REFERENCE MANUALBERNINA CrossStitch
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Chapter 1 : Introduction to BERNINA Cross StitchCHAPTER 1INTRODUCTION TO BERNINA CROSSSTITCHCross stitching is a popular technique for filling largeareas with low stitch counts. It can also be used foroutlines and borders. It is suitable for homeware,tablecloths, children’s clothes and folk designs. Crossstitch is sometimes combined with appliqué.Unlike machine embroidery where designs are enhancedwith different stitch types, angles, and effects, in crossstitch you can only add dimension to the design withshades of colors. For this reason, most cross stitchdesigns use many more colors than machineembroidery.This section provides an overview of the various crossstitch types.Types of cross stitchCross stitch fillsCross stitches are created on a matrix of squares or‘pixels’. Any part of the square can be stitched, fromthe edges to the diagonals. The full range of crossstitches is listed below.Full CrossUpright CrossThree-Quarter CrossDouble CrossHalf CrossElongated VerticalCrossQuarter CrossElongated HorizontalCrossMini CrossSingle LineWhen using cross stitch as a fill you can select fromany of the cross stitch fill types.Full cross stitchFull cross stitches are made up of two equal-lengthstitches that cross at the center to form an X. Theoverall effect of the fill depends on which stitch in theX lies underneath or on top. You can also mix andmatch for special effects.Full cross stitchpatternFrench knotThree-quarter cross stitchA three-quarter stitch is most often created bystitching a quarter stitch followed by a half stitch. ABERNINA Cross Stitch : Reference Manual1
Chapter 1 : Introduction to BERNINA Cross Stitchdifferent effect is achieved by stitching the half stitchfirst and anchoring it with the quarter stitch.Quarter cross stitchQuarter stitches are used to stitch more intricatepatterns.Three-quartercross stitch patternQuarter cross stitchpatternNote The long arm of the three-quarter stitch can goeither / or \ directions.Frequently a quarter stitch and a three-quarter stitchof different colors share a single square. Mix andmatch their positions to give different effects.Mini cross stitchMini cross stitches are two equal-length stitches thatcross at the center to form an X but they only fillquarter of the square. Use mini cross stitch for detailssuch as eyes or for a denser look in parts of yourdesign.Mini cross stitchpatternMixtures of quarter and a three-quarter stitchesHalf cross stitchA half stitch is simply a diagonal stitch that looks like/ or like \. Half stitches are usually used for shadowsand background shading. The stitch can start fromany corner. Sometimes two half stitches of differentcolors are used to make one full cross stitch.Half cross stitchpatternUpright cross stitchUpright cross stitches are comprised of a vertical andhorizontal stitch.The stitches can be worked diagonally across thecanvas, or in a horizontal or vertical line.Upright cross stitch patternHalf cross can go in either direction depending on theeffect you want to achieve. For example, half crossused to represent feathers would slant in the directionof the feathers themselves.Double cross stitchDouble cross stitch is two full cross stitches stitchedat 90º on top of each other. A double cross stitchresembles a star. It is generally used in a scatteredBERNINA Cross Stitch : Reference Manual2
Chapter 1 : Introduction to BERNINA Cross Stitchfashion or worked into a row to form a decorativeborder.Double cross stitchpatternTypically the top thread of the bottom cross is thestitch which lies at 135º to the horizontal; and the topthread of the overlapping cross is the horizontalstitch.border. Try them with colorful metallic or variegatedthreads. French knots are better sewn in larger grids.Cross stitch bordersCross stitch can be used as an embroidery outline orborder. You can also combine cross stitching withother stitch types to achieve special effects.You can make outlines with Single Line or Full Crossstitches or a combination of both for a denser border.A Single Line outline is treated by the software as aborder while a Full Cross outline is treated as a fill.This is important if you need to delete a borderbecause a single line can be deleted as a single objectwhile a full cross stitch border cannot.Single line borderElongated cross stitchSingle Line stitches are only used to create borders orElongated cross stitch consists of two equal-lengthadd details. The single line can be placed on any sidestitches that cross to form an X. There are two types: of the square. Click on the side you want to place theline. You can place a single line border on one side or elongated horizontal cross stitchall four sides of the square. The single line border can elongated vertical cross stitch.be placed in a square which already has a cross stitchElongated horizontal cross stitches are only half thein it.height of normal cross stitch and elongated verticalcross stitches are only half the width of normal crossstitch.Elongated crossstitch patternSingle line borderFull cross borderFrench knotsFrench knots were originally a hand-stitch used tocreate a raised look for embellishment. They weretraditionally used in ‘whitework’ with very exclusivecotton and fine silk threads.French knots crossstitch patternFull crosses can also be used as a decorative outlinestitch. If you use full cross as a border it will be thesame cross stitch type as selected in the Fill stitchtype list. You can change this by changing the Fillstitch type.Full cross borderCross stitch variationsFrench knots can be used in combination with othercross-stitch types. Use them for eyes, door knobs,dots for flower pistils, or in place of beads used inhand-work designs – e.g. ornaments on a Christmastree or to dot letters such as ‘i’. Use them as an outlineThe orientation of fractional cross stitches can bevaried to create different patterning effects. You dothis directly pixel-by-pixel, or by setting a fill stitchorientation. You can also combine fractional crossstitches in a variety of ways. See also Types of crossstitch.BERNINA Cross Stitch : Reference Manual3
