IN THE MATTER OF*BEFORE THEHYNOUN CROWLEY*MARYLAND STATE BOARD OFRESPONDENT*CHIROPRACTIC EXAMINERS************FINDINGS OF FACT, CONCLUSIONS OF LAW AND ORDERPursua nt to Md. Code Ann., Health Occ. ("H.O.") § 3-315(a), and Maryland CodeofReg ulatio ns (COM AR) 10.43.02.07, The Maryland State Board ofChiropracticExaminers (the "Board ") hereby renders the following final decisionand order:BACKGROUNDOn July 12, 2001, the Board voted to summarily suspend the massageTherapyCertificate ofHyn oun Crowley, Respondent, after having received information from theMontg omery County Police Department that she had been arrested andcharged withcriminal violations to which she was found not guilty. Ms. Crowleywas served with anOrder For Summ ary Suspension and was notified of her right to appearbefore the Boardto Show Cause why the Board should not continue the summary suspension. Ms.Crowley failed to appear at the Show Cause hearing scheduled for August 30, 2001. TheBoard voted to continue the summary suspension and Ms. Crowley requested a hearingon the merits, which was scheduled for February 14, 2002.On or about October 10, 2001 the Board charged Ms. Crowley withviolations ofcertain provisions of the Massage Therapy Practice Act, (the "Act"),H.O. § 3-SA-0 1, etseq. Specifically, Ms. Crowley was charged with violations of the following provisionsof§ 3-SA-09 of the Act:
(a) Subject to the hearing provisions of H.O. § 3-315 of this title, the Board maydeny a certificate or registration to any applicant, reprimand and certificate holder orregistration holder, place any certificate holder or registration holder on probation , orsuspend or revoke the certificate holder or the registration holder if the applicant ,certificate holder, or registration holder:(2) Fraudulently or deceptively uses a certificate or registration;(8) Does an act that is inconsistent with generally accepted professionalstandards in the practice of massage therapy;Subsequently, the Board learned that Ms. Crowley falsified her application forcertification. She had not graduated from the Virginia Learning Institute as claimed. Onor about October 29, 2001, the charges were amended to include:·H.O. §3-SA-09:(1) Fraudulently or deceptively obtains or attempts to obtain a certificateor registration for the applicant or for another;(21) Knowingly does an act that has been determined by the board to be aviolation of the Board's regulations;H.O. §3-5A-05:(b) To qualify for a certificate, an applicant shall be an individual who:( 1) Is of good moral character;COMAR 10.43. 17.04 Application for CertificationA. An applicant shall:(4) Provide evidence that the applicant is:2
(a) Of good moral character;A hearing was held on the merits on February 14, 2002. Present were thefollowing Board members, which constituted a quorum: Dr. Jack Murray, Jr., Presidentof the Board, who presided at the hearing; Dr. MarcGamerrnan; Ivy Harris; Dr. BrianAshton; Dr. Paul Conway. Also present were Robert Gill, Assistant AttorneyGeneral/Administrative Prosecutor; Richard Bloom,Board Counsel; William Littleton,Respondent's Counsel; Respondent, Hynoun Crowley; James J. Vallone, BoardExecutive Director and Gwendolyn Wheatley, Board Deputy Director.EXHIBITSThe following exhibits were introduced at the hearing:STATE'S EXHIBITSNo.12A282C34A484CSA586A686C7SA88Computer PrintoutLetter to Ms. CrowleyOrder For Summary SuspensionReturn ReceiptOrder For Continuation of Summary SuspensionLetter to Ms. CrowleyChargesSummons & Notice Of HearingLetter to Ms. CrowleyAmended ChargesInvestigative ReportNote Form Detective SheridanPolice Incident ReportApplicationFax cover pageDocuments From Virginia Learning InstituteRESPONDENT'S EXHIBITCriminal Disposition3
