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Cambridge University Press978-0-521-68064-6 - NSSC Development Studies Module 1Innocent Mweti and Herold van WykFrontmatterMore information1moduleNSSCDevelopmentStudiesInnocent MwetiHerold van Wykin collaboration with Cambridge University

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-68064-6 - NSSC Development Studies Module 1Innocent Mweti and Herold van WykFrontmatterMore informationCAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESSCambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo, DelhiCambridge University PressThe Water Club, Beach Road, Granger Bay, Cape Town 8005, South Africawww.cambridge.orgInformation on this title: Cambridge University Press 2005This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exceptionand to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements,no reproduction of any part may take place withoutthe written permission of Cambridge University Press.First published 2005Fourth printing 2007Printed in South Africa by Paarl PrintISBN-13 978-0-521-68064-6 paperbackISBN-10 0-521-68064-6 paperbackProgramme Developer: Rholene BokTypesetter: MartingraphixIllustrator: Sue Beattie, André Plant, Anne Westoby and James Whitelaw.Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence oraccuracy of urls for external or third-party Internet websites referredto in this book, and does not guarantee that any content on suchwebsites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.AcknowledgementsEvery effort has been made to contact the owners of the copyright of all theinformation contained in this book, but if, for any reason, any acknowledgementshave been omitted, the publishers ask those concerned to contact them.Photographs are as follows: p. 28 Eric Miller/i-Afrika; p. 39 Sygma/Inpra;p. 40 Die Republikein; p. 41 Sygma/Inpra; p. 48 Rex/Inpra; p. 120 Photo Access;p. 142 P Blackwell/Photo Access; p. 144 Alain Proust/Cape Photo Library;pp. 19, 92, 93, 95, 96, 121, 145 Alan Munroe.Cambridge University Press and NAMCOL would like to thank the University ofCambridge Local Examinations Syndicate and Paula Jones for their contributionto the writing of this book.Namibian College of Open LearningPrivate Bag 15008KatuturaWindhoekNamibia.If you want to know more about this book or any other Cambridge UniversityPress publication, phone us at (021) 412-7800, fax us at (021) 419-8418 or sendan e-mail to Cambridge University

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-68064-6 - NSSC Development Studies Module 1Innocent Mweti and Herold van WykFrontmatterMore informationContentsIntroductionivUnit 1 Development1ABCDAbout developmentWorld developmentProcesses of developmentMeasuring developmentUnit 2 Politics and developmentABCDPolitical processesSystems of governmentThe constitutionDifferent approaches to state power anddecision-makingE Participation in decision-makingF The role of government in developmentUnit 3 Different theories of developmentA Stages of growth theoryB Dependency theoryC Sustainable developmentUnit 4 ProductionABCDEFGHThe concept of productionThe reasons for productionThe factors of productionEnterprise and the organisation of productionTechnologyMethods of productionSectors of productionHow countries organise productionUnit 5 Rural developmentABCDEF Cambridge University PressTraditional rural societiesThe impact of colonialismCommercial and large-scale farmingRural developmentRural development schemesConservation of the environment and

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-68064-6 - NSSC Development Studies Module 1Innocent Mweti and Herold van WykFrontmatterMore informationIntroductionWelcome to Module 1 of Development Studies. These modules aredesigned for learners who are preparing to write the NamibianSenior Secondary Certificate (NSSC) Development Studiesexamination. Development Studies is about processes of changewhich affect the countries of the world and the people who live inthem. To describe these processes, Development Studies draws onother subjects like Geography, History, Economics, BusinessStudies/Management and Politics, so as to give you a betterunderstanding of the world you live in.In Development Studies we look at processes which are alwayschanging. This means that there is not always a single rightanswer to every question. What is important is that you try tounderstand the arguments and facts in these modules, and thatyou think for yourself and make up your own mind. After all,Development Studies is about the world that you live in, so youhave first-hand experience about it!The questions in the Development Studies examination will notalways ask you simply to repeat facts, but will test how much youhave thought about the issues that you have studied. Because ofthis, don’t think of each unit in the modules as a self-containedunit that can be forgotten after you have read it. DevelopmentStudies is about a lot of different processes which are related toone another, so we will keep reminding you about earlier work asyou progress.At the end of the final module you will find a unit about preparingfor the Development Studies examinations. In this unit we willshow you the kind of questions you can expect and we will explainhow you would go about answering them.How does the course work?In the diagram on the next page, you can see that this course isdivided into three modules, each one in a separate book. Go back tothe Contents page of this module. You will see that the module isdivided into five units each dealing with a different topic. Eachunit is further divided into different sections which contain theskills and content you will learn, as well as different kinds ofactivities.If you are studying through a distance education college, once youhave completed Module 1, you will write a test called an End-ofmodule assignment and post it in to the college. The assignmentwill be marked by a tutor who will also comment on yourperformance and progress. If you are happy with the feedbackyou receive from the college, then you can continue with the nextmodule. Cambridge University

