STEM Careers - Free Download PDF

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STEMCareersThis resource has been developed for use in schools and other educational establishments.It is a FREE resource and can be freely shared by anyone with anyone who might beinterested in using it.It was originally designed to be used as part of a STEM Careers display, however the creatorswould be very interested to hear about any other ways you find it useful to use.I hope you will find the resource useful - please email [email protected] any ideas, suggestions or corrections.Read the short disclaimer on page 2before using this [email protected]

DisclaimerThis resource is intended only to be used in schools and in other educational settings. It is aFREE resource and should never be sold on by a third party. If you have paid for thisresource or are offered in it exchange for money please contact the author [email protected] may distribute this resource for free to anyone you feel might find it useful.Further information about the resource and a fully editable version can be obtained byemailing the author at [email protected] author of this resource does not own any of the images used. All images have beendownloaded from the internet from a wide variety of sources. If anyone objects to theirimage being used please contact the author at [email protected] and it willimmediately be removed from this resource.The information about each career has been adapted and edited from the followingwebsites where further information about the different careers can be .ac.uk/https://www.sciencebuddies.org/

Aeronautical EngineerAeronautical EngineerAeronautical engineers use their technical knowledge toimprove flight safety and fuel efficiency, reduce costs andaddress the environmental impact of air travel.They also work with aircraft thatoperate in space such as robots andsatellites.They are employed by a wide range ofcompanies and may be office-based,or work in aircraft workshops,production hangars or aeronauticallaboratories.

Astronautical EngineerAstronautical EngineerAstronautical engineers work with cutting-edge technologyand international companies to design, develop, maintainand tests the performance of satellites and space vehicles.The main focus is on improving flightsafety, fuel efficiency, speed andweight, as well as reducing systemcostsandusingadvancingtechnologies to meet customerneeds.Increasingly,theroleaddresses the environmental impactof space travel.

DoctorDoctorA doctor is someone who maintains or restores humanhealth through the practice of medicine. He or she willdiagnose and treat human disease, ailments, injuries, painor other conditions.Doctors can be found in many settings,including public health organizations,teaching facilities, private practices,and hospitals.There are specific doctors for almostevery major system located in thehuman body.

NurseNurseNurses plan and provide medical and nursing care topatients in hospital, at home or in other settings who aresuffering from chronic or acute physical or mental illhealth.They are employed in a widerange of environments andusually work as part of a team ofprofessional and medical staffthat includes doctors, socialworkers and therapists.

PilotPilotPilots fly passengers or cargo on long or short-haul flightsfor leisure, business, military or commercial purposes.An aircraft is typically operated by twopilots; one will be the captain who isthe pilot in command, while the otherwill be the supporting first officer.Pilots have sole control over theirplane while it is in the air andresponsibility for the safety of theirpassengers.

Software DeveloperSoftware DeveloperSoftware developers are responsible for designing thecomputer programmes and operating systems that we usein everyday life.From word processors, gamesandwebsites,softwaredevelopers are the people thatdesign and programme thesesystems so we can use themeasily and more efficiently.

MeteorologistMeteorologistMeteorologists study weather patterns and predict theweather. They study the causes of particular weatherconditions using information obtained from the land, seaand upper atmosphere.They use computerised andmathematical models to makeshort and long-range forecastsconcerning weather and climatepatterns. A variety of organisationsuse meteorological forecasts,

SurveyorSurveyorSurveyors update boundary lines and prepare sites forconstruction so that legal disputes are prevented.Surveyorsmakemeasurementstoproperty boundaries.precisedetermineThey provide data relevant to theshape and contour of the tionprojects.

ElectricianElectricianElectricians can specialise in construction or maintenanceand are employed by major companies across the world.Electriciansspecialisinginconstruction primarily install wiringsystems into factories, businesses,and new homes.Electriciansspecialisinginmaintenance fix and upgrade existingelectrical systems and repair electricalequipment.

VeterinarianVeterinarianA veterinarian is a medical professional who protects thehealth and well-being of animals.They diagnose and control animaldiseases and treat sick and injuredanimals. They also advise owners onproper care of their pets andlivestock.They might work with pets, farmanimals or wild animals in a zoo orsafari park.

