BTEC HIGHER NATIONALS - Pearson Qualifications

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BTECHIGHER NATIONALSEngineeringSpecificationFirst Teaching from September 2018First Certification from 2019Higher NationalCertificate Lvl 4Higher NationalDiploma Lvl 5

Edexcel, BTEC and LCCI qualificationsEdexcel, BTEC and LCCI qualifications are awarded by Pearson, the UK’s largest awarding bodyoffering academic and vocational qualifications that are globally recognised and benchmarked.For further information, please visit our qualifications website at qualifications.pearson.com.Alternatively, you can get in touch with us using the details on our contact us page atqualifications.pearson.com/contactusAbout PearsonPearson is the world's leading learning company, with 35,000 employees in more than 70 countriesworking to help people of all ages to make measurable progress in their lives through learning.We put the learner at the centre of everything we do, because wherever learning flourishes, so dopeople. Find out more about how we can help you and your learners at qualifications.pearson.comReferences to third party material made in this specification are made in good faith. Pearson does notendorse, approve or accept responsibility for the content of materials, which may be subject to change, orany opinions expressed therein. (Material may include textbooks, journals, magazines and otherpublications and websites.)All information in this specification is correct at time of publication.Original image by Shutterstock/asharkyuISBN 978 1 446 95273 3All the material in this publication is copyright Pearson Education Limited 2020

Summary of changes in Pearson BTEC Higher Nationalsin Engineering Issue 7Summary of changes made between previous issue andthis current issuePage numberYear of publication amended from 2019 to 2020Issue number amended from 6 to 71.2, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5.1, 2.6, 2.7, 3.2.1, 3.6.3, 3.7,3.7.4, 4.1, 4.2.1, 5, 5.1, 5.2, 5.4.1, 7.7, Appendix 6Minor typographical, language and formatting errorscorrected.2, 5, 6-10, 12,13, 15, 16, 19,24-28, 36, 40,42, 44, 46, 48,50-52, 63-65,67, 93, 533, 5361.4 Qualification TitlesNew Level 4 and Level 5 qualification titles added:3 Pearson BTEC Level 4 Higher National Certificate inEngineering (Semiconductor Technologies) Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma inEngineering (Semiconductor Technologies) Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma inEngineering (Embedded Electronic Systems)Pearson BTEC duplicate text removed from Level 5qualification titles1.8 Collaborative developmentAdditional organisations added: Newport Wafer Fab Ltd. Microchip Technology Inc. SPTS Technologies Ltd. IQE PLC5&6Additional higher education providers added: University of South Wales Cardiff and Vale College2.3 Aims of the Pearson BTEC Level 4 Higher NationalCertificate in EngineeringUpdated section to include new Semiconductor Technologiespathway.9 & 10

2.4 Aims of the Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diplomain Engineering11Updated section to include new Semiconductor Technologiespathway and new Embedded Electronic Systems pathway.4.3 Pearson-Set Assignments59Corrected as Pearson-Set Units and the narrative is amendedto reflect that the scope of Pearson-Set is limited to a setannual theme only (i.e. topics are not set by Pearson) in allEngineering qualifications.6 Assessment77‘Pearson-set assignment’ is corrected as ‘Pearson-set theme’.Related text is revised to reflect the change.6.0.1 Example Assessment Briefs78A general website link is replaced by a specific HN Global link.6.2.3 Forms of evidence82‘Learning aim(s)’ is corrected as ‘learning outcomes’.6.5.2 Compensation provisions88Compensation provision for both the HNC and HND awards isclarified by revising the wording in the paragraphs as ‘if theyhave attempted the assessment but not achieved a Pass’. Thisis to confirm what is expected of a student to qualify forcompensation in claiming the award.10 Higher Nationals Engineering UnitsAdded new units at Level 4: Statistical Process Control82 Telecommunication Principles83 Semiconductor Manufacture*84 Semiconductor Production Environments*85Added new units at Level 5: Emerging Semiconductor Technologies*86 Semiconductor Integrated Electronics*87Unit 31Assignment criteria D4 corrected to D4 Validate the selectionof suitable electrical safety devices for a specific industrialapplication269

Appendix 2: HNC/HND Engineering Programme Outcomes forLearners570Table updated to reflect new unitsAppendix 3: Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma inEngineering: Mapping of transferable employability and academic studyskills Table updated to reflect new units571If you need further information on these changes or what they mean, contact us viaour website at: tml.

