Understanding Air Freight

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Understanding Air FreightPresented by:Jeff WoodSuperior Freight ServicesEagan, MN

Advantages of Air FreightSpeedAccuracyReliabilityCustomer ServiceIncreased ProductionEasy Track and TraceLoss PreventionSecurity Against TheftLess DamageControlSchedulingReduce Storage CostsManage PerishabilityDirect ShippingIndirect Shipping

Air Cargo SecurityTSA – Transportation Security AdministrationThe TSA protects the Nation’s transportation systems to ensurefreedom of movement for people and commerce. The TSA willcontinuously set the standard for excellence in transportationsecurity through its people, processes and technology.The TSA is responsible for – Law Enforcement Programs Detection Teams Crew Member Self-Defense Federal Air Marshals Air Cargo Security Programs

TSA ComplianceTSA’s security regime for air cargo is divided into two distinctive divisions The Transportation Sector Network Management (TSNM) Air Cargo DivisionIn charge of the strategic development of TSA programs Office of Security Operations (OSO) Air Cargo DivisionIn charge of program complianceThese Air Cargo Division are responsible for working across TSA, Department ofHomeland Security, and other Governmental Agencies (Domestic and International)to develop air cargo regulations, technological solutions, and policies thatcontinuously enhance the security of the air cargo supply chain.To handle Air Freight in the United States, you must be TSA Certified

International Air Transport AssociationIATA provides a wide range of services and programs to the aviation community. IATAsets standards in many areas of the business making it possible for cargo to travelfrom one place to another seamlessly using two or more airlines. It also leads anumber of industry initiatives involving safety, security, environment and the qualityof air travel.IATA has a network of over 230 member airlines serving over 130 countries around the world. IATAcarriers account for 93% of all international air traffic.

Known Shipper ProgramIn response to the September 11th attacks on the United States, the Department of Homeland Securityimplemented new rules to ensure the safety of domestic and international air travel in the United States.Shippers must be properly vetted by a TSA Air Carrier or Freight ForwarderKnown shippers can tender their freight on both passenger and cargo aircraft, with some restrictions.Indirect Air Carrier (IAC)IAC, also known as a freight forwarder, is a person or entity within the United States not inpossession of an Federal Aviation Administration air carrier operating certificate that undertakes toengage indirectly in air transportation of property and uses for all or any part of such transportationthe services of a passenger air carrier.Each IAC must adopt and carry out a security program that meets TSA requirements.

Air Traffic Control Direct Routing Indirect Routing Airport Terminals Freighter Service Passenger Service Specialized Service

Direct Routing Fastest Mode of TransitTerminal to TerminalMajor HUB to Major HUBMore Frequent RoutingConsistent SchedulingDirect routing gives theshipper more supply chainflexibility. The additionalspeed to market can benefitboth production anddistribution.For specialized commodities,temperature controlled itemsand cargo with a short shelflife, direct shipping is often thebest option.

Indirect RoutingIndirect routing is the most cost effective method of air freight and in many cases, it is the only method.Indirect routing combines IATA carriers at their strengths. This allows customers to send freight to some of themost remote areas of the world. Major HUB to Intermediate HUB Less Frequent Routing Inconsistent Scheduling

Airport TerminalsAirport Terminals are used for storing, trans-loading and cross-docking air freight. These bonded facilitieswill store freight during indirect shipping and will warehouse the cargo until customs are cleared.Facility Information Resource Management System (FIRMS) is a program forU.S. Customs & Border Protection to manage customs bonded facilities. Aspecific code is assigned to each bonded facility and it is called the FIRMS code.Airport Code – A three-letter code designating the specific terminal

Airway BillsAn Airway Bill (AWB) is the document that covers all transport by air. It is issued bythe carrier as a non-negotiable document serving as a receipt to the consignee forthe goods. The AWB contains all the conditions of transport.House Airway Bill (HAWB)HAWB issued by a TSA freight handler who is acting as a carrier.Master Airway Bill (MAWB)MAWB is issued on airline's stationery to the TSA freight handler for all of the goodscovered by one or more House AWBs.Direct Airway Bill (DAWB)A DAWB is a service where freight is transported on the airline DAWB without aHAWB. Direct shipments are generally used when freight and service needs areimmediate. Freight is not consolidated with other cargo.