SYNOPSIS OF CASEMr. Littleton generally objected to the hearsay nature of various aspects of thetestimony of the State's witnesses, to the admissibility of various documents, and toBoard Counsel advising Dr. Murray as the hearing proceeded. In addition, he argues that,Ms. Crowley's massage therapy certificate should not be revoked because she was foundnot guilty in the crimial proceeding.Ms. Gill called detective John Sheridan of the Montgome ry County PoliceDepartmen t's Vice and Intelligence section of the Special Investigations division.Detective Sheridan testified that on May 1ih 2001, after having conducted surveillance atClassic Therapy, he and other officers entered the establishment and executed a searchwarrant. After forcing open a locked door, he observed a naked male holding a pair ofjeans in front of him and a naked Ms. Crowley run behind a screen in the room. (T. 2412-23). After allowing Ms. Crowley to dress, interviews were conducted. The male toldthe Detective that he was there for a hand release for which he paid fifty dollars( 50.00). 1 (T. 26 5-9). Ms. Crowley was arrested and charged with occupying abawdyhouse for which she was found not guilty.During cross-examination it became evident that Detective Sheridan's notesdiffered from the police report, which was written by one of the other officers, regardingwhether or not Ms. Crowley was naked when the Detective entered the room or whethershe was wearing a sheer gown. The police report indicates she was naked and theDetective's notes indicate she was wearing a sheer gown. Detective Sheridan insists shewas naked when he entered the room. In her own testimony Ms. Crowley denies having1A hand release is the manual stimulation of the penis.4
been naked. (T. 119-6-11 ). Oncross-examination she statedtwo piece short blue dress andno shoes. (T. 150 2-14)that she had been \vearing aThe Board's Investigator, PaulMurphy, testified that after having received thepolice report, he investigated further and learned that Ms. Crowley was not a graduate ofthe Virginia Learning Institute("VLI") as indicated on her application for massagetherapy certification. (E. 7). Upon further investigation he found that the transcriptsubmitted by Ms. Crowley, purportedly from VLI, was fraudulent. (T. 59-60).The Board heard telephonic testimony from Susan Bowen, Director of theMassage Therapy Program at VLI who confirmed that Ms. Crowley had not beenenrolled at the school. She described an incident involving abreak in at the school inwhich the computer hard drive,containing, among other things, transcripts andcertificates had been stolen. (T.86 4-12).Ms. Crowley insists that she was a studentpayments totaling four thousandeightat VLI. She made weekly cashhundred dollars ( 4800.00) toher teacher Jeff Leefor which she has no receipts. 2He took her application from herand was her onlyteacher. According to Ms. Bowen, VLI's former Director, Katherine Cheri, signed upnew students, collected moneyfrom all students for which receipts were provided, andwas responsible for bookkeeping.(T. 90-93). The investigation of the theft of the harddrive centers around the schools teachers. (T. 94 19-21 ).Ms. Crowley denies having provided her male customer a hand release andshedenies knowing that the VLI transcript was fraudulent. (T. 119-120). She was only ableto stay at the VLI graduation ceremony a short period of time asshe had an immigrationproblem to deal with. Jeff Leegave her a graduation certificate subsequent to VLI' s5
graduation ceremony. (T. 128-129). In the course of cross-examination by Boardmembers, Ms. Crowley displayed little knowledge of the practice of massage therapy.(T.l 441 8-25 ; 1451-5; 1484-21).Tuan La, Ms. Crowley's witness, himself a student at VLI at the time Ms.Crowley is alleged to have been enrolled there,testified that he is not aware of any one,including himself, making tuition payments toJeff Lee. He stated that Payments weremade to a person by the name ofKathy. 3 (T. 1684-25).FINDINGS OFF ACTThe Board makes the following Findings of Fact:I. That Hynoun Crowley is a certified as a massage therapist in Maryland.2. That on May 17, 2001, Ms. Crowley was arrested at an establishment calledClassic Therapy when she was found nude in aroom with a customer.3. That Ms. Crowley is not a graduate of VirginiaLearning Instituteand adocument purporting to be her transcript is fraudulent.4. That a computer hard drive containing studenttranscripts was stolen fromVirginia Learning Institute.OPINIONMs. Crowley's acquittal in the criminal matter isnot dispositive in theadministrative proceeding. This is essentially sobecause of the differing elements andstandards of proof. One Lot Emerald Cut Stonesand One Ring v. United States, 409 U.S.232 (1972).23Jeff Lee is also known as Jeff Siebold.Presumably Mr. La is referring to Katherine Cheri6
