A 16 Th Suggestions For Educational Curriculum Improvement .

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Journal of Education and PracticeISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online)Vol.6, No.18, 2015www.iiste.orgA 16th Suggestions for Educational Curriculum Improvement inJordan, from the experts point of viewOmar.Mahasneh*AL-Shobak College, AL-Balqa Applied University, PO box (71911) Shobak (5) Maan, JordanAbstractThe present research was conducted to identify the most important suggestions for educational curriculumimprovement in Jordan, from the experts point of view. Descriptive survey through data and informationcollection tool (questionnaire) was used as an approach, The study sample consisted of (620) educationalexperts in the field of Curriculum and Instruction. SPSS was used to analyze replication and percent data. Theresults showed that 16th suggestions to improvement the curriculum in Jordan and most notably, theinvolvement of specialists in a democratic from the binging and authoring of the curriculum by (99%), thecontinuous renewal of human resources on the building and the formation of the curriculum by (98%), thederivation of teaching and special outcomes for textbooks from educational outcomes involved in the Ministry ofEducation law by (97%), follow the participatory and decentralized administration approach in curriculummanagement strategies by (96%), and the authorship of textbooks based on the educational outcomes involved inthe Ministry of Education Law by (95%). The finally, its recommended to consider 16th suggestions of thisstudy when authoring new curriculum in Jordan.Keywords: Educational Curriculum Improvement, Experts, School.IntroductionThe curriculum is one of the main elements in education in order to achieve its goals(Mari&Alhielah,2010;Younis & Camel,2009;Alwakel,2005). Education is the basis of the progress or regress ofsocieties, and there is a remarkable development in the concept of educational curricula due to the educationaltheories (Omar,2010; Farah, 2007; Kitami,2004). the concept of the curriculum has developed to include allexperiences and activities that the learner exposed to inside and outside the school rather than courses only(Mahasneh,2011; Afaneh&Aldzndar,2007; Olimat & Saleh,2004). The curriculum has many elements liketeachers, students, textbooks, Educational Environment, friends, markets, clubs, educational methods andstrategies and evaluation methods and strategies (Otoum, 2008; Obidat, 2005). Any country has its owneducational philosophy from where it derives its curriculum, in Jordan educational philosophy is derived fromcommunity philosophy which in other hand derived from Koran, Sunnah, Jordanian constitution, scientific,technological developments, the principles of the great Arab revolt and the customs and traditions of thecommunity (AlShafei, 2010; Rubai, 2007; Aeal & Menoufi, 2002). Education system in Jordan is divided intothree stages: kinder garden stage (4-5 years), the basic stage (6-16 years) and the secondary stage (17-18 years).Each stage has its own goals which must be achieved by curriculum authorized by ministry of education(Mahasneh,2013; Mahasneh, 2011; Alsobha&banjar,2010; Olimat & Saleh, 2004; Ani & Jumaili, 2000).TheoryEducational system in Jordan has its own general educational outcomes, learning outcomes and a specificoutcomes in each learning level which supposed to be represented in the curriculum(Rubaie,2006;Zautoun,2004;Zautoun,2003), that should be derived from the community educational philosophy.There are many educational goals for the secondary stage of educational system that ministry of educational lawset like (Khawaldeh 2009; Khawaldeh,2004; Darwaza,2000): Using the Arabic language to enhance the ability tocommunicate and develop scientific and literary culture, taking into account the elements of true linguisticconstructs of language, adapts with its own homeland and natural population with its, social and culturaldimensions and works on a good investment and maintenance, and improve its capabilities and develop acultural Mata derived from the civilization of the nation in the past, present and aware of the need for opennessconscious on global civilization, interacts with its own cultural environment of his society and works to develop,accommodate the principles of the Islamic faith and its values and assitnulate in his behavior and respectreligions values and beliefs, to be proficient in one foreign language at least, to accommodate the mathematicalconcepts and logical relations and using it to solve problems, explore the sources of information and know howto collect, store, processes and Utilize these information accommodate renewable science and applications andbe able to test the validity of the experimental approach and its role in making human progress (Ministry ofEducation, 2012; Mahasneh,2012; Caliph,2009; Khatib,2009; Alhailah,2009). Many studies showed that theJordanian curriculum doesn’t achieve its objectives as its supposed to be The Ministry of Education in Jordanstudy (2015) on the student proficiently in reading and writing Arabic and English showed that (100) thousandstudents equivalent to (22%) in school cannot read English or Arabic characters, Mahasneh study (2014) aimedto predict the degree of achievement of the Jordanian curriculum of the most important objectives contained in32