Contents1.2.3.Introduction11.1The Student Voice11.2Why choose Pearson BTEC Higher Nationals?21.3HN Global31.4Qualification titles31.5Qualification codes41.6Awarding organisation41.7Key features41.8Collaborative development51.9Professional Body consultation and approval7Programme purpose and objectives82.1Purpose of the Pearson BTEC Higher Nationals in Engineering82.2Objectives of the Pearson BTEC Higher Nationals in Engineering82.3Aims of the Pearson BTEC Level 4 Higher National Certificate inEngineering92.4Aims of the Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma in Engineering112.5What could these qualifications lead to?122.5.1 Progression to university132.5.2 Employment142.6Use of Maths and English within the curriculum152.7How Higher Nationals in Engineering provide both transferableemployability skills and academic study skills16Planning your programme183.1Delivering the Higher National qualifications183.2Entry requirements and admissions183.2.1 English language requirements for Higher Nationals193.2.2 Centre approval193.2.3 Level of sector knowledge required203.2.4 Resources required203.2.5 HN Global support203.2.6 Modes of delivery203.2.7 Recommendations for employer engagement20

3.2.8 Support from Pearson203.2.9 Student employability213.3Access to study213.4Student registration and entry213.5Access to assessment223.6Administrative arrangements for internal assessment223.6.1 Records223.6.2 Reasonable adjustments to assessment233.6.3 Special consideration233.6.4 Appeals against assessment23Dealing with malpractice in assessment243.7.1 Internally assessed units243.7.2 Student malpractice243.7.3 Staff and centre malpractice253.7.4 Sanctions and appeals263.74.5.Programme structure274.1Units, Credits, Total Qualification Time (TQT) and Guided Learning (GL)274.2Programme structures294.2.1 Pearson BTEC Level 4 Higher National Certificate in Engineering294.2.2 Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma in Engineering384.2.3 Meeting local needs (MLN)574.2.4 Pearson BTEC Higher National Commissioned Development584.3Pearson-Set Units594.4The unit descriptor604.5Professional Body collaboration63Teaching and learning645.1Delivering quality and depth645.2Engaging with employers665.3Engaging with students665.4Planning and structuring a programme675.4.1 Sequencing units685.4.2 Condensed, expanded or mixed delivery695.4.3 Drawing on a wide range of delivery techniques715.4.4 Assessment considerations745.4.5 Formative assessment74

6.745.4.7 Assessment feedback755.4.8 Designing valid and reliable assessments75Assessment776.0.1 Example Assessment Briefs78Principles of internal assessment786.1.1 Assessment through assignments786.1.2 Assessment decisions through applying unit-based criteria796.1.3 The assessment team796.1.4 Effective organisation806.1.5 Student preparation80Setting effective assignments816.2.1 Setting the number and structure of assignments816.2.2 Providing an assignment brief826.2.3 Forms of evidence82Making valid assessment decisions846.3.1 Authenticity of student work846.3.2 Making assessment decisions using criteria846.3.3 Dealing with late completion of assignments846.3.4 Issuing assessment decisions and feedback856.3.5 Resubmission opportunity856.3.6 Repeat Units866.3.7 Assessment Boards866.4Planning and record keeping876.5Calculation of the final qualification grade886.5.1 Conditions for the award886.5.2 Compensation provisions886.5.3 Calculation of the overall qualification grade896.5.4 Modelled student outcomes906.16.26.37.5.4.6 Summative assessmentQuality assurance917.1The approval process917.2Monitoring of internal centre systems927.3Independent assessment review927.4Annual programme monitoring report (APMR)937.5Annual student survey937.6Centre and qualification approval93

7.7Continuing quality assurance and standards verification948.Recognition of Prior Learning and Attainment969.Equality and diversity9710. Higher Nationals Engineering Units99Unit 1:Engineering Design100Unit 2:Engineering Maths107Unit 3:Engineering Science113Unit 4:Managing a Professional Engineering Project119Unit 5:Renewable Energy127Unit 6:Mechatronics133Unit 7:Machining and Processing of Engineering Materials139Unit 8:Mechanical Principles146Unit 9:Materials, Properties and Testing152Unit 10:Mechanical Workshop Practices159Unit 11:Fluid Mechanics166Unit 12:Engineering Management172Unit 13:Fundamentals of Thermodynamics and Heat Engines179Unit 14:Production Engineering for Manufacture185Unit 15:Automation, Robotics and Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs)192Unit 16:Instrumentation and Control Systems199Unit 17:Quality and Process Improvement206Unit 18:Maintenance Engineering213Unit 19:Electrical and Electronic Principles220Unit 20:Digital Principles227Unit 21:Electrical Machines234Unit 22:Electronic Circuits and Devices241Unit 23:Computer Aided Design and Manufacture (CAD/CAM)248Unit 29:Electro, Pneumatic and Hydraulic Systems256Unit 30:Operations and Plant Management262Unit 31:Electrical Systems and Fault Finding269Unit 32:CAD for Maintenance Engineers276Unit 34:Research Project283Unit 35:Professional Engineering Management290

