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LanguageCert Test Of English (LTE) (Writing) Qualification .

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LanguageCert Test of English (LTE) (Writing)Qualification HandbookApril 2020Version 01.0 2016-2020 LanguageCert All rights reserved.LanguageCert is a business name of PeopleCert Qualifications Ltd, UK company number 09620926 ID No:LanguageCert Test of English (Writing) Qualification handbook ver01.0/10.04.2020

Table of Contents1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9.10.11.About LanguageCert . 3Purpose of the LanguageCert Test of English (LTE) (Writing) qualification handbook . 4Introduction to the LanguageCert Test of English (LTE) (Writing) qualification . 5Overview of scoring . 9The LTE (Writing) qualification formats . 9Advantages of the LTE (Writing) qualification . 10The LTE (Writing) test structure . 11Topics, functional language and grammar inventory for LTE (Writing) . 12Overview of Assessment for the LTE (Writing) test . 26Access Arrangements . 28Resources and support . 28languagecert.org 2016-2020 LanguageCert All rights reserved.LanguageCert is a business name of PeopleCert Qualifications Ltd, UK company number 09620926 ID No:LanguageCert Test of English (Writing) Qualification handbook ver01.0/10.04.2020

1. About LanguageCertLanguageCert is a business name of PeopleCert Qualifications Ltd, UK company number 0962026, subsidiary ofPeopleCert Group (PeopleCert).LanguageCert is an awarding organisation regulated by Ofqual and offers language qualifications that are globallyrecognised and aligned to the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) at levels A1 to C2. LanguageCertdelivers language qualifications through a network of approved test centres worldwide.LanguageCert combines language qualification heritage with unparalleled exam administration systems and processes,and excellent customer service. For the dissemination and delivery of high-quality language qualifications,LanguageCert relies on the capabilities and systems developed and deployed by its sister companies withinPeopleCert.About PeopleCertEstablished in 2000, PeopleCert is one of the leading players in the global certification industry, partnering witheducational institutions, multinational organisations and governmental bodies for the development and managementof globally recognised qualifications and the delivery of their related exams.Equal opportunitiesPeopleCert fully supports the principle of equal opportunities and is committed to satisfying this principle in all itsactivities and published material.The aim of LanguageCert is to produce assessments that are based solely on the requirements of the qualification, andthat do not discriminate against any group of learners. No group of learners should be put at a disadvantage byencountering questions or tests which are biased or might cause offence. Assessment material should not discriminateagainst any group on the grounds of culture, gender, age, disability, ethnic background, nationality, religion and belief,marital status, gender identification, social class or employment status.Please refer to LanguageCert’s Equality and Diversity Policy on LanguageCert’s official website,languagecert.org. 2016-2020 LanguageCert All rights reserved.LanguageCert is a business name of PeopleCert Qualifications Ltd, UK company number 09620926 ID No:LanguageCert Test of English (Writing) Qualification handbook ver01.0/10.04.2020

2. Purpose of the LanguageCert Test of English (LTE) (Writing)qualification handbookThe LanguageCert Test of English (LTE) (Writing) qualification handbook provides a comprehensive introduction to thesuite of LTE (Writing) examinations. It also serves as a reference point for test centres, teachers, test takers and otherstakeholders involved in the delivery of the LTE (Writing) exams. 2016-2020 LanguageCert All rights reserved.LanguageCert is a business name of PeopleCert Qualifications Ltd, UK company number 09620926 ID No:LanguageCert Test of English (Writing) Qualification handbook ver01.0/10.04.2020

