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Social Studies Process And Literacy Skills Resources

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Digital Resources for TeachingThe Social Studies Process and Literacy Skills (PALS)1

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SOCIAL STUDIESProcess andLiteracySkillsResourcesSocial Studies Process Skills are integral part of teaching the disciplines of the social sciences. For many educators these skillswere the “traditional process skills” of examining and analyzing primary and secondary documents, determining bias;analyzing charts, maps, graphs, diagrams; cause and effect reasoning; sequencing events; comparing and contrasting; drawingconclusions, understanding point of view/perspective; discussion and debate; chronological reasoning; etc. Although researchwas and is a key component of the social studies, reading and writing from a social studies mindset has not always been givenbalanced instructional time. Reading and writing have been in Oklahoma state social studies standards since 1999. In 2002,the Grade 8 United States History standards phrased the approach this way “Read, write, and present a variety of products . .” and “Write on, speak about, and dramatize different historical perspectives . . .” (Oklahoma State Department of Education.Priority Academic Student Skills. Revised July 2002. Page 247). Oklahoma social studies educators had high and challengingexpectations for their students to know only know the content but demonstrate to others their understandings in the socialstudies disciplines. This was seven years before the drafts of the literacy standards for History/Social Studies were publishedfor public comment in 2009.The current Oklahoma Academic Standards for the Social Studies (OAS) seek to balance the student expectations for criticalthinking (process and literacy) with robust content. Each grade level and course has both kinds of standards; process andliteracy, and content. The social studies are a cluster of “communications disciplines.” A student should be able to read, write,speak, and present about what she/he has learned in an effective manner.To help Oklahoma’s social studies educators, Pre-kindergarten through Grade 12, continue to implement the new standards(2012) the Social Studies Curriculum Office is providing the following resources and links for lesson planning and instructionaluses. These resources align with the Process and Literacy Skills (PALS) found in each grade level or course of the OAS. Someresources will link out to other organizations’ Web sites and some will be posted documents.For additional information on social studies education you may contact.Kelly Curtright, DirectorSocial Studies Education and Personal Financial Literacy EducationPhone: 405-522-3523Email: Kelly.Curtright@sde.ok.gov3

Digital ResourcesEdmond Public Schools’Strategies Toward ExceptionalPerformance of Studentsin the Social Studies or theSTEPS HandbookCite Evidence Lesson Using theDeclaration of IndependenceFact, Opinion, Reasoning LessonUsing the Declaration ofIndependencePoint of View Lesson Using theDeclaration of IndependenceSummarize Central Idea LessonUsing the Declaration ofIndependenceText Comparisons Lesson Usingthe Declaration ofIndependenceVisual Evidence Lesson Usingthe Declaration ofIndependenceVocabulary Lesson Using theDeclaration of IndependenceDoing Social StudiesCUSS Reading StrategyFundex Reading/WritingtemplatePostcards for the PastReading/Writing templateOPTIC: A Visual LiteracyStrategyThe following collection of 200 PLUS Lesson Ideasand Instructional Strategies for Reading, Writing,and Critical Thinking in the Social Studies areshared by the Curriculum Office of Edmond PublicSchools. The collection is the result of research andclassroom experience, all of which is offered fornew and veteran teachers seeking new ideas forthe classroom.Written by Pam Merrill, Social Studies CurriculumOffice, Edmond Public SchoolsWritten by Pam Merrill, Social Studies CurriculumOffice, Edmond Public Schoolshttp://okcss.org/resources.htmlWritten by Pam Merrill, Social Studies CurriculumOffice, Edmond Public Schoolshttp://www.sde.idaho.gov/site/social e.idaho.gov/site/social http://www.sde.idaho.gov/site/social sde.idaho.gov/site/social ttp://www.sde.idaho.gov/site/social studies/docs/core/Text%20Comparisons.pdfWritten by Pam Merrill, Social Studies CurriculumOffice, Edmond Public Schoolshttp://www.sde.idaho.gov/site/social studies/docs/core/Visual%20Evidence.pdfWritten by Pam Merrill, Social Studies CurriculumOffice, Edmond Public SchoolsDoing Social Studies is a new experience for theKansas Council for the Social Studies. It's a place fora variety of voices to discuss what high-qualitysocial studies looks like in the 21st century. KCSSboard members and other educators from aroundthe state will share ideas, resources, and materialsabout how we can all do social studies better.A basic reading strategy useable by almost allstudents in most grades!http://www.sde.idaho.gov/site/social studies.com/Written by Pam Merrill, Social Studies CurriculumOffice, Edmond Public SchoolsWritten by Pam Merrill, Social Studies CurriculumOffice, Edmond Public SchoolsBased on the popular “F A N D E X: Family fieldGuides” this template helps students read,research, and compose social studies knowledge attheir fingertips!This activity can accompany any social studies topicfor history and/or geography. This project aligns tothe Oklahoma Academic Standards’ Process andLiteracy Skills for all grades and is useable with allcontent skills. It is important for students learningabout history and geography to put themselves inthe shoes of those who were there or who live inanother geographic locale. This activity helpsstudents imagine being in another time, place,culture, climate, etc. by writing about a moment intime and location.OPTIC is an organized approach for teachingstudents how to read visual or graphic text e/files/documents/files/OPTIC.pdf4