Unit 36:Advanced Mechanical Principles297Unit 37:Virtual Engineering303Unit 38:Further Thermodynamics310Unit 39:Further Mathematics316Unit 40:Commercial Programming Software323Unit 41:Distributed Control Systems330Unit 42:Further Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs)336Unit 43:Further Electrical Machines and Drives342Unit 44:Industrial Power, Electronics and Storage351Unit 45:Industrial Systems359Unit 46:Embedded Systems364Unit 47:Analogue Electronic Systems370Unit 48:Manufacturing Systems Engineering377Unit 49:Lean Manufacturing384Unit 50:Advanced Manufacturing Technology391Unit 51:Sustainability398Unit 52:Further Electrical, Electronic and Digital Principles406Unit 53:Utilisation of Electrical Power414Unit 54:Further Control Systems Engineering421Unit 62:Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC)428Unit 63:Industrial Services435Unit 64:Thermofluids441Unit 73:Materials Engineering with Polymers447Unit 74:Polymer Manufacturing Processes456Unit 75:Industry 4.0462Unit 76:Introduction to Professional Engineering Management473Unit 77:Industrial Robots481Unit 78:Programmable Logic Controllers488Unit 79:Computer Aided Design (CAD) for Engineering495Unit 80:Welding Technology501Unit 81:Welding Inspection509Unit 82:Statistical Process Control516Unit 83:Telecommunication Principles522Unit 84:Semiconductor Manufacture529

11Unit 85:Semiconductor Production Environments536Unit 86:Emerging Semiconductor Technologies546Unit 87:Semiconductor Integrated Electronics553Appendices560Appendix 1: Mapping of HND in Engineering against FHEQ Level 5561Appendix 2: HNC/HND Engineering Programme Outcomes for Learners566Appendix 3: Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma in Engineering:mapping of transferable employability and academic study skills571Appendix 4: Glossary of command verbs used for internally assessed units576Appendix 5: Assessment Methods and Techniques for Higher Nationals580Appendix 6: Recognition of Prior Learning584HNCs in Engineering: Unit Mapping Overview584HNCs in Engineering: Unit Mapping Depth587

1. IntroductionBTEC is one of the world's most successful and best-loved applied learning brand, andit has been engaging students in practical, interpersonal and thinking skills for morethan thirty years.BTECs are work-related qualifications for students taking their first steps intoemployment, or for those already in employment and seeking career developmentopportunities. BTECs provide progression into the workplace either directly or viastudy at university and are also designed to meet employers’ needs. Therefore,Pearson BTEC Higher National qualifications are widely recognised by industry andhigher education as the principal vocational qualification at Levels 4 and 5.When redeveloping the Pearson BTEC Higher National qualifications in Engineering,we collaborated with a wide range of students, employers, higher educationproviders, colleges and subject experts, to ensure that the new qualifications meettheir needs and expectations. We also worked closely with the Engineering Councilguidelines for Level 3 and Level 6, and the relevant Professional Bodies, to ensurealignment with recognised professional standards and the correct level of learning.There is now a greater emphasis on employer engagement and work readiness. Thenew BTEC Higher National qualifications in Engineering are designed to reflect thisincreasing need for high quality professional and technical education pathways atLevels 4 and 5. These qualifications provide students with a clear pathway toemployment, appropriate support during employment and a recognised progressionroute to gain the further learning required at Level 6 to achieve Incorporated Engineer(IEng) registration or to the final stages of a degree.1.1The Student VoiceStudents are at the heart of what we do. That is why, from the outset, we consultedwith students in the development of these qualifications. We involved them in writinggroups, sought their feedback, and added their voices and views to those of otherstakeholders.The result, we believe, are qualifications that will meet the needs and expectations ofstudents worldwide.Pearson BTEC Levels 4 and 5 Higher Nationals in EngineeringSpecification – Issue 7 – October 2020 Pearson Education Limited 20201

