Dyeing Fabric - Shibori Techniques

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1DDyeing Fabric - Shibori TechniquesBy: fabric-shibori-techniquesShibori is a method of resist dyeing that includes stitching, clamping and binding techniques.ThisHowto explains stitching techniques to create patterns and shapes, and then how to dye yourfabric.Step 1Step 1: Simple Stitching: Stitching in rows of straight lines creates a wood grain pattern calledMokume. Start with a light/ white colored fabric â the dye and pattern will show up more clearly.Thread your needle with very strong thread like upholstery or button craft thread. You are going to

2Sneed to pull up the threads very tightly! Make a double knot where you begin and leave about 3inches of loose thread where you end.Step 2Creating Shapes: You can create many shapes with straight stitching. Just remember, the patternlines will show up perpendicular to your stitching lines. This design of concentric circles is calledKaramatsu, or larch. For this pattern, stitch concentric half-circles on the fold of your fabric. Startwith the outside circle. You can use the same thread for three or four of the same row of circleswithout having trouble pulling up the stitches. Then on to the next row of circles inside of the onesyou just stitched, and so on.Step 3More challenging shapes: If you are feeling more ambitious, try making your own shapes with rowsof stitching.Step 4

3SOri Nui Shibori: This type of stitch lets you make linear designs. Putting your needle in crosswise,back and forth, make stitches just to the left and just to the right of your invisible line.Step 5You can use Ori Nui Shibori to make wavy patterns or the outline of shapes.Step 6

4SPull up the threads from their loose ends. I must stress this: use ALL of your might without breakingthe threads to tighten up, scrunching your piece into a tiny, tight mass. Otherwise, the dye will beable to seep in and you wonât get a clear pattern. Tie the thread ends together in pairs, holdingtightly. Be careful not to let it loosen up while tying.Step 7Dyeing your cloth: Once all your stitches are tied tightly, you are ready to begin dyeing. Irecommend using MX Reactive dyes which are made by Prochemical and Dye Co which is basedin Somerset, Ma. They have a website with very useful how-toâs and information. MX Reactivedyes will work on Cellulose based fibers (cotton, linen, rayon). If you are using silk or wool you willneed dyes for Protein based fibers, like Acid dyes. These dyes are generally not considered toxic ifused correctly. However, airborne powers may be harmful to breathe in. Make sure you weargloves and a mask until your powders are dissolved. More dyeing instructions can be found ontheir website. http://www.prochemical.com/directions/MX Immersion.htm You will need: Pro MXdye powder- 2oz will dye 14 yds of muslin a medium shade. Salt, Synthrapol, or a light soap, SodaAsh â the dye activator, 5 gallon bucket or large stainless steel pot â not used for cooking!Step 8

5SMaking your dyebath: Your dyebath will be good for one hour. After that it should be exhausted.Dissolve amount of dye powder, from the chart below, in a little warm water. Then, dissolve thatinto 2 cups of room temperature water. Make sure its dissolved thoroughly. For the dyebath, fillyour large bucket with 2 gallons room temp. water for every lb of fabric. Your container should belarge enough for the fabric to move freely and to stir the dye bath without spilling. Add salt,according to chart. Then add dissolved dye and stir. Add fabric. Stir continuously for 10 minutes foran even dye coverage. Completely dissolve PRO Dye Activator or Soda Ash from the chart in 2cups (500ml) warm 95oF (35oC) water. While wearing rubber gloves remove the fabric from dyebath and pour in the dissolved PRO Dye Activator or Soda Ash. Give it a stir and return the fabricto dye bath. Stir continuously for the first 5 minutes. Then, give a stir every 5 minutes for the next60 minutes. This will insure maximum permanence and depth of shade.Step 9Rinse and Wash: After 60 minutes, dyeing is complete. Remove fabric from dye bucket and pourthe exhausted dye bath down the drain. Rinse fabric thoroughly in a bucket of room temperature75o to 95oF (24o to 35oC) water. Change the rinse water 3 to 4 times. Wash in HOT 140oF (60oC)water, adding a few drops of Synthrapol, (or soft soap). Rinse well and dry. Dark colors may need asecond HOT Synthrapol wash. If the rinse water is not clear, then wash it again in HOT water withSynthrapol. Once your fabric is washed out, you may begin to carefully cut apart the stiches.Dyeing Fabric - Shibori Techniques

Dyeing your cloth: Once all your stitches are tied tightly, you are ready to begin dyeing. I recommend using MX Reactive dyes which are made by Prochemical and Dye Co which is based in Somerset, Ma. They have a website with very useful how-toâ Žs and information. MX Reactive dyes will work on Cellulose based fibers (cotton, linen, rayon).

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