Chemical Calligraphy - Dscript

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Chemical CalligraphyUsing the Dscript BioChem Notation it is easy to turn organic chemicals into attractive calligraphyworks. Dscript BioChem Notation is a component of Dscript Notation ( http://dscript.org/note.pdf ),which is built upon the Dscript Alphabetical 2D writing system ( http://dscript.org/dscript.pdf ).Dscript BioChem attempts to simplify the memorization of the large complex molecules and structuresin organic chemistry.This method is NOT meant to replace standard notation.This is primarily meant as a mnemonic device and art form.To fully grasp the molecules and their properties you will still need to understand bond strength, andvisualize the 3D molecule. Visualization is best done with computers and 3D rendering. Here we focuson the elements and their arrangement/connections.Hydrogen is dropped entirely. In a biochemical environment hydrogens are bounced around, traded andswapped so much that we will consider them “like electrons”.This is not a replacement to standard studies, but a supplement. With a proper understanding ofchemistry you should easily be able to use this to memorize the overall structure and then fill in theother details on top.Element #1 CarbonCarbon can be drawn in 2 possible forms.Above you see a Benzene ring. There are actually many ways to draw this, here are just a few. All ofthese read as “6 carbons in a ring”.In all of these examples you will notice the intersection only has 3 lines, not 4 (which is also valid).I find using only 3 lines makes it easier to process and memorize. The primary goal is to simplify.

Element #2 OxygenOxygen is drawn as a circleAbove you see 5 possible forms of ethanol. All read exactly the same as “C – C - O” or “O – C - C”Below we have an example that uses a benzene ring and some oxygen, as well as some more carbons.These are just 2 possible forms of acetylsalicylic acid, there are plenty more ways it could be drawn.Determining which is the best mnemonic device is a personal issue, whatever works best for you!Element #3 NitrogenNitrogen is drawn as a loop. When a third connection is needed a line is extended out of the loop,Above is a an example using a nitrogen with 2 connections, and below an example of 3 connections.

Element #4 Sulfursulfur is drawn a curve, connected on either side with sharp angles.Above we see an example with sulfur using one connection, and below using 2 connections.Element #5 PhosphorusPhosphorus is an intersection of 2 lines with a third line making a triangle in one of the 4 quadrants.Here is a simple example using all 4 connections.Complex RingsComplex ring structures yield many possible ways of drawing them, and it can take some time todevise optimal methods of drawing them but there are elegant ways of drawing almost any structure.

Other ElementsAbove is a periodic table of elements with a symbol for each elementWhen other elements are needed they can be drawn either.1. cut off from the main structure, just like normal notation puts their letters in empty space anddraws bond lines.2. encapsulated in a circle and connected to from the edge of the circleOn the left you see the Chlorophyll a moleculeNotice the loopy shape in the centerIt is cut off from the rest of the strucutreIf you look at the table of elements above you willnotice this shape identifies magnesiumBond lines between the nitrogrens surrounding itcould be drawn as well, but for this example Idecided they are rather obvious and can be left outTo use the ecapsulation method the symbol formagnesium would simply be placed inside a circleand the circle's perimiter used for connections.(just like oxygen, except with something drawninside the circle)

Here are some examples of the encapsulation methodThe symbol for Mg(magnesium) can be simply encapsulated with a circleOr you can try to conserve pen strokes by first drawing the circle then continue inwards with the MgOr you can be creative and first draw the M then continue into the circle and add the G curl aftercoming all the way around. (It looks correct even though the stroke order was changed)Or you can be creative with the symbol itself, in this example we reverse the “G curl” to the left side.You must be very careful when altering the symbols to ensure it does not become ambiguous with otherelements.Here is Fe with the circle drawn fluidly after the element symbolThis is how the circle is added fluidlyHere is yet another way of drawing Fe, but this time drawing the circle out of the “F”

Here is K in 2 basic formsThis is Na, it can be drawn without lifting the pen at allThis is Ca in a few of its possible formsThe system is designed for flexibility and creativity. But ambiguity is not acceptable, so be careful ;)Calligraphy ExamplesHere are a few examples of what the calligraphy can look like.Remember, each is just an example of 1 of the many possible ways a molecule could be representedwith this system.For the vitamins one form of each was chosen (many vitamins are actually groupings of many differentmolecules that all share a single function or purpose)Vitamin A (the symbols on the left are Dscript Alphabetical they read “vitamin a”)

Vitamin B1Vitamin B2

Vitamin B5Vitamin B6

Vitamin B7Vitamin B9Vitamin E

Vitamin CVitamin K

**If you like Dscript, you may also likeWireScript, a 2D/3D writing system that can be written by bending wires. Works great for art,sculptures and t, A layered writing system for writing with hammer and nails.http://dscript.org/nailscript.pdf“Mad Science”/”Technology Art” inventions and experiments. Great DIY fun.http://dscript.org/inventions.pdfDscript by Matthew DeBlock is licensed under a Creative Commons AttributionBased on a work at www.dscript.ca and www.dscript.org3.0 Unported License.

Chemical Calligraphy Using the Dscript BioChem Notation it is easy to turn organic chemicals into attractive calligraphy works. Dscript BioChem Notation is a .

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