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Trash And Climate Change: Planet Protectors Discover The .

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booklet.qxd6/27/005:20 PMPage 2Trash andClimateChangePlanet Protectors Discoverthe Hidden Reasons ToReduce, Reuse, and Recycle1EPAUnited StatesEnvironmental ProtectionAgencySolid Wasteand EmergencyResponse (5306W)EPA530-K-00-001July 2000ww.epa.gov/osw/kids.htm

booklet.qxd6/27/005:20 PMPage 3In this first activity, use the Answer Bank below to fill in the blanks with thecorrect key words. Remember, the words in the Answer Bank can only beused once, and they are mixed up, so you have to hunt to find the right one foreach elandfillsair moleculeslandWhy We Already Reduce,Reuse, and RecycleMany of you might already know that the“three Rs”—reduce, reuse, and —are the most important ways for kids like us toprevent our trash from harming the Earth.When we think of ways to reuse our stuff orwhen we collect it for the recycling bin insteadof throwing it in the garbage can, we helpkeep our (including the air, water,and soil) healthy. For example, when we recycle,less garbage will pile up in those big holes inthe ground, called .In addition, when we reuse our old thingsinstead of buying new products, like reusingan old jelly jar as a pencil holder, we helpkeep the air clean. In other words, becausewe’re reusing our old products, factoriesdon’t have to make as many new products,which will save energy and reduce theamount of that factoriesrelease into the air.2

booklet.qxd6/27/0025:20 PMPage 4Trash and theEarth’s ClimateBurp!Ok, so we know a few reasons why practicing the “three R’s” isgood for the environment, but there is another important reason.Did you ever think about your garbage affecting the weather?Match the descriptions below with the correct word in theAnswer Bank to see if you can make the connection!1. The average weather we experience over a long period oftime. It is affected by the way we treat our trash.2. The air above the Earth’s surface, which naturally contains“greenhouse gases.”Answer Bankcowweather3. Two common greenhouse gases that warm the Earth enoughfor us to live comfortably. When too many of these gasesare released into the air, however, they become pollution.climate4. A measurable degree of heat. When too many greenhousegases escape into the air as pollution, they trap the sun’sheat and cause this to rise all over the planet.decomposition5. A word describing sunny skies, rainfall, snowfall, and drought.Scientists say that if the Earth’s temperature rises, itsoverall climate could change, disrupting these patterns.truckcarbondioxide andmethaneatmosphere6. The chemical deterioration that our garbage undergoesafter it’s dumped in a landfill. This process releases methane,a greenhouse gas.products7. An animal that releases greenhouse gas—when it burps! Asthis animal digests its food, bacteria in its stomachproduce methane.temperature8.humansreduceWhat we want to do to greenhouse gasreleases. To do this, we have to think about theproducts we use everyday, find out how theyare made, and examine whether we reuse andrecycle them as much as possible.3

booklet.qxd6/27/005:20 PMPage 53A New Reason to Reduce,Reuse, and RecycleOn page 5, read about the products ormaterials you might use every day andunscramble the missing words to learnabout how reusing or recyclingthese products can help reducegreenhouse gases and preventglobal climate change.After you have correctly unscrambled thewords, you can use the circled letters to fill inthe corresponding blanks (by number) and decodethe Planet Protector’s secret saying at the bottom of the page.After you’re finished with this section,go to the last three pages of thisactivity where you’ll findthe Trash and ClimateChange fortune tellergame. Print out thelast two pages andfollow the directionsfor making a “fortuneteller” game that youcan play with your friends tolearn more about theproducts you use and howthey affect the climate.4

