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Military Service Records, Awards, and UnitHistories: A Guide to Locating SourcesNese F. DeBruyneSenior Research LibrarianBarbara Salazar TorreonSenior Research LibrarianJanuary 2, 2018Congressional Research

Military Service Records, Awards, and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating SourcesSummaryThis guide provides information on locating military unit histories and individual service recordsof discharged, retired, and deceased military personnel. It also provides information on locatingand replacing military awards and medals. Included is contact information for military historycenters, websites for additional sources of research, and a bibliography of other publications,including related CRS reports.This report will be updated as needed.Congressional Research Service

Military Service Records, Awards, and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating SourcesContentsPersonnel Files: Military Service and Pension Records at the National Archives . 1Military Awards and Decorations . 1Finding Unit Histories . 2Additional Sources for Research . 4CRS Reports . 4Web Resources . 5Selected Bibliography . 5TablesTable 1. Military History Centers and Museums . 3ContactsAuthor Contact Information . 6Congressional Research Service

Military Service Records, Awards, and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating SourcesPersonnel Files: Military Service andPension Records at the National ArchivesThe National Personnel Records Center (NPRC), Military Personnel Records, holds most existingmilitary personnel, health, and medical records of discharged and deceased veterans of allservices from World War I to the present. Official Military Personnel File (OMPF) records maybe requested online at -records, by mail (theappropriate address listed on the back of the form), or fax (314-801-9195) using the StandardForm 180.Veterans and their next-of-kin (NOK) may request these records. According to the NPRC, for theAir Force, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard, the NOK is defined as the unremarried widowor widower, son, daughter, father, mother, brother or sister; and for the Army, the NOK is definedas: the surviving spouse, eldest child, father or mother, eldest sibling or eldest grandchild.If you do not meet the definition of NOK, you are considered a member of the general public andmay request military records via the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). See Access to OMPFsby the General Public at el/public/generalpublic.html.In 1973, a disastrous fire at NPRC destroyed approximately 16 million to 18 million Army andAir Force official military personnel files. In such cases where files were lost, NPRC usesalternate sources of information to respond to requests.More information about obtaining military personnel files can be found on the NPRC personnel/, or by contacting the center atNational Personnel Records CenterMilitary Personnel Records1 Archives DriveSt. Louis, MO 63138Tel: (314) 801-0816 congressional lineTel: (314) 801-0800 public lineStatus Update Request Form: military personnel records (generally prior to 1917) are located atNational Archives and Records AdministrationTextual Archives DivisionWashington, DC vice-records/pre-ww-1-records.htmlMilitary Awards and DecorationsThe NPRC also provides information on how to request military awards and decorations onlineand by mail for veterans and their NOK; replacing certain military medals; and obtaining a ColdWar Recognition Certificate. The general public may also purchase a copy of the veteran’s OMPFto determine the awards due and obtain the medals from a commercial source.Request information on Military Awards online at l/public/awards-and-decorations.html.Congressional Research Service1

Military Service Records, Awards, and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating SourcesBy military service (Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force including Army Air Corps &Army Air Forces) via mail:National Personnel Records Center1 Archives DriveSt. Louis, MO 63138For Coast Guard:Coast Guard Personnel Service Center4200 Wilson Blvd, Suite 900 (PSC-PSD-MA)Stop 7200Arlington, VA 20598-7200Cold War Recognition Certificate is at el/public/awards-and-decorations.html#cwc.The NPRC will provide copies of DD-214s (or equivalent) or SF-50s to authorized requestersupon request. These documents may be used to apply for the Certificate. This is in accordancewith the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (P.L. 105-85, Section 1084).This Certificate is awarded to all members of the armed forces and qualified federal governmentcivilian personnel who served the United States during the Cold War era from September 2, 1945,to December 26, 1991.Finding Unit HistoriesThe Modern Military Records office of the National Archives and Records Administration(NARA) has custody of records relating to World War I, World War II, Korea, and Vietnam. Therecords vary by conflict and branch of service. The records for Army units active during theinterwar periods (1920-1939 and 1945-1950) are incomplete. For more information, contact theTextual Records office atTextual Records OfficeNational Archives and Records Administration at College Park8601 Adelphi RoadCollege Park, MD 20740-6001Tel: (301) 837-3510Email: archives2reference@nara.govIf a military unit record is not publicly available, a FOIA request may be submitted to the agencywhere the record is held. For example, for special access records held at the National Archives atCollege Park, contact the Archives FOIA office atSpecial Access and FOIA DivisionThe National Archives at College Park8601 Adelphi RoadCollege Park, MD 20740-6001Tel: (301) 387-3190Email: specialaccess foia@nara.govFor more information on how to submit a FOIA request, visit and organizational records, including morning reports, unit rosters, officer pay cards(Army), muster rolls (Navy), U.S. Army Surgeon General’s office records and VeteransCongressional Research Service2