ArchaeologistArchaeologistArchaeologists are the scientists who study artifacts,man-made objects that people have left behind.Archaeologists are scientificdetectives. By piecing togetherclues from the artifacts they find,they try to figure out how longago people lived.They can work anywhere in theworld.

Computer ScientistComputer ScientistComputer scientists use technology to solve complexproblems for businesses, scientists and governments.They write software to makecomputers do new things oraccomplish tasks more efficiently.They create applications for mobiledevices, develop websites, andprogram software. Almost all majorcompanies will employ computerscientists.

Computer Hardware EngineerComputer Hardware EngineerComputer hardware engineers research, design, develop,and test computer systems.They design and build allcomponents such as processors,circuit boards, memory devices,networks, and routers.Every bit of your computer,laptop, tablet and phone wasdesigned by a hardware engineer.

ChemistChemistChemists test ways to improve existing products and developnew products and materials.Household cleaners, pharmaceuticaldrugs, plastics, road surfaces andmany other products have beenimproved by chemists.Chemists also analyze and testsubstances to find out what is inthem and where they have comefrom.

DentistDentistDentists diagnose and treat problems with teeth andtissues in the mouth.They also give advice andadminister care to help preventfuture problems.They provide instruction on diet,brushing, flossing, the use offluorides, and other aspects ofdental care.

Science CommunicatorScience CommunicatorScience communicators talk for a living. They are usuallyprofessional scientists, although not always.Their job is to make scientificresearch easy to understand fornon-experts.They give public talks and lecturesabout scientific research, speak tothe media, appear on T.V. and radioand write books and blogs onscience.

Marine BiologistMarine BiologistA marine biologist is someone who studies all types of sealife, how it interacts and how it’s enviroment is changing.They can choose to specialize instudying large ocean animals, allthe way down to microscopicorganisms.Everything from whales to theplankton they eat, and everythingelse in between, can be studied.

BotanistBotanistBotanists study plants, from trees and flowers to algae, fungi,lichen, ferns, grasses and mosses.They may work in field research –studying natural habitats andsearching for new species. Or inconservation - protecting, managingand enhancing plant life. Or inLaboratory research - studying howgenetic information (DNA) controlsplant development.

Research ScientistResearch ScientistResearch scientists work in almost every area of science.They plan and carry out experiments and investigations ina range of areas, including geoscience, medical research,meteorology and pharmacology.Research scientists are employedby a huge range of companies andthey carry out a very wide rangeof specialisms. They often work inteams on large projects withspecialists from different fields.

PharmacologistPharmacologistPharmacologists aim to understand how drugs work sothey can be used effectively and safely. They also conductresearch to aid drug discovery and development.Their work involves investigatinghow drugs interact with biologicalsystems to predict what effect thedrug might have in humans.There is a high level of collaborationwith other scientists from differentdisciplines.

PharmacistPharmacistPharmacists distribute prescription drugs to individuals andadvise patients and doctors on the selection, dosages,interactions, and side effects of medications.They monitor the health and progressof patients to ensure that they areusing their medications safely andeffectively.Most pharmacists work in acommunity setting, such as achemist, or in a healthcare facility,such as a hospital.

Materials ScientistMaterials ScientistA materials scientist is someone who studies and analyzesthe chemical properties and structure of different manmade and natural materials.Glass, rubber,ceramic,alloys,polymers, and metals are all studied.They take this knowledge and deviseways to strengthen existing materials,combine materials, or create brandnew materials with certain propertiesfor use in different applications andproducts.

Mechanical EngineerMechanical EngineerMechanical engineering is one of the broadest engineeringfields. Mechanical engineers design and oversee themanufacture of many products ranging from medicaldevices to new batteries.They design, build, test and improveanything that has moving parts invirtually any context.They are employed by a huge rangeofcompaniesincludingcarmanufacturers and the armedforces.

Sport ScientistSport ScientistSport Scientists are concerned with the testing, training andphysical development of elite athletes.They work in laboratories andwherever athletes train andcompete. Their role is to assist theathlete and coach to improveperformance.They also conduct research in ues.