Journal of Education and PracticeISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online)Vol.6, No.18, 2015www.iiste.orgthe Ministry of Education. The study sample consisted of who have completed high school and accepted in theAL-Balqa Applied University branches in the Kingdome and who take the level evaluation exam in English andArabic language and computer skills for the academic year 2013-2014 students, the sample consist of (3201)students. Where he was relying on the averages of the results of the exams for students, and results showed thatthe Jordanian curriculum achieved the objective (using Arabic language in enhancing its ability to communicateand develop scientific and literary culture, taking into account the elements of true linguistic constructs oflanguage) too weak with a percentage of (49%), and achieved the Jordanian curriculum objective (consciousknowledge of technology and its skills develop it to serve the community) made too weak with a percentage of(47%), and achieved the Jordanian curriculum objective (fluent in a foreign language at least one) too weak witha percentage of (46%). The study recommended that the Jordanian curriculum must be develop to take aparticipatory management style by adopting the standards-based curriculum and emerging curriculum model.The results of the study (Mahasneh, 2012), which aimed to make a comparison between the two models for theconstruction of educational curricula: emerging and a place based curriculum like the American curriculum andcurriculum based on the outcomes of the curriculum as a model of Jordan. The study used the analytical methodbased on the data collection (analysis of documents and interview a group of experts). The results showed thatthe educational system in Jordan is based on the curriculum and outcomes that are constructed according to thepattern of the central administration and take the principles and ideas of behavioral philosophy in account. Inaddition, the educational authority has the main role in the construction of the curriculum for all students and allschool environments, regardless of the students desires and the availability of the capabilities required toimplement of the curriculum. One of the most important recommendations is to rebuild the curriculum in theHashemite Kingdom of Jordan, based on the ideas and principles of the emerging curriculum and placecurriculum based because of its usefulness to students and community especially in the current technologicalrevolutions.Study problem and questionsMinistry of Education in any country usually achieves its goals by curriculum (Hamdan ,2009; Alhesary&Anzi, 2004), and as a result of the experience of the researcher in the field of academic teaching he observesthat his students cannot use Arabic and English languages in their communication perfectly and this what wasshowed in Mahasnah study (2014), which pointed to the weakness of the curriculum in achieving its objectives,in addition to the results of a study of the Ministry of Education in Jordan in (2015), which showed that (100)thousand students (equivalent to 22% of the total number of students) in school cannot read Arabic or Englishletters. Researcher has tried to come up with suggestions for curriculum improvement in Jordan, so this studytried to answer the following question: What are your suggestions for curriculum Improvement in Jordan?MethodologyThis study used a descriptive analytical method to achieve their goals, where the researcher usedquestionnaire tool as a primary source of data, with a review of literature theory and previous studies for theconstruction of the tool. the validity and reliability of the tool was approved from a number of arbitrators withPHD and application of (re-application coefficient) after a period with stability coefficient reached (0.90).population and sampleThe study population was about (1500) educational specialist in the field of Curriculum and Instruction, wherethe available sample consisted of (620) educational specialist.33

Journal of Education and PracticeISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online)Vol.6, No.18, opulationsampleData AnalysisTo answer questions the frequencies and percentages were found, the researcher has adopted the centerpremise in the acceptance of curriculum suggestions, as if the percentage of the Suggestion is 80% or higher,accept the Suggestion, and if the percentage of the Suggestion is 79% or less reject the Suggestion.Resultsstudy results:The first question: What are your suggestions for curriculum Improvement in Jordan? To answer this questionquestionnaire were distributed to study sample consisting of 620 experts. Table (1) shows the suggestions and itsfrequencies and percentages.34

