THE BOOK OF FABLES ANDFOLK STORIES
CINDERELLA AT THE BALL
THE BOOK OFFABLES AND FOLKSTORIESBYHORACE E. SCUDDERILLUSTRATED EDITIONYESTERDAY’S CLASSICSCHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA
Cover and arrangement 2006 Yesterday’s Classics.This edition, first published in 2006 byYesterday’s Classics, is an unabridged republication of the work originally published byHoughton Mifflin Co. in 1915. For a completelisting of the books published by Yesterday’sClassics, please visit www.yesterdaysclassics.com.Yesterday’s Classics is the publishing arm of theBaldwin Project which presents the complete textof dozens of classic books for children atwww.mainlesson.com under the editorship of LisaM. Ripperton and T. A. Roth.ISBN-10: 1-59915-127-8ISBN-13: 978-1-59915-127-4Yesterday’s ClassicsPO Box 3418Chapel Hill, NC 27515
PREFACE TO ILLUSTRATEDEDITIONIN preparing this illustrated edition of theFables and Folk Stories the aim has been to makethe book more attractive, and so simple that it willappeal to a younger class of readers. Children in theirsecond year of school can read understandingly andenjoy these short stories that have stood the test ofcenturies. The easier and more familiar of these taleshave been placed first; those with the larger andmore difficult vocabulary later. It is hoped that bythis grading of the material the book can be usedsuccessfully one school year earlier than the editionfrom which this is made. The author’s language hasbeen retained in so far as practicable.CHARLES H. MORESMEDFORD, MASS., April, 1906.
PREFACEAS soon as a child has learned to make outsimple sentences, the wise teacher looks about forsomething which it is worth while to read. Theprimer and the reader are necessarily simple, but thesimplicity is, for the most part, below the child’sintelligence. Children can understand by hearing longbefore they can understand by reading; during theperiod when they are mastering the several combinations in which a boy, a rat, and a cat can be placed,and are acquiring the power of reading at sight, theyare listening to books which are by no means so barren in their simplicity, and as soon as they are able toread the little stories which they find in their firstreaders they leave them behind.It is interesting to note, however, that thereare certain parts of their primer which they neverleave behind and never forget. The Mother GooseMelodies and the proverbs which form some of theearly sentences taught them, the quaint nursery taleslike The Story of Chicken Licken, The Old Womanand Her Pig, The Three Bears,—these they remember and separate from the chaff of the ordinaryreading exercises by the winnowing fan of their spiritual judgment. They perceive, even thus early, whatis literature and what is not literature; they hold tothat, and discard this.
THE BOOK OF FABLES AND FOLK STORIESLiterature, for the sake of which the art ofreading is acquired, is never left behind, and itbecomes of importance to give children, as soon asmay be, enduring forms on which they may exercisetheir newly acquired power, and in which they maytake the first draughts of a pleasure as genuine as anyto be enjoyed when they come into the full possession of their blossoming faculty of imagination.There are two forms of literary art whichbelong rightfully to the early period of childhood:the Fable and the Folk Story. The fable is oriental,and it is antique. It is also exceedingly current anduniversal as a coin of speech. The man and the boyboth use it, and while in its full form it seems mostcapable of giving pleasure to the child, its conventionalism enables the mature mind to accept itwithout any sense of condescension to childishthings. It is the most perfect literary instrument ofassociation between the young and the old, andbecomes therefore by right the first possession ofchildren in literature.There are good reasons, from its structure,why the fable should be adapted to the use of children. In the first place, it is short; the child has thepleasure of reading an entire story at one sitting.Then it is of animals, and animals are the naturalcompanions of the child. Again, it is interesting andnovel; it appeals to his imagination, for it representsthe animal as having human properties; and it suggests a plain moral. It is true, the morality of thefable usually is a prudential one, but prudence is avirtue which comes early in the lessons of life. We