3. Introduction to the LanguageCert Test of English (LTE) (Writing)qualification3.1Aim of the LTE (Writing) qualificationThe LTE (Writing) qualification is designed to assess a test taker’s language proficiency across six levels (A1- C2) that arealigned to the descriptions and levels of language proficiency as set out in the Common European Framework ofReference (CEFR).LTE is a suite of English ‘for work’ and General English exams. The LTE Test of Writing is intended for use eitherindependently or in conjunction with other elements of the LTE ‘for work’ suite of examinations. The rest of the LTE‘for work’ suite currently comprises three variants of a Listening and Reading test – an adaptive computer-based testmeasuring English language proficiency in a work context from CEFR A1-C2 levels; two paper-based linear tests, onemeasuring from CEFR A1-B1 and one from CEFR A1-C2 level.The LTE Test of Writing is intended for people 18 plus who are in work, looking for work or in higher or furthereducation and about to enter the world of work. It is intended that it will be officially accredited by Ofqual and it is,therefore, a high-stakes testing product. Consequently, it will be taken under secure exam conditions and test securityand integrity is a high priority.3.2Who is the LTE (Writing) qualification for?The LTE (Writing) qualification is suitable for: non-native speakers of English whoowish to acquire an internationally recognised certification of their English languagecompetence,owish to provide current or potential employers with information as to their English language level,owish to master the English language and monitor their own progress,owish to undertake a course of study at an English-speaking university or college and require evidenceof their English proficiency,employers whoowish to identify the English language level of their applicants,owish to benchmark the English language level required for different positions within theirworkforce,orequire an internationally recognised certification as part of their hiring process,owish to measure English language levels before and after language training provided by a thirdparty training organisationuniversities and colleges thatoneed to establish the English language level of students to evaluate their ability to follow theirchosen course of study,owish to use student level of English language proficiency as part of the matriculation process and/or toaward credits towards degrees and other qualifications,owish to offer students a test which will provide them with an internationally recognisedcertification of their English language competence. 2016-2020 LanguageCert All rights reserved.LanguageCert is a business name of PeopleCert Qualifications Ltd, UK company number 09620926 ID No:LanguageCert Test of English (Writing) Qualification handbook ver01.0/10.04.2020

3.3Entry RequirementsThere are no entry requirements for any test taker prior to taking their LTE (Writing) exam. However, it is importantthat test centres provide information and advise test takers about the most suitable qualification according to theirindividual needs.Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) is not applicable to the LTE (Writing) qualification.3.4Guided Learning Hours (GLH) and Total Qualification Time (TQT)Guided Learning Hours (GLH) is the number of hours that a test centre or other provider of education or trainingdelivering the qualification might need to provide. Guided learning refers to English language learning preparationactivities, such as lessons, tutorials, online instruction, and any kind of supervised study that directly involves teachersand assessors. The LTE (Writing) qualification has been mapped to the approximate learning hours that a learnerneeds to progress between levels according to the CEFR.For the LTE (Writing) qualification, LanguageCert specifies a total number of hours – stated as Total Qualification Time(TQT) – that indicates how learners progress through levels.LTE (Writing), CEFR andRQF/CQFW (England andNorthern Ireland/Wales)LevelsQualification TitleGuidedLearning Hours(GLH)Total QualificationTime (TQT)LTE (W) A1 – CEFR A1 –Entry 1LanguageCert Entry Level Certificate in ESOLInternational (Entry 1) (Writing) (LanguageCertTest of English (Writing) A1)95 hours200 hoursLTE (W) A2 – CEFR A2 –Entry 2LanguageCert Entry Level Certificate in ESOLInternational (Entry 2) (Writing) (LanguageCertTest of English (Writing) A2)95 hours200 hoursLTE (W) B1 – CEFR B1 –Entry 3LanguageCert Entry Level Certificate in ESOLInternational (Entry 3) (Writing) (LanguageCertTest of English (Writing) B1)180 hours300 hoursLTE (W) B2 – CEFR B2 –Level 1LanguageCert Level 1 Certificate in ESOLInternational (Writing)(LanguageCert Test of English (Writing) B2)180 hours300 hoursLTE (W) C1 – CEFR C1 –Level 2LanguageCert Level 2 Certificate in ESOLInternational (Writing)(LanguageCert Test of English (Writing) C1)200 hours350 hoursLTE (W) C2 – CEFR C2 –Level 3LanguageCert Level 3 Certificate in ESOLInternational (Writing)(LanguageCert Test of English (Writing) C2)250 hours350 hoursPlease note that the above figures are estimates of numbers of hours a learner is reasonably likely to undertake with reference to each respectivelevel of the qualification, not cumulative estimates across levels. LanguageCert liaises with its test centres and users to ensure that appropriate and 2016-2020 LanguageCert All rights reserved.LanguageCert is a business name of PeopleCert Qualifications Ltd, UK company number 09620926 ID No:LanguageCert Test of English (Writing) Qualification handbook ver01.0/10.04.2020

consistent numbers of study hours are assigned to its test centres and users to ensure that appropriate and consistent numbers of study hours areassigned to its qualifications. 2016-2020 LanguageCert All rights reserved.LanguageCert is a business name of PeopleCert Qualifications Ltd, UK company number 09620926 ID No:LanguageCert Test of English (Writing) Qualification handbook ver01.0/10.04.2020