Chapter 1 : Introduction to BERNINA Cross StitchThree-quarter cross stitchesQuarter and three-quarter cross stitches can be usedto create rounded edges. See also Cross stitch fills.Half cross stitchesform an X. They fill either the left, right, top or bottomof the square.Elongated cross stitch patternsHalf cross stitches can be used to give objects an ‘airy’look. You can also use half cross stitches to make afull cross stitch with two colors. See also Combinationstitches.Combined tomake two-colorfull crossTwo halfcrossesCombination stitchesQuarter, half and three-quarter cross stitches can becombined to make crosses comprised of multiplecolors. You can also combine mini crosses,elongated vertical or horizontal crosses and outlinestitches.Quarter cross stitchesCombined 1/4, 1/2 and3/4 crossesQuarter and three-quarter cross stitch can be used tosmooth rounded edges. You can also use quartercross stitch to make a full cross stitch with up to fourcolors. See also Combination stitches.Combined elongatedvertical or horizontal crossesClick here to startin this cornerCombined fractionaland mini crossesCombined colored outlinesCombined outlinesand crossesFull cross stitch made up offour quarter cross stitchesMini cross stitchesUse mini cross stitch for details such as eyes or for adenser look in parts of your design.Four minicrossesCombined tomake four minifull crossElongated cross stitchesVertical and horizontal elongated cross stitches aremade up of two equal-length stitches that cross toBERNINA Cross Stitch : Reference Manual4
Chapter 2 : Cross Stitch EssentialsCHAPTER 2CROSS STITCH ESSENTIALSIn BERNINA Cross Stitch you canadd cross stitches either to anentire design or selected areas.Or you can place themindividually. There are two stitchtypes, outline and fill. Anoutline stitch can be a single run,or a line of cross stitches. A fillcan be any of the cross stitch types. You can pre-set stitch type, length and thenumber of times each stitch is sewn.This section describes the use of the cross stitch design window, techniques formanual cross stitch digitizing, and cross stitch design file handling.Launching BERNINA Cross StitchUse Applications Cross Stitch to launch BERNINACross Stitch from within BERNINA EmbroiderySoftware.Cross stitch design involves a different digitizingtechnique to ordinary embroidery design. For thisreason, BERNINA Cross Stitch has its own designwindow which you open from within BERNINAEmbroidery Software.To launch BERNINA Cross Stitch Run BERNINA Embroidery Software. Go to the Applications toolbox and select CrossStitch.Launch BERNINACross StitchBERNINA Cross Stitch : Reference Manual5
Chapter 2 : Cross Stitch EssentialsBERNINA Cross Stitch opens in its own designwindow.Title barMenu barGeneral toolbarMode tabsPicture/Design toolbar(changes with selectedmode)Design WindowStitch & Color barStatus linePicture and Design modesClick the Picture tab to load a picture to beused as a template.Click the Design tab to edit and addstitches.BERNINA Cross Stitch uses two window modes,Picture mode and Design mode. Use Picture modeto open or scan a picture to use as a template forstitching. Edit your picture in Picture mode, thenselect Design mode to edit your stitches or godirectly to Design mode to add stitches without usinga template.To see your design in Artistic mode, openthe design in BERNINA Embroidery Software. SeeUsing cross stitch with BERNINA EmbroiderySoftware for details.To change grid settings1 Right-click the Grid icon.The Options Grid tab opens.Select Show GridSelect ShowMajor LinesEnter crossesto fit in gridEdit line colors2 Select the Show Grid checkbox to show grid lines.3 Select Show Major Lines to show major gridChanging grid settingsClick Grid (General toolbar) to show or hide the grid.Right-click to open the Grid dialog.lines.4 Enter the number of crosses to fit between themajor grid lines.Use the Options Grid dialog to change gridsettings: Show or hide the grid Show major lines (when grid is on) Set the grid spacing Change the color of major and minor lines.BERNINA Cross Stitch : Reference Manual6
