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Title:Grade(s):Subject(s):Author:Overview:Content Standards:Local/NationalStandards:Primary LearningObjectives:Rounding Numbers4Mathematics, Technology EducationICAC TeamAfter reviewing place value and rounding, students will createplace value tables and solve rounding problems usingMicrosoft Word. The table may serve as a useful tool forfuture work with place value and rounding.MA (4)5. Round whole numbers to the nearest ten,hundred, or thousand and decimals to the nearesttenth.TC (3-5) 1. Use input and output devices of technologysystems.TC (3-5) 2. Use various technology applications, includingword processing and multimedia software.TC (3-5) 9. Use technology tools to organize, interpret, anddisplay data.TC (3-5) 10. Use digital environments to collaborate andcommunicate.TC (3-5) 12. Create a product using digital tools.Using Microsoft Word, students will: create a table illustrating correct place value ofmillions through hundredths; use the table to identify correct place value of eachdigit in a given number; use the table as a tool to correctly apply rounding togiven numbers.Additional LearningObjectives:Approximate Durationof Lesson:60 minutesMaterials andEquipment:Pencil and paper for scratch work, Place Value Chart(attached)TechnologyResources Needed:Desktop or laptop computers, Microsoft Word, PrometheanBoard or projectorBackground/Preparation:Students should be familiar with the place values of onemillions through hundredths. Students should also have someexperience with rounding numbers to the nearest ten,hundred, and thousand and decimals to the nearest tenth.Lesson Plan format is adapted from the Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX). Lessons were developed by staff of the UAB NSF project1“Integrating Computing Across the Curriculum: Incorporating Technology into STEM Education Using XO Laptops.”

Step 2millionthshundred thousandthsten enshundredsone thousandsten thousandshundred thousandsIntroduce the lesson by briefly reviewing placevalues. Below is a chart for you to use as areference, or use the attached larger version. (Note:this lesson only requires values from the onemillions through the hundredths).one millionsProcedures/Activities: Step 1If necessary, divide students into groups so thateach group of 3-5 students has access to at leastone computer. Use a Promethean Board or projectorto guide students through the table-creating process:a. Open the Word program by clicking on this icon:b. Next, click the tab labeled “Insert:”c. Create a table by clicking on the “Table” icon:Lesson Plan format is adapted from the Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX). Lessons were developed by staff of the UAB NSF project“Integrating Computing Across the Curriculum: Incorporating Technology into STEM Education Using XO Laptops.”2

Then, highlight the number of cells desired, in thiscase 10x10. Or click on the “Insert Table” option andselect 10 columns and 10 rows. Your 10x10 tablewill appear on the screen, as shown below:d. The font size and type must be changed so thatthe titles fit properly in each cell. To do this, first clickon the "Home" tab:Next, click on font size and decrease font to size 8:Lesson Plan format is adapted from the Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX). Lessons were developed by staff of the UAB NSF project“Integrating Computing Across the Curriculum: Incorporating Technology into STEM Education Using XO Laptops.”3

e. Refer to the place value chart as you type in thenames of the place values shown below. (Tip: Usethe arrow keys to move from cell to cell).Step 3One MillionsHundred ThousandsTen ThousandsOne ing the list below, write each example on theboard.Place Value Examples1. 421.682. 73002.143. 1050015.774. 0.39Have students type each number in the appropriatecells below the place value names. When complete,the first rows of their tables should look like this(Observe around the room to ensure students’tables are correct):Lesson Plan format is adapted from the Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX). Lessons were developed by staff of the UAB NSF project“Integrating Computing Across the Curriculum: Incorporating Technology into STEM Education Using XO Laptops.”4

Step 4Introduce rounding by asking the class, "What doesit mean to “round” a number? “When might you wantto round numbers?” Discuss possible answers. You might want to round numbers when theexact value is not important and you only needan estimate that is easy to remember. Someexamples may include car mileage (change youroil after about 3000 miles) or how much moneyto bring for lunch (four dollars will cover it). Another reason for rounding is so that youranswer when adding up measurements does notexaggerate accuracy. For example, if John saysthat he lives about 5 miles from school, andTonya says that she lives 3.2 miles from school,what is the total distance that they both travel toget to school?Write these numbers on the board:4.6 miles, 4.8 miles, 5.2 miles, 5.4 miles andask students to round them to the nearestmile. (The answer will be 5 miles in eachcase.)Because John’s estimate is only accurate to thenearest mile, it would be more “honest” to roundTonya’s distance to the nearest mile (3 miles)before adding it to John’s 5 miles. The bestanswer to the total distance traveled is 8 milesbecause it does not indicate false accuracy.Rounding should only be done whenmeasurements are not precisely known to thesame degree of accuracy. If both measurementshad been accurate to the tenth place (5.1 milesand 3.2 miles) then rounding would not benecessary.Lesson Plan format is adapted from the Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX). Lessons were developed by staff of the UAB NSF project“Integrating Computing Across the Curriculum: Incorporating Technology into STEM Education Using XO Laptops.”5