PREFACEmay rest with confidence in the worth of storieswhich have been tested by generations and centuriesof use.The child, therefore, who reads the classicfables has begun his acquaintance with permanentliterature. He is reading what the world has chosento remember. He is applying his new powers to thatwhich is worth while. He is beginning to receive theimpressions, which literature has made upon humanlife, and the early impressions which he thus receiveswill never become even consciously faint. That is tosay, there never will come a time in his life when thefable may not still give him pleasure; but the timealready has come when the reading-book which heread last week no longer can excite his interest orhold his attention. Every one will recognize theimportant step which a child has taken when he hasentered the current of the world’s lasting literature.The folk-story is more exclusively the child’s,and is shared by older people rather through memory and association than by continued use. Everypeople of Europe, and the Americans by compositeinheritance, have a body of household tales which,whatever their antiquity, have become the peculiarpossession of Christendom. Scholars have madecomparative studies of these tales, but they havebased such studies upon the stories as they havebeen transmitted, not so much through books asthrough recital, from mother to child, in the courseof generations. While poets were forming the literature which fills our libraries, the unlettered peoplewere repeating to each other these familiar, poetic
THE BOOK OF FABLES AND FOLK STORIEStales. Now and then some romancer would take oneof them and set it forth in finer, more fantastic garb,but for the most part the form was a homely one,which did not vary greatly from one age to another.In preparing this book for use in schools, Ihave drawn upon two volumes I had already published; “The Book of Fables” and “The Book ofFolk-Stories,” and have added others not theregiven. In writing out the fables, so far as they werefrom Æsop, I have endeavored to preserve the exactlines of the original story, and to use phrases whichpresent no extraordinary difficulties to a child. It hasnot been my purpose to turn these fables into wordsof one syllable, for such words and the constructionwhich they compel often produce an artificial effect,of greater difficulty to the young reader than themore natural arrangement of words which may happen to have two syllables or even three.In the case of the folk stories, I have notdeparted knowingly from the generally acceptedstructure. I have tried simply to use words and constructions which present the fewest difficulties. Ishould like to believe that I have succeeded to someextent in thinking out these stories as a child wouldthink them, and so have used that order and choiceof words which would be the natural expression of achild’s mind. By a mingling of the two forms, greatervariety has been secured, and the arrangement hasregard to the order of ease in reading.H. E. SCUDDER.CAMBRIDGE, MASS., August 13, 1890.
CONTENTSLITTLE RED-RIDING-HOOD .1THE GOOSE THAT LAID GOLDEN EGGS .5THE DOG IN THE MANGER .6THE FOX AND THE GRAPES .7LITTLE ONE EYE, LITTLE TWO EYES, AND LITTLETHREE EYES .8THE WIND AND THE SUN . 18THE CROW AND THE PITCHER . 19THE BOYS AND THE FROGS . 20A COUNTRY FELLOW AND THE RIVER . 21PUSS IN BOOTS . 22THE FARMER’S SONS . 29THE LION AND THE BEAR . 30THE LION AND THE MOUSE. 31THE ELVES AND THE SHOEMAKER . 33THE STAG AND THE LION . 37THE STAR-GAZER . 38
THE BOOK OF FABLES AND FOLK STORIESTHE FOX AND THE LION .39THE FARMER AND THE STORK .40THE DOG AND THE WOLF .41THE FOX IN THE WELL.42THE TWO PACKS .43THE DOG AND HIS IMAGE .44THE FOX AND THE STORK .45THE SPENDTHRIFT AND THE SWALLOW .46JACK AND THE BEAN-STALK.47THE FROG AND THE OX.59THE MILLER, HIS SON AND THEIR ASS .61CINDERELLA, OR THE GLASS SLIPPER .63THE WOLF IN SHEEP’S CLOTHING .73THE ARAB AND HIS CAMEL .74TOM THUMB .76THE TORTOISE AND THE HARE .86THE COUNTRY MOUSE AND THE TOWN MOUSE .88THE GNAT AND THE BULL.90THE SLEEPING BEAUTY IN THE WOOD .91THE ANT AND THE GRASSHOPPER .99THE LION AND THE FOX .100
CONTENTSDICK WHITTINGTON AND HIS CAT . 102THE CAT, THE MONKEY, AND THE CHESTNUTS . 113THE LARK AND HER YOUNG ONES . 114THE FLIES AND THE POT OF HONEY . 116BEAUTY AND THE BEAST . 117THE WOLF AND THE LAMB . 130THE TRAVELERS AND THE BEAR . 132THE TORTOISE AND THE EAGLE . 133THE WHITE CAT . 135THE LION, THE ASS, AND THE FOX . 151THE JACKDAW AND THE DOVES . 152THE FOUR BULLS AND THE LION. 153THE COUNTRY MAID AND HER MILK-PAIL . 154THE CAT, THE WEASEL AND THE YOUNG RABBIT . 155THE TRAVELING MUSICIANS . 157BELLING THE CAT . 164THE WOLF AND THE CRANE. 165THE WOLF AND THE SHEPHERD . 166THE FROGS ASK FOR A KING . 167
