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Educational Research 5th Edition Creswell Test BankFull Download: earch-5th-edition-creswell-test-bank/Test BankforEducational Research: Planning,Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitativeand Qualitative ResearchFifth EditionJohn W. CreswellUniversity of Nebraska - LincolnPrepared byTim GuettermanBoston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle RiverAmsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal TorontoDelhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei TokyoThis sample only, Download all chapters at:

Copyright 2015, 2012, 2008, 2005, 2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Manufactured inthe United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright, and permission should beobtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, ortransmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. Toobtain permission(s) to use material from this work, please submit a written request to Pearson Education,Inc., Permissions Department, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458, or you may faxyour request to 201-236-3290.Instructors of classes using Creswell’s Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and EvaluatingQuantitative and Qualitative Research may reproduce material from the test bank for classroom use.10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1ISBN-10: 0133549593ISBN-13: 9780133549591www.pearsonhighered.comii

CONTENTSChapter 1The Process of Conducting Research Using Quantitativeand Qualitative ApproachesChapter 2Identifying a Research ProblemChapter 3Chapter 4Reviewing the LiteratureSpecifying a Purpose and Research Questions orHypotheses1118Chapter 5Chapter 6Collecting Quantitative DataAnalyzing and Interpreting Quantitative Data2430Chapter 7Chapter 8Collecting Qualitative Data3642Chapter 9Chapter 10Reporting and Evaluating ResearchExperimental Designs4752Chapter 11Chapter 12Correlational DesignsSurvey Designs5762Chapter 13Chapter 14Grounded Theory DesignsEthnographic Designs6771Narrative Research DesignsMixed Methods Designs7580Action Research Designs8590Chapter 15Chapter 16Chapter 17Analyzing and Interpreting Qualitative DataAnswer Keyiii17

Chapter 1. The Process of Conducting Research Using Quantitative andQualitative ApproachesFor each question below, circle the correct or best answer.1.Which one of the reasons below is the best argument for why research is important?a.b.c.d.2.To apply research in your practical educational setting, you mighta.b.c.d.3.The need to conduct additional research on childrenThe need to address problems of teenage pregnanciesThe need to learn about how classrooms workThe need to address problems in schoolsA stakeholder with an interest in your study asks you to highlight the positive results andleave out the negative results. What type of ethical issue have you breached if you followthe request?a.b.c.d.6.the ability to negotiate topics with faculty.the ability to organize large amounts of information.the ability to write for an audience.the ability to effectively use library resources.Which of the following is the best example of a research problem?a.b.c.d.5.examine what other practitioners are doing in their settings.find out what research has to say by examining research studies.look to research methods professors in your courses.go to the educational library and begin to locate topics.While studying educational research, you are likely to develop the following skills excepta.b.c.d.4.It is the primary work of faculty members in universities.It informs policy makers about important issues.It is useful in developing your research skills.It helps the researcher prove their ideas.The right to privacyThe need to actively look for ways to “give back”The right to avoid from personal disclosureThe honest reporting of researchWhich one of the following organizations has set standards for the ethical practice ofeducational research?1

a.b.c.d.American Ethics UnionAmerican Educational Research AssociationAmerican Principles of Ethical PracticesAmerican Ethical Research Association7.Place in order from 1 to 6 the steps in the process of research:a.reviewing the literaturespecifying a purposeanalyzing and interpreting datareporting and evaluating researchcollecting dataidentifying a research problem8.Identify three skills that you bring to research from your life experiences.9.List three potential shortcomings of educational research today.10.Describe three ways in which a research study might contribute to knowledge about aneducational topic.11.A researcher decides to study an elementary-school classroom. This investigator wantsto surprise the teacher and the students and comes in to the class unannounced during aspelling test. Describe the type of ethical issue that arises in this situation.2