3.5Skills testedThe LTE (Writing) qualification consists of high quality, reliable test content that uses a variety of authentic tasks toassess a test taker’s writing skills. The test of Writing is a standalone examination. Candidates may or may not also betaking the LTE Reading & Listening test. There is no overall certification across the LTE test components.WritingThe test taker is required to complete two writing tasks, a short and a longer writing task. The writing tasks assess thetest taker’s ability to write for a wide variety of real-life or work-related purposes. The test taker will be expected towrite to demonstrate control of grammatical forms, knowledge and use of a wide range of vocabulary, and the abilityto carry out a range of functions in English.3.6Alignment of the LTE (Writing) qualification to the CEFRThe LTE (Writing) qualification and the associated exams are directly calibrated to the CEFR 1, the LanguageCert IESOLexaminations, and the RQF/CQFW (England and Northern Ireland/Wales) levels via qualitative and quantitative methods.Qualitative methods include direct reference to the CEFR and the use of language testing experts in its implementation.Quantitative methods include a common scale of difficulty - the LanguageCert Item Difficulty (LID) scale - which utilisesRasch statistical measurement techniques to ensure calibration across all LanguageCert examination products. Thecomparative levels chart below shows how the levels relate to each other.LTE (Writing) LevelsLanguageCert IESOLLevelsCEFR LevelsRQF/CQFW (England andNorthern Ireland/Wales)LTE (W) A1PreliminaryA1 BreakthroughEntry 1LTE (W) A2AccessA2 WaystageEntry 2LTE (W) B1AchieverB1 ThresholdEntry 3LTE (W) B2CommunicatorB2 VantageLevel 1LTE (W) C1ExpertLTE (W) C2MasteryC1 Effective OperationalProficiency1SeeC2 Mastery‘Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, teaching, assessment’, CambridgeUniversity Press 2001 ISBN 0521 005310 2016-2020 LanguageCert All rights reserved.LanguageCert is a business name of PeopleCert Qualifications Ltd, UK company number 09620926 ID No:LanguageCert Test of English (Writing) Qualification handbook ver01.0/10.04.2020Level 2Level 3

3.7‘Can Do’ level descriptorsThe LTE (Writing) qualification is developed according to the CEFR descriptors of language competency for each CEFRlevel (A1-C2). A selection of CEFR Can-Do descriptors that apply to the skill of Writing are provided below forillustrative purposes.LTE (Writing)and CEFRlevelsLTE (W) A1 –CEFR A1LTE (W) A2 –CEFR A2LTE (W) B1 –CEFR B1LTE (W) B2 –CEFR B2LTE (W) C1 –CEFR C1Descriptors Can give information in writing about matters of personal relevance (e.g. likes and dislikes, job,family,) using simple words and basic expressions. Can write simple isolated phrases and sentences in documents such as forms, lists, emails andmessages. Can ask questions about personal details such as possessions, job, address and people known. Can write a series of simple phrases and sentences linked with simple connectors like ‘and,’ ‘but’and ‘because’. Can write a series of simple phrases and sentences about their family, living conditions, educationalbackground, present or most recent job. Can give his/her impressions and opinions in writing about topics of personal interest (e.g. lifestylesand culture, job), using basic everyday vocabulary and expressions. Can write straightforward connected texts on a range of familiar subjects within his/her field ofinterest/work by linking a series of shorter discrete elements into a linear sequence. Can write very brief reports to a standard conventionalised format, which pass on routine factualinformation and state reasons for actions. Can summarise, report and give his/her opinion about accumulated factual information on familiarroutine and non-routine matters within his/her field with some confidence. Can convey information, feelings and opinions on familiar topics, using appropriate formality andadapting to the intended audience. Can write clear, detailed texts on a variety of subjects related to his/her field of interest,synthesising and evaluating information and arguments from a number of sources. Can write an essay or report which develops an argument, giving reasons in support of or against aparticular point of view and explaining the advantages and disadvantages of various options. Can communicate with a degree of fluency that makes comprehension possible for the readerwithout strain. Can communicate clearly and in detail on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint, varyingformat and style appropriate to purpose and audience. Can write clear, well-structured texts of complex subjects, underlining the relevant salient issues,expanding and supporting points of view at some length with subsidiary points, reasons andrelevant examples, and rounding off with an appropriate conclusion. Can employ the structure and conventions of a variety of written genres, varying the tone, style andregister according to addressee, text type and theme. Can produce clear well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use oforganisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices Can communicate ideas and opinions effectively, using length, format and style appropriate topurpose, content and audience 2016-2020 LanguageCert All rights reserved.LanguageCert is a business name of PeopleCert Qualifications Ltd, UK company number 09620926 ID No:LanguageCert Test of English (Writing) Qualification handbook ver01.0/10.04.2020

