NameDateConceptMappingClassCHAPTER 8Photosynthesis and RespirationComplete the Venn diagram about photosynthesis and respiration. These terms may be usedmore than once: absorbs, Calvin cycle, chlorophyll, CO2, H2O, Krebs cycle, helectrontransports(1)NADPHenergy usingATP(2)occurs in chloroplasts(3)produces glucoseoccurs in(4)(7)(5)O2Cellular Energy CHAPTER 8(8)breaks pyruvate down intocarbon dioxideCopyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.glucose88(6)energyFADH2Unit 2
NameDateClassCHAPTER 8Study GuideSection 1: How Organisms Obtain EnergyIn your textbook, read about how organisms obtain energy.Match the definition in Column A with the term in Column B.Column AColumn B1. the idea that energy cannot be created or destroyedA. energy2. all the chemical reactions in a cellB. thermodynamics3. anabolic pathway that converts energy from the Sunto chemical energy for use by cellsC. first law of thermodynamicsD. second law of thermodynamics4. ability to do workE. metabolism5. series of chemical reactions in which the productof one reaction is the substrate for the next reactionF. photosynthesis6. biological molecule that provides chemical energyG. cellular respiration7. study of the flow and transformation of energyH. metabolic pathway8. source of nearly all energy for lifeI. adenosine triphosphate (ATP)9. catabolic pathway that breaks down organic moleculesJ. sunlightCopyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.10. spontaneous increase in disorder, or entropyIn your textbook, read about autotrophs and heterotrophs.Refer to the illustrations. Use each of the terms below only once to complete the passage.autotrophschemoautotrophsGroup A'ROUP !-ICE3EED EATING BIRDSgroup are called (12)(14)'RASS EER3HRUBS4REES. The organisms in this. The group that must eat other organisms. The organisms in this group are called. Some organisms get their energy from inorganic substances,such as hydrogen sulfide. These organisms are called (15)Unit 2heterotrophs'ROUP "The group that makes their own food is (11)for food is (13)Group B.CHAPTER 8 Cellular Energy89
NameDateClassCHAPTER 8Study GuideSection 2: PhotosynthesisIn your textbook, read about light reactions.Number the following steps of light reactions in the order in which they occur.1. The energy lost by electrons as they pass through the electron transport chain is usedto make ATP.2. The electrons pass from the chlorophyll to an electron transport chain.3. Sunlight strikes the chlorophyll molecules in the thylakoid membranes.4. NADP molecules change to NADPH as they carry the electrons to the stromaof the chloroplast.5. Light energy is transferred to the chlorophyll’s electrons.6. The electrons are passed down a second electron transport chain.Refer to the graph. Respond to each statement. 8. State the name of the pigment that absorbs the most light#HLOROPHYLL A#HLOROPHYLL B#AROTENOIDS 7AVELENGTH OF ,IGHT NMat about 450 nm.In your textbook, read about the Calvin cycle and alternative photosynthesis pathways.Complete the table by checking the correct column(s) for each description.DescriptionCalvinC4CAM9. The second phase of photosynthesis, in which energy is stored in glucose10. Pathway(s) that help(s) plants photosynthesize while minimizing water loss11. Pathway that allows carbon dioxide to enter leaves only at night12. Light-independent reactions13. Uses the enzyme rubisco to convert carbon dioxide into molecules that canbe used by the cell14. Type of plant found in hot, dry environments90Cellular Energy CHAPTER 8Unit 2Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.0ERCENTAGE OF ,IGHT !BSORBED7. Explain why there are usually several types of pigmentspresent in chloroplasts.!BSORPTION 3PECTRA OF0HOTOSYNTHETIC 0IGMENTS
NameDateClassCHAPTER 8Study GuideSection 3: Cellular RespirationIn your textbook, read about cellular respiration and glycolysis.Use each of the terms below only once to complete the ondriacellular respirationNADHenergyOrganisms obtain energy in a process called (1). This process harvestselectrons from carbon compounds, such as (2), and uses that energy tomake (3). ATP is used to provide (4)for cells to do work. In (5), glucose is broken down into pyruvate.Glycolysis is a(n) (6)process because it does not require oxygen. Glycolysistakes place in the (7). Two molecules of ATP and two molecules of(8)are formed for every glucose molecule that is broken down.(9)respiration takes place in the (10).It is aerobic because the process requires (11).Refer to the diagram of glycolysis. Label the steps in thedescription to match the diagram.Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.cytoplasmoxygen12. Step. Each three-carbon compound isconverted into a three-carbon pyruvate.13. Step. A six-carbon compound is broken downinto two three-carbon compounds.14. Step. Phosphate groups from two ATPmolecules are transferred to a glucose molecule.15. Step. Two NADH molecules and four ATPmolecules are produced.Glycolysis!40! 0! 03TEP CARBON COMPOUND# # # CARBON COMPOUND# # # ! 03TEP 17. Explain Why is there a net gain of only two ATPmolecules in the glycolysis of one six-carbon glucose?3TEP Unit 2!403TEP Respond to each question.16. Interpret How many total ATP moleculesare produced from the glycolysis of onesix-carbon glucose?'LUCOSE# # # # # # ! 0 !40 !40.! .! .! (.! (0YRUVATE# # #0YRUVATE# # #CHAPTER 8 Cellular Energy91