12.How are quantitative and qualitative research similar?b.c.d.d.13.In which way are quantitative and qualitative research similar in the use of the literature?a.b.c.d.14.the inclusion of specific research questions.the use of numeric or numbered data.the sample of a large number of individuals.the interpretation of the larger meaning.Which of the following designs are associated with qualitative research?a.b.c.d.17.Posing a problem, collecting data, and addressing the problemPosing a question, collecting data, and answering the questionPosing a question, collecting data, and presenting a solutionPosing a hypothesis, collecting data, and falsifying the hypothesisYou are examining a published journal article to determine if it is more of a quantitativeor qualitative study. All of the following characteristics would help you identify that it isa quantitative study excepta.b.c.d.16.The development of the research questionsThe writing of the literature review sectionThe justification of the research problemThe suggestion of the study purposeWhich of the following sequences best characterizes research?a.b.c.d.15.Both follow the steps in the research processBoth use similar formats for presenting the research problemBoth use data collection proceduresQuantitative and quantitative research are similar in all of these waysSurvey designsCorrelational designsGrounded theory designsExperimental designsWhich of the following is the best reason for selecting either a quantitative or qualitativeapproach to your study?a. You are more comfortable with words than numbers.b. Your research problem addresses characteristics of one of the approaches.3

c. You already have a survey to use.d. Your literature review suggests one of the approaches.18.What characteristic of quantitative research is evident in the parent involvement study byDeslandes and Bertrand (2005)?a.b.c.d.19.What characteristic of qualitative research is evident in the mothers’ trust in schoolprincipals study (Shelden et al., 2010)?a.b.c.d.20.The researchers do not refer to themselves.The problem of parent involvement in education is an issue todayThe implications suggest a different way of considering parent involvement.The authors had first-hand experiences with parenting childrenThe researchers focused on quality issues in the schools.The research questions are broad, open-ended questions.The researchers report numbers related to IEP meetings.The authors remain invisible throughout the study.Look at the title to the mothers’ trust in school principals study (Shelden et al., 2010),“School Principals’ Influence on Trust: Perspectives of Mothers of Children withDisabilities.” What qualitative characteristic does this title suggest to a reader?21.Examine the title of the parent involvement study by Deslandes and Bertrand (2005),“Motivation of parent involvement in secondary-level schooling.” What quantitativecharacteristic does this title suggest to a reader?22.Identify the type of research design that a researcher might use to examine the impact of anew lesson plan on student achievement of elementary 4th grade children.23.What type of research problem is best studied using a quantitative approach?4

24.What type of research problem is best studied using a qualitative approach?25.As you compare quantitative and qualitative research studies, what three differences areoften the easy to identify when you are reading an article?26.A research study contains in-depth interviews with participants based on a set ofquestions designed by the researchers. From the data, the authors specify a number ofthemes and then follow up with a brief survey to elicit attitudes. Is this study mostlyquantitative or qualitative?27.What two research designs combine characteristics from both quantitative and qualitativeresearch?28. For each of the following statements, indicate whether it is a characteristic more applicableto quantitative or qualitative research or both. Place an “X” in the appropriate column.QUANTITATIVE5QUALITATIVE

a. Use of predeterminedinstrumentsb. Standard and fixedwriting structurec. Biased reportingd. Questions to elicitparticipants’ experiencese. Analysis by themesf. Major role of the literatureg. Small number of individuals studiedh. Comparison of results with predictionsi. Justification of the research problem29.At which step in the research process should researchers consider potential ethical issues?a.b.c.e.30.In specifying a problem to studyThroughout the research studyIn data collection and data analysisIn the interpretation of the dataIn compiling a research report for audiences, the researcher should:a.b.c.d.Report only findings that will not contradict the audience’s predictionsReport when participants have misused dataReport the practical use of the study resultsReport the favorable and deemphasize unfavorable results6