Military Service Records, Awards, and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating SourcesAdministration index cards are maintained at the National Archives at St. Louis, Missouri.Further information is available at /otherrecords/index.html.Certain published unit histories can be found in the collections of the Library of Congress or themilitary history center of each U.S. military branch (see Table 1).Table 1. Military History Centers and MuseumsCenter or MuseumTelephone NumberAir ForceU.S. Air Force Historical Research Agency600 Chennault CircleMaxwell AFB, AL 36112-6424Email: 953-5697Air Force Historical Support DivisionHQ USAF/HOH3 Brookley Avenue, Box 94Joint Base Anacostia BollingWashington, DC 20032-5000Email: eferred method) Museum of the U.S. Air Force1100 Spaatz StreetWright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433Email: 404-2264U.S. Army Center of Military HistoryCollins Hall102 4th Avenue Bldg. 35Fort McNairWashington, DC 20319-5060Email: Inquiries Division*(202) 685-2676 for House offices(202) 224-2811 for Senate offices*For those inquiring from the office of aMember of Congress.All others should use email.U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center (USAHEC)950 Soldiers DriveCarlisle, PA 17013-5021Email: 245-3949 research assistance(717) 245-3972 information desk(937) 255-3286Coast GuardU.S. Coast Guard Historian’s OfficeCommandant (CG-09231)ATTN: Coast Guard Historian’s OfficeU.S. Coast Guard Stop 70312703 Martin Luther King Jr Ave SEWashington, DC 20593-7031Email: ssional Research Service(202) 372-4653(757) 398-66433

Military Service Records, Awards, and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating SourcesCenter or MuseumTelephone NumberCoast Guard MuseumU.S. Coast Guard Academy15 Mohegan AvenueNew London, CT ) 444-8511Marine CorpsMarine Corps History Division2044 Broadway StreetQuantico, VA 22134 432-4874 research inquiries(703) 432-4877 general inquiriesMarine Corps Heritage Foundation18900 Jefferson Davis HighwayTriangle, VA 22172Email: rg/(800) 397-7585(703) 640-7965Merchant MarineAmerican Merchant Marine Museum300 Steamboat RoadKings Point, NY 11024Email: museum@usmma.edu 726-6047NavyNaval History & Heritage Command805 Kidder Breese Street, SEWashington Navy Yard, DC 20374-5060Email: (archives branch)Email: (public inquiries) 433-3224 archives(202) 433-4132 library(202) 433-7880 public inquiriesSource: Table compiled by the Congressional Research Service.Additional Sources for ResearchCRS ReportsCRS Report R41386, Veterans’ Benefits: Burial Benefits and National Cemeteries, by Scott D.SzymenderaCRS Report R42324, Who Is a “Veteran”?—Basic Eligibility for Veterans’ Benefits, by Scott D.SzymenderaCRS Report 95-519, Medal of Honor: History and Issues, by Barbara Salazar TorreonCRS Report R42704, The Purple Heart: Background and Issues for Congress, by Barbara SalazarTorreonCongressional Research Service4

Military Service Records, Awards, and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating SourcesWeb ResourcesOfficial military:Veterans History Project at the Library of CongressThe project collects, preserves, and makes accessible the personal accounts of American warveterans. Affairs Nationwide Gravesite LocatorThe database contains burial locations of veterans and their family members. Battle Monuments CommissionThe website contains databases of veterans interred or memorialized at overseas Americanmilitary cemeteries and memorials.http://www.abmc.govPhilippine Army and Guerilla Records at the National ArchivesThe collection includes records of the Philippine Commonwealth Army of the United StatesArmed Forces Far East (USAFFE), including recognized Philippine Guerrilla forces (not theArmy of the United States or Philippine Scouts) during World War nnel/philippine-army-records.htmlThe Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, National Park ServiceThis website contains a database of the men who served in the Union and Confederate armiesduring the Civil War, as well as information on regiment histories, significant battles, and someprisoner-of-war records and cemetery sailors-database.htmSelected BibliographyBeers, Henry Putney. The Confederacy: A Guide to the Archives of the Government of theConfederate States of America. Washington: National Archives and Records Administration,1998.Bradford, James C. A Companion to American Military History. Chichester, UK: WileyBlackwell Pub, 2010.Center of Military History. Order of Battle of the United States Land Forces in the World War.Washington: Center of Military History, U.S. Army, 1988. 3 volumes.Controvich, James T. United States Army Unit and Organizational Histories: A Bibliography.Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2003.——United States Air Force and Its Antecedents: Published and Printed Unit Histories, aBibliography. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2004.Dinackus, Thomas D. Order of Battle: Allied Ground Forces of Operation Desert Storm. CentralPoint, OR: Hellgate Press, 2000.Dornbusch, C. E. Military Bibliography of the Civil War. New York: New York Public Library,1971.Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. New York: T. Yoseloff, 1959.Congressional Research Service5

Military Service Records, Awards, and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating SourcesStanton, Shelby L. World War II Order of Battle, U.S. Army (Ground Force Units).Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2006.——Vietnam Order of Battle. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2003.U.S. Department of the Army. Office of Military History. Order of Battle of the United StatesArmy Ground Forces in World War II, Pacific Theater of Operations: Administrative andLogistical Commands, Armies, Corps, and Divisions. Washington: Department of the Army,1959.U.S. Naval War Records Office. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the Warof the Rebellion. Harrisburg, PA: National Historical Society, 1987. 30 v.U.S. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of theUnion and Confederate Armies. Washington: GPO, 1880-1901. 70 v.Author Contact InformationNese F. DeBruyneSenior Research, 7-8096Barbara Salazar TorreonSenior Research, 7-8996AcknowledgmentsCarly Miller, CRS intern, assisted in the update of this report.Congressional Research Service6

civilian personnel who served the United States during the Cold War era from September 2, 1945, to December 26, 1991. Finding Unit Histories The Modern Military Records office of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) has custody of records relating to World War I, World War II, Korea, and Vietnam. The

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