Science TeacherScience TeacherScience teachers main role is to educate and inspire thenext generation of scientists, engineers and inventors.They have a passion for theirsubjectandexcellentcommunication skills to be ableto explain complex scientificideas in simple terms.They have to keep up withcurrent scientific research andmake it accessible for theirpupils.

BuilderBuilderBuilders coordinate the different types of constructioninvolved in building a house, office or other building.They take an architect’s plans andoversee all aspects of theconstruction process.They need to be able to problemsolve and make decisions aboutstructural changes that need to bemade as construction progresses.

ZoologistZoologistZoologists study animals and their behavior. They maystudy a particular species or group of species, either in thewild or in captivity.They study animals and theirinteractions with ecosystems, theirphysicalcharacteristics,diets,behaviors, and the impacts humanshave on them.They study all kinds of animals, bothin their natural habitats and incaptivity.

ArchitectArchitectArchitects design all kinds of buildings. They designschools, skyscrapers, hospitals, hotels, churches, trainstations and houses.Before constructing a building, anarchitect draws a plan. Sometimesthey build cardboard or plasticmodels of the building.The architect will closely supervisethe construction to make sure thatit is built according to the plans.

GeoscientistGeoscientistA geoscientist studies the composition, structure and otherphysical aspects of the Earth and other planets.They may search for naturalresourceslikegroundwater,metals, and petroleum, or helpenvironmental scientists clean upand preserve the environment.They mostly work in the field andare employed by a wide range ofenergyandenvironmentalorganisations.

VolcanologistVolcanologistThe goal of a volcanologist is to understand how and whyvolcanoes erupt, how to predict future eruptions, theirimpacts on the history of our earth, and how they mayaffect humans and their environment.Most of their work is done byeither studying dead or dormantvolcanoes, or by keeping track ofactive or reawakening volcanoes.They publish their findings in aneasy to understand way for thegeneral public.

CartographerCartographerCartographers measure, analyze, and interpretgeographical information to create maps and charts forpolitical, cultural and educational purposes.They collect and analyze geographicaldata, such as population density,demographic characteristics, andannual precipitation patterns.They examine data from groundsurveys, reports, aerial photographs,and satellite images to preparethematic maps for different purposes.

AstronautAstronautAstronauts are trained to pilot and travel in a spacecraft,work in space, and do activities related to human spaceexploration.The job is very varied, they mightpilot the space craft, launch andmaintain satellites or carry outexperiments – these are mostlyconnected to extended humanspace flight. They have a widevariety of backgrounds andspecialisms.

PalaeontologistPalaeontologistPalaeontologists study the fossilised remains of all livingthings, they are interested in knowing the history oforganic life on earth.They study fossils to put togetherpieces of history that made up theearth and life on it. In trying tounderstand extinction events ofthe past, they hope to apply theirconclusions to extinction today asenvironments and global climateschange.

AstrophysicistAstrophysicistAstrophysicists study and interpret astronomicalphenomena to increase knowledge of how the universeworks.They study and make theoriesabout a range of topicsincluding; how stars are madeand how they interact, howgalaxies form and evolve, theorigin of cosmic rays andgeneral relativity.

AstronomerAstronomerAstronomers study planets and the sun in our own solarsystem, as well as other stars, solar systems, galaxies, andthe whole universeThere are several specialisationssuch as; solar astronomy, planetaryastronomy, or the study of starsand/or galaxy formations.Astronomers use telescopes eitheron Earth or in space to collect datafrom distant objects and testtheories or answer questions.

MechanicMechanicMechanics maintain, repair, and service mechanicalequipment – which often means dismantling andrebuilding it.They work in any field that relieson mechanical equipment and itis there job to diagnoseproblems and repair them.They often work in difficultconditions fixing dangerousmachines.

Research AnalystResearch AnalystResearch Analysts study researchfrom a wide range of scientists andlook for trends and patternsemerging from that research.They then publish their findingswhich helps scientists gather datafrom beyond their initial study. Theyalso help investors and the mediamake sense of scientific research.