1.2Why choose Pearson BTEC Higher Nationals?Pearson BTEC Higher Nationals are designed to help students secure the knowledgeskills and behaviours needed to succeed in the workplace. They represent the latest inprofessional standards and provide opportunities for students to develop behavioursfor work, for example by undertaking a group project, or responding to a client brief.A student may even achieve exemption from professional or vendor qualifications, orstudent membership of selected professional bodies, to help them on their journey toprofessional competence.At the same time the Pearson BTEC Higher Nationals are intended to keep doors openfor future study should a student wish to progress further in their education aftertheir level 5 study. They do this by allowing space for the development of highereducation study skills, such as the ability to research. Clear alignment of level ofdemand with the Framework for Higher Education qualification descriptors at level 4and 5 means that students wishing to progress to level 6 study should feel betterprepared. The Pearson BTEC Higher Nationals address these various requirements byproviding: A range of core, optional and specialist units, each with a clear purpose, so there issomething to suit each student’s choice of programme and future progressionplans. Fully revised content that is closely aligned with the needs of employers,professional bodies, vendors and higher education for a skilled future workforce. The opportunity to develop transferable skills useful for work and for highereducation, including research skills, the ability to meet deadlines andcommunication skills. Learning Outcomes mapped against Professional Body standards and vendoraccreditation requirements, where appropriate. Assessments and projects chosen to help students progress to the next stage (thismeans some are set by the centre to meet local needs, while others are set byPearson). Students are required to apply their knowledge to a variety ofassignments and activities, with a focus on the holistic development of practical,interpersonal and higher level thinking skills. An approach to demand at level 4 and 5 which is aligned with the Framework forHigher Education Qualifications (FHEQ). Support for student and tutors including Schemes of Work (SOW) and ExampleAssessment Briefs (EABs).2Pearson BTEC Levels 4 and 5 Higher Nationals in EngineeringSpecification – Issue 7 – October 2020 Pearson Education Limited 2020

1.3HN GlobalPearson BTEC Higher Nationals are supported by a specially designed range of digitalresources, to ensure that tutors and students have the best possible experienceduring their course. These are available from the HN Global websitehttps://hnglobal.highernationals.com/.With HN Global, tutors can access programme specifications which contain usefulinformation on programme planning and quality assurance processes. Tutors can alsoview Schemes of Work and Example Assessment Briefs. helping them createmeaningful courses and assessments. HN Global also allows tutors to create andannotate reading lists for their students and also keep up-to-date on the latest newsregarding HN programmes.1.4Qualification titlesPearson BTEC Level 4 Higher National Certificate in EngineeringSpecialist pathways are included within brackets in the qualification title: Pearson BTEC Level 4 Higher National Certificate in Engineering (Electrical andElectronic Engineering) Pearson BTEC Level 4 Higher National Certificate in Engineering (GeneralEngineering) Pearson BTEC Level 4 Higher National Certificate in Engineering (ManufacturingEngineering) Pearson BTEC Level 4 Higher National Certificate in Engineering (MechanicalEngineering) Pearson BTEC Level 4 Higher National Certificate in Engineering (OperationsEngineering) Pearson BTEC Level 4 Higher National Certificate in Engineering (SemiconductorTechnologies).Pearson BTEC Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma in EngineeringSpecialist pathways are included within brackets in the qualification title: Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma in Engineering (Electrical andElectronic Engineering) Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma in Engineering (GeneralEngineering) Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma in Engineering (ManufacturingEngineering) Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma in Engineering (MechanicalEngineering)Pearson BTEC Levels 4 and 5 Higher Nationals in EngineeringSpecification – Issue 7 – October 2020 Pearson Education Limited 20203

Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma in Engineering (OperationsEngineering) Pearson BTEC Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma in Engineering(Semiconductor Technologies) Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma in Engineering (EmbeddedElectronic Systems).1.5Qualification codesRegulated Qualifications Framework (RQF) Qualification number: Pearson BTEC Level 4 Higher National Certificate in Engineering: 603/0450/9 Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma in Engineering: 603/0451/0.1.6Awarding organisationPearson Education Ltd.1.7Key featuresPearson BTEC Higher National qualifications in Engineering offer: A stimulating and challenging programme of study that will be both engaging andmemorable for students. The essential subject knowledge that students need to progress successfully withinor into the world of work or onto further study. A simplified structure: students undertake a substantial core of learning, requiredby all engineers, with limited specialism in the Higher National Certificate, buildingon this in the Higher National Diploma, with further specialist and optional unitslinked to their specialist area of study. One general and four specialist pathways at Level 4 and 5 so there is something tosuit each student’s preference for study and future pr

4.2.1 Pearson BTEC Level 4 Higher National Certificate in Engineering 29 4.2.2 Pearson BTEC Level 5 Higher National Diploma in Engineering 38 4.2.3 Meeting local needs (MLN) 57 4.2.4 Pearson BTEC Higher National Commissioned Development 58 4.3 Pearson-Set Units 59 4.4 The unit descriptor 60 4.5 Professional Body collaboration 63