LITTLE RED-RIDING-HOODONCE upona time there lived ina certain village alittlegirl.Hermother was veryfond of her, andher grandmotherloved her evenmore. This goodold woman madefor her a red cloak,which suited thechild so well thatever after she wascalled Little RedRiding-Hood. One day her mothermade some cakes, and said to LittleRed-Riding-Hood:—“Go, my dear, and see how grandmotherdoes, for I hear that she has been very ill. Carry her acake and a little pot of butter.”Little Red-Riding-Hood set out at once to goto her grandmother, who lived in another village. Asshe was going through the wood she met a largeWolf. He had a very great mind to eat her up; but he1
THE BOOK OF FABLES AND FOLK STORIESdared not, for there were some wood-choppers nearby. So he asked her:—“Where are you going, little girl?” The poorchild did not know that it was dangerous to stop andtalk with the Wolf, and she said:—“I am going to see my grandmother, and carryher a cake and a little pot of butter from mymother.”“Does she live far off?” asked the Wolf.“Oh, yes. It is beyond that mill, at the firsthouse in the village.”“Well,” said the Wolf, “I will go and see her,too. I will go this way; do you go that, and we willsee who will be there soonest.”At this the Wolf began to run as fast as hecould, taking the nearest way, and Little Red-RidingHood went by the farthest. She stopped often tochase a butterfly, or pluck a flower, and so she was agood while on the way. The Wolf was soon at theold woman’s house, and knocked at the door—tap,tap!“Who is there?”“Your grandchild, Little Red-Riding-Hood,”replied the Wolf, changing his voice. “I have broughtyou a cake and a pot of butter from mother.” Thegood grandmother, who was ill in bed, called out:—“Pull the string, and the latch will go up.”The Wolf pulled the string, and the latch wentup. The door opened, and he jumped in, and fell2
LITTLE RED-RIDING-HOODupon the old woman, and ate her up in less than notime, for he had not tasted food for three days. Hethen shut the door, and got into the grandmother’sbed. By and by, Little Red-Riding-Hood came andknocked at the door—tap, tap!“Who is there?”Little Red-Riding-Hood heard the big voice ofthe Wolf, and at first she was afraid. Then shethought her grandmother must have a bad cold, soshe answered:—“Little Red-Riding-Hood. I have brought youa cake and a pot of butter from mother.” The Wolfsoftened his voice as much as he could, and calledout:—“Pull the string, and the latch will go up.”Little Red-Riding-Hood pulled the string, andthe latch went up, and the door opened. The Wolfwas hiding under the bedclothes and called out in amuffled voice:—“Put the cake and the pot of butter on theshelf, and come to bed.”Little Red-Riding-Hood made ready for bed.Then she looked with wonder at her grandmother,who had changed so much, and she said:—“Grandmother, what great arms you have!”“The better to hug you, my dear.”“Grandmother, what great ears you have!”“The better to hear you, my dear.”3
THE BOOK OF FABLES AND FOLK STORIES“Grandmother, what great eyes you have!”“The better to see you, my dear.”“Grandmother, what great teeth you have!”“The better to eat you.”And at this the wicked Wolf sprang up andfell upon poor Little Red-Riding-Hood and ate herall up.4
THE GOOSE THAT LAIDGOLDEN EGGSTHERE was a man who had a Goose thatalways laid golden eggs, one every day in the year.Now, he thought there must be gold inside ofher. So he wrung her neck and laid her open. Hefound that she was exactly like all other geese. Hethought to find riches, and lost the little he had.This fable teaches that one should be contentwith what one has, and not be greedy.5
THE DOG IN THE MANGERA DOG once made his bed in a manger. Hecould not eat the grain there, and he would not letthe Ox eat it, who could.6
THE FOX AND THE GRAPESA HUNGRY Fox found some bunches ofgrapes upon a vine high up a tree. He tried to get atthem, but could not. So he left them hanging thereand went off, saying to himself:—“They are sour grapes.”That is what people sometimes do when theycannot get what they want—they make believe thatwhat they want is good for nothing.7