Found Poem InstructionsFound poems take existing texts and refashionthem, reorder them, and present them as poems.The literary equivalent of a collage, found poetry isoften made from newspaper articles, street signs,graffiti, speeches, letters, or even other s/lesson images/lesson33/foundpoem-instructions.pdfPoem of Two VoicesAfter students compare and contrast two items,they compose a poem for two voices in the “voice”of the two items. These poems should then be readaloud by two students, each assuming one of thevoices from the poem.A logical fallacy is a flaw in reasoning. Logical fallacies arelike tricks or illusions of thought, and they're often verysneakily used by politicians and the media to fool people.Don't be fooled! This website has been designed to helpyou identify and call out dodgy logic wherever it may raiseits ugly, incoherent head. FREE poster downloadsavailable.I indicates when a skill is introduced to the studentas part of the content for the grade level orsubject. D indicates when the student is expectedto develop the skill through guided practice withinthe content for the grade level or subject.R indicated when the skill is to be reinforcedthrough frequent and independent practice usingthe appropriate content for the grade level n Contrast/Poem Two Voices.pdfLogical Fallacies InfographicSOCIAL STUDIES PROCESSSKILLS: Goals for StudentPractice and Mastery for Grades5-12from the Edmond PublicSchoolsSOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS Matrix:Goals for Student Practice andMastery for Grades 5-12fromthe Georgia Department ofEducationCarol Hurst's Literature SiteReadingQuest: Making Sense inSocial Studies (30 graphicorganizers)Literacy and Learning: ContentLiteracy StrategiesReading Strategies for the SocialStudies ards.org/standards/GPS%20Support%20Docs/gps Socialstudies skills matrix.pdfThis site provides teachers with an opportunity toview books sorted by subject area. It also providesadditional information for some books such aslesson plans and activities, and related professionalbooks and links.ReadingQuest: Making Sense in Social Studies is awebsite designed for social studies teachers whowish to more effectively engage their students withthe content in their classes. This site provides over30 strategies and activities for teaching historicaland social science analysis skills throughliterature.Here are over 32 strategies for improvingcomprehension that can be applied to historysocial science content reading. Each strategy isdescribed on a separate, downloadable pdf page.This Holt, Reinhart and Winston site offers U.S. andWorld History examples of 10 reading strategies byJudith Irvin. They include previewing text,understanding text, graphic organizers, visualizing,building background knowledge, constructingconcepts, making predictions, activating priorknowledge, anticipating information, .com/ndNSAPI.nd/gohrw rls1/pKeywordResults?ST2Strategies5

KIM StrategyWho, What, Where, When,Why, and How TemplateCritical Analysis OrganizerTemplateDocs Teach: Bring History Alivefor Your Students from theNational ArchivesAmerican RhetoricColonial Williamsburg'sTeacher CommunityEyeWitness to HistoryThe Hanover Historical TextsCollectiondeveloping vocabulary.Write the term or key idea (K) in the left column,the information (I) that goes along with it in thecenter column, and draw a picture of the idea, amemory clue, (M) in the right column.Graphic organizer for the interrogative approach toreading and writing.For elementary and secondary use.Teach with documents using our online tool.Locate teachable primary sources. Find new andfavorite lesson plans, and create your ownactivities for your students. Follow the latest fromthe National Archives on our Education Updatesblog, on Facebook, and on Twitter!Check out some of our themed DocsTeach pages:National History Day, Rights in America, MakingTheir Mark: Stories through Signatures, Teachingwith the Records of Congress, Revolution and TheFounding of the Nation, Civil War, 1970s America,Turning Points in the Nixon and Ford Years, What’sCooking Uncle SamFamous speeches both as recordings and as writtentranscripts. Database of and index to 5000 fulltext, audio and video versions of public speeches,sermons, legal proceedings, lectures, debates,interviews, other recorded media events, and adeclaration or two.Welcome to Colonial Williamsburg's TeacherCommunity! This new community is the place forlesson plans, discussion, primary source materialsand more.*In order to access our free lesson plans, pleasecreate a free account. Registered users have accessto our free resources, lesson plans, forums, andmore.Your ringside seat to history - from the AncientWorld to the present. History through the eyes ofthose who lived it, presented by IbisCommunications, Inc. a digital publisher ofeducational programming.The Hanover Historical Texts Collection makesavailable digital versions of historical texts for tructionalStrategiesforSocialStudies.aspScroll to “Critical Thinking for All Students”and click on the KIM Strategy nstructionalStrategiesforSocialStudies.aspScroll to “Critical Thinking for All Students”and click on the Who, What, Where,When, Why, and How Template nstructionalStrategiesforSocialStudies.aspScroll to “Critical Thinking for All Students”and click on the Critical Analysis //history.hanover.edu/project.php#af6