Md. Cod e Ann . State Gov 't. § 10-208(c) providesfor the admission of hearsayevidence in administrative hearings. The Court in Cade v. Charles H. Hickey School, 80Md. app. 721 ( 1989) noted that in an administrative hearing hear say evidence that iscredible and probative is admissible. The Board views the testimony offered by theState 's witnesses as having met this standard. Further, pursuant to the Boa rd'sRegulations, it is appropriate for Board Counselto advise the Board during the course of. 4a heanng.Although Ms. Crowley may have paid four thousand eight hundred dollars( 4800.00) to Jeff Lee, the Board believes thatshe is not a graduate of VLI and thatdocumentation to the contrary is fraudulent. Herbehavior, while in the emp loy of ClassicTherapy, confirms her lack of good moral character.CONCLUSIONS OF LAWBased on the foregoing Findings of Fact and Opinion, the Board concludes, as amatter of law, that Ms. Crowley violated H.O. §3-5A-09(a)(l) fraudulently ordeceptively obtains or attempts to obtain a certificate or registration for the applicant orfor another; (2) fraudulently or deceptively usesa certificate or registration; (8) does anact that is inconsistent with generally acceptedprofessional standards in the practice ofmassage therapy; (21) knowingly does an act thathas been determined by the Board to bea violation of the Boar d's regulations. The Board further concludes, as a matter of law,that Ms. Crowley violated H.O. § 3-5A-05(b)(1)to qualify for a certificate, an applicantshall be an individual who is of good moral character. The Board also concludes, as amatter of law that Ms. Crowley violated Code ofMaryland Regulations (CO MAR)4CO MAR l 0.43.02.058(2) "The presiding officer mayalso request a representative of the Office of theAttorney General to act as legal advisor to the Boardas to questions of evidence and law."7
10.43.17.04A(4)(a) an applicant shall provide evidence that the applicant is of goodmoral character.ORDERBased on the foregoing Findings of Fact, Opinionand Conclusions of Law, it is,thisz,c:f day ofJul y, 2002, by the Maryland State Board of ChiropracticExaminers herebyORDERED that, pursuant to the authority vested inthe Board of ChiropracticExaminers by Md. Code Ann., Health Occ. Article,§3-SA-09, Ms. Crowley's ability topractice massage therapy in Maryland is hereby REVOKED; and be it furtherORDERED that Ms. Crowley immediately return tothe Board both the walland wallet size certificate numbered MO 1252; andbe it furtherORDERED that this document is a public record, pursuant to Md. Code Ann.,State Gov't Article,§ 10-617(h).JUL 0 2 2002 f}uf,c.DateJCkMUITay' D.C:Board PresidentNOTICE OF RIGHT OF APPEALIn accordance with Md. Code Ann., Health Occ. Article, § 3-316, you have aright to take a direct judicial appeal. A petition forappeal shall be filed within thirty daysofyo ur receipt of this Findings of Fact, Conclusionsof Law and Order and shall be madeas provided for judicial review of a final decisionin the Maryland AdministrativeProcedure Act, Md. Code Ann., State Gov't Article,§§ 10-201 et seq., and Title 7Chapter 200 of the Maryland Rules.8
Crowley failed to appear at the Show Cause hearing scheduled for August 30, 2001. The Board voted to continue the summary suspension and Ms. Crowley requested a hearing on the merits, which was scheduled for February 14, 2002. On or about October 10, 2001 the Board charged Ms. Crowley with violations of
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Le genou de Lucy. Odile Jacob. 1999. Coppens Y. Pré-textes. L’homme préhistorique en morceaux. Eds Odile Jacob. 2011. Costentin J., Delaveau P. Café, thé, chocolat, les bons effets sur le cerveau et pour le corps. Editions Odile Jacob. 2010. 3 Crawford M., Marsh D. The driving force : food in human evolution and the future.