Chapter 2. Identifying a Research ProblemFor each question below, circle the correct or best answer.1.A research problem isa.b.c.d.2.As you examine a published research report, you will find the research problem locateda.b.c.d.3.a problem that needs to be issue or concern in important passage that begins a study.the question being addressed in a the problem section of a study.introduced throughout a the introduction to the the first sentence to a study.A researcher seeks to study the factors that contribute to “binge” drinking on collegecampuses. Which of the following would be the best “problem” statement for this study?a. The purpose of the study is to examine the factors that contribute to binge drinking onone Midwestern university campus.b. What are the factors that contribute to binge drinking on a Midwestern collegecampus?c. Binge drinking occurs on many college campuses, and it is a popular pastime at manysocial events.d. When students binge drink at fraternity parties, they often humiliate and demeanwomen attending the parties.4.Which one of the following factors would make a research problem un-researchable?a.b.c.d.You do not know the literature about the problem.You cannot obtain access to a population of study.You cannot conduct statistical tests.You cannot add to practice through your study.7

5.A researcher seeks to explore how elementary students experience being assessed in mathat the 4th grade level. Prior theories provide little guidance about what the researcherwould expect to find. Students have shown some anxiety during testing. This researchproblem is best studied using aa.b.c.d.6.A researcher introduces the central idea in the title and the opening paragraph of apublished study. This idea is calleda.b.c.d.7.It provides the reader with your research question.It introduces your research design to the reader.It encourages the reader to continue to read on.It promotes the importance of the first sentence.In order to justify the importance of a research problem in a statement of the problemsection of a study, the researcher might use all of the following sources except?a.b.c.d.9.the central idea.the central phenomenon.the key variable.the educational topic.Indicate the purpose of using a narrative hook in the introduction to a study.a.b.c.d.8.qualitative approach.quantitative approach.assessment approach.evaluation approach.Draw on personal experiencesRely on the advice of expertsUse results to develop an incomplete theoryTalk with colleagues in the workplaceWhich of the following are the best writing strategies for the statement of problemsection?a.b.c.d.Use a quote to begin the study.Begin the section with your research questions.Use frequent literature references throughout the section.Begin with a specific topic and then move to the general.8

10.Why would a researcher mention the audience in a “statement of the problem” section ofa study?a.b.c.d.11.Because members of the audience need to use the studyBecause members of the audience will vote to publish the studyBecause members of the audience will want to use the studyBecause members of the audience need to see the study’s relevanceWhat characterizes the best stance on using quotes from the literature in the “statement ofthe problem” section of a research study?a.b.c.d.Long quotes should not be used.Quotes should be used sparingly.Find quotes for statistical trends.Short quotes should be used.12.Below are the five components typically found in a “statement of the problem” section ofa research study. Order the components as they are found by placing a number in thespace before the component.justification of the problemaudiencethe research problemthe topicdeficiencies of past research or practical knowledge13.Below you will find a narrative hook presented by a researcher in a study. Unfortunately,it is not a good narrative hook. Rewrite it to be a better hook, keeping in mind thepurpose of a good hook.Poor model: AIDS education needs to be included within the schools curriculum at thejunior high and high schools levels.Good model:9

Educational Research 5th Edition Creswell Test BankFull Download: earch-5th-edition-creswell-test-bank/14.Assume that you would like to study the research problem of whether students withspecial needs should be included in the regular classroom. What factors would youconsider in determining whether this problem is researchable? List three factors. at paragraph 4 of the mothers’ trust in school principals study (Shelden et al.,2010). On what basis do the authors justify the need to study the research problem?16.Read through the opening paragraphs (1-12) of the parent involvement study (Deslandes& Bertrand, 2005). Of the major components that are typically included in a good“statement of the problem” section, which one is missing?17. For each of the following statements, indicate whether it is a characteristic more applicableto quantitative or qualitative research problem or both. Place an “X” in the appropriate column.QUANTITATIVEQUALITATIVEA study in which theauthor seeks to:a. measure variablesb. study a processc. generate theoriesd. study a few sitese. explain concepts10This sample only, Download all chapters at:

Instructors of classes using Creswell’s Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research may reproduce material from the test bank for classroom use. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISBN-10: 0133549593 ISBN-13: 9780133549591

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