The History Place : Sounds ofHistory: The PresidentsThe Library of CongressUsing Elementary EvidenceBased Terms in SocialStudies ClassroomsFrom the Kansas Council for theSocial Studies blog “DoingSocial Studies.”The Dreaded TextbookFrom the Kansas Council for theSocial Studies blog “DoingSocial Studies.”How I use “Discrepant EventInquiry” in my classroomFrom the Kansas Council for theSocial Studies blog “DoingSocial Studies.”Using THIEVES to PreviewNonfiction TextsGraphic notes, primary sources,and literacy skillsin history and humanities courses.Audio recordings of presidential speeches fromFDR to ObamaThe Library of Congress offers classroom materialsand professional development to help teacherseffectively use primary sources from the Library'svast digital collections in their teaching.Find Library of Congress lesson plans and more thatmeet Common Core standards, state contentstandards, and the standards of nationalorganizations.As we move into a social studies world that isasking kids to collect evidence, organize evidence,create products, and communicate results, writingskills are becoming more and more important.Steal a practice used by a lot of elementaryteachers and start training your secondary kids touse evidence-based terms while 0Homepage 4/01/21/the-dreaded-textbook/#more-535Homepage http://kcss.info/A few years ago, I was introduced to “DiscrepantEvent Inquiry” from Glenn Wiebe. (Here is anotherpost about it from his History Tech blog). The ideais that you take an image and only reveal a little bitat a time. As I reveal a little bit of the picture, thestudents must guess Who is in the picture, What ishappening, When was the photograph taken,and Where is this taking place. This encouragesstudents to think outside the box and it also doesWONDERS with questioning and how to askthe right questions. Naturally, I turned this into acompetition.Students use previewing skills in their everydaylives to decide what foods to eat, clothes to buy,and movies to watch. In this lesson, students usepreviewing to activate their prior knowledge andset a purpose for reading. Using a strategy calledTHIEVES, which is an acronym for title, headings,introduction, every first sentence in a paragraph,visuals and vocabulary, end-of-chapter questions,and summary, students are guided through apreview of a nonfiction text. After guided practice,partners work together to use the strategy topreview a chapter from a textbook. Studentsdiscuss what information they "stole" from thechapter and discuss how the strategy is useful inbetter understanding a text. In a culminatingactivity, students write a letter to their partner inwhich they describe why previewing is a helpfulstrategy and describe how to use the THIEVESapproachGive kids engaging questions, provide someinteresting evidence, and step out of the way. 71Homepage look/Thieves Reading Strategy/Using THIEVESTo Preview Nonfiction Texts 0bWw sources/lesson and-7

From the Kansas Council for theSocial Studies blog “DoingSocial Studies.”8 sweet graphic organizers forprimary sourcesFrom the Kansas Council for theSocial Studies blog “DoingSocial Studies.”Using a pie to teachhistorical thinkingFrom the Kansas Council for theSocial Studies blog “DoingSocial Studies.”easy way to focus on document analysis andsupport writing skills is something I call GraphicNotes. I posted this on History Tech several weeksago but I like it so much, I decided to post here aswell!). A Graphic Note is a lot like a Thought Bubblebut takes it a bit further. So you can use it as ahook activity or even as a type of assessment.Includes information on POSERS, MUSEUMS,LUKCAS, TOADSKI, SOAPS, APPARTS, SPRITES,TACOS,literacy-skills/#more-461Homepage: ces/#more-629Homepage: http://kcss.info/Okay. Not an actual pie. Though that would beawesome! But I did learn this very easy but verycool Pie Chart strategy from Nathan McAlister,2010 Gilder Lehrman Teacher of the Year. It’s agreat hook activity that’s awesome for eitherstarting a conversation about a specific topic or asan assessment at the end of omepage: http://kcss.info/Readings and Research ArticlesBroad Knowledge DrivesLiteracy. Herff JonesAchievement Series. February2012.Teaching Content is TeachingReadingTeaching for Historical Literacyby Ann Goudvis and StephanieHarvey from EducationalLeadership/March 2012Social Studies Skills TutorWhy Integrate Literacy andSocial Studies? By Emily Schell,E.D.Resources for ImplementingLiteracy in the Social StudiesBuilding a diverse academic knowledge basecontributes to the ongoing development of readingand writing skills. “You can’t be teaching readingbeyond the most fundamental steps withoutcontent. That’s almost by definition,” agrees RichardLong Ph.D., executive director for governmentalrelations at the National Association of Title IDirectors.” According to Long, social studies buildsbackground knowledge and content, which is“absolutely critical” to ensuring that studentsunderstand the meaning of what they’re reading —and learn the new content they’re supposed tolearn — rather than simply buildingtheir “phonemic awareness and phonics andvocabulary.Video by Daniel Willingham, Department ofpsychology at the University of VirginiaWhen teachers mesh content-rich curriculum withgood literacy practices, history lessons nline tutor for social studies skills.http://www.phschool.com/curriculum support/ss skills m.com/index.cfm?fa Teachers.07February“. . . We acknowledge that most learning andapplication of knowledge and skills in the 'realworld' occurs throughout the day in an integratedfashion.”The inclusion of standards for literacy in socialstudies classrooms is backed by extensive researchestablishing the need for college and career readystudents to be proficient in reading f8