Journal of Education and PracticeISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online)Vol.6, No.18, ste.orgTable (1) Experts suggestions for curriculum Improvement in Jordan, frequencies and percentagessuggestionsfrequenciesInvolvement of specialists in authoring of the curriculum in a democratic way from617the bigining.continuous renewal of human resources on the building and the formation of the610curriculum.derivation of teaching and special outcomes for textbooks from educational602outcomes involved in the Ministry of Education law.follow the participatory and decentralized administration approach in curriculum599management strategies.Authorship of textbooks based on the educational outcomes involved in the Ministry591of Education LawChoosing the educational content and preparing it in a simple method to achieve the585educational outcomes.Authoring the educational content by the outcome achieving activity using style580that Develop intelligence for the student.Send an educational outcomes for textbooks to universities, to achieve harmony578between the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Higher Education.selection of trained teachers by modern scientific methods and according to its572competence.Availability of suitable educational buildings and preparing it with all required569instruments and tools.Selection of high efficient school educational management.566Availability of educational equipment and instruments according to the educational563content in each school.Preparing of efficient teaching methods considering the student desires and560intelligence enhancing.Concentration on the professional education for each student an all educational545stages.Concentration on the vocational desires development for each student and enhance540this intelligence.Follow the curriculum based to place and emerging curricula as a model for520authoring courseware.Table (1) shows that the suggestions accepted, according to central premise developed by the researcher, were(16) Suggestion with a percentage of (99% -83%), as the Suggestion Involvement of specialists in authoring ofthe curriculum in a democratic way from the beginning (99%), followed by a Suggestion continuous renewal ofhuman researches on the building and the formation of the curriculum by (98%), and finally got the SuggestionFollow the curriculum based to place and emerging curricula as a model for authoring courseware, on the lowestpercentage (83%).DiscussionThe results of the study showed (16) Suggestions for curriculum improvement in Jordan, Figures (1), (2), (3)show these Suggestions followed by %91%91%91%90%88%87%83%

Journal of Education and PracticeISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online)Vol.6, No.18, 2015www.iiste.orgSUGGESTIONS 1-61.Involvement of specialists in a democratic from thebigning and authoring of the curriculum.2.continuous renewal of human resaerces on thebuilding and the formation of the curriculum.3.derivation of teaching and special outcomes fortextbooks from educational outcomes involved in the 4.follow the participatory and decentralizedadministration approach in curriculum management 5.Authorship of textbooks based on the educationaloutcomes involved in the Ministry of Education Law6.Choosing the educational content and prepareing it ina simple method to achieve the educational outcomes.91% 92% 93% 94% 95% 96% 97% 98% 99% 100%Figure (1) show these Suggestions (1-6) followed by discussionFigure (1) shows the Suggestions which take the order of (1-6), where the Suggestion Involvement of specialistsin a democratic from the binging and authoring of the curriculum by (99%), and the researcher believes thatthere are non-specialists are involved in authoring curriculum, and this is one of the most important reasons forthe weakness of the curriculum to achieve its objectives and this has been confirmed by a study (Ministry ofEducation,2015;Mahasneh, 2012; Jean,2007). The Suggestion continuous renewal of human resources on thebuilding and the formation of the curriculum reach (98%), and the researcher believes that the Ministry ofEducation relies on certain people in curriculum for more than 15 years and this is unacceptable educationallybecause the person who carries an idea will keep on it and they are not possible to accept the change, and this isone of the reasons for the weakness of the curriculum to achieve their targets so experts suggested the need tochange people who authoring curriculum continuously and to allow people who have ideas and theories ofeducation and they have a desire to work in the field of authoring curriculum to present their ideas. This has beenconfirmed by a study (Mahasneh,2013). In the third degree the Suggestion to derivation of teaching and specialoutcomes for textbooks from educational outcomes involved in the Ministry of Education law (97%), and thisshows that the educational curricula are not in line with the educational outcomes contained in The Ministry ofEducation, and this has been confirmed by a study (Mahasneh,2014), and the researcher believes that thecurriculum should be derived from educational outcomes contained in the Ministry of Education, otherwisecurricula will not achieve the intended purpose, causing weakness to achieve their goals, and this was confirmedby the researchers (Alhailah ,2009; Rubaie,2009; Jean,2007; Alhesary&Joseph 2004). The Suggestion follow theparticipatory and decentralized administration approach in curriculum management strategies received (96%),and the Suggestion Authorship of textbooks based on the educational outcomes involved in the Ministry ofEducation Law by (95%), and Choosing the educational content and preparing it in a simple method to achievethe educational outcomes by (94%). Where the researcher believes that the prevailing style of management in theMinistry of Education in Jordan is the central management pattern as this pattern is used since the beginning ofthe development of education in Jordan in (1950), and this indicates a lack of development in the field of patternin building and developing educational curricula, and this They were confirmed by researchers (Otoum,2008;Khawaldeh, 2004).Figure (2) shows the Suggestions which take the order of (7-11), where the Suggestion Authoring theeducational content by the outcome achieving activity using style that Develop intelligence for the studentreceived (93%), Send an educational outcomes for textbooks to universities, to achieve harmony between theMinistry of Education and Ministry of Higher Education received (92%). Selection of teachers in a scientificway is correct, selection of trained teachers by modern scientific methods and according to its competence(92%), Availability of suitable educational buildings and preparing it with all required instruments and toolsreceived (91%), Selection of high efficient school educational management received (91%). The researcherbelieves that the lack of involvement of specialists in the field of authoring curricula and limiting this task to a36