ConsolidationAir Freight consolidation is combining multiple shipments into one. This can be anefficient and cost effective way to move your shipments. During consolidation, multipleshipments are moving under one AWB.

Advantages of ConsolidationFreight consolidation service is an extremely efficient logistics strategy More Cost Effective Reduces Delivery Costs Improved Inventory Control Less Transit Time Less Handling Lower Chance of Damage Increases Shipping OptionsMany businesses, large and small, depend on freight consolidation services to streamlinetheir logistics, maximize efficiency and minimize transport times.

Carrier Selection

Freight AircraftPassenger AircraftFreighter – Air Lifter – Cargo JetDesigned exclusively for cargo withno passenger amenities Wide Body Cargo Doors High Wings High TailsAirliner – AirbusDesigned to transport both cargo andpassengers Wide Body and Narrow Body(Distance) Limited Commodities Less Cargo SpaceCreate Additional OptionsSpecialized AircraftCharter AircraftMilitary AircraftSmall Package - CourierExpedite (Over-Night/2-Day/Express/Standard)

Unit Load Device (ULD)A Unit Load Device (ULD) is a pallet orcontainer used to load luggage, freight, andmail on both wide-body and narrow-bodyaircrafts. ULD’s allow a large quantity of cargoto be bundled into a single unit.A specialized ULD can also be used fortemperature controlled cargo. These ULD’swill protect cargo from the elements andwill also allow different temperaturesettings within the aircraft.

Airfreight PackagingCargo is typically containerized for flights. Cargo will be tendered to the carrier eitherloose or containerized. Once the loose freight is checked in, it is loaded into a ULD.There are approximately 20 different types of ULD’sThe type of ULD or pallet used will depend upon the cargo configuration ofthe aircraft and whether or not the ULD is designed for use on the main or lower deck ofthe aircraft.Main Deck ULD’sCarried in the cabin section of a cargo aircraft, or on the passenger level of passengeraircraftLower Deck ULD’sDesigned to be carried below the main deck

Chargeable WeightThe Chargeable Weight of an Air Shipment is the Actual Gross Weight or the VolumetricWeight of the shipment – whichever is the greater. Chargeable Weight is used whendetermining air freight charges.The Importance of Chargeable WeightDave ships marshmallows. The weight of the marshmallows is probably very low but the packagingcould occupy a good amount of space on the aircraft. In this case, if Dave is charged strictly onweight, he would pay a very nominal amount compared to a shipper who exports a more densecommodity.Chargeable Weight considers the actual volume of the cargo and how that cargo willoccupy space on the aircraft.

PricingThe categories for pricing air freight areULD PricingTariff PricingContract PricingSpot Bid PricingAir freight pricing is very fluid and is quickly affected bycapacity and market conditions.ULD pricing is based on the type of ULD. Each devicewill have a flat rate for use and a pivot rate forweight. The tare weight is the weight of the ULD when it isempty.The pivot weight is weight over the allowable weight forthe ULD.Each specific ULD will have their set allowableweights

Carrier specific tariff rates apply for:Dangerous GoodsOversize CargoPerishable GoodsValuable GoodsLive AnimalsTariff rates may vary by carrier. No carrier is permitted tocharge more than the rates stipulated by IATA. Ratesregulated by IATA are called Tact Rates.Contract Rates are provided by carriers for specificflights or commodities. As the weight increases, therates decrease.Minimum 50.00-45 kgs 2.00 kg 45 kgs 1.75 kg 100 kgs 1.50 kg 150 kgs 1.25 kgSpot rates are daily ratesmade available by the carrier.These rates are offered for adiscount because an airlinemight not be filled tocapacity. Another type ofspot bid is “promotionalrates” offered by the carrierto build up specific traffic oncertain routes.

Thank YouJeff WoodGlobal SalesSuperior Freight Serviceswww.supfrt.com

Pricing The categories for pricing air freight are ULD Pricing Tariff Pricing Contract Pricing Spot Bid Pricing Air freight pricing is very fluid and is quickly affected by capacity and market conditions. ULD pricing is based on the type of ULD. Each device w

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