Study Guide, Section 3: Cellular RespirationIn your textbook, read about the Krebs cycle, electrontransport, and anaerobic respiration.continuedCellular RespirationRefer to the diagram of cellular respiration. Respond toeach question and statement.18. Recall What is the net yield of ATP produced byeach of the circled processes in the diagram?Glycolysis Krebs cycle Glucosewithout oxygenGlycolysis2 ATPATPATPElectron transport chain ATP19. Find the total net yield of ATP from onemolecule of glucose.20. Specify Based on the diagram and yourcalculations, which process produces moreenergy—the anaerobic pathway or theaerobic pathway?Pyruvatewith oxygenAcetyl-CoAKrebs cycle2 ATPElectrontransport chain32 ATPFor each statement below, write true or false.21. The anaerobic pathway that follows glycolysis in the absence of oxygenis fermentation.23. Cellular respiration in eukaryotes is slightly more efficient than in prokaryotes.24. The Krebs cycle is sometimes called the TCA cycle or the citric acid cycle.25. Fermentation occurs in the mitochondria.26. Skeletal muscle produces lactic acid when the body cannot supplyenough oxygen.27. Alcohol fermentation is found in some bacteria and in humans.28. The two pyruvate molecules formed during glycolysis result in two Krebs cycles.29. Electron transport is the first step in the breakdown of glucose.92Cellular Energy CHAPTER 8Unit 2Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.22. The hydrogen necessary in the electron transport chain comes from thesplitting of carbon dioxide molecules.
Refer to the diagram of cellular respiration. Respond to each question and statement. 18 .Recall What is the net yield of ATP produced by each of the circled processes in the diagram? Glycolysis ATP Krebs cycle ATP Electron transport chain ATP 19. Find the total net yield of ATP f
concept mapping has been developed to address these limitations of mind mapping. 3.2 Concept Mapping Concept mapping is often confused with mind mapping (Ahlberg, 1993, 2004; Slotte & Lonka, 1999). However, unlike mind mapping, concept mapping is more structured, and less pictorial in nature.
Part One: Heir of Ash Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Chapter 16 Chapter 17 Chapter 18 Chapter 19 Chapter 20 Chapter 21 Chapter 22 Chapter 23 Chapter 24 Chapter 25 Chapter 26 Chapter 27 Chapter 28 Chapter 29 Chapter 30 .
photosynthesis 1/2-5/2 8/2 S1-5 Picnic Day 9/2-19/2 Lunar New Year Holiday photosynthesis 11A 4/6 Chapter 21 Photosynthesis o Basic concepts of photosynthesis o Requirements for photosynthesis o Site of The process of photosynthesis oPre Lesson Worksheet o Communication s
Photosynthesis Chapter 8 2 Photosynthesis Overview Energy for all life on Earth ultimately comes from photosynthesis. 6CO 2 12H 2O C 6H 12O 6 6H 2O 6O 2 Oxygenic photosynthesis is carried out by: cyanobacteria, 7 groups of algae, all land plants 3 Photosynthesis Overview Photosynt
Photosynthesis takes place in autotrophs. [brown] Oxygen is a product of photosynthesis. [black] Photosynthesis takes place in the nucleus of plantcells. [blue] 12. Which of the followingstatements is true? Photosynthesis takes place primarily in plant leaves. [light red] Plants obtain their ”food” from the soil. [red] Photosynthesis .
Carefully read ‘Mapping Photosynthesis’ and answer the following questions. 1. In the concept map of photosynthesis, the student links three propositions to form the strand: ‘Plants conduct photosynthesis instead of respiration
TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD. Contents Dedication Epigraph Part One Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Part Two Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Chapter 16 Chapter 17 Chapter 18. Chapter 19 Chapter 20 Chapter 21 Chapter 22 Chapter 23 Chapter 24 Chapter 25 Chapter 26
Argument mapping is different from mind mapping and concept mapping (Figure 1). As Davies described, while mind mapping is based on the associative connections among images and topics and concept mapping is concerned about the interrelationships among concepts, argument mapping “ is interested in the inferential basis for a claim