LITTLE ONE EYE, LITTLE TWOEYES, AND LITTLE THREEEYESITHE GOATTHERE was once a woman who had threedaughters. The eldest was called Little One Eye,because she had only one eye in the middle of herforehead. The second was called Little Two Eyes,because she had two eyes like other people. Theyoungest was called Little Three Eyes, because shehad three eyes; the third eye was in the middle of herforehead.Because Little Two Eyes looked like otherpeople, her sisters and her mother could not bearher. They said:—“You have two eyes and are no better thananybody else. You do not belong to us.” Theyknocked her about, and gave her shabby clothes, andfed her with food left over from their meals.One day Little Two Eyes was sent into thefields to look after the goat. She was hungry, becauseher sisters had given her so little to eat, and she sat8
LITTLE ONE EYEdown and began to cry. She cried so hard that a littlestream of tears ran out of each eye. All at once awise woman stood near her, and asked:—“Little Two Eyes, why do you cry?” LittleTwo Eyes said:—“Have I not need to cry? Because I have twoeyes, like other people, my sisters and my mothercannot bear me. They knock me about and they giveme shabby clothes. They feed me only with the foodleft over from their table. To-day they have given meso little that I am very hungry.”The wise woman said:—“Little Two Eyes, dry your eyes, and I will tellyou what to do. Only say to your goat: ‘Little goat,bleat; little table, rise,’ and a table will stand beforeyou, covered with food. Eat as much as you like.When you have had all you want, only say: ‘Littlegoat, bleat; little table, away,’ and it will be gone.”Then the wise woman disappeared. Little Two Eyesthought:“I must try at once, for I am too hungry towait.” So she said:—“Little goat, bleat; little table, rise,” and therestood before her a little table covered with a whitecloth. On it were laid a plate, knife and fork, and silver spoon. The nicest food was on the plate,smoking hot. Then Little Two Eyes began to eat,and found the food very good. When she had hadenough, she said:—9
THE BOOK OF FABLES AND FOLK STORIES“Little goat, bleat; little table, away.” In aninstant, the table was gone.“That is a fine way to keep house,” thoughtLittle Two Eyes.At the end of the day Little Two Eyes droveher goat home. She found a dish with some food init. Her sisters had put it aside for her, but she did nottaste it. She did not need it.The next day she went out again with hergoat, and did not take the few crusts which her sisters put aside for her. This went on for several days.At last her sisters said to each other:—“All is not right with Little Two Eyes. Shealways leaves her food. She used to eat all that wasgiven her. She must have found some other way tobe fed.”They meant to find out what Little Two Eyesdid. So the next time that Little Two Eyes set out,Little One Eye came to her and said:—“I will go with you into the field, and see thatthe goat is well taken care of, and feeds in the bestpasture.” But Little Two Eyes saw what Little OneEye had in her mind. So she drove the goat into thelong grass, and said:—“Come, Little One Eye, we will sit down and Iwill sing to you.” Little One Eye sat down. She wastired after her long walk in the hot sun, and LittleTwo Eyes began to sing:—“Are you awake, Little One Eye? Are youasleep, Little One Eye? Are you awake, Little One10
LITTLE ONE EYEEye? Are you asleep, Little One Eye? Areawake? Are you asleep? Awake? Asleep?” Bytime Little One Eye had shut her one eye andfast asleep. When Little Two Eyes saw this, shesoftly:—youthiswassaid“Little goat, bleat; little table, rise;” and she satat the table and ate and drank till she had hadenough. Then she said as before:—“Little goat, bleat; little table, away,” and in atwinkling all was gone.Little Two Eyes now awoke Little One Eye,and said:—“Little One Eye, why do you not watch? Youhave been asleep, and the goat could have run allover the world. Come! let us go home.”So home they went, and Little Two Eyesagain did not touch the dish. The others asked LittleOne Eye what Little Two Eyes did in the field. Butshe could only say:—“Oh, I fell asleep out there.”IITHE TREETHE next day, the mother said to Little ThreeEyes:—
PREFACE TO ILLUSTRATED EDITION IN preparing this illustrated edition of the Fables and Folk Stories the aim has been to make the book more attractive, and so simple that it will appeal to a younger class of readers.
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