HerpetologistHerpetologistA herpetologist is a zoologist who studies reptiles andamphibians such as frogs and salamanders. Manyherpetologists focus on conservation of these species.They study animals in the wild,where they assess potential threatsfrom pollution, invasive species,disease, and other factors. Theystudy their behavior, development,genetics, and distributions tounderstand their ecological nichesand the challenges they face.

AgronomistAgronomistAgronomists are scientists who look for ways to increasesoil productivity, in other words, to grow more food on thesame amount of soil.They conduct experiments todevelop the best methods forincreasingthequalityandproduction of crops. Based on theirexperiments, agronomists work withfarmers to help them grow the bestpossible crops, such as corn, cotton,soybeans, and wheat.

ClimatologistClimatologistClimatologists study long-term trends in the Earth’sclimate. They use data from the past to predict what mighthappen to the climate in the future.They collect and analyze data fromsources such as ice cores, soil,water, air, and even plant life to findpatterns in weather and learn howthose patterns affect the Earth andits inhabitants. Research might beused for agricultural planning,building design, and weatherforecasting.

Robotic EngineerRobotic EngineerRobotics engineers are behind-the-scenes designers, whoare responsible for creating robots and robotic systemsthat are able to perform duties that humans are eitherunable or prefer not to complete.Through their creations, a roboticsengineer helps to make jobs safer,easier, and more efficient,particularly in the manufacturingindustry.

PathologistPathologistA pathologist is a specialist doctor who studies the causes,nature, and effects of disease.They use disease models, clinicalstudies, and other experimentalprograms to understand andimprove treatment options forvarious diseases.This information is used to bothtreat and diagnose patients moreaggressively in the future.

Sound EngineerSound EngineerA sound, or audio, engineer works with the mechanics ofrecording, mixing, and reproducing sound.Sound engineers assist recordproducers and musicians to help givetheir work the sound they are hopingto achieve. They piece together partsof a song, use auto-tune on arecording, and/or add syntheticsounds to a track. They also work atlive concerts to enhance the sound.

OphthalmologistOphthalmologistOphthalmologists are doctors who specialise in eye andvision care.They perform eye examinations,diagnose and treat disease,prescribemedicationsandperform eye surgery.They also write prescriptions forglasses and contact lenses.

NutritionistNutritionistA nutritionist is an expert in the field of food and nutrition.They advise people on what to eat in order to lead ahealthy lifestyle or achieve a specific health-related goal.Some provide customized informationfor specific individuals such asdiabetics. Others work with groups ofpeople who have similar needs suchas weight loss groups. They work inmany settings, including hospitals,cafeterias, nursing homes, andschools.

EcologistEcologistEcologists study the relationships between living thingsand their environment. Ecologists often have to study andexplain how human actions affect other living things andtheir environment.Ecologists can be teachers orresearch scientists. They can workfor environmental organizationslike The Nature Conservancy orfor the government. They spend alot of time working outdoors indifferent environments.

EntomologistEntomologistEntomologists study insects, such as ants, bees, andbeetles. They also study arthropods, a related group ofspecies that includes spiders and scorpions.Most entomologists focus on aspecific type of insect. For instance,an entomologist who focuses on beesis called an apiologist, one whostudies beetles is called a coleopteristand one who studies butterflies isknown as a lepidopterist.

Nuclear TechnicianNuclear TechnicianNuclear technicians use instruments, such as geigercounters, to monitor radiation levels.They typically work in nuclear energyproduction or assist physicists,engineers, and other professionals innuclear research.They test, maintain and repairnuclear systems and monitorequipment for safety.

AccountantAccountantAccountants prepare and examine financial records forcompanies and individuals. They make sure that recordsare accurate and that taxes are paid properly and on time.Accountants perform overviews ofthe financial operations of abusin

Careers Read the short disclaimer on page 2 before using this resource. This resource has been developed for use in schools and other educational establishments. It is a FREE resource and can be freely shared by anyone with anyone who might be interested in using it. It was originally designed to be used as part of a STEM Careers display, however the creators would be very interested to hear ...