Step 5Review the process for rounding numbers:1. Determine the rounding digit, then look at the digitthat is immediately to the right of the rounding digit: If the digit to the right is 0,1,2,3, or 4 do notchange the rounding digit. If the digit to the right is 5,6,7,8, or 9 increasethe rounding digit by one number. The digit to the right of the rounding digitalways becomes 0.2. Provide examples of rounding numbers: 1357; 5 is the rounding digit; 7 is to the rightof it, so the number will become 1360. 1351; 5 is the rounding digit, 1 is to the rightof it, so the number will become 1350.Tell students to go back to their Word tables so thatthey can add some more numbers to the bottomrows. Write the following bolded numbers on theboard and have students type each in theappropriate place on their table, as done before.1.2.3.4.5.Rounding Examples436.3 (Nearest one)1533 (Nearest hundred)893.27 (Nearest tenth)590632 (Nearest thousand)52.86 (Nearest 10)When the numbers have been typed in, guidestudents through rounding each of these numbersas indicated by the parentheses above. Studentsshould change the digits in their table to reflect thecorrectly rounded number, as shown below:Complete the lesson by asking individualgroups/students to read their answers.Students may save their table by clicking on the“Home” icon, then click on the "Save As" tab:Lesson Plan format is adapted from the Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX). Lessons were developed by staff of the UAB NSF project“Integrating Computing Across the Curriculum: Incorporating Technology into STEM Education Using XO Laptops.”6

(Tip: If you have students save the activity, it can beused as a tool for future work with place value androunding. See Extension for directions on addingcolumns and rows.)Attachments:AssessmentStrategies:Rubric, Place Value ChartExtension:Advanced students may choose to add columns to their tablefor extended place values (e.g., ten millions, thousandths).This can be done by clicking on the table, then selecting the“Layout” option in the “Table Tools” toolbar. Then, just select“Insert Right” or “Insert Left” as needed.See rubricRows may be added if students wish to include more numbersin their table. Simply click "Insert Above" or “Insert Below” todo so.Remediation:Students who need additional practice with rounding may usethe initial numbers (used for place value practice) to round torequested places (e.g., "Round 421.68 to the nearesthundred").Students may quiz each other by using the table to askquestions such as, "In the number 421.68, what place value isthe 6 in? Would you round the number 6 up or down?"Lesson Plan format is adapted from the Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX). Lessons were developed by staff of the UAB NSF project“Integrating Computing Across the Curriculum: Incorporating Technology into STEM Education Using XO Laptops.”7

Assessment for “Rounding Numbers Using a Table”ScoreCompletely4Mostly3Somewhat2Not at all1Participation:Worked cooperatively withthe group.Technology:Appropriately used wordprocessing software.Table:Created a 10x10 table withlabels; correctly typed indigits; named & savedtable.Math:Correctly rounded the fivegiven numbers asrequested.Lesson Plan format is adapted from the Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX). Lessons were developed by staff of the UAB NSF project“Integrating Computing Across the Curriculum: Incorporating Technology into STEM Education Using XO Laptops.”8

millionthshundred thousandthsten enshundredsone thousandsten thousandshundred thousandsone millionsPlace Value Chart.Lesson Plan format is adapted from the Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX). Lessons were developed by staff of the UAB NSF project“Integrating Computing Across the Curriculum: Incorporating Technology into STEM Education Using XO Laptops.”9

change the rounding digit. If the digit to the right is 5,6,7,8, or 9 increase the rounding digit by one number. The digit to the right of the rounding digit always becomes 0. 2. Provide examples of rounding numbers: 1357; 5 is the rounding digit; 7 is to the right of it, so the number will become 1360.

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