Chapter 2 : Cross Stitch Essentials5 Click Edit to change the color of the major andminor lines.Changing background colors and fabricsIn BERNINA Cross Stitch you can change thebackground color of the design window to match thecolor of your fabric. Or you can select a backgroundfabric for more realistic previews and presentations.Select line colorTo change the background color or fabric1 Select Settings Options.2 Select the Background tab.Edit color6 Select from the available colors or define yourSelect fabricpatternown.Click Define Custom Colors to mix your owncolors from the color wheel.7 Click OK.Changing hoop settingsSelect backgroundcolor or fabricCenter or tile fabricpattern in design window3 Select the design window background type. Color: uses the selected color.Click Hoop (General toolbar) to show or hidethe hoop. Right-click to open the Hoop dialog.You can show or hide the hoop, change the hoop sizeand center the design in the hoop. Fabric: uses an image of a fabric.4 Select a color or fabric to use. To select a background color, click Edit. Selecta color from the Color dialog and click OK.To change hoop settings1 Right-click the Hoop icon.The Options Hoop tab opens.Select backgroundcolorSelect DisplayHoopSelect hooptype To select a fabric, click Browse. Select a fabrictype from the Open dialog and click OK.2 Select the Display Hoop checkbox.3 Select a hoop type from the list.Note Automatic Centering is always on. Tomake a group of stitches sit on one side of thedesign, digitize some temporary stitches on theother side.4 Click OK.Select background fabricYou can center or tile the fabric bitmap in thedesign window. If the bitmap is large enough toBERNINA Cross Stitch : Reference Manual7
Chapter 2 : Cross Stitch Essentialsfill the entire window, select Center.Otherwise, select Tile.5 Click OK.Viewing design informationThe Status Bar provides design information such asindividual stitch information, approximate stitchcount and thread usage as well as the zoom factor ofthe design.Pointer coordinatesStitch count Zoom factorSetting design size and densityViewing stitches as crosses or tilesClick Crosses (General toolbar) to show stitches ascolored tiles or cross stitches.There are two display modes for BERNINA CrossStitch – crosses or colored tiles. When you change totile mode, you see the same result as when youimport a bitmap into the design window.To view stitches as crosses or tilesIn BERNINA Cross Stitch, design size is controlled bythe ‘fabric count’. The more stitches per inch, forexample, the smaller and more compact the resultingdesign. You can also adjust the density of individualcross stitches by stitching them once, twice or threetimes.Setting the design sizeYou set cross stitch design size by adjusting the ‘fabriccount’. This actually changes the scale of your finisheddesign. The more stitches per inch, for example, thesmaller and more compact the resulting design.1 Select Design mode.2 Click the Crosses icon.Any digitized areas are shown as crosses (or linesfor line borders).3 Click again to show stitches as colored squares.Caution A common problem with cross stitch designsis that they ‘pull’, especially with smaller, closelypacked stitches. Cross stitch designs tend to pull in auniform way with gaps usually forming in straightlines. Sometimes holes appear giving the impressionof missing stitches. See also Setting the stitchdensity.To set the design size1 Select Settings Fabric Count.The Fabric Count dialog opens.Stitches shown as crossesCross stitches shown ascolored squaresEnter stitchesper inchEnter stitchesper mm2 Select a fabric count option, inches or millimeters: Number of stitches per inch: The fewerstitches per inch, the bigger the resultingdesign.Stitches shown as crossesFractional stitches shown ascolored squares Number of millimeters per number ofstitches: Because a cross stitch is bigger thana millimeter, you can adjust the mm and stitchBERNINA Cross Stitch : Reference Manual8
Chapter 2 : Cross Stitch Essentialssettings in relation to each other. The higherthe mm value, or smaller the stitch value, thebigger the design.The value 2 corresponds to a single stitch, 4 isdouble, while 6 is triple. This is represented onscreen by line thickness.Tip By clicking Update, you get an immediateconversion of any values you have entered. Forexample, change the stitches per inch value,click Update, and the corresponding stitches permm value will be updated.3 Click OK.15 stitches per inch10 stitches per inchThread count 2Thread count 6Tip When you move your mouse over the stitch,a tool tip will tell you the type and color of stitchused.Selecting cross stitch types15 stitches per 25.4 mm10 stitches per 25.4 mmSetting the stitch densityUse Threads list (Stitch and Color bar) toset the stitch density.BERNINA Cross Stitch provides the full range of crossstitch types which you can use to create outlines andfills of any color. You can also control the orientationof fractional cross stitches to create differentpatterning effects.Selecting outline stitchesYou can adjust the density of any cross stitch bystitching it once, twice or three times. The number of‘crossovers’ correspond to the values 2, 4 and 6 in theThreads list. You can change these values at anytime.Use Outline (Stitch and Color bar) for outline stitches.If you make a design smaller to fit in
Types of cross stitch Cross stitches are created on a matrix of squares or ‘pixels’. Any part of the square can be stitched, from the edges to the diagonals. The full range of cross stitches is listed below. Cross stitch fills When using cross stitch as a fill you can select from any of the cross stitch fill types. Full cross stitch
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BERNINA Ruler Foot #96 (Q Series) BERNINA Adjustable Ruler Foot #72 (BERNINA Domestic Machines) BERNINA Ruler Starter Kit for the Frame and Sit-down The following steps will walk you through quilting the BENINA Ruler Panel, designed by Amanda Murphy of Amanda Murphy Design, and are designed to work on both frame and sit-down models.