Improving Reading Skills in theSocial Studies ClassroomLanguage Arts and SocialStudies— It's the ConnectionsThat Matter Most!informational texts independently in a variety ofcontent areas. Social studies teachers should infuseopportunities for students to engage with disciplinespecific complex texts and support students ingrounding their writing and discussions in evidencebased on these texts.This short article focuses on recognizing thedifficulties students may have in reading socialstudies specific content and how to teach strategiesdesigned to help students overcome the difficulties.What we did find, though, was a kind of disconnectfor students between one class and the next.So the question became, how do we help theseyoungsters see that the skills they are learning arenot unique to a single subject or class? How can webest support learning taught across content areas sothat students truly learn and retain the content ofwhat we are teaching?This short article discusses the use of In-and-OutReadings, Outlines, A.C.T.I.V.E. Note Taking, Essays,Perseverance— In Spelling, Usage, and Life, Workingwith Colleagues— We All ubject/improving /issue/2008-02/Article/vignette2.aspxPowerPoint and Media PresentationsDisciplinary Literacy in SocialStudiesImplementing the CCSS forLiteracy in All Subjects intoSocial Studiesby Stephanie Hartman on 23June 2014Reading Strategies for SocialStudies by Nancy Hester andCandace BixlerSuccessful Strategies forImplementingDocument-Based QuestionsLiteracy Strategies in the SocialStudies Classroom40 Maps That Will Help YouMake Sense of the WorldDisciplinary Literacy in Social Studies:What does this mean for Social Studies?Authentic opportunities to learn and practiceliteracy are important techniques through which weengage students in thinking deeply and criticallyabout social -literacy-in-social-studies/"Content Literacy is the ability to use reading andwriting for the acquisition of new content in a givendiscipline" -- McKenna and Robinson, 1990. Thepurpose of these activities is to help teacherseffectively engage students with difficult content intheir classes using reading and writing strategies.Scholars of History Integrating Primary SourcesSHIPS: An American JourneyUniversity of TexasJune 21, structionalStrategiesforSocialStudies.aspA slide presentation highlighting a variety of socialstudies strategies.If you’re a visual learner, then you know maps,charts and infographics can really help bring dataand information to life. Maps can make a pointresonate with readers and this collection aims to dojust that. Hopefully some of these maps will surpriseyou and you’ll learn something new. A few areimportant to know, some interpret and display datain a beautiful or creative way, and a few may evenNote: Select the first nstructionalStrategiesforSocialStudies.aspScroll to “Critical Thinking for AllStudents” and click on the CriticalThinking for All Students ppt t-will-help-you-make-sense-of-theworld/9

Visual Discovery in Five EasySteps (for elementary)make you chuckle or shake your head.From TCI with six resource web sites and inar handouts/Visual Discovery Elementary.pdfContact information:Mr. Kelly S. Curtright, M.A. HistoryDirector of Social Studies Education and Personal Financial Literacy EducationOffice of Instruction, Suite 315Oklahoma State Department of Education2500 North Lincoln BoulevardOklahoma City, Oklahoma 73105-4599Phone: 405-522-3523Fax: 405-521-2971E-mail: Kelly.Curtright@sde.ok.govWeb site Social Studies page: http://www.ok.gov/sde/social-studiesWeb site for Personal Financial Literacy: w me on Twitter at @KellyCurtright10

3 Social Studies Process Skills are integral part of teaching the disciplines of the social sciences. For many educators these skills were the “traditional process skills” of examining and analyzing primary and secondary documents, determining bias;