Teen Knife Crime Booklet - V&A M

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CONTENTSPAGETEEN KNIFE CRIME1KNIFE CRIME VICTIMS2WHY CARRY A KNIFE5TACKLING KNIFE CRIME7TEENS INSPIRING CHANGESAY NO 2 KNIVES9Sarah Armstrong10IDONTCARRYAKNIFE.ORGHolly Watson13LIVES NOT KNIVESEliza RebeiroAaron Roach BridgemanDiogo FigueiredoTara NorwoodGary Mathew HurdKareem Andre Lloyd Maizi151821222325EXHIBITION PARTNERS27SUPPORT AND ADVICE29SOURCES31Page 1 of 31

TEEN KNIFE CRIMEKnives are present in all our lives, we use them everyday.However, knives have long been used as weapons, as wellas practical tools – from flint tools to flick knives.In recent years knife crime has appeared to be on theincrease in the UK. Many media reports have featuredyoung people alongside alarming statistics. However, it isdifficult to get a truly accurate picture of UK knife crimebecause of changes in the way that crimes have beenrecorded and classified.The Centre for Crime and Justice Studies has spent manyyears trying to understand the information available to gaina clearer understanding of young people’s experiences.IS KNIFE CRIME REALLY ON THE RISE?The Centre for Crime and Justice StudiesAnnual crime figures have sparked much discussion in the media, butbeneath the headlines there are many different stories and experiences- some more significant and serious than others.Surveys between 1997 and 2007 found the use of knives in violentincidents remained between 5 and 8%i. It was hard to find evidence ofany real change so we cannot be absolutely certain any occurred duringthat time.‘Knife crime’ may now include crimes that were not previously reportedor measured, but the fact is, the more people are aware of a problem,the more they are likely to understand it and indeed to report it.Page 2 of 31

KNIFE CRIME VICTIMSViolence between children is the third leading cause ofdeath among young people in Europe. Approximately 40%of these deaths are due to knives and sharp instruments.iiThe Centre for Crime and Justice Studies comparedhospital statistics with official crime figures to uncover thelevel of knife-related violence in England. Recent figuresreveal that the number of young people taken into hospitalafter being assaulted with a sharp object rose between2000 and 2010, but reached a peak in 2006-7 at 931iii.Young people taken into hospital afterbeing assualted with a sharp 6-72005-62004-52003-42002-32001-22000-1Page 3 of 31

People killed by a sharp instrument.Home Office statistics, October 2011:255241240220204261716126Over 17Please note: These figures are subject to revision as casesare dealt with by the police and by the courts, or as furtherinformation become available.Page 4 of 312010-112009-102008-92007-82006-7Under 17

WHY CARRY A KNIFEKNIFEThere are many reasons why someone might decide tocarry a knife. A common reason given is for protection, butothers include – out of fear, for revenge, because of peerpressure, to gain respect or be cool or to steal orintimidate.The Centre for Crime and Justice Studies highlighted somefactors which have been shown to influence some youngpeople’s decision to carry a weapon.1. LOCATIONKnife-related violence has been shown to be more frequent in largeurban areas.iv2. GENDERPeople admitted to hospital because of assault are more likely to beyoung men living in deprived neighbourhoods.v3. OPPORTUNITIESViolence amongst young people appears to be the hardest to resolve inareas of poverty and discrimination. A lack of opportunities sometimesleads to individuals choosing to make money illegally, when weaponsare commonly used for self defence.viPage 5 of 31

4. DIFFICULTIES AT SCHOOLYoung people experiencing educational problems appear to seethemselves as particularly vulnerable to knife-related incidents.viiReasons for carrying a knife::Pupil Referral UnitMainstream EducationFor protection24%36%43%21%For hobbies,46%activites and

KNIFE CRIME VICTIMS Violence between children is the third leading cause of death among young people in Europe. Approximately 40% of these deaths are due to knives and sharp instruments.ii The Centre for Crime and Justice Studies compared hospital statistics with official crime figures t