Journal of Education and PracticeISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online)Vol.6, No.18, 2015www.iiste.orgcertain group of people, and the formation of the curriculum away from the educational outcomes contained inthe law, and curriculum content are complex and not taken into account the mental, physical and emotionalgrowth of student lead to weakness in the curriculum and this They were confirmed by researchers(Mahasneh,2013, Faraj,2007).Figure (2) show these Suggestions (7-11) followed by discussion37

Journal of Education and PracticeISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online)Vol.6, No.18, 2015www.iiste.orgSuggestions 12-1612.Availability of educational equipment andinstruments according to the educational content ineach school.13.Preparing of efficient teaching methods consideringthe student desires and intellegance enhancing.14.Concentration on the professional education for eachstudent an all educational stages.15.Concentration on the vocational desires developmentfor each student and enhance this intelegence.16.Follow the curriculum based to place and emergingcurricula as a model for authoring courseware.78%80%82%84%86%88%90%92%Figure (3) show these Suggestions (12-16) followed by discussionFigure (3) shows the Suggestions which take the order of (12-16), where the Suggestion, Availability ofeducational equipment and instruments according to the educational content in each school received (91%),Preparing of efficient teaching methods considering the student desires and intelligence enhancing received(90%), Concentration on the professional education for each student an all educational stages received (88%),Concentration on the vocational desires development for each student and enhance this intelligence received(87%), and finally a Suggestion to Follow the curriculum based to place and emerging curricula as a model forauthoring courseware received (83%). The researcher believes that the lack of equipment and materials inschools lead to weakness in the achievement of the curriculum objectives, with the need to choose teachers tostrategies and methods of teaching take into account the tendencies and interests of students and this wasconfirmed by the researchers (Shafei,2010; Alsbahi & Beet,2010;Al-Ahmad &Yousef,2005; Jean,2007).Conclusions- The research found A 16th of suggestions to improve the curriculum, Included (Teacher, Student, LearningEnvironment, Strategies and Teaching Methods and Evaluation, Textbooks).- Search results confirmed the participation of specialists in the authoring curriculum- Research has shown that he must determine curriculum model that fits with the latest modern educationaltheories before you start authoring a curriculum.RecommendationsThe researcher recommends educational administration in Jordan to:- T

curriculum based on the outcomes of the curriculum as a model of Jordan. The study used the analytical method based on the data collection (analysis of documents and interview a group of experts). The results showed that the educational system in Jordan is based on the curriculum and outcomes that are constructed according to the

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