LTE (W) C2 –CEFR C2 Can write clear, smoothly flowing, complex texts in an appropriate and effective style and a logicalstructure which helps the reader to find significant points. Can produce clear, smoothly flowing, complex reports, articles or essays which present a case, orgive critical appreciation of proposals. Can set out multiple perspectives on complex academic or professional topics, clearly distinguishinghis/her own ideas and opinions from those in the sources. Can express him/herself very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even inmore complex situations.The above descriptors are adapted from the global description of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages.Text from these is reproduced by kind permission of the Council of Europe.4. Overview of scoringThe LTE (Writing) exams are stringently assessed against the criteria as detailed in the overview of assessment for theLTE (Writing) test (see section 9) and the topics, functional language and grammar inventory (see section 8). Testtakers receive a score out of 100 and a CEFR level.5. The LTE (Writing) qualification formatsThe LTE (Writing) qualification is available in two different formats: the LTE (Writing) A1-C2 paper-based test, the LTE (Writing) A1-C2 computer-based test.5.1The LTE (Writing) Paper-Based (PB) testThe LTE (Writing) paper-based (PB) test assesses test takers’ writing skills. The two tasks in the LTE (Writing) A1-C2paper-based test are designed to assess a wide range of writing skills and to determine the CEFR level of the individualtest taker. Task 1 will primarily target CEFR A1-B2 students. Task 2 will primarily target students at CEFR B1-C2 level.5.2The LTE (Writing) A1-C2 Computer-Based (CB) testThe LTE (Writing) A1-C2 computer-based (CB) test is a fully digital test that is identical in terms of content (i.e.domains, task types, language functions, topics, etc.) and design to the paper-based tests. 2016-2020 LanguageCert All rights reserved.LanguageCert is a business name of PeopleCert Qualifications Ltd, UK company number 09620926 ID No:LanguageCert Test of English (Writing) Qualification handbook ver01.0/10.04.2020

6. Advantages of the LTE (Writing) qualificationFlexible Examination DatesLTE (Writing) exams are available on demand to approved test centres. The dates for the paper-based exam arescheduled monthly. The computer-based test can be taken any time, at any approved test centre. Where necessity ordemand requires it, LanguageCert will respond favourably to requests for additional scheduled paper-based exams.Flexibility of exam formatTest takers have the choice to take the LTE (Writing) exam either in a paper-based or in a computer-based formataccording to their needs and schedule.Results and CertificatesOfficial results (i.e. Statement of Results and e-Certificate) for both computer-based and paper-based exams will beavailable online within 10 business days from the date of the exam.Hard copy certificates will be issued and shipped to test takers and test centres within 5 business days from the officialannouncement of the results.International r

measuring English language proficiency in a work context from CEFR A1-C2 levels; two paper-based linear tests, one measuring from CEFR A1-B1 and one from CEFR A1-C2level. The LTE Test of Writing is intended for people 18 plus who are in work, looking for work or in higher or further education and about to enter the world of work.