booklet.qxd6/27/005:20 PMPage 6Plastic, Metal, and Glass ProductsDo you drink milk from plastic containers, soda from metal cans, or eat peanutbutter from glass jars? These containers are made from natural SEROUCSER1 , which are mined, transported, and thenmade into plastic, metal, or glass at a ORTACYF 2.This entire RUNTGAFNICAMU 3process releases greenhouse gases and causes climate change. Byrecycling or reusing plastic, LEMAT , or glass items, you canreduce the need to mine, transport, and manufacture natural resources to make newproducts. In other words, you reduce the amount of SHOUERNEEG4 gas released and help prevent climate change.Paper ProductsDo you use paper products such as paper napkins, paper towels, orwrapping paper? To make these items, SRETE must becut down, transported by truck, and processed into paper at papermills. This procedure ALEERSES 5 greenhousegases and adds to climate change. By reducing the NATMUOof paper you EUS 6 everyday or by recycling paper, you helpreduce greenhouse gases from being released during the manufacture ofpaper. You also help preserve trees, which naturally absorb a greenhousegas called RBAONC DIEXIDO 7 fromthe air, helping to prevent climate change.Yard Trimmings and Food ScrapsAre there ever bits of food left over after your dinner?Or grass clippings left after your lawn has beenmowed? By collecting these materials, piling them in aspot in your garden at home, and stirring themregularly to allow air penetration, you can create aTOMPSOC 8 pile. This activitykeeps these materials out of a landfill, where theydecay and release greenhouse gases. Composting alsohelps plants to grow. Plants, just like trees, ROBSABcarbon dioxide, removing it from theair and helping to prevent climate change.Planet Protectors’Secret Saying:Who can help protect the Earth fromclimate change?— — —2 1 6— — —5 3 7— —8 45

booklet.qxd6/27/005:20 PMPage 74Planet ProtectorsMath Challenge The following box shows just how much greenhousegas is reduced by recycling certain materials:1 ton of aluminum recycled 13 tons of carbon dioxide prevented1 ton of newspaper 2.5 tons of carbon dioxide prevented1Can you use the information in the box above tofill in the following answer blanks?If you prevented 91 tons of carbon dioxide, you recycledtons of aluminum cans.If you and your friend each recycled 4 tons of newspaper,together you would prevent tons of carbon dioxide.xSEROUCSER ResourcesORTACYF Factory1. Climate2. AtmosphereActivity 3:Activity ctivity 1:Carbon dioxide and TE TREESALEERSES RELEASESNATMUO AMOUNTEUS USERBAONC CARBONDIEXIDO DIOXIDE8 37 tons of aluminum10 tons of carbon dioxideActivity 4:RUNTGAFNICAMU ManufacturingLEMAT METALSHOUERNEEG GREENHOUSETOMPSOC COMPOSTROBSAB ABSORBAnswers6

55:20 PMPage 8What Can We Do at Home and at School ToHelp Stop Climate Change?Below are some hints, but you have to figure out what words go in eachblank, then fill them into the corresponding boxes in the crossword puzzle.ACROSS1231. Make your own paperfor gifts from old newspaper comicsor decorate grocery bags instead ofbuying new gift wrap paper.46. Plant a tree. A tree can absorb up to50 of carbon dioxideeach year.7. Go to the library to learn more aboutthe connection between reducing,reusing, recycling andchange.5678. No matter what product or maters contribute toglobal climate change by releasing greenhouse gasesinto the atmosphere.PLASTICLOatwhm l?ro ria !e f te IDEad am w m INSra OKPAisetmetal & GlassMETAL and GLASS are made fromminerals that are mined from the earth,trucked, and then processed at factories. Theseactivities contribute to global climate change by addinggreenhouse gases to the atmosphere.You can help slow global climate changeby reusing and recycling used metal andglass. Clean out, decorate,and reuse cans and jars aspencil, crayon, ortoy holders.You can help stop global climate change by usingless paper. Recycle used paperand buy paper made from recycledmaterials. Bring cloth bags to thegrocery store and useboth sides of a sheet ofpaper as often aspossible.mYou can help slow global climate change by makingless waste in the first place. Don’t throw awaygrass clippings and food scraps from yourkitchen. Compost them to make mulchfor your garden. Your town maycollect yard trimmings tomake compost, too.and food scrapseesCOMPOST is a crumbly material,like soil, made of yard trimmings and foodscraps. If you send these items to a landfill instead ofcomposting them, they decay and release greenhouse gases,which contribute to global climate change.PLASatTICismra adew fm romate whLOOKriaINl?SIDE!Compost5:20 PMYARD trimmingsrals6/27/00You can help slow climate change by recyclingplastic containers and buying things madefrom recycled plastic. Look for ways toreuse plastic containers or to useless plastic. One way is touse economy-sizecontainers.booklet.qxdPage 11PAPER is made from trees that mustbe cut down, trucked, and processed at papermills. These activities contribute to global climatechange by releasing greenhousegases to the atmosphere.Mine

United States Environmental Protection Agency 1EPA Solid Waste and Emergency Response (5306W) EPA530-K-00-001 July 2000 ww.epa.gov/osw/kids.htm Planet Protectors Discover the Hidden Reasons To Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle T r a s h a nd Cl i m a t e C ha ng e nd t e booklet.qxd 6/27/00 5:20 PM Page 2