/careersIt’s also worth looking on sites such rainee-schemescomplete-list that offer a list of training schemes. Ones we know of, orhave come across, can be found on: BBC careers hubwww.bbc.co.uk/careers/homeIncludes information on topics such as work experience and trainingschemes e.g. BBC Journalism Trainee Scheme, Production TrainingScheme, Digital Media Graduate Scheme, Broadcast EngineeringScheme and the Legal Trainee Scheme. Follow the BBC on twitter@BBCTrainees and @BBCRecruitment C4 Despatches Investigative Journalism Training kprogrammes/investigative-journalism ITV News Traineeship neeship The University of Manchester Careers Service6

Times Graduate Trainee Programmewww.thetimes.co.uk Thomson Reuters (specialist news agency)www.thomsonreuters.com Fremantle media graduate programmewww.fremantlemedia.com/Careers/Training and Development.aspx ITV News Group Journalism Traineeship and any bursary -careers/news-traineeshipAlso check for schemes and/or opportunities with: Financial Times Editorial Graduate /?mhq5j e1Other opportunities may be found with employers and jobsites such as: Cavendish Press(news features and picture press agency based in Media City)www.cavendish-press.co.uk Mirror Group Newspapershttp://jobsearch.trinitymirror.com National papersCheck for opportunities with the national daily and Sundaynewspapers and the newspaper groups they come under. Local newspapersApproach papers directly and check which newspaper group theyare owned by – see the newspaper society website for details.www.newspapersoc.org.uk National Union of Journalists.A good source of general information on careers in journalism (goto ‘advice’ and ‘FAQs’).www.nuj.org.uk/home7 The University of Manchester Careers Service

Hold the front page.Website for journalists and journalism students interested in theregional press. Includes vacancies and useful careers information.www.holdthefrontpage.co.uk Guardian News and Media Group.Check information on careers, internships, traineeships andvacancies.www.theguardian.com/workforus Association of British Science WritersCheck for info on student journalism bursaries.www.absw.org.ukwww.thepaperboy.com – search engine for newspapers andmagazines from around the world. Gorkana – media job search www.gorkanajobs.co.uk Scott Trust (owners of the Guardian Media Group).Bursaries are advertised alismMagazines www.condenast.co.uk – Their HR dept. advice writing directly tothe Managing Editor of a specific magazine to enquire about workexperience. They occasionally advertise opportunities for graduatemedia sales roles. Time Inc (previously IPC) www.timeincuk.com/careers includesinformation about work experience and applying for jobs. Hearst magazines http://careers.hearst.co.uk/internships includesinformation about internships and graduate schemes.Further useful websites for Journalism: Journalism.Site for journalists.www.journalism.co.uk The University of Manchester Careers Service8

Press Gazette.www.pressgazette.co.uk Sports Journalists There are many different roles in broadcasting in programme making(e.g. researcher, producer, director), programme support (e.g. productionassistant or production manager), technical roles (e.g. sound engineer,camera operator), web and digital development, social media etc.There is a wide range of employers in this field, from the well-known suchas the BBC, Sky and ITV to independent production companies which varyin size and output. ‘Runner’ is a common entry level role – a descriptionis included on www.prospects.ac.uk under ‘jobs and work experience’.There is a thriving independent production sector in the UK – these arecompanies that are commissioned by broadcasters (e.g. BBC, ITV,Channel 4, Channel 5 etc.) to produce programmes. Some of the largercompanies occasionally run formal work experience programmes orgraduate training schemes. Companies are listed in the directory of thetrade body www.pact.co.uk (check to see if PACT is running its own atraining scheme.)Get into the habit of watching programme end credits so you becomefamiliar with the companies producing programmes for the types ofprogrammes you are interested in.Ways In: For BBC schemes and work experiencewww.bbc.co.uk/careers/home ITV opportunities and work udios9 The University of Manchester Careers Service

programmeexperience/Note: Email tracy.walker@itv.com if you are interested in workexperience in Salford. Send your CV and explain why you would liketo be considered.Channel 4http://4talent.channel4.comSky TelevisionCareers websitewww.workforsky.comChannel Fivewww.channel5.com/vacanciesLarger independent production companies like Endemol andPrinces TV, RDF and Working Title may provide trainingopportunities and/or graduate schemes. Try Channel 4 for details oftheir training schemes and work experience opportunitiesAsk about opportunities with local radio stations work. Radio is animportant area in its own right, but can also serve as a springboardinto other forms of media.Postgraduate or short courses may be useful. When considering thisoption look for courses that have a practical focus and use industrystandard equipment. It is advisable to ask what former studentshave gone on to do. Look for courses on www.creativeskillset.organd www.prospects.ac.ukFurther useful sites for Broadcasting: Mediargh www.mediargh.com/jobs TV Water Cooler s-database Broadcast Nowwww.broadcastnow.co.uk Broadcasting Entertainment Cinematograph and Theatre Unionwww.bectu.org.uk The University of Manchester Careers Service10

Production BaseThe insider’s network for film, TV and commercial production.www.productionbase.co.uk BBC Commissioning he-public(This site is full of useful information about putting forward, or‘pitching’, an idea for a programme)and Sky Academy (training initiatives) www.sky.com/academy Media UKMedia directory for the UK.www.mediauk.com Public Media Alliance (international organisation for public servicebroadcasters)http://publicmediaalliance.org CPU Media Trust (supporting the work of media fromcommonwealth countries)www.cpu.org.uk Media TrustLondon based charity working to assist voluntary and communitysector communications. Check for details of mentoring and trainingschemes for students and graduates.www.mediatrust.org The Unit Listwww.theunitlist.com/jobs There are a number of industry Facebook groups that nnersA range of others are listed 09381Local TelevisionThat’s Manchester is a new local television service for Manchesterwww.thatsmanchester.co.uk/11 The University of Manchester Careers Service