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-68064-6 - NSSC Development Studies Module 1Innocent Mweti and Herold van WykFrontmatterMore informationIntroductionvThere is also an Answer Book and a Teacher’s Guide. If you are adistance learner, then you will need to buy your own Answer Bookso that you can check your answers to the activities. If you are aschool learner, your teacher will have copies of both the Teacher’sGuide and the Answer Book.Module 1Module 2Module 3End-of-moduleassignment 1End-of-moduleassignment 2End-of-moduleassignment 3AnswerBookTeacher’sGuideWhen you have finished studying all three modules of this courseand have completed all the written assignments that your schoolor college has set, then you will be ready to write the examination.What does the examination involve?Paper 1 consists of a written examination which lasts for 2 hoursand 15 minutes. You will be expected to show that you understandthe relevant terms and theories and are aware of differentdevelopment issues in your own and other countries. The paperconsists of five compulsory questions drawn from the wholecurriculum. Each question is based on statistics, diagrams, mapsor pictures.Paper 2 is a two-hour written examination. It includes twocompulsory structured questions which are based on differentsections of the syllabus. You will be expected to interpret, analyseand evaluate the data presented and to relate the material todevelopment problems. You will need to identify particularpatterns and relationships and to analyse alternative approachesto development problems. In this paper you should show yourawareness of development issues which affect people in Namibia.If you are studying through a distance education college you willalso be required to write Paper 3. This is an hour-and-a-quarterexamination, in which you will be asked to come up with solutionsto a development problem. In this paper you will be expected toshow that you can investigate and research a development issue onyour own and that you know how to record relevant data andpresent your findings clearly.If you are studying Development Studies at school, you may beasked to do practical coursework. Ask you tutor for a copy of theNSSC Development Studies syllabus. This document clearlyexplains what you need to study. Cambridge University

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-68064-6 - NSSC Development Studies Module 1Innocent Mweti and Herold van WykFrontmatterMore informationviNSSC Development StudiesWhat do I need for the course?There are many activities for you to do throughout the course.These reinforce what you have learnt and help you practise theskills you need for the examination. If you are a distance learner, itis very important that you attempt the activities yourself beforechecking the answers in the Answer Book. If you are a schoollearner, your teacher will help you to assess your work once youhave completed it. Here are some of the things you will need to dothe activities: a notebook and pen or pencil, to write down the answers tosome of the activities a calculator, for doing mathematical calculations a dictionary might be useful to look up words which you don’tunderstand an atlas will help you locate the different countries which arementioned in the modules. You can also use the map of the worldon page 76 of this module.It is a good idea to study with a pen or pencil in your hand, makingnotes as you go along, and also practising drawing graphs wherenecessary.How should I plan my studies?If you are aiming to write examinations, say in November nextyear, look at how many months you have between now and then.Then draw up a study plan so that you will have enough time tostudy each module, to complete the End-of-module assignment,and to revise all your work for the examination. The table belowmay help you keep track of where you are in your studies. Tickeach block when you have completed the work. Try to fit in studytime whenever you can – each half hour counts!NSSC DEVELOPMENT STUDIES MODULE 1Unitno.Unit title1Development2Politics anddevelopment3Different theoriesof development4Production5Rural development Cambridge University PressUnitstudied‘Check your progress’completedAssignmentcompletedRevised for

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-68064-6 - NSSC Development Studies Module 1Innocent Mweti and Herold van WykFrontmatterMore informationIntroductionviiHow should I use the modules?On the next few pages are samples of some pages showing thefeatures which you will find in each unit. Make sure youunderstand each feature, as this will help guide your studies.Good luck!UnitA module is dividedinto units, each one ona different topic. Eachunit begins with anintroduction whichtells you what youwill learn and do inthe unit.ContentsThis table shows thedifferent sections inthe unit.Unit 1DevelopmentGlossaryDEVELOPED – the wealth of acountrySTANDARD OF LIVING – how wellpeople liveWhat is development? How does it affect the world? Why aresome countries DEVELOPED, with strong economies and highSTANDARDS OF LIVING, while other countries are less-developed andtheir people are poorer? How do we measure how developed acountry is? In this unit we will begin answering these questions bydiscussing what development is, looking at how developmentaffects a country and its people, and considering whether this isfor the better or worse for countries and the people in them.Development Studies is about many different facts and processes,and in this first unit we will introduce you to some of them. As youstudy later units and you become more familiar with the world ofdevelopment, the ideas introduced here will become clearer. All ofthe units of this module are connected to one another, because theyall discuss different aspects of the same thing – development! So asyou progress through this module, keep referring back to earlierunits. That way you will refresh your memory, and you’ll find thatwhat seemed quite hard when you first read it, is actuallymuch easier.This unit is divided into four sections:Learning objectivesThese bullet pointsdescribe all the skillsand content which youwill learn in the unit.They relate directly tothe syllabus. Once youhave worked throughthe unit you should beable to do all of thesethings. Cambridge University PressAAbout developmentBWorld developmentCProcesses of developmentDMeasuring developmentIn this unit you will learn to: understand what development is identify the different aspects of development and how they affectyour life understand that development does not affect everyone equally understand how the different parts of the world are described accordingto their development measure levels of

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-68064-6 - NSSC Development Studies Module 1Innocent Mweti and Herold van WykFrontmatterMore informationviiiNSSC Development StudiesActivityEach activity helps you topractise the skills and apply theknowledge that you are gainingas you work through the unit.You are usually advised tocomplete each activity within acertain time. Try to keep to thistime as this will give youvaluable practice in answeringquestions within a time limit,like you will have to do in theexams. The activities are animportant tool for a distancelearner as they help you to assessyou own work. By complet

If you are studying Development Studies at school, you may be asked to do practical coursework. Ask you tutor for a copy of the NSSC Development Studies syllabus. This document clearly explains what you need to study. End-of-module assignment 1 Module 1 End-of-module assignment 2 Module 2 End-of-module assignment 3 Module 3 Answer Book Teacher .

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