Radio organisations/sources: Radio AcademyRepresents the radio industry. Website includes careers in radiosection.www.radioacademy.org Hospital Broadcasting AssociationHospital radio site includes information on getting in and directoryof member hospital radio stations.www.hbauk.com Community Media AssociationFor information on community radio stationswww.commedia.org.uk Student Radio AssociationIncludes a database of members.www.studentradio.org.ukFilmThe majority of people working in the film industry are based in Londonand work on a freelance basis on films/programmes, short films orcommercials.In addition to production roles there are a number of key supportfunctions e.g. accounting, publicity, casting, special effects anddistribution.It is possible to work in the regions, but you will need to build areputation, be able to travel, and may find that you need to have avariety of skill sets to offer to bring in sufficient work.Useful websites: Information on ways into the industrywww.creativeskillset.org/film The University of Manchester Careers Service12

Site for independent film makershttps://shootingpeople.org/home Film and TV production resources sitewww.mandy.com British Academy of Film and Television Artswww.bafta.org Information on production suppliers and production newswww.theknowledgeonline.com British Film Institutewww.bfi.org.uk Film London - promoting the film industry in Londonhttp://filmlondon.org.uk British Film Commissionwww.britishfilmcommission.org.ukThe Space Project is a new production centre in Manchester for film andhigh end television production www.spacestudiosmanchester.co.ukFurther sources of media job vacancies Guardianhttp://jobs.guardian.co.uk/jobs/media Go think big – website promoting jobs and opportunities in themediawww.gothinkbig.co.uk Broadcast magazineAvailable at the Careers Service. Media Week Jobswww.mediaweekjobs.co.uk The Hiive – networking and job site for the creative industrieshttps://app.hiive.co.uk Hold the front page.Website for journalists and journalism students interested in the13 The University of Manchester Careers Service

regional press. Includes vacancies and useful careers information.www.holdthefrontpage.co.uk Grapevine Jobswww.grapevinejobs.co.ukCheck individual websites for production companies, newspapers,magazines of interestLearning about the industry and networking opportunitiesThere are a range of organisations concerned with the media, which runevents and forums: The NetworkRuns free master classes and events for young people inconjunction with the Edinburgh International Television Festival(August) www.mgeitf.co.uk Creative Skillset.National Training Organisation for Broadcast Film and Video.www.creativeskillset.org The Royal Television Society.A forum for discussion and debate about all aspects of thetelevision industry. There is a North West branch which organisesevents, talks and workshops. Student membership is available.www.rts.org.uk Creative England –organisation promoting film, TV, games, digital& creative services www.creativeengland.co.uk The Radio Academy.Hold events and conferences on the radio industry. Concessionarymembership available to students.www.radioacademy.org BBC Writers’ Room.An essential resource for researching creative writing The University of Manchester Careers Service14

opportunities.www.bbc.co.uk/writersroomMedia Schemes and websites for people from groups thatare under-represented in the mediaThese include: www.journalismdiversityfund.com(includes a link to other bursary schemes) www.nuj.org.uk/rights/george-viner-memorial-fund/ www.bbc.co.uk/jobs/extendwork placement for disabled people 104 Films – founded to change representations of disabled peoplebehind and in front of the camera and run training programmeswww.104films.com Widening the Lens – training course for new and emerging filmmakers from diverse background filmmakers-widening-lens/ Creative Access has a wide range of paid graduate placements in themedia, heritage and PR/advertising sectors for individuals fromBAME groups www.creativeaccess.org.uk http://creativeskillset.org/about us/diversityFor information on funded placements and networks for minoritygroups. Check on the website for schemes in different parts of themedia. BAME Leadership – NFTS backed scheme for future leaders fromBAME background https://nfts.co.uk/bame-leadership-programme Directors UK – professional association for British screen directors –runs several training initiatives to address under-representationamong directors ors-training-scheme15 The University of Manchester Careers Service

NFTS Directing Workshop – aims to increase the number of women,BAME and people with disabilities working in screen des available to download or collect from Careers IT careers across the sectors - Starting Point SheetIncludes information on digital media and other IT careers in theentertainment sector.www.manchester.ac.uk/careers/startingpoints To help you make an effective speculative approach, read theCareers Service hand out on ‘Getting graduatejobs/networkingReference books and Journals are available in the Careers LibraryIncluding Broadcast and Campaign magazines.For a full list of resources go to: www.manchester.ac.uk/careers/libraryDisclaimer:The information within this starting point sheet is not exhaustive and isdesigned to give you some pointers for useful sources of information.Please note that we cannot take responsibility for the content of thewebsites included. Those that charge a fee for some of their serviceshave been included because of the relevant free content they provide.Where closing dates are mentioned always check the original source tomake sure they haven’t changed.This publication is copyright The University of Manchester and may notbe produced wholly or in part for commercial or non-commercialpurposes without prior permission. The University of Manchester Careers Service16

Broadcasting There are many different roles in broadcasting in programme making (e.g. researcher, producer, director), programme support (e.g. production assistant or production manager), technical roles (e.g. sound engineer, camera operator